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  • Visions of the Future: The Distant Past, Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow

    Based on Robert Heilbroner's New York Public Library/Oxford University Press Lectures given in May 1994, this work focuses on the question of humankind's future. The first lecture treats depictions of the future that dominated all cvilizations in the 17th century. The second lecture deals with the early 19th and 20th centuries - an age of buoyant secular expectation which provided material improvement for all human kind. The third lecture shows that pessimism about the future has returned and that there is little turning to religion for solace.

  • Tropical Forest Ecology: A View from Barro Colorado Island

    This book, the magnum opus of one of the most highly regarded tropical ecologists, is a synoptic comparison of tropical forests, based on a detailed understanding of one particular tropical forest, Barro Colorado Island, and illuminated by a lively interest in natural history and a sound theoretical understanding of ecological and evolutionary process. It covers various aspects of tropical forest biology including natural history, tree architecture and forest physiognomy, ecosystem dynamics, community ecology, niche differentiation and species diversity, evolutionary biology, and the role of mutualism in the ecological organization of tropical forest.

  • Understanding Cultures Through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish, German, and Japanese

    Wierzbicka demonstrates that every language has its "key concepts" (expressed in key words) and that these concepts reflect the core values of the culture in question. Examining empirical evidence from five languages, and using her own "natural semantic metalanguage" to provide an analytical framework, she shows that cultures can be revealingly studied, compared and explained to outsiders through their key concepts.

  • Do Lemmings Commit Suicide?: Beautiful Hypotheses and Ugly Facts

    This book is a personal history and apology, written by one of this century's most distinguished small mammal ecologists, for a life in science spent working on problems for which no final dramatic conclusion was reached. Included along the way are some important anedcotes and history about Charles Elton and the pioneering work at the Bureau of Animal Population at Oxford University, from which much of modern population ecology has grown, and insights on the philosophy and practice of science.

  • Dancing in Your Head: Jazz, Blues, Rock and Beyond

    As music columnist for The Nation, Gene Santoro has established himself as an important new critical voice, able to write well on a broad spectrum of popular music and jazz, without losing touch with the cutting edge of today's music scene. Dancing in Your Head gathers Santoro's liveliest reviews and essays for the first time, introducing a fresh and provocative perspective on several decades of musicians and their work. From the legendary blues singer Robert Johnson to Miles Davis and James Brown, from the sounds of Neil Young and Lou Reed to Public Enemy's controversial rap lyrics, this books offers sharp and honest reflections on the evolution of jazz, rock and roll, and rap.

  • Statistics in Public Health: Quantitative Approaches to Public Health Problems

    Statistics and other quantitative methods (e.g. economics, decision theory) are integral to the scientific basis of priority-setting and program evaluation in public health. This book is a concise overview of the statistical approaches to core public health functions: outbreak investigations, policy development, economic and program evaluation, managed care, and program operations

  • Framing in Discourse

    Framing is currently a principal concern within the field of discourse analysis. The `frame' of a given speech-act is its psychological setting. Both the speaker and the hearer have certain expectations based on their perceptions of the frame, and this affects their choice of words and their understanding of what is said. The essays in this book not only address issues central to current theoretical discussion but demonstrate the application of the theory in concrete discourse contexts. The collection includes three previously published papers and six which are new for this volume. Contributors: Cynthia Wallat, Branca T. Ribeiro, Susan Hoyle, Frances Lee Smith, Suwako Watanabe, Carolyn A. Straehle, Deborah Schiffrin, Deborah Tannen

  • As the Romans Did: A Sourcebook in Roman Social History

    This is the second edition of a popular and successful sourcebook on Roman social history. The selections, all in English translations prepared by the author, are drawn from a wide array of documents - letters, manuals, recipes, graffiti, and inscriptions as well as literary sources - and together they offer a fascinating glimpse into family life, housing, entertainment, health, education, religion, and other important topics. This is a unique introduction to Roman culture, appropriate for courses in ancient Roman history and for general readers interested in ancient history. For the new edition, new selections have been added and bibliographical material has been updated.

  • Tectonic Boundary Conditions for Climate Reconstructions

    In the last ten to fifteen years there has been a movement to break down old disciplinary boundaries in the geosciences in order to develop a more unified view of the earth as an integrated system. Much of this effort has been stimulated by developments in the atmosphere and ocean sciences that study the effect of humanity's impact on the environment. However, solid earth sciences also have a role to play in the Earth System Science/Global Change Programs but efforts to integrate solid and fluid elements of the geosciences have not progressed as rapidly as other elements of these programs. In this book, the authors present examples of how integrating solid earth and climate studies can lead to better understanding of both disciplines. The focus on the role of tectonic boundary conditions for paleoclimate reconstructions. Chapters presenting background material on the impact of tectonic changes on climate will be followed by individual chapters on the "uncertainties" - with respect to orography, geography, timing of ocean gatewary closures, bathymetry, and CO[2 levels in the atmosphere. The book developed from a discussion at the Geodynamics Committee of the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the United States National Academy of Sciences.

  • Zen and the Way of the Sword: Arming the Samurai Psyche

    Zen--serene, contemplative, a discipline of meditation associated with painting, rock gardens, and flower arranging--seems an odd ingredient in the martial psyche of the Japanese samurai. "One who is a samurai must before all things keep constantly in mind...the fact that he has to die," wrote a seventeenth-century warrior. "That is his chief business." But the demands of that "business," writes Winston King, found the perfect philosophical match in the teachings of Zen Buddhism. In Zen and the Way of the Sword, King offers a fascinating look into the mind of the samurai swordsman in a far-reaching account of the role of Zen in the thought, culture, and the martial arts of Japan's soldier elite. An esteemed scholar of Eastern religions, King deftly traces the development of Zen and discusses the personal nature of its practice, its emphasis on individual discovery and attainment. He then presents an accomplished capsule history of the samurai class, from its rise in the middle ages to formal abolition in the nineteenth century--an account filled with details of wars, political maneuvering, and cultural achievements. King also looks at the arms and vocation of the individual samurai, placing the details of armor and weapons in the context of the samurai conception of warfare. In particular, King focuses on the sword--the soul of the samurai, as it was called--describing how it was forged, the honor given famous swordsmiths, the rise of schools of swordsmanship, and breathtaking feats of the great swordsmen. Throughout, King shows how the samurai cultivated Zen, relating its teaching of a free and spontaneous mind to the experience of a warrior in individual combat, and finding philosophical strength in Zen as they prepared themselves for death. "What mind can penetrate his opponent's mind?" one authority has written. "It is a mind that has been trained and cultivated to the point of detachment with perfect freedom....His mind should reflect his opponent's mind like water reflecting the moon." In other words, a mind trained by Zen. King goes on to trace the role of Zen in samurai life through the peaceful eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, examining the absorption of Zen into World War II psychology and broader Japanese culture. Throughout, he provides a thoughtful perspective, both sympathetic and aware of the ethical problems inherent in a school of Buddhism turned to the needs of a military class. A scholarly, absorbing account, Zen and the Way of the Sword provides fascinating insight into the samurai ethos, and the culture of Japan today.

  • Handbook of Applied Optimization

    Optimization is an essential tool in every project in every large-scale organization, whether in business, industry, engineering, or science. In recent years, algorithmic advances and software and hardware improvements have given managers a powerful framework for making key decisions about everything from production planning to scheduling distribution. This comprehensive resource brings together in one volume the major advances in the field. Distinguished contributors focus on the algorithmic and computational aspects of optimization, particularly the most recent methods for solving a wide range of decision-making problems. The book is divided into three main sections: algorithms, covering every type of programming; applications, where computational tools are put to work solving tasks in planning, production, distribution, scheduling and other decisions in project management; and software, a comprehensive introduction to languages and systems. Designed as a practical resource for programmers, project planners, and managers, it covers optimization problems in a wide range of settings, from the airline and aerospace industries to telecommunications, finance, health systems, biomedicine, and engineering.

  • The Epigrams of Philodemos: Introduction, Text, and Commentary

    This edition collects all the epigrams attributed to Epicurean philosopher and poet Philodemos of Gadara (c.110-40 BC). In editing these epigrams, Sider has re-examined several manuscripts of the Greek Anthology. Thirty-eight epigrams (three only doubtfully Philodemean, and two spurious) are printed in the original Greek and in English translation, with full critical apparatus and commentary. Sider also includes the text of a recently edited papyrus containing fragments of many known and newly discovered epigrams by Philodemos. In addition to the usual issues involved in editing a Classical poet--i.e. the poet's life, his use of meter, the epigrammatic tradition, and the place of the epigrams in the Greek Anthology--Sider's introduction considers the relationship between Philodemos' philosophy and poetry. He explains how the epigrams fit into the literary views expressed in Philodemos' On Poems and how they clashed with the Epicurean stance against the writing of poetry.

  • Values, Nature, and Culture in the American Corporation

    In Values, Nature, and Culture in the American Corporation, distinguished ethicist William Frederick explores issues of fundamental importance to all who aspire to conduct their business affairs ethically. He begins with an examination of the three value systems in business that are basically incompatible, and therefore in constant tension. The first is the need for managers to efficiently allocate resources for maximum profits. The second is the natural tendency for managers, in pursuit of the first goal, to accumulate power for its own sake. The third is the desire for people in the community to create relationships that will perpetuate these communities. Frederick brings in a range of ideas and concepts from the social sciences as well as the natural sciences to illuminate his discussion. In the final section of the book he explores a range of issues of current concern to managers, including corporate culture and technology.

  • Time: A Traveler's Guide

    In Time: A Traveler's Guide, Clifford A. Pickover strives to answer the most challenging questions scientists and philosophers ask. What is time? Is time travel possible? Is time real? Does it flow in one direction only? Does it have a beginning or an end? What is eternity? For centuries, these questions have intrigued mystics, philosophers, and scientists. Today physicists would agree that time is one of the strangest properties of our universe. This book allows readers to travel through time and space, and they needn't be experts in physics. By the time readers finish this book they will understand such seemingly arcane concepts as space-time diagrams, light cones, time machines, cosmic moment lines, transcendent infinite speeds, Lorentz transformations, causal linkages, superliminal and ultraliminal motions, Minkowskian space-times, Godel universes, closed timelike curves, and Tipler cylinders. This book is a resource for science fiction writers and readers, a playground for computer hobbyists, an adventure and education for beginning students in physics or philosophy.

  • The Memory of the Modern

    A multidisciplinary work, Memory of the Modern examines stock markets, tango dancers, vagabond murderers, neurology, monument destruction, and colonial policies to document how individuals and institutions shaped memory in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Wonderfully written, the book studies these diverse "memory-sites" to show how memory and history are fought over, shaped, and put to personal and ideological use.

  • Legal Reasoning and Political Conflict

    The most glamorous and even glorious moments in a legal system come when a high court recognizes an abstract principle involving, for example, human liberty or equality. Indeed, Americans, and not a few non-Americans, have been greatly stirred--and divided--by the opinions of the Supreme Court, especially in the area of race relations, where the Court has tried to revolutionize American society. But these stirring decisions are aberrations, says Cass R. Sunstein, and perhaps thankfully so. In Legal Reasoning, Sunstein, one of America's best known commentators on our legal system, offers a bold, new thesis about how the law works in America, arguing that the courts best enable people to live together, despite their diversity, by resolving particular cases without taking sides in broader, more abstract conflicts. Sunstein offers a close analysis of the way the law mediates disputes in a diverse society, examining how the law works in practical terms, and showing that, to arrive at workable, practical solutions, judges must by necessity avoid broad, abstract reasoning. Why? For one thing, adversaries who would never agree on fundamental ideals are often willing to accept the concrete details of a particular decision. Likewise, a plea bargain for someone caught exceeding the speed limit need not--indeed, must not--delve into sweeping issues of government regulation and personal liberty. Thus judges purposely limit the scope of their decisions to avoid reopening large-scale controversies. Sunstein calls such actions incompletely theorized agreements. In identifying them as a core principle of legal reasoning, he takes issue with advocates of comprehensive theories and systemization, from Robert Bork (who champions the original understanding of the Constitution) to Jeremy Bentham, the father of utilitarianism. Equally important, Sunstein goes on to argue that it is the living practice of the nation's citizens that truly makes law. For example, he cites Griswold v. Connecticut, a groundbreaking case in which the Supreme Court struck down Connecticut's restrictions on the use of contraceptives by married couples--a law that was no longer enforced by prosecutors. In overturning the legislation, the Court invoked the abstract right of privacy; the author asserts that the justices should have appealed to the narrower principle that citizens need not comply with laws that lack real enforcement. By avoiding large-scale issues and values, such a decision could have led to a different outcome in Bowers v. Hardwick, the decision that upheld Georgia's rarely prosecuted ban on sodomy. Legal reasoning can seem impenetrable, mysterious, baroque. This book helps dissolve the mystery. Whether discussing the interpretation of the Constitution or the spell cast by the revolutionary Warren Court, Cass Sunstein writes with grace and power, offering a bold new vision of the role of the law in a diverse society. In his flexible, practical approach to legal reasoning, he moves the debate over fundamental values and principles out of the courts and back to its rightful place in a democratic state: the legislatures elected by the people.

  • Mysticism: Holiness East and West

    The particulars of a mystical experience color and shape its essence. But as Denise and John Carmody tell us, be it a Native American vision quest, or the intense soul-wrenching experience of a great storm, or a passionate love, or a dialogue in deep prayer with a personal divinity - any of these can be considered a mystical episode, if it draws us into a direct encounter with ultimate reality. In Mysticism: Holiness East and West, the Carmodys apply this broad definition of mysticism - a direct encounter with ultimate reality - to mystical experiences found in the world's great religions, providing insight into mysticism and into religious practice around the globe. The Carmodys offer an informative survey of the six major world religions - the Hindu, Buddhist, Chinese, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim traditions - and they also examine the religious practices of North American, Latin American, African, and Australian native peoples. They illuminate the history, principal beliefs, and teaching of each religion, and then examine the lives and works of each tradition's outstanding mystics. Equally important, the Carmodys compare the mysticism found in one tradition with that found in the others, revealing how mystical practice varies widely from one religious group to the next. They find, for instance, that Jewish mystical experience has seldom been given to the magical flight practiced by native American shamans, nor has it over-regarded miracle working. Likewise, the book compares John of the Cross's negation of the self with the Indian doctrine of "not this, not that" which relates to the Buddhist idea of Nirvana. In providing a comprehensive and accessible guide to mysticism, theCarmodys have done a major service for anyone seeking mystical experience and for all those interested in religion as practiced throughout the world.

  • Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc

    Twain himself said, `I like Joan of Arc best among all my books. It is the best; I know it perfectly well'. A serious and carefully considered story about a compelling heroine, the Maid of Orleans, Twain viewed the work both as a bid to be accepted as a serious writer and as a gift of love to his favourite daughter, Suzy, who would die tragically three months after Joan of Arc was published. Suzy declared to her sister Clara that Joan of Arc was `perhaps even more sweet and beautiful than The Prince and the Pauper,' which she had earlier called `unquestionably the best book' her father had ever written. Modelled in part after Suzy herself, the figure of Joan is a celebration of Twain's ideal woman: gentle, selfless, and pure, but also brave, courageous, and divinely eloquent. Despite its romantic idealism, however, as William Howells wrote, `the book has a vitalizing force. Joan lives in it again, and dies, and then lives on in the love and pity and wonder of the reader.' A compelling story of this inspiring heroine.

  • American Madonna: Images of the Divine Woman in Literary Culture

    This book explores a notable if unlikely undercurrent of interest in Mary as mythical Madonna that has persisted in American life and letters from fairly early in the nineteenth century into the later twentieth. This imaginative involvement with the Divine Woman -- verging at times on devotional homage -- is especially intriguing as manifested in the Protestant writers who are the focus of this study: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Margaret Fuller, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Harold Frederic, Henry Adams, and T.S. Eliot. John Gatta argues that flirtation with the Marian cultus offered Protestant writers symbolic compensation for what might be culturally diagnosed as a deficiency of psychic femininity, or anima, in America. He argues that the literary configurations of the mythical Madonna express a subsurface cultural resistance to the prevailing rationalism and pragmatism of the American mind in an age of entrepreneurial conquest.

  • The Psychology of Adoption

    In this volume the authors have brought together a group of leading researchers from various disciplines to explore the complex, interdisciplinary subject of adoption. David Brodzinsky has conducted one of the largest studies of adopted children in the US and Marshall Schechter has been involved with adoption related issues for over 40 years making them highly qualified to edit such an important volume. Our understanding of the problems faced by adopted children is still unclear, yet this book offers new insights into the issues for children and parents. It takes an integrated approach looking at theoretical, empirical, clinical and social issues and will be the definitive work on adoption.

  • Handbook of Soils for Landscape Architects

    Written in a clear, accessible style, this book presents the fundamental aspects of soil science for landscape architects and professionals in related fields. Emphasis is placed on those topics of particular interest to this audience, among them erosion, irrigation, fertility and nutrients, diagnosis of plant disorders, engineering aspects, and the use of soil surveys. The book should also find some course use in departments of landscape architecture and agronomy. Serious gardeners might find it of interest as well.

  • Morality: Its Nature and Justification

    For more than thirty years, philosopher Bernard Gert has been developing and refining his distinctive and comprehensive moral theory. His classic work on this subject was first published in 1970 as The Moral Rules, and greatly revised editions appeared in 1975 and 1988 (the latter published by OUP under the title Morality: A New Justification of the Moral Rules). Now, in this final revision, Gert has produced his fullest and most sophisticated statement of this influential theoretical model. Morality, Its Nature and Justification differs from the previous edition in many important respects, and throughout the book, Gert attempts to answer all of the criticisms his work has attracted.

  • Jonathan Edwards and the Limits of Enlightenment Philosophy

    Jonathan Edwards has most often been considered in the context of the Puritanism of New England. In many ways, however, he was closer to the thinkers of the European Enlightenment. In this book. Leon Chai explores that connection, analysing Edwards's thought in light of a number of the issues that preoccupied such Enlightenment figures as Locke, Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz. The book comprises three parts, each of which begins with a detailed analysis of a crucial passage from a classic Enlightenment text, and then turns to a major theological work of Jonathan Edwards in which the same issue is explored.

  • Contemporary Jewish Ethics and Morality: A Reader

    Dorff and Newman collect the best of recent work in Jewish ethics. The volume will serve as an introduction to Jewish ethics by acquainting the reader with the distinctive methodological issues involved, and will also suffer a sampling of Jewish positions on contemporary moral problems; it will thus be suited to a variety of courses in Jewish Studies.

  • Pseudo-Dionysius: A Commentary on the Texts and an Introduction to Their Influence

    Dionysius the Areopagite is the peudonymous author of an influential body of early (about 500 AD) Christian theological texts. The Pseudo-Dionysian writings offer a synthesis of Christian dogma and Neo-platonic thought. Their leading idea which has made them the charter of Christian mysticism, is the intimate union between God and the soul and the progressive deification of man. In this book, Paul Rorem examines and elucidates these difficult texts and explores their profound influence on medieval theology both in the East and west. As Rorem shows, the Pseudo-Dionysian writings were regarded almost as a "Summa Theologica" in the Eastern Church. In the West, they were commented on by virtually all of the great medieval theologians. Thomas Aquinas alone cites Dionysius is some 1,700 places. Rorem is co-translator of the 1984 edition (Paulist Press) of the complete Pseudo-Dionysius (the first English-language edition in modern times) and provided the notes, indices, and bibliography. The present book will make these texts more accessible to both scholars and students. A comprehensive bibliography of secondary sources will be included.

  • The Problem of Democracy in Cuba: Between Vision and Reality

    Drawing on years of field research in Cuba, this text examines the relationship between socialism and democracy, in classical Marxist theory and in the practice of the Cuban revolution. While the author notes the roles that underdevelopment and external threat have played in undermining the possibility for democratic socialism in this century, she focuses specifically upon a theoretical heritage plagued by silences, absences and simplifications concerning key political questions. Within this framework, she then turns to the Cuban revolution and, in a revisionist interpretation, identifies the succession of critical moments at which the question of democracy was raised and the nature of the leadership's response, or lack thereof. She maintains that the consistency with which the leadership reined in, at these moments, the possibilities it itself had evoked, compounded by its extreme paternalism, has been as destructive of the social project of the revolution as the dire economic straits in which Cuba finds itself in a post-socialist world. This probing analysis provides a unique and informative look at the ideological legacy of a nation struggling to endure the changing tides of history.

  • Speaking of Sadness: Depression, Disconnection, and the Meanings of Illness

    "Even though depression has periodically made me feel that my life was not worth living, has created havoc in my family, and sometimes made the work of teaching and writing seem impossible," writes David Karp, "by some standards, I have been fortunate." Indeed, depression can be devastating, leading to family breakups, loss of employment, even suicide. And it is a national problem, with some ten to fifteen million Americans suffering from it, and the number is growing. In Speaking of Sadness, Karp captures the human face of this widespread affliction, as he illuminates his experience and that of others in a candid, searching work. Combining a scholar's care and thoroughness with searing personal insight, Karp brings the private experience of depression into sharp relief, drawing on a remarkable series of intimate interviews with fifty depressed men and women. By turns poignant, disturbing, mordantly funny, and wise, Karp's interviews cause us to marvel at the courage of depressed people in dealing with extraordinary and debilitating pain. We hear what depression feels like, what it means to receive an "official" clinical diagnosis, and what depressed persons think of the battalion of mental health experts--doctors, nurses, social workers, sociologists, psychologists, and therapists--employed to help them. We learn the personal significance that patients attach to beginning a prescribed daily drug regimen, and their ongoing struggle to make sense of biochemical explanations and metaphors of depression as a disease. Ranging in age from their early twenties to their mid-sixties, the people Karp profiles reflect on their working lives and career aspirations, and confide strategies for overcoming paralyzing episodes of hopelessness. They reveal how depression affects their intimate relationships, and, in a separate chapter, spouses, children, parents, and friends provide their own often overlooked point of view. Throughout, Karp probes the myriad ways society contributes to widespread alienation and emotional exhaustion. Speaking of Sadness is an important book that pierces through the terrifying isolation of depression to uncover the connections linking the depressed as they undertake their personal journeys through this very private hell. It will bring new understanding to professionals seeking to see the world as their clients do, and provide vivid insights and renewed empathy to anyone who cares for someone living with the cruel unpredictability of depression.

  • How is Quantum Field Theory Possible?

    Quantum field theory (QFT) is the union of quantum mechanics and Einstein's special theory of relativity. QFT is the most fundamental physical theory and provides the answers to questions about the basic structure of the physical world. However, the way QFT describes the world is so different from the way our senses present it to us that it requires an overhaul of philosophic categories and arguments. How can we know the microscopic world without a satisfactory measurement theory? What are the general conditions of the world that make possible such knowledge? What are the presuppositions of physical theories? Dr.Auyang argues that the current relational- substantial debate on space- time is inadequate and the observer- observed distinction in quantum interpretations illusory becouse they are hampered by philosophical constructs too narrow to accommodate the complicated structures of modern philosophical theories. Modern physical theories have incorporated many presuppositions of empirical knowledge, and consequently the theories inform us about the general nature of the world and out relation to it, in addition to information about elementary particles. The conceptual structure of QFT is extracted and articulated in common- sense terms, and used to answer many longstanding philosophical questions

  • The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

    From the biographies on Galileo and Dorothy Hodgkin to the discussions chronicling the change of science from simply a tool of learning to a major force in society, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science is the most comprehensive one-volume resource on science from 1550 to the present. Along with chemistry, physics, and biology, the major scientific disciplines are represented in this alphabetically arranged work including astrology, ethnology, and zoology, among many others. General concepts such as gender and science and scientific development are explored along with major time periods that had a tremendous impact on the field including the Enlightenment and Globalization (post-World War II). The coverage is not limited to just one geographical area but is worldwide, tracing science from its traditional centres and explaining how non-western societies have modified and contributed to its global arena. Major divisions of thought including Aristotelianism and mechanical philosophy are also covered as well as an examination of science and its relationship to professional practice and the changing face of disciplines and sub-disciplines. Individual institutions such as CERN and the Third World Academy of Science are explored as well as the epistemology and methodology of scientific knowledge, theoretical constructs, information on apparatus and instruments, the social aspects and responsibilities of science, and the innumerable uses of the applied sciences. Over 90 biographies bring these fields to life with the stories behind the great achievements. Among the notable scientists are Linus Pauling, Margaret Mead, Niels Bohr, Albert Einstein, and Edwin Hubble. An excellent overview of the field of science and its development over the past few generations, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science is an essential resource for students, historians, teachers, scientists, doctors, engineers, and anyone with an interest in the many and varied aspects of science.

  • Designs for Science Literacy

    The call for science curriculum reform has been made over and over again for much of the twentieth century. Arguments have been made that the content of the curriculum is not appropriate for meeting the individual and social needs of people living in the modern world; that the curriculum has become overstuffed with topics and does not serve students especially well; and above all, that the curriculum does not generate the student learning it is expected to produce.
    The latest volume in a continuing series of publications from the AAAS designed to reform science education, Designs for Science Literacy presupposes that curriculum reform must be considerably more extensive and fundamental than the tinkering with individual courses and subjects that has been going on for decades. Designs deals with the critical issues involved in assembling sound instructional materials into a new, coherent K-12 whole. The book pays special attention to the need to link science-oriented studies to the arts and humanities, and also proposes how to align the curriculum with an established set of learning goals while preserving the American tradition of local responsibility for the curriculum itself.
    If fundamental curriculum reform is ever to occur, a new process for creating alternatives will have to be developed. Designs for Science Literacy provides the groundwork for such a process.

  • Cloning, Gene Expression and Protein Purification: Experimental Procedures and Process Rationale

    The central purpose of this combination lecture/laboratory manual is to present detailed protocols for the multi-step process involved in isolating a gene, cloning and characterizing it, expressing the encoded protein, purifying the protein, and characterizing rudimentary aspects of its basic physical properties. The manual includes 20 experiments designed to train students to prepare, manipulate, and analyse plasmids, to produce fusion proteins in bacteria, and to purify these proteins based on unique chemical properties or substrate affinities. Electrophoresis, Southern and Western blotting and cominatorial techniques are emphasized. Radioisotopes, fluorophores and solvent effects on protein structure are discussed. (No radioisotopes are required.) The experiments included have been selected because of their high success rate and because they emphasize a project-oriented approach. Sufficient detail and background are provided such that the intended audience includes advanced undergraduate students, beginning graduates, and practising professionals engaged in a broad range of pursuits. Each experiment is accompanied by detailed process rationale. Where appropriate, alternate methods are also discussed. Maximizing its utility for both studetns and instructors, this unique manual precedes each lab experiment with the necessary background theory and principles, which culminate in a detailed process rationale and, ultimately, the experimental techniques themselves. While many lab manuals list background references, this innovative book combines both theory and procedure into one manageable volume. In addition to this theoretical background material, new innovations and insights are provided along with carefully selected primary source research literature.

  • Information Graphics: A Comprehensive Illustrated Reference

    This beautifully illustrated book is the first complete handbook to visual information. Well written, easy use, and carefully indexed, it describes the full range of charts, graphs, maps, diagrams, and tables used daily to manage, analyse, and communicate information. It features over 3,000 illustrations, making it an ideal source for ideas on how to present information. It is an invaluable tool for anyone who writes or designs reports, whether for scientific journals, annual reports, or magazines and newspapers.

  • A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century

    Spy-masters, moles, and double-agents. Ciphers, saboteurs, and atomic secrets. The shady world of real-life espionage is as alarming and mysterious as any John Le Carre novel or James Bond movie. This outstanding book chronicles the international history of intelligence in the 20th century, exploring the impact of spies on world events during both war and peacetime. The work highlights the key events and breakthroughs in the history of intelligence and espionage - from the codebreaking and sabotage operations in the World Wars to the U2 incident and the CIA's secret war in Nicaragua. It also offers fascinating details of the colourful individuals who have made a mark as spies, defectors, and counterspies. The increasing importance of technology is a central theme in the book, from the advances in reconnaissance that make modern warfare possible to the spy satellites that help to verify arms control treaties. With the end of the cold war Richelson examines the role of intelligence in the 1990s and beyond, including the possibility of US-Soviet co-operation to combat terrorism and to halt the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons to developing countries.

  • The Sacred Depths of Nature

    For many of us, the great scientific discoveries of the modern age -- the Big Bang, evolution, quantum physics, relativity -- point to an existence that is bleak, devoid of meaning, pointless. But in The Sacred Depths of Nature, eminent biologist Ursula Goodenough shows us that the scientific world view need not be a source of despair. Indeed, it can be a wellspring of solace and hope. This eloquent volume reconciles the modern scientific understanding of reality with our timeless spiritual yearnings for reverence and continuity. Looking at topics such as evolution, emotions, sexuality, and death, Goodenough writes with rich, uncluttered detail about the workings of nature in general and of living creatures in particular. Her luminous clarity makes it possible for even non scientists to appreciate that the origins of life and the universe are no less meaningful because of our increasingly scientific understanding of them. At the end of each chapter, Goodenough's spiritual reflections respond to the complexity of nature with vibrant emotional intensity and a sense of reverent wonder. A beautifully written celebration of molecular biology with meditations on the spiritual and religious meaning that can be found at the heart of science, this volume makes an important contribution to the ongoing dialogue between science and religion. This book will engage anyone who was ever mesmerized--or terrified--by the mysteries of existence.

  • Faces in the Clouds: A New Theory of Religion

    Religion is one of the most universal and most studied human phenomena, yet there exists no widely shared definition for it. This ambitious study provides and defends such a definition.

  • Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West

    This book seeks to explain the historical process by which in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries scientific knowledge became an integral part of the culture of Europe and how this in turn led to the Industrial Revolution. Comparative in structure, Jacob explains why England was so much more successful at this transition than its continental counterparts.

  • Biostatistics: Experimental Design and Statistical Inference

    This textbook takes a unique approach to explaining and demonstrating how to use and interpret statistics for the physiological, medical, and life sciences. The first third of the book presents an integrated overview and introduction to experimental design and statistical inference. The rest of the book provides an extensively cross-referenced set of 100 brief critiques of sample case studies embodying all the most common statistical errors or design problems found in the biological literature. These specific cases are effective for teaching the principles of biostatistics. The examples are drawn primarily from biomedicine, yet the book is also valuable to psychologists, social scientists, environmental scientists, ecologists, and any discipline employing statistics.

  • Virtual Realism

    "Virtual Realism" is an art form and a way of living with technology. To explain it, Michael Heim draws on a hypertext of topics, from answering machines to interactive art, from engineering to television programs, from the meaning of UFOs to the Internet. The technology of virtual reality brought a new dimension to culture with its virtual offices and cyberspace friendships - but few agree on its merits. Opinions range from the Unabomber's Luddite activism to Wired's cyberpunk attitude to Bill Gate's commercial optimism. This text guides readers through the debate and suggests ways of harmonizing computers with culture, The book begins with the primer "VR 101". The issues are discussed, then several chapters illustrate virtual realism with tours through art exhibits and engineering projects. Each chapter suggests a harmony of technology with lifestyle. Michael Heim is the author of the award-winning "The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality" (OUP, 1993) and the ground-breaking "Electric Language" (1987). In this book, the author shares the discoveries he made over several years in the studios of VR designers. It is intended for the general reader.

  • Geometric Methods for Discrete Dynamical Systems

    This book is for those interested in dynamical systems. It assumes a solid undergraduate training in mathematics. Geometrical methods are developed to study the process of iteration, which involves taking the output of a function and feeding it back as input. Iteration processes are used to produce fractals and wavelets, and to numerically approximate solutions to ordinary and partical differential equations. Each iteration procedure generates a discrete dynamical system. These systems are at the heart of many numerical algorithms. Essentially all mathematical models of evolving physical systems can be viewed as discrete dynamical systems. This book attempts to present the fundamental ideas of discrete dynamical systems as clearly and geometrically as possible. Illustrative examples of dynamical systems are presented in the first chapter. The second chapter gives a review of the typology of metric spaces. The third presents basic results and establishes a philosophy of dynamics which is strongly influenced by the work of Charles Conley. The stable manifold and local structural stability theorems are presented in the fourth chapter. Invariant sets and isolating blocks are defined in the fifth. The sixth develops what is called the Conley Index in the context of discrete dynamics, and the final chpater covers measure-preserving and symplectic maps. The book would be suitable for use as a main text for a graduate course in dynamical systems, and as a reference for engineers and scientists.

  • Epidemiology and Health Services

    What is the relevance of epidemiology to decision-making in health services? If our ability to launch large-scale experimental studies of health services is limited, what are some alternative approaches to study design? How can we best make use of routinely collected data from health information systems? How can we best synthesize information to make more reasonable inferences? These are some of the questions that Epidemiology and Health Services tries to answer. The book starts with three chapters on strategies for problem investigation, problem solving, and program development and evaluation. These are followed by nine chapters that give a theoretical overview of specific methods and then present case studies. The cases are based on important investigations of health services and are followed by questions and discussions that guide readers through the most salient issues of these studies. This is a book that addresses the needs of a broad spectrum of health professionals. It will help health service administrators, managers and other professional design and conduct evaluative and intervention research on the delivery of health services. And it will give epidemiology and public health students a wider perspective on applicatons of the discipline.

  • Ecology

    Complex and diverse, modem ecology is often difficult to introduce to undergraduate students in a way that conveys the excitement and enthusiasm that ecologists feel for their field. In this text, the authors aim to encourage students by adopting a new approach to teaching modem ecology, dividing the field into several distinct subdisciplines, each with its own way of looking at the world.Unique and accessible, Ecology concentrates on the ideas and techniques that separate different concept-based approaches to the study of ecology. It discusses six kinds of ecology: landscape, physiological, ecosystem, population, community, and behavioral, focusing on the kinds of questions ecologists ask about their world rather than on accumulated ecological knowledge. For each type of ecology, the authors explore how it is distinct, the theory and technology involved, and its successes and possibilities for the future. Each chapter discusses the roles of evolution and of modeling in that particular kind of ecology, and also emphasizes that there are important questions ecologists do not yet have the answers to. These questions encourage students to consider pursuing the study of ecology because there is still much significant work to be dope. The authors, all experts in specific areas of ecology, strive to inspire students by communicating the excitement they feel about their respective fields of study and by actively involving students in the learning process. The discussions are set in the context of the human relationship to nature and include practical applications of ecology, such as resource management and conservation.Easily accessible to undergraduate students in general ecology, this brief, up-to-date, and lucidly written text is an ideal starting place for learning ecology. It sets ecology in its cultural context and encourages students to see ecology happening all around them, opening their eyes to the wide range of possibilities in the field and providing them with a firm basis for further reading and for choosing advanced courses and careers.

  • Cats of Any Color: Jazz Black and White

    It was none other than Louis Armstrong who said, "These people who make the restrictions, they don't know nothing about music. It's no crime for cats of any color to get together and blow." "You can't know what it means to be black in the United States--in any field," Dizzy Gillespie one said, but Gillespie vigorously objected to the proposition that only black people could play jazz. "If you accept that premise, well then what you're saying is that maybe black people can only play jazz. And black people, like anyone else, can be anything they want to be." In Cats of Any Color, Gene Lees, the acclaimed author of three previous collections of essays on jazz and popular music, takes a long overdue look at the shocking pervasiveness of racism in jazz's past and present--both the white racism that long ghettoized the music and generations of talented black musicians, and what Lees maintains is an increasingly virulent reverse racism aimed at white jazz musicians. In candid interviews, living jazz legends, critics, and composers step forward and share their thoughts on how racism has affected their lives. Dave Brubeck, part Modoc Indian, discusses native Americans' contribution to jazz and the deeply ingrained racism that for a time made it all but impossible for jazz groups with black and white players to book tours and television appearances. Horace Silver looks back on his long career, including the first time he ever heard jazz played live. Blacks were not not allowed into the pavilion in Connecticut where Jimmie Lunceford's band was performing, so the ten-year-old Silver listened and watched through the wooden slats surrounding the pavilion. "And oh man! That was it!" Silver recalls. Red Rodney recalls his early days with Charlie "Bird" Parker, and pianist and composer Cedar Walton tells of the time Duke Ellington played at the army base at Ford Dix and allowed the young enlisted Walton to sit in. Tracing the jazz world's shifting attitude towards race, many of the stories Lees tells are inspiring--Brubeck cancelling 23 out of 25 concert dates in the South rather than replace black bass player Eugene Wright, or Silver insisting that while he strives to provide his fellow black musicians opportunities, "I just want the best musicans I can get. I don't give a damn if they're pink or polka dot." Others are profoundly disturbing--Lees' first encounter with Oscar Peterson, after a Canadian barber flatly refused to cut Peterson's hair, or Wynton Marsalis on television claiming that blacks have been held back for so many years because the music business is controlled by "people who read the Torah and stuff." From the old shantytowns of Louisville, to the streets of South Central L.A., to the up-to-the-minute controversies surrounding Marsalis's jazz program at Lincoln Center, and the Jazz Masters awards given by the NEA, Cats of Any Color confronts racism head-on. At its heart is a passionate plea to recognize jazz not as the sole property of any one group, but as an art form celebrating the human spirit--not just for the protection of individual musicians, but for the preservation of the music itself.

  • The Heart of Long-Term Care

    Long-term care in the United States has taken the nursing home as its benchmark, but the monetary, social, and psychological costs of nursing home care are all too high. This book challenges the current dominance of nursing homes as the principal institution of long-term care. It offers a series of alternative models where both services and housing can be provided in a way that allows long-term consumers to enjoy dignified, "normal" lifestyles. It addresses the political and economic consequences of making this decision. The authors start with the premise that long-term care is designed to assist people who lack the capacity to function fully independently. They argue that no disabled person of any age should be required to forsake his/her humanity in exchange for care. The book rejects the artificial dichotomy between social and medical care, asserting that both play important roles in psychological and physical well-being of long-term care patients. The authors consider the need for competent and compassionate medicine and discuss the methods for improving both its coordination of care and its effectiveness. The book redefines the meaning of safety and protection in long-term care, and how this goal can be accomplished without sacrificing quality of living. As the new millenium and the aging of baby boomers approaches, more creative approaches to providing better long-term care are required. This volume outlines a useful framework for the provision ofeffective and humane community-based programs that are both feasible and affordable. It will be an invaluable guide for geriatricians, public health professionals, family physicians, nurses and others who care for elderly patients.

  • The Oxford Companion to United States History

    The Oxford Companion to United States History is a one-volume, alphabetically arranged encyclopedia offering comprehensive coverage of the field for pre-contact Native Americans to the end of the twentieth century. The volume's first aim will be to serve as trustworthy guide to the basics of American history: correct and clearly presented facts, and thorough and extensive coverage of the political, diplomatic, and military "core" of American history. Users will find the key figures in various fields of endeavour, the central events that represent defining moments in our past, and the principal court decisions that have shaped our Constitutional history. Beyond this essential beginning point, the volume will incorporate the fruits of the last quarter-century of scholarship in the field, with its heightened focus on social history and its widened social and cultural perspectives on traditional political, diplomatic, and military topics. Other areas to be given central and informed attention are science and technology; popular culture, mass culture, and sports; the arts; and religion.

  • An Introduction to Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics: Oscillations, Waves, Patterns, and Chaos

    Assuming no more than an undergraduate knowledge of chemistry, the authors take the reader through the necessary mathematical and theoretical background of oscillating reactions, chaos and chemical waves to advanced topics of current research interest in chemical systems, including applications biology and polymers.

  • Algebraic Theory of Molecules

    This book takes a fresh look at the wave function mathematics that provide the theoretical underpinnings of molecular spectroscopy. Original work demonstrating the advantages of algebraic theory over the conventional geometric approach to the subject is presented. This new approach has important implications for modern spectroscopy. Many examples are given to show comparisons of the two methods, and the relationship of the new method to current experiments.

  • The Jew in the Modern World: A Documentary History

    This second edition is an expanded and highly diverse collection of primary materials that trace Jewish experience in the modern period and illustrate the transformation of Jewish religion and culture and identity beginning in the 17th and 18th centuries and ending in 1948. Careful selection of documents originally appearing in many different languages and thoughtful organization and extensive annotation of the documents make this volume an invaluable resource for the student and teacher of modern Jewish history.

  • Games and Decision Making

    This is a self-contained introduction to basic issues and techniques of decision theory. From classical optimization to modern game theory, the authors show the increasing importance of mathematical knowledge for sustained competitive advantage in decision making. Students need only a basic understanding of elementary calculus and probability to use the book effectively. Through an imaginative selection of topics, the authors treat decision and game theory as part of one body of knowledge. They move from problems involving the individual decision maker to progressively more complex problems such as sequential rationality, auctions, and bargaining. By building each chapter on material presented earlier, the authors ensure that the text is clear and accessible to all.

  • Shostakovich: A Life

    For this authoritative post-cold-war biography of Shostakovich's illustrious but turbulent career under Soviet rule, Laurel E. Fay has gone back to primary documents: Shostakovich's many letters, concert programs and reviews, newspaper articles, and diaries of his contemporaries. An indefatigable worker, he wrote his arresting music despite deprivations during the Nazi invasion and constant surveillance under Stalin's regime. Shostakovich's life is a fascinating example of the paradoxes of living as an artist under totalitarian rule. In August 1942, his Seventh Symphony, written as a protest against fascism, was performed in Nazi-besieged Leningrad by the city's surviving musicians, and was triumphantly broadcast to the German troops, who had been bombarded beforehand to silence them. Alone among his artistic peers, he survived successive Stalinist cultural purges and won the Stalin Prize five times, yet in 1948 he was dismissed from his conservatory teaching positions, and many of his works were banned from performance. He prudently censored himself, in one case putting aside a work based on Jewish folk poems. Under later regimes he balanced a career as a model Soviet, holding government positions and acting as an international ambassador with his unflagging artistic ambitions. In the years since his death in 1975, many have embraced a view of Shostakovich as a lifelong dissident who encoded anti-Communist messages in his music. This lucid and fascinating biography demonstrates that the reality was much more complex. Laurel Fay's book includes a detailed list of works, a glossary of names, and an extensive bibliography, making it an indispensable resource for future studies of Shostakovich.

  • Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America

    In this provocative and original exploration of racial subjugation during slavery and its aftermath, Saidiya Hartman illumines the forms of terror and resistance that shaped black identity. Scenes of Subjection examines the forms of domination that usually go undetected; in particular, the encroachments of power that take place through notions of humanity, enjoyment, protection, rights, and consent. By looking at slave narratives, plantation diaries, popular theater, slave performance, freedmen's primers, and legal cases, Hartman investigates a wide variety of "scenes" ranging from the auction block and minstrel show to the staging of the self-possessed and rights-bearing individual of freedom. While attentive to the performance of power--the terrible spectacles of slaveholders' dominion and the innocent amusements designed to abase and pacify the enslaved--and the entanglements of pleasure and terror in these displays of mastery, Hartman also examines the possibilities for resistance, redress and transformation embodied in black performance and everyday practice. This important study contends that despite the legal abolition of slavery, emergent notions of individual will and responsibility revealed the tragic continuities between slavery and freedom. Bold and persuasively argued, Scenes of Subjection will engage readers in a broad range of historical, literary, and cultural studies.

  • The Enigma of the Oceanic Feeling: Revisioning the Psychoanalytic Theory of Mysticism

    This study examines the history of the psychoanalytic theory of mysticism, starting with the seminal correspondence between Freud and Romain Rolland concerning the concept of `oceanic feeling'. Parsons argues that the history of psychology has misunderstood Freud's own views, and as a consequence has over-reduced mysticism to psychological regression or pathology.

  • Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social Change: The Navajo Experiences

    Based on interviews with more than a thousand Navajo Indian men and women, this book examines the associations between childhood experiences and behaviour and the development of alcohol dependence in adulthood. Because Navajo life has changed markedly over the past two generations, it also examines the role of urbanization and universal school in reshaping Navajo youth and considers the implications for changing patterns of alcohol use in adulthood. In addition the book explores a wide range of timely issues such as domestic violence, factors associated with resistance to alcohol abuse as well as remission and recovery, the treatment and prevention of alcohol dependence, and the implications of pursuing either population-based preventive interventions or interventions focused on high risk individuals or groups.

  • Readings in Ecology

    The papers included in this readings text were selected and are introduced by the authors of Ecology as examples of excellent and insightful research that greatly contributes to our grasp and exploration of ecological questions. These studies span the range of ecological perspectives and are significant reading for every student in the life sciences.

  • Contemporary Creative Nonfiction: The Art of Truth

    The most inclusive collection of creative nonfiction available, Contemporary Creative Nonfiction: The Art of Truth is the only anthology that brings together examples of all three of the main forms in the genre: the literary memoir, the personal essay, and literary journalism. Featuring a generous and diverse sampling of over sixty works, this collection includes beautiful, disturbing, and instructive works of literary memoir by such writers as Mary McCarthy, Annie Dillard, and Judy Ruiz; smart, funny, and moving personal essays by authors ranging from E.B. White to Phillip Lopate to Ntozake Shange; and incisive, vivid, and quirky examples of literary journalism by Truman Capote, Barbara Ehrenreich, Sebastian Junger, and many others. This unique volume also contains examples of captivating nature writing, exciting literary travel writing, brilliant essays in science, surprising creative cultural criticism, and moving literary diaries and journals, incorporating several classic selections to set a context for the contemporary work. The editor's general introduction and introductions to each of the five sections provide useful definitions, crucial history, critical context, and abundant issues to debate. Ideal for undergraduate and graduate courses in creative nonfiction, literary journalism, essay writing, and all levels of composition, Contemporary Creative Nonfiction: The Art of Truth is also an essential resource for all nonfiction writers, from novices to professionals.

  • Is Menstruation Obsolete?

    Is Menstruation Obsolete? argues that regular monthly bleeding is not the "natural" state of women, and that it actually places them at risk of several medical conditions of varying severity. The authors maintain that while menstruation may be culturally significant, it is not medically meaningful. Moreover, they propose that suppressing menstruation has remarkable health advantages. Because of cultural changes, shorter durations of breast feeding, and birth control, the reproductive patterns of modern women no longer resemble that of their Stone age ancestors. Women have moved from the age of incessant reproduction to the age of incessant menstruation. Consequently, they often suffer from clinical disorders related to menstruation: anemia, endometriosis, and PMS, just to name a few. The authors encourage readers to recognize what has gone previously unnoticed that this monthly discomfort is simply not obligatory. They present compelling evidence that the suppression of menstruation is a viable option for women today, and that it can be easily attained through the use of birth control pills. In fact, they reveal that contraceptive manufacturers, knowing that many women equate menstruation with femininity and that without monthly bleeding would fear that they were pregnant, engineered pill dosage regimens to ensure the continuation of their cycles. Indeed, throughout history societies have assigned menstruation powerful meaning, and Is Menstruation Obsolete? presents a fascinating history of how menstruation inspired doctors to try therapeutic bleeding for a variety of ailments, and how this therapy remained dominant in Western medicine until the early 20th century. Is Menstruation Obsolete? offers women a fresh view of menstruation, providing them with the information they need to make progressive choices about their health. This is a message whose time has come.

  • Gabriel's Palace: Jewish Mystical Tales

    A vast bounty of tales recounting mystical experiences among the rabbis can be found in the Talmud, the Zohar, Jewish folktales, and Hasidic lore. Now, in Gabriel's Palace, scholar Howard Schwartz has collected the greatest of these stories, sacred and secular, in a marvelously readable anthology. Gabriel's Palace offers a treasury of 150 pithy and powerful tales, involving experiences of union with the divine, out-of-body travel, encounters with angels and demons, possession by spirits holy and pernicious, and more. Schwartz provides an informative introduction placing these remarkable tales firmly in the context of centuries of post-biblical Jewish tradition. The body of the text presents spellbinding tales from the Talmud, Zohar, the Hasidic masters, and an enormous range of other sources. Here are stories of Shimon bar Yohai, reputed to be the author of the Zohar; Isaac Luria, known as the Ari, who was the central figure among the Safed mystics of the 16th century; Israel ben Eliezer, known as Baal Shem Tov, who founded Hasidism; Elimelech of Lizensk, possessor of legendary mystical powers; and Nachman of Bratslav, the great storyteller whose wandering spirit is said to protect his followers to this day. Together, these tales paint a vivid picture of "a world of signs and symbols, where everything that took place had meaning, a world of mythic proportions....A world in which the spirits of the dead were no longer invisible, nor the angels," where the master and his disciples labor to repair the world so that the footsteps of the Messiah might be heard. Drawn from rabbinic, kabbalistic, folk, and Hasidic sources, these collected tales form a rich genre all their own. In Gabriel's Palace, the powerful tradition of Jewish mysticism comes to life in clear, contemporary English.

  • Dictionary of American Family Names: 3-Volume Set

    Where did your surname come from? Do you know how many people in the United States share it? What does it tell you about your lineage? From the editor of the highly acclaimed Dictionary of Surnames comes the most extensive compilation of surnames in America. The result of 10 years of research and 30 consulting editors, this massive undertaking documents 70,000 surnames of Americans across the country. A reference source like no other, it surveys each surname giving its meaning, nationality, alternate spellings, common forenames associated with it, and the frequency of each surname and forename. The Dictionary of American Family Names is a fascinating journey throughout the multicultural United States, offering a detailed look at the meaning and frequency of surnames throughout the country. For students studying family genealogy, others interested in finding out more about their own lineage, or lexicographers, the Dictionary is an ideal place to begin research.

  • What Is Mathematics? An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods: An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods

    For more than two thousand years a familiarity with mathematics has been regarded as an indispensable part of the intellectual equipment of every cultured person. Today, unfortunately, the traditional place of mathematics in education is in grave danger. The teaching and learning of mathematics has degenerated into the realm of rote memorization, the outcome of which leads to satisfactory formal ability but does not lead to real understanding or to greater intellectual independence. This new edition of Richard Courant's and Herbert Robbins's classic work seeks to address this problem. Its goal is to put the meaning back into mathematics. Written for beginners and scholars, for students and teachers, for philosophers and engineers, What is Mathematics?, Second Edition is a sparkling collection of mathematical gems that offers an entertaining and accessible portrait of the mathematical world. Covering everything from natural numbers and the number system to geometrical constructions and projective geometry, from topology and calculus to matters of principle and the Continuum Hypothesis, this fascinating survey allows readers to delve into mathematics as an organic whole rather than an empty drill in problem solving. With chapters largely independent of one another and sections that lead upward from basic to more advanced discussions, readers can easily pick and choose areas of particular interest without impairing their understanding of subsequent parts. Brought up to date with a new chapter by Ian Stewart, What is Mathematics?, Second Edition offers new insights into recent mathematical developments and describes proofs of the Four-Color Theorem and Fermat's Last Theorem, problems that were still open when Courant and Robbins wrote this masterpiece, but ones that have since been solved. Formal mathematics is like spelling and grammar--a matter of the correct application of local rules. Meaningful mathematics is like journalism--it tells an interesting story. But unlike some journalism, the story has to be true. The best mathematics is like literature--it brings a story to life before your eyes and involves you in it, intellectually and emotionally. What is Mathematics is like a fine piece of literature--it opens a window onto the world of mathematics for anyone interested to view.

  • States of Mind: American and Post-Soviet Perspectives on Contemporary Issues in Psychology

    In this volume Diane Halpern and Alexander Voiskounsky take advantage of recent political events in the former Soviet Union which have created a unique opportunity to study the ways in which two major world powers have defined contemporary psychological issues. States of Mind explores newly evolving areas of psychology that are particularly important at this time in history, and addresses these topics from both post-Soviet and American perspectives.

  • The Pigmentary System: Physiology and Pathophysiology

    Our knowledge about the function of the melanocyte has expanded beyond boundaries not previously imagined. The melanocyte is no longer considered merely a factory for the production of the pigment melanin. Old data do not contradict the new but must be reinterpreted in light of modern concepts of molecular and cellular biology, enzymology, biochemistry, chemistry, and physics. Diseases of the pigmentary system must be understood in terms of modern science. The editors, each with special knowledge of the pigmentary system, have combined their expertise and talents to produce a book that will serve as the ultimate resource for the study of all aspects of pigment cell biology. There is no comprehensive, scholarly reference available which compiles both old and new data into a single source. This book fills that void. There are monographs to assist dermatologists caring for individuals with disorders of pigmentation, and textbooks with an introductory chapter on the physiology of pigmentation and a clinical chapter on the disorders manifested by common abnormalities of the pigmentary system. These resources continue to be invaluable, however they are written for a specific type and level of audience. This volume is encyclopedic in scope, so that the biologist, chemist, cosmetic scientist, and clinician, whether novice or sophisticated expert, can peruse any section of the book with confidence that it contains most of the worlds knowledge on pigmentation, including historical work. The bibliographies are also prepared to be as comprehensive and all-inclusive as possible. The first part of the book brings together the molecular and cellular biology, biochemistry, chemistry, physics, and physiology of the normal melanocyte as known in the 1990s. The second part continues this theme, presenting a comprehensive discussion of most disorders of pigmentation described to date. Information about pathophysiology, treatment and other clinical data is included. The goal of the editors is to provide the ultimate reference for practicing physicians who care for patients with the rarest or most common disorders of pigmentation, the laboratory scientist studying disease in order to help the study of basic processes which affect the pigmentary system, and the cosmetic scientist who seeks comprehensive information on the pharmacopoeia available for treating pigmentary disorders. All specialists interested in some aspect of the pigmentary system can seek current answers to questions related to their work.

  • Vanishing Voices: The Extinction of the World's Languages

    Few people know that nearly 100 native languages once spoken in what is now California are near extinction, or that most of Australia's 250 aboriginal languages have vanished. In fact, at least half of the world's languages may die out in the next century. What has happened to these voices? Should we be alarmed about the disappearance of linguistic diversity? The authors of Vanishing Voices assert that this trend is far more than simply disturbing. Making explicit the link between language survival and environmental issues, they argue that the extinction of languages is part of the larger picture of near-total collapse of the worldwide ecosystem. Indeed, the authors contend that the struggle to preserve precious environmental resources-such as the rainforest-cannot be separated from the struggle to maintain diverse cultures, and that the causes of language death, like that of ecological destruction, lie at the intersection of ecology and politics. And while Nettle and Romaine defend the world's endangered languages, they also pay homage to the last speakers of dying tongues, such as Red Thundercloud, a Native American in South Carolina, Ned Mandrell, with whom the Manx language passed away in 1974, and Arthur Bennett, an Australian, the last person to know more than a few words of Mbabaram. In our languages lies the accumulated knowledge of humanity. Indeed, each language is a unique window on experience. Vanishing Voices is a call to preserve this resource, before it is too late.

  • The Supreme Court in Conference: 1940-1985: The Private Discussions Behind Nearly 300 Supreme Court Decisions

    In public, Supreme Court Justices are not known for their candor while ruling upon a case. In private, however, a few days after hearing oral arguments, before deciding upon the case, the Justices openly discuss their views in what is known as the "Conference." Here, for the first time, are the transcriptions of those conference notes--taken by the Justices themselves--to more than two hundred landmark cases from 1945 to 1985, including such landmark decisions on civil rights, abortion, privacy, and Presidential power. The Supreme Court in Conference is the first book to presents the notes to the conference meetings--so private that only the Justices are present--with annotations and introductions by Del Dickson. Two lengthy essays on the conference notes put them into perspective and draw out the some of the patterns, tendencies, and personalities. Volume I covers cases involving the separation of powers and federalism, including such areas as Congressional authority, the Presidenvy, and foreign affairs. Volume II covers cases in civil rights and liberties: free speech, free press, religion, equal protection, privacy, reproductive rights, affirmative action, and many more. The full transcriptions are accompoanied with full notes, and citations. There is an extensive bibliography and index. he Supreme Court in Conference will become an essential reference work for scholars, lawyers, law students and the interested lay person.

  • Contributions to Neuropsychological Assessment: A Clinical Manual

    In the ten years since the first edition of this book appeared, many new findings have been generated in a variety of clinical and research contexts. The new edition of this successful text summarizes this research and adds normative data on new populations including children and the elderly. It therefore offers an updated coverage of the clinical tests developed at the Benton Laboratory of Neuropsychology.

  • In Situ Hybridization in Neurobiology: Advances in Methodology

    In situ hybridization has become an important and widely used research tool for neurobiologists. This new volume examines the methodological advances that have been made in in situ hybridization techniques and their impact on the study of the nervous system. These include methods for improving sensitivity, ways of examining multiple mRNAs and both proteins and mRNAs within the same section, and methods for using in situ hybridization technology to examine areas of cellular biological significance, such as translational control. The development of alternative labels to radioactivity for the detection of hybridized probes, and the combined use of in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry is also covered. This volume will be essential to researchers in the neurosciences as well as those in other disciplines.

  • Scorpion Biology and Research

    Scorpions are the only land animals with a fossil record stretching back to the colonization of land by aquatic animals, and they offer a unique array of biochemical, physiological, and ecological adaptations. This comprehensive survey demonstrates the value of scorpions as model systems for investigating a wide range of biological questions, from neurobiology to evolutionary ecology. The chapters cover the full range of research and include introductory material for the general reader as well as detailed and up-to-date findings for the specialist. The editors hope to draw new attention to this important group of arthropods and seek to highlight areas where scorpion research is providing new insight on key biological questions.

  • Colonial Lives: Documents on Latin American History, 1550-1850

    Colonial Lives offers a rich variety of archival documents in translation which bring to life the political and economic workings of Latin American colonies during 300 years of Spanish rule, and the day-to-day lives of the colonies' inhabitants. Intended to complement textbooks such as Burkholder and Johnson's Colonial Latin America by presenting students with primary sources, this reader strives to illustrate the impact of issues such as race, class, gender, sexuality, culture and religion in the daily lives of both natives and colonists alike. The concerns, perspectives and struggles of the inhabitants of colonial Latin America are reflected in these transcripts of civil and criminal court cases, administrative reviews, ecclesiastical investigations, Inquisition trials, wills, and letters. Each document is prefaced by an introduction that places it in the social and political context of the period.

  • The Poets of Tin Pan Alley: A History of America's Great Lyricists

    In The Poets of Tin Pan Alley, Philip Furia presents a fascinating accout of the lives in words and music of some of America's greatest popular lyricists. Full chapters are devoted to such golden names as Irving Berlin, Lorenz Hart, Ira Gershwin, Cole Porter, Oscar Hammerstein II, Howard Dietz, E. Y. Harburg, Dorothy Fields, Leo Robbins and Johnny Mercer. Furia also discusses the important contributions made by other lyricists who wrote for the sheet-music industry, Broadway, Hollywood, and Harlem nightclub revues. Each of the lyricists is placed firmly in historical context and Furia is careful to note the extent to which the lyrics of popular music both reflected and shaped the mores of the periods in which they were written.

  • Images and Relics: Theological Perceptions and Visual Images in Sixteenth-Century Europe

    This book explores the extent to which artists of sixteenth-century Europe were influenced by ideas of religious reform. Analysing the content of major works by eight prominent artists, noted reformation scholar John Dillenberger argues that these artists' productions provide a fascinating map of the evolution and influence of major theological currents of their time.

  • Catching the Light: The Entwined History of Light and Mind

    `This is a most persuasive book on a most important subject. I recommend it highly.' Saul Bellow With scholarship and clarity, Arthur Zajonc takes us on an epic journey into scientific history. Yet Catching the Light is not just about science; it is a book of ideas that blends science with literature, religion, philosophy, and morality and tries to answer the question that has mystified humanity from pre-history to the present day: what is light?

  • Adverbs and Functional Heads: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective

    One of the world's leading syntacticians presents evidence for locating Adverb Phrases in the specifiers of distinct functional projections within a novel and well articulated theory of the clause. In this theory, both adverbs and heads, which encode the functional notions of the clause, are ordered in a rigid sequence. Cinques cutting-edge proposal suggests that the structure of natural language sentences is much richer than previously assumed.

  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Geometry: From Lewis to Electron Densities

    Written by one the world's foremost authorities on the chemical bond, this textbook is ideal for courses on chemical bonding in chemistry departmetns at the senior/first year graduate level and can also be used to supplement inorganic survey courses needing an increased focus on bonding. The ideal course will contain the word "Bonding" in the course title, e.g. Chemical Bonding. The text starts with the basic principles of bonding and proceeds to advanced level topics in the same volume. It provides undergraduate (and 1st year graduate) students with an introduction to models and theories of chemical bonding and geometry as applied to the molecules of the main group elements. It gives students an understanding of how the concept of the chemical bond has developed from its earliest days, through Lewis' brillant concept of the electron pair bond, up until the present day. The texts also elucidates the relationships between these various models and theories. Particular emphasis is placed on the valence-shell electron pair (VSEPR) and ligand close packing (LCP) models as well as the analysis of electron density distributions by the atoms in molecules (AIM) theory. The book is ideal for courses specifically devoted to bonding or to supplement inorganic chemistry courses at both the intermediate and advanced levels.

  • American Theatre: A Chronicle of Comedy and Drama, 1930-1969

    This book concludes Gerald Bordman's survey of American non-musical theatre. It deals with the years 1930 to 1970, a period when the production of new plays was declining, but, at the same time, a period when American drama fully entered the world stage and became a dominant presence. Despite the looming presence of the film industry, this period was a golden age rich in plays, playwrights, and performers. From Eugene O'Neill's A Long Day's Journey into Night and Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire to Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman and Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, American theatre finally reached adulthood both dramatically and psychologically. In addition, many brilliant acting careers were launched or climaxed on the American stage, including Henry Fonda and Jessica Tandy, and foreign stars, Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh. Bordman's study covers every Broadway production, and, increasingly in the 1950s and 1960s, every major off-Broadway show. His discussion moves season by season and show by show in chronological order; he offers plot synopses and details the physical production, directors, players, theaters, and newspaper reviews. Bordman stops at 1970, because, in his view, the decline in quantity and quality had reached an all time low, with British playwrights providing the only memorable dramas on the English-speaking stage. This book and the preceding volumes of The American Theatre stands as the standard history of American drama in all its aspects.

  • Loose Women, Lecherous Men: A Feminist Philosophy of Sex

    Linda LeMoncheck introduces a new way of thinking and talking about women's sexual pleasures, preferences, and desires. Using the tools of contemporary analytic philosophy, she discusses methods for mediating the tensions among apparently irreconcilable feminist perspectives on women's sexuality and shows how a feminist epistemology and ethic can advance the dialogue in women's sexuality across a broad political spectrum. Such a dialogue encourages both women and men to take up a feminist perspective in exploring the meaning and value of sexuality in their lives.

  • Lou Harrison: Composing a World

    An in-depth biography and exploration of the work of composer, Lou Harrison, based on detailed research and extensive interviews. Individual chapters are devoted to music and dance; intonation and tuning; instruments; Asian influences; gamelan; music and politics; music criticism; and compositional processes. In a separate chapter, the author explores lifestyle issues, including the historical background of the San Francisco gay community and possible "gay markers" in Harrison's music. An extensive annotated catalogue details more than 300 works and an audio CD included with the book illustrates the text in sound.

  • An Introduction to Healthcare Organizational Ethics

    This is a lucid, readable discussion of ethical questions in health care as they arise on the business or organizationl level: an effort to spell out an ethical perspective for healthcare organizations. It will be of use to students in health services management programmes, health care professionals, healthcare administrators, and members of healthcare ethics committees.

  • Women and Children in Health Care: An Unequal Majority

    Women and Children in Health Care examines health care issues from an egalitarian perspective, focusing particularly on those that affect the lives of women and children. These are some of the most hotly debated, controversial, yet genuinely humanitarian issues of our time. They include gender stereotypes in medicine and in adolescent socialization, fertility curtailment and enhancement, coercive treatment during pregnancy, fetal tissue transplantation, and the meaning and role of "family" in health care decisions. Because of the timeliness of the topics discussed, and the depth of detail, this book will be necessary reading for all bioethicists, health-care analysts and policy-makers, and women's studies researchers.

  • Modern Logic: A Text in Elementary Symbolic Logic

    Modern Logic is a text designed for a first course in symbolic logic for students in philosophy, mathematics, computer science, or linguistics. The book covers classical sentential logic, monadic predicate logic, and full first-order logic with identity, in three separate sections. Modern Logic's natural deduction system will be easy for students to understand, and the material is carefully structured, with graded exercises at the end of each section, selected answers to which are provided at the back of the book. The book's emphasis throughout is to give the student a thorough understanding of the concepts rather than just a facility with formal procedures.

  • Elizabeth I: The Competition for Representation

    Elizabeth I is perhaps the most visible woman in early modern Europe, yet little attention has been paid to what she said about the difficulties of constructing her power in a patriarchal society. Elizabeth I: The Competition for Representation examines her struggle for authority through the representation of her female body. Frye's method is to provide historical accounts of three representational crises spaced fifteen years apart: the London coronation entry of 1559, the Kenilworth entertainments of 1575, and the publication of The Faerie Queene in 1590. In ways which varied with social class and historical circumstance, the London merchants, the members of the Protestant faction, courtly artists and artful courtiers all sought to stabilize their own gendered identities by constructing the queen within the 'natural'definitions of feminine as passive and weak. Elizabeth fought back, acting as a discursive agent by crossing and then disrupting these definitions. She and those closely identified with her interests evolved a number of strategies through which to express her control of the government as the ownership of her body, including her elaborate iconography and a mythic biography upon which most accounts of Elizabeth's life have been based. The more authoritative her image became, the more violently it was contested in a process which this book examines and consciously perpetuates.

  • The Avian Brood Parasites: Deception at the Nest

    Obligatory brood parasites are birds that reproduce by laying their eggs in the nests of other species. This book discusses the ecological and evolutionary aspects of this remarkable behavioural adaptation.

  • Optimal Solution of Nonlinear Equations

    Optimal Solution of Nonlinear Equations is a text/monograph designed to provide an overview of optimal computational methods for the solution of nonlinear equations, fixed points of contractive and noncontractive mapping, and for the computation of the topological degree. It is of interest to any reader working in the area of Information-Based Complexity. The worst-case settings are analysed here. Several classes of functions are studied with special empahsis on tight complexity bounds and methods which are close to or achieve these bounds. Each chapter ends with exercises, including companies and open-ended research based exercises.

  • Topics in Palliative Care, Volume 2

    The rapidly evolving field of Palliative Care focuses on the management of phenomena that produce discomfort and that undermine the quality of life of patients with incurable medical disorders. The interdisciplinary clinical purview includes those factors - physical, psychological, social, and spiritual - that contribute to suffering, undermine quality of life, and prevent a death with comfort and dignity. Palliative Care is a fundamental part of clinical practice, the "parallel universe" to therapies directed at cure or prolongation of life. All clinicians who treat patients with chronic life-threatening diseases are ingaged in palliative care, continually attempting to manage complex symptomatology and functional disturbances. The scientific foundation of palliative care is advancing, and similarly, methods are needed to highlight, for practitioners at the bedside, the findings of empirical research. TOPICS IN PALLIATIVE CARE has been designed to meet the need for enhanced communication in this field. To highlight the diversity of concerns in palliative care, each volume of the TOPICS IN PALLIATIVE CARE Series is divided into sections that address a range of issues. Addressing aspects of symptom control, psychosocial functioning, spiritual or existential concerns, ethics, and other topics, the chapters in each section review the given area and focus on a small number of salient issues to analysis. The authors present and evaluate existing data, provide a context drawn from both the clinical and research settings, and intergrate knowledge in a manner that is both practical and readable. The specific topics covered in Volume 2 are Neuropathic Pain, Cachexia/Anorexia, Asthenia, and Psychological Issues in the Caregiver.

  • American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World

    For four hundred years-from the first Spanish assaults against the Arawak people of Hispaniola in the 1490s to the U.S. Army's massacre of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee in the 1890s-the indigenous inhabitants of North and South America endured an unending firestorm of violence. During that time the native population of the Western Hemisphere declined by as many as 100 million people. Indeed, as historian David E. Stannard argues in this stunning new book, the European and white American destruction of the native peoples of the Americas was the most massive act of genocide in the history of the world.
    Stannard begins with a portrait of the enormous richness and diversity of life in the Americas prior to Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the path of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and Central and South America, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and finally out across the Great Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard reveals that wherever Europeans or white Americans went, the native people were caught between imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, typically resulting in the annihilation of 95 percent of their populations. What kind of people, he asks, do such horrendous things to others? His highly provocative answer: Christians. Digging deeply into ancient European and Christian attitudes toward sex, race, and war, he finds the cultural ground well prepared by the end of the Middle Ages for the centuries-long genocide campaign that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in places continue to wage-against the New World's original inhabitants. Advancing a thesis that is sure to create much controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the American Holocaust drew on the same ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.

  • Hard Bop: Jazz and Black Music, 1955-1965

    Hard bop was a brand of post bebop jazz that enveloped many of the most talented American musicians in the period between 1955 and 1956. These were years unrivalled in jazz history for the number of musically brilliant records issued - including Art Blakey's Ugetsu, Miles Davis's Kind of Blue, Thelonius Monk's Brilliant Corners, and Sonny Rollins's Saxophone Colossus. This is the first book devoted entirely to hard bop, combining a narrative of the movement's evolution, from its beginnings as an amalgam of bebop and R&B to its experimental breakthroughs in the 1960s. With close analyses of musicians' styles and recordings, as well as specific tendencies within the school, such as `soul jazz', it offers a much needed examination of the artists, milieus, and above all the sounds of one of America's greatest musical epochs.

  • Too Marvelous for Words: The Life and Genius of Art Tatum

    Art Tatum defined the limits of the possible in jazz piano. Gunther Schuller called Tatum's playing "a marvel of perfection.... His deep-in-the-keys full piano sonority, the tone and touch control in pyrotechnical passages...are miracles of performance." Whitney Balliett wrote "no pianist has ever hit notes more beautifully. Each one--no matter how fast the tempo--was light and complete and resonant, like the letters on a finely printed page." His famous runs have been compared to the arc left against the night sky by a Fourth-of-July sparkler. And to have heard him play, one musician said, "was as awe-inspiring as to have seen the Grand Canyon or Halley's Comet." Now, in Too Marvelous For Words, James Lester provides the first full-length biography of the greatest virtuoso performer in the history of jazz. Before this volume, little was known about Tatum, even among jazz afficionados. What were his origins, who taught him and who provided early pianistic influences, how did he break into the jazz field, what role did he play in the development of other jazz players, and what was he like when he wasn't playing? To answer these questions, Lester has conducted almost a hundred interviews for this book, with surviving family, childhood friends, school teachers, and the famous jazz musicians who played with him or knew him. Lester creates a memorable portrait of this unique musician and of the vibrant jazz world of the 1930s and 1940s, capturing the complexity and vitality of this remarkable performer. Tatum, who was virtually blind, suffering between 70% and 90% visual impairment, emerges as cheerful, fun-loving, energetic and out-going, with none of the demonic self-destructiveness that seemed to haunt such jazz greats as Charlie Parker or Billie Holiday. He often joked about his blindness, but did not like it mentioned as a handicap and preferred to pre-plan his entrance to the piano in a club, rather than have someone lead him there. He was simply inexhaustible and had a life-long habit of staying up all night after a gig, usually seeking an after-hours club in which to listen and play until daybreak. Lester also reveals that Tatum was generous with younger players, but his extraordinary technical brilliance often devastated them. No less a talent than Oscar Peterson remembers that after first hearing Tatum, "I gave up the piano for two solid months, and I had crying fits at night." And Les Paul remarked that after hearing Tatum for the first time, he quit piano completely and began playing guitar. Perhaps most important, Lester provides a thorough, knowledgeable discussion of Tatum's music, from his early influences, such as stride pianist Fats Waller, to his mature style in which Lizst, Rachmaninoff, Debussy, Waller, and Earl Hines all became grist for his harmonic mill. From unexceptional origins in Toledo, Ohio, Art Tatum evolved into a world-class musician whose importance in jazz is comparable to Louis Armstrong and Charlie Parker and whose command of the piano captured the admiration of Horowitz and Paderewski. Too Marvelous For Words is the first full portrait of this extraordinary musical genius.

  • Shrines of the Slave Trade: Diola Religion and Society in Precolonial Senegambia

    In this groundbreaking work, Robert Baum seeks to reconstruct the religious and social history of the Diola communities in southern Senegal during the precolonial era, when the Atlantic slave trade was at its height. Baum shows that Diola community leaders used a complex of religious shrines and priesthoods to regulate and contain the influence of the slave trade. He demonstrates how this close involvement with the traders significantly changed Diola religious life.

  • Microstructures in Elastic Media: Principles and Computational Methods

    This mechanical engineering monograph describes various methods for solving deformation problems of particulate solids. It is the first to describe linear elasticity problems in the language of fluid mechanics, and provide a coherent explanation of solutions from analytical methods to the latest advances in computational methods. Providing the groundwork for simulations on high performance parallel computers, and with numerous examples to complement the theory, the book is a sound basis for further research investigations.

  • Qur'an and Woman: Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman's Perspective

    Fourteen centuries of Islamic thought have produced a legacy of interpretive readings of the Qu'ran written almost entirely by men. Now, with Qu'ran and Woman, Amina Wadud provides a first interpretive reading by a woman, a reading which validates the female voice in the Qu'ran and brings it out of the shadows. Muslim progressives have long argued that it is not the religion but patriarchal interpretation and implementation of the Qu'ran that have kept women oppressed. For many, the way to reform is the reexamination and reinterpretation of religious texts. Qu'ran and Woman contributes a gender inclusive reading to one of the most fundamental disciplines in Islamic thought, Qu'ranic exegesis. Wadud breaks down specific texts and key words which have been used to limit women's public and private role, even to justify violence toward Muslim women, revealing that their original meaning and context defy such interpretations. What her analysis clarifies is the lack of gender bias, precedence, or prejudice in the essential language of the Qur'an. Despite much Qu'ranic evidence about the significance of women, gender reform in Muslim society has been stubbornly resisted. Wadud's reading of the Qu'ran confirms womens equality and constitutes legitimate grounds for contesting the unequal treatment that women have experienced historically and continue to experience legally in Muslim communities. The Qu'ran does not prescribe one timeless and unchanging social structure for men and women, Wadud argues lucidly, affirming that the Qu'ran holds greater possibilities for guiding human society to a more fulfilling and productive mutual collaboration between men and women than as yet attained by Muslims or non-Muslims.

  • Monteverde: Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest

    The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve has captured the worldwide attention of biologists, conservationists, and ecologists and has been the setting for extensive investigation for 30 years. Roughly 40,000 ecotourists visit the Cloud Forest each year, and it is often considered the archetypal high-altitude rain forest. This volume brings together researchers of the region to provide a broad introduction to the biology of the Monteverde and cloud forests in general. Collecting and synthesizing vital information about the ecosystem and its biota, the text also examines the positive and negative effects of human activity on both the forest and the surrounding communities.

  • Songs in Their Heads: Music and Its Meaning in Children's Lives

    This book explores the musical interest and needs of children in their daily lives. Based upon their expressed thoughts and actual "musicking" behaviors, this text examines the songs they sing, the rhythms they make, and the roles that music plays for them. Blending standard education field experiences with ethnomusicological techniques, Dr. Campbell demonstrates how music is personally and socially meaningful to children and what values they place on particular musical styles, songs, and functions. She explores musical behaviors in various contextual settings, and presents in notated and narrative forms some of the "songs in their heads, " balancing music learned with music "made, " and intentional, purposeful music with natural musical behavior.

  • Blueprints for Reform: Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education

    What would it cost the education system to adopt policies that emphasize science literacy for all students? How can we ensure that tests measure what educators, parents, and others want them to? How can universities set admissions policies that motivate K-12 institutions to produce science literate graduates? Project 2061 of the American Association for the Advancement of Science believes that serious efforts to reform the K-12 curriculum in this country require an understanding of the whole of education. To gain this kind of perspective, Project 2061 commissioned experts to prepare reports on a dozen areas of the education system that would have implications for the implementation of the reforms defined in their earlier volumes Science for All Americans and Benchmarks for Science Literacy. Blueprints for Reform is a summation of those reports offering teachers, parents, policymakers, business leaders, and others a starting point for their exploration of the education system and its response to reform. Blueprints for Reform includes discussions of equity, assessment, teacher education, policy, finance, school organization, curriculum connections, family and community, research, materials and technology, and business and industry. A chapter is devoted to each of these topics providing an overview of the issue and some recommendations on how to move forward. The idea behind this strategy is to bring current research together in one place so anyone working in the area of science education and reform can have complete access to the latest information, methods, and debates. To spark the kind of thoughtful debate that can lead to meaningful change, Blueprints for Reform also has an on-line component providing summaries of the chapters in the book, as well as a database of bibliographies and science- and education-related topics. Through Blueprints On-Line, anyone with a stake in improving science education can share experiences with peers, find information on interrelated facets of the education system, or air their views on how best to go about systemic change. Blueprints for Reform offers a bold new examination of the current system to determine what changes are desirable and possible in science education, and how best to ensure our children are prepared for life in the twenty-first century.

  • The Logic of Reliable Inquiry

    This book considers the question of the reliability of scientific methods. One method of inquiry can be said to be more reliable than another if it eventually arrives at the truth in more possible circumstances than the other method can. Kelly begins with a discussion of the philosophical significance of reliability, examines the reliability of computable methods, provides a general, topological perspective on reliable inference by "ideal" agents, and investigates the possibility of reliable enquiry in the face of theory-laden evidence and incommensurability. The text is extensively and amusingly illustrated and assumes only introductory knowledge of basic logic and computability theory.

  • The Symphony: A Listener's Guide

    In The Symphony, renowned critic Michael Steinberg offers music lovers a monumental guide to this most celebrated of musical forms, with perceptive commentaries on some 118 works by 36 major composers.

  • Neurogenetics

    Neurogenetics is intended for any physician or scientist who manages patients with inherited diseases of the nervous system. It presents the clinical phenotypes of the most commonly inherited neurologic diseases, and their molecular pathogenesis, followed by a description of the appropriate tests to be used in diagnosis. Two introductory chapters familiarize the nongeneticist with medical genetic terminology and molecular genetic techniques useful in the analysis of genetic disease and genetic testing. Subsequent chapters examine major neurologic disorders caused by single defects, as well as disease phenotypes such as Alzheimer disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis which may be caused by defects in single genes, but may also be seen as sporadic diseases. The genetic components of other common neurologic disorders, such as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, migraine, and stroke are all covered in detail. The final chapter discusses genetic counseling of symptomatic and pre-symptomatic individuals. Throughout, chapters discuss genotype/phenotype correlations and, where appropriate, animal models for inherited human neurologic diseases. Several chapters are devoted to recently discovered diseases caused by unstable DNA repeats. Special emphasis is placed on conveying how DNA testing can be applied to the daily practice of geneticists and neurologists.

  • Geochronology and Thermochronology by the 40Ar/39Ar Method

    As in the original edition of 1988, this book covers the principles and practice of argon isotopic dating, a technique that has been used to determine the numerical age of the Earth. The greater precision of the 40Ar/39Ar method allows scientists to test smaller geological samples than its precursor, the K-Ar method, which required a comparison of different elements. The new edition will incorporate new developments made in 40Ar/39Ar application over the last decade, made possible by advances in lasers and mass spectrometry.

  • Homosexuality in Modern France

    This volume explores homosexuality in eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth-century France. Examining the evolution of behavior, identities, and representation in the period when homosexuality, in the modern sense of the term, emerged, the essays outline the development of homosexual subcultures and patterns of sexual repression and liberation.

  • Close Listening: Poetry and the Performed Word

    Close Listening brings together 17 strikingly original essays, commissioned especially for this volume, on the reading of poetry, the sound of poetry, and the visual performance of poetry. While the performance of poetry is as old as poetry itself, critical attention to modern and postmodern poetry performance has been negligible. This collection opens new avenues for the critical discussion of the sound and performance of poetry, and offers an indispensable critical base for understanding language in and as performance.

  • Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics

    This book presents the statistical methods that are useful in the study of molecular evolution and illustrates how to use them in actual data analysis. Molecular evolution has been developing at a great pace over the past decade or so, driven by the huge increase in genetic sequence data from many organisms, the improvement of high-speed microcomputers, and the development of several new methods for phylogenetic analysis. This book for graduate students and researchers, assuming a basic knowledge of evolution, molecular biology, and elementary statistics, should make it possible for many investigators to incorporate refined statistical analysis of large-scale data in their own work. Nei is one of the leading workers in this area. He and Kumar have developed a computer program called MEGA, which has been sold for about $20 to over 1900 users. For the book, the authors are thoroughly revising MEGA and will make it available via FTP. The book also included analysis using the other most popular programs for phylogenetic studies, including PAUP, PHYLIP, MOLPHY, and PAML.

  • Parameters of Slavic Morphosyntax

    This is the first linguistic study written within the Principles and Parameters framework to deal with the Slavic languages. Franks develops parametric solutions to related constructions among those languages. The book can serve both as an introduction to Government and Binding (GB) Theory for Slavic linguists as well as an introduction to Slavic languages for scholars of syntax.

  • World Economic Primacy: 1500 to 1990

    This book examines why certain countries have achieved, at some period in their history, economic superiority over all other countries. The author is particularly interested not only in the factors that lead to this primacy, but also the factors that cause the primacy to end. The study begins in 1350 with Italian city-states, and continues through Portugal, Spain, the Low Countries, Great Britain, and the United States. Additional chapters treat France as a perennial challenger, Germany which twice waged war to attain primacy, and Japan.

  • The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of African-American Literary Criticism

    Henry Louis Gates, Jr.'s original, groundbreaking study explores the relationship between the African and African-American vernacular traditions and black literature, elaborating a new critical approach located within this tradition that allows the black voice to speak for itself. Examining the ancient poetry and myths found in African, Latin American, and Caribbean culture, and particularly the Yoruba trickster figure of Esu-Elegbara and the Signifying Monkey, whose myths help articulate the black tradition's theory of its literature, Gates uncovers a unique system of interpretation and a powerful vernacular tradition that black slaves brought with them to the New World. His critical approach relies heavily on the Signifying Monkey--perhaps the most popular figure in African-American folklore--and signification and Signifyin(g). Exploring signification in black American life and literature by analyzing the transmission and revision of various signifying figures, Gates provides an extended analysis of what he calls the 'Talking Book', a central trope in early slave narratives that virtually defines the tradition of black American letters. Gates uses this critical framework to examine several major works of African-American literature--including Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man, and Ishmael Reed's Mumbo Jumbo--revealing how these works signify on the black tradition and on each other. The second volume in an enterprising trilogy on African-American literature, The Signifying Monkey--which expands the arguments of Figures in Black--makes an important contribution to literary theory, African-American literature, folklore, and literary history.

  • Solutions Manual for "Investment Science" (Gratis)

    This solutions manual for "Investment Science" is a gratis supplement, available to instructors who are using, or are considering using, the parent text in their courses. It contains solutions to all exercises in the text in order to show how the concepts and methods in the book can be used to further the theory and apply it in real investment situations.

  • Coastally Restricted Forests

    Coastally Restricted Forests addresses the ecology and management of freshwater forests and wetlands located along sea coasts, assessing the current research, comparing data from different geographic regions, and integrating applications and ideas from foresters, land-use managers, and water resource managers. This book fills a gap in forestry and wetlands literature, as it takes a worldwide view of natural resource management.

  • Digital Control Systems

    A straight reprint under the OUP imprint of ISBN 0-03-012884-6. An introductory text for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this book covers the theory and applications of digital control systems, assuming a knowledge of matrix algebra, differential equations. Laplace transforms, and the basic principles of continuous-data control systems.

  • Modernism and the Theater of Censorship

    Adam Parkes investigates the literary and cultural implications of the censorship encountered by several modern novelists in the early twentieth century. He situates modernism in the context of this censorship, examining the relations between such authors as D.H. Lawrence, James Joyce, Radclyffe Hall, and Virginia Woolf and the public controversies generated by their fictional explorations of modern sexual themes. These authors located "obscenity" at the level of stylistic and formal experiment. The Rainbow, Lady Chatterley's Lover, Ulysses, and Orlando dramatized problems of sexuality and expression in ways that subverted the moral, political, and aesthetic premises on which their censors operated. In showing how modernism evolved within a culture of censorship, Modernism and the Theater of Censorship suggests that modern novelists, while shaped by their culture, attempted to reshape it.

  • Tropical Soils: Properties and Management for Sustainable Agriculture

    Agricultural ecology, or agroecology, deals in general with the structure and function of agroecosystems at different levels of resolution. In this text/reference, the authors describe in terms of agroecology the tropical environments of sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin and Central America, focusing on production and management systems unique to each region.

  • Knowledge Works: Managing Intellectual Capital at Toshiba

    This book offers a close-up look at a factory in Japan that is typical of what the author calls `Knowledge Works'. Like so many Japanese factories, this one - the Yanagicho works of the Toshiba Corporation - is highly productive, efficient, and flexible. While the factory is ordinary looking on the outside, its workers are anything but ordinary as they strive to improve the way they work and the quality of the products they produce. The key to this is the continuous creation and application of knowledge throughout the factory, from workers on the shop floor, to research and development engineers, to top management. The author explains how Japanese culture and religion prepare workers for their role in this process of creating and disseminating knowledge.

  • Information Ecology: Mastering the Information and Knowledge Environment

    According to virtually every business writer, we are in the midst of a new "information age," one that will revolutionize how workers work, how companies compete, perhaps even how thinkers think. And it is certainly true that Information Technology has become a giant industry. In America, more that 50% of all capital spending goes into IT, accounting for more than a third of the growth of the entire American economy in the last four years. Over the last decade, IT spending in the U.S. is estimated at 3 trillion dollars. And yet, by almost all accounts, IT hasn't worked all that well. Why is it that so many of the companies that rave invested in these costly new technologies never saw the returns they had hoped for? And why do workers, even CEOs, find it so hard to adjust to new IT systems? In Information Ecology, Thomas Davenport proposes a revolutionary new way to look at information management, one that takes into account the total information environment within an organization. Arguing that the information that comes from computer systems may be considerably less valuable to managers than information that flows in from a variety of other sources, the author describes an approach that encompasses the company's entire information environment, the management of which he calls information ecology. Only when organizations are able to combine and integrate these diverse sources of information, and to take them to a higher level where information becomes knowledge, will they realize the full power of their information ecology. Thus, the author puts people, not technology, at the centre of the information world. Information and knowledge are human creations, he points out, and we will never excel at managing them until we give people a primary role. Citing examples drawn from his own extensive research and consulting including such major firms as A.T. & T., American Express, Ford, General Electric, Hallmark, Hoffman La Roche, IBM, Polaroid, Pacific Bell, and Toshiba Davenport illuminates the critical components of information ecology, and at every step along the way, he provides a quick assessment survey for managers to see how their organization measures up. He discusses the importance of developing an overall strategy for information use; explores the infighting, jealousy over resources, and political battles that can frustrate information sharing; underscores the importance of looking at how people really use information (how they search for it, modify it, share it, hoard it, and even ignore it) and the kinds of information they want; describes the ideal information staff, who not only store and retrive information, but also prune, provide context, enhance style, and choose the right presentation medium (in an age of work overload, vital information must be presented compellingly so the appropriate people recognize and use it); examines how information management should be done on a day to day basis; and presents several alternatives to the machine engineering approach to structuring and modeling information. Davenport makes explicit what many managers already know in their gut: that useful information flow depends on people, not equipment. In Information Ecology he paves the way for all managers to build a more competitive, creative, practical information environment for their companies.

  • International Copyright: Principles, Law and Practice

    This book surveys and analyses the principal legal doctrines affecting copyright practice around the world, in both transactional and litigation settings. The book provides a step-by-step methodology for advising clients involved in exploiting creative works in or from foreign countries. National copyright rules on protectible subject matter, ownership, term and rights are covered in detail and compared from country to country, as are topics on moral rights and neighbouring rights. Separate sections cover such important topics as territoriality, national treatment and choice of law, as well as the treaty and trade arrangements that underlie substantive copyright norms.

  • Vitamin A Deficiency: Health, Survival and Vision

    Over the past decade and a half, many studies have implicated vitamin A status as an important determinant of health. The World Bank now estimates that vitamin A intervention programs may be one of the most cost-effective health strategies in all of medicine. This new book, by investigators who have led these developments, is the first to synthesize the many important studies to date and to identify and quantify the biological, clinical and public health impact of vitamin A deficinecy on childhood growth, mortality and morbidity, including anaemia and blindness. This comprehensive volume on a critically important and widespread nutritional deficiency will serve as a unique resource for nutritionists, physicians, public health workers and policy makers. It will be especially relevant to clinicians and scientists in international health.

  • How Long? How Long?: African-American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights

    A compelling and readable narrative history, How Long? How Long? presents both a rethinking of social movement theory and a controversial thesis: that chroniclers have egregiously neglected the most important leaders of the Civil Rights movement, African-American women, in favour of higher-profile African-American men and white women. Author Belinda Robnett argues that the diversity of experiences of the African-American women organizers has been underemphasized in favour of monolithic treatments of their femaleness and blackness. Drawing heavily on interviews with actual participants in the American Civil Rights movement, this work retells the movement as seen through the eyes and spoken through the voices of African-American women participants. It is the first book to provide an analysis of race, class, gender, and culture as substructures that shaped the organization and outcome of the movement. Robnett examines the differences among women participants in the movement and offers the first cohesive analysis of the gendered relations and interactions among its black activists, thus demonstrating that femaleness and blackness cannot be viewed as sufficient signifiers for movement experience and individual identity. Finally, this book makes a significant contribution to social movement theory by providing a crucial understanding of the continuity and complexity of social movements, clarifying the need for different layers of leadership that come to satisfy different movement needs. An engaging narrative history as well as a major contribution to social movement and feminist theory, How Long? How Long? will appeal to students and scholars of social activism, women's studies, American history, and African-American studies, and to general readers interested in the perennially fascinating story of the American Civil Rights movement.

  • Beautiful Mornin': The Broadway Musical in the 1940s

    'Music and girls are the soul of musical comedy,' one critic wrote, early in the 1940s. But this was the age that wanted more than melody and kickline form its musical shows. The form had been running on empty for too long, as a formula for the assembly of spare parts--star comics, generic loves songs, rumba dancers, Ethel Merman. If Rodgers and Hammerstein hadn't existed, Broadway would have had to invent them; and Oklahoma! and Carousel came along just in time to announce the New Formula for Writing Musicals: Don't have a formula. Instead, start with strong characters and atmosphere: Oklahoma!'s murderous romantic triangle set against a frontier society that has to learn what democracy is in order to deserve it; or Carousel's dysfunctional family seen in the context of class and gender war. With the vitality and occasionally outrageous humour that Ethan Mordden's readers take for granted, the author ranges through the decade's classics--Pal Joey, Lady in the Dark, On the Town, Annie Get Your Gun, Finian's Rainbow, Brigadoon, Kiss Me, Kate, South Pacific. He also covers illuminating trivia--the spy thriller The Lady Comes Across, whose star got so into her role that she suffered paranoid hallucinations and had to be hospitalized; the smutty Follow the Girls, damned as 'burlesque with a playbill' yet closing as the longest-run musical in Broadway history; Lute Song, in which Mary Martin and Nancy Reagan were Chinese; and the first 'concept' musicals, Allegro and Love Life. Amid the fun, something revolutionary occurs. The 1920s created the musical and the 1930s gave it politics. In the 1940s, it found its soul.

  • Text and Act: Essays on Music and Performance

    Gathers together for the first time Taruskin's influential and insightful essays and articles on musical performance practice written over the past decade. Links issues in musical performance with wider cultural scene. Author's highly respected and controversial viewpoints and reputation will spark intellectual debate in the musical field. Text and Act, a collection of essays and reviews, published over the last dozen years, offers a brilliant evaluation of the early music movement, transforming the debate about "early music" and "authenticity". Demolishing the argument that the movement to revive period instruments and performance practices represents the recovery of an ancient truth or a reinstatement of a lost tradition, these writings show that the movement actually represents the triumph of a modernist esthetic - and consequently that "period" performances are in fact the only truly modern performances of classical music on offer. Yet far from impugning the movement's claim to authenticity, Taruskin argues that as the only truly contemporary performance practice, "early music" is authentic in a much more profound and relevant sense than a mere historical verisimilitude could ever be. These essays cast fresh light on many aspects of contemporary music-making and music-thinking, with lighthearted debunking taking its place alongside impassioned argumentation. A wide-ranging, newly written introduction explores the relationship between issues surrounding musical performance and other areas of contemporary intellectual ferment in the humanities and the social sciences, including philosophy, law, history, and anthropology. Bringing his considerable skills as a scholar and a performer to bear on the situation, Taruskin's essays, ranging from theoretical speculation to practical criticism, cover a repertory that includes Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, and Stravinsky.

  • The Basic Concepts of Legal Thought

    This is a brief introduction to the major issues in legal philosophy, intended for use as a secondary text in law schools, and in graduate and undergraduate courses in philosophy of law, jurisprudence and legal issues.

  • Rape, Race, and Lynching: The Red Record of American Literature, 1890-1912

    In the late nineteenth century, the stereotype of the black male as sexual beast functioned for white supremacists as an externalized symbol of social chaos against which all whites would unite for the purpose of national renewal. The emergence of this stereotype in American culture and literature during and after Reconstruction was related to the growth of white-on-black violence, as white lynch mobs acted in "defence" of white womanhood, the white family, and white nationalism. In Rape, Race, and Lynching Sandra Gunning investigates American literary encounters with the conditions, processes, and consequences of such violence through the representation of not just the black rapist stereotype, but of other crucial stereotypes in mediating moments of white social crisis: "lascivious" black womanhood; avenging white masculinity; and passive white femininity. Gunning argues that these figures together signify the tangle of race and gender representation emerging from turn-of-the-century American literature. The book brings together Charles W. Chestnutt, Kate Chopin, Thomas Dixon, David Bryant Fulton, Pauline Hopkins, Mark Twain, and Ida B. Wells: famous, infamous, or long-neglected figures who produced novels, essays, stories, and pamphlets in the volatile period of the 1890s to the early 1900s, and who contributed to the continual renegotiation and redefinition of the terms and boundaries of a national dialogue on racial violence.

  • HIV, AIDS and Childbearing: Public Policy, Private Lives

    The childbearing decisions of HIV-infected women raise troubling ethical, social, legal and medical questions. Is there a moral right to have chldren? What are the limits of persuasion? The book includes original work by doctors, lawyers, ethicists, and public health professionals, as well as the experiences of HIV-infected women and health care providers which puts the issues in context. Having laid out the problems comprehensively, the book makes recommendations for clinical practice and public policy

  • Growing Up in Medieval London: The Experience of Childhood in History

    When Barbara Hanawalt's acclaimed history The Ties That Bound first appeared, it was hailed for its unprecedented research and vivid re-creation of medieval life. David Levine, writing in The New York Times Book Review, called Hanawalt's book "as stimulating for the questions it asks as for the answers it provides" and he concluded that "one comes away from this stimulating book with the same sense of wonder that Thomas Hardy's Angel Clare felt [:] 'The impressionable peasant leads a larger, fuller, more dramatic life than the pachydermatous king.'" Now, in Growing Up in Medieval London, Hanawalt again reveals the larger, fuller, more dramatic life of the common people, in this instance, the lives of children in London. Bringing together a wealth of evidence drawn from court records, literary sources, and books of advice, Hanawalt weaves a rich tapestry of the life of London youth during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Much of what she finds is eye opening. She shows for instance that--contrary to the belief of some historians--medieval adults did recognize and pay close attention to the various stages of childhood and adolescence. For instance, manuals on childrearing, such as "Rhodes's Book of Nurture" or "Seager's School of Virtue," clearly reflect the value parents placed in laying the proper groundwork for a child's future. Likewise, wardship cases reveal that in fact London laws granted orphans greater protection than do our own courts. Hanawalt also breaks ground with her innovative narrative style. To bring medieval childhood to life, she creates composite profiles, based on the experiences of real children, which provide a more vivid portrait than otherwise possible of the trials and tribulations of medieval youths at work and at play. We discover through these portraits that the road to adulthood was fraught with danger. We meet Alison the Bastard Heiress, whose guardians married her off to their apprentice in order to gain control of her inheritance. We learn how Joan Rawlyns of Aldenham thwarted an attempt to sell her into prostitution. And we hear the unfortunate story of William Raynold and Thomas Appleford, two mercer's apprentices who found themselves forgotten by their senile master, and abused by his wife. These composite portraits, and many more, enrich our understanding of the many stages of life in the Middle Ages. Written by a leading historian of the Middle Ages, these pages evoke the colour and drama of medieval life. Ranging from birth and baptism, to apprenticeship and adulthood, here is a myth-shattering, innovative work that illuminates the nature of childhood in the Middle Ages.

  • Understanding Semiconductor Devices

    Understanding semiconductor devices, as the building blocks of electronic circuits, is clearly of fundamental importance. In response to this challenge, this text, suitable for an advanced undergraduate or early graduate level course, is written to achieve the following goals: 1.)To meet the students' need to understand with: a)intuitive explanations of the underlying scientific concepts, b)explained fundamental equations, as opposed to using mathematics to explain physical phenomena, c)explained energy-band diagrams to provide rigorous and powerful presentations, which are easy to understand through an analogy with balls on a solid surface and bubbles in water, d)intriguing review questions, and a comprehensive set of worked out examples and problems. 2.)To provide a vertical (electronics-to-physics) hierarchy and a lateral (in terms of contents) flexibility. The electronics-to-physics approach motivates the students to learn the underlying scientific concepts and mathematical models by providing appropriate context and a continuous progression from the common-sense towards more abstract concepts. 3.)To provide CAD "nuts and bolts" with a small SPICE simulator widely used for computer-aided design of electronic circuits. The SPICE contents of this book provide a unique reference and pedagogical tools including: a)tabular presentations of the equations used as device models, b)hierarchically classified and explained SPICE parameters, c)case by case description of parameter measurement techniques, d)computer-based exercises that illustrate the effects of individual SPICE parameters on device and circuits characteristics. 4.)To provide links between the theoretical principles and real-life issues. The following points illustrate the level of integration achieved in this book: a)The device descriptions develop from application concepts (basic circuits). The underlying scientific concepts are "discovered" as needed. The introductions of particular device effects are explained by directly linked descriptions of what is happening on an atomic scale, b)Direct links are established between the fundamental equations and pragmatic SPICE models, c)Practically important issues such as reliability, device parameter measurements, etc., are presented such that they are directly related to the descriptions of fundamental device electronics and technology.

  • Time of Our Lives: The Science of Human Aging

    As recent articles about "the graying of America" suggest, a demographic revolution is well underway. The number of people living into extreme old age is increasing dramatically. By the year 2050 one in five of the world's population, including the developing countries, will be 65 or older, a fact which presages profound medical, biological, philosophical, and political changes in the coming century. In Time of Our Lives, Tom Kirkwood unfolds some of the deepest mysteries of medical science while demolishing some of the most persistent misconceptions. He overturns the almost universally held belief that aging is either necessary or inevitable--it isn't--and debunks the idea that there exists a "death gene" that evolved to inhibit population growth. Instead, Kirkwood shows that we age because our genes, evolving at a time when life was "nasty, brutish, and short," placed little priority on the long-term maintenance of our bodies. With such knowledge, along with new insights from genome research, we can devise ways to target the root causes of aging and of age-related diseases such as Alzheimer's and osteoporosis. Expanding his thesis of the "disposable soma," developed over twenty years of research, Kirkwood makes sense of the evolution of aging, explains how aging occurs, and answers fundamental questions like why women live longer than men. He even considers the possibility that human beings will someday have greatly extended life spans or even be free from senescence altogether. Beautifully written by one of the world's pioneering researchers into the science of aging, Time of Our Lives is a clear, original and, above all, inspiring investigation of a process all of us experience but few of us understand.

  • Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

    This is a unique, in-depth discussion of the uses and conduct of cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) as decision-making aids in the health and medical fields. The product of over two years of deiberation by a multi-disciplinary Public Health Service appointed panel that included economists, ethicists, psychometricians, and clinicians, it explores cost-effectiveness in the context of societal decision-making for resource allocation purposes. It proposes that analysts include a "reference-case" analysis in all CEA's designed to inform resource allocation and puts forth the most expicit set of guidelines (together with their rationale) ever outlined of the conduct of CEAs. Important theoretical and practical issues encountered in measuring costs and effectiveness, valuing outcomes, discounting, and dealing with uncertainty are examined in separate chapters. These discussions are complemented by additional chapters on framing and reporting of CEAs that aim to clarify the purpose of the analysis and the effective communication of its findings. Primarily intended for analysts in medicine and public health who wish to improve practice and comparability of CEAs, this book will also be of interest to decision-makers in government, managed care, and industry who wish to consider the roles and limitations of CEA and become familiar with criteria for evaluating these studies.

  • A Book of Legal Lists: The Best and Worst in American Law with 150 Court and Judge Trivia Questions

    Who are the top ten greatest Supreme Court Justices of all time? Who are the worst ten? Which Supreme Court decision helped lead to the Civil War? What are the ten greatest and worst Supreme Court decisions? What are the ten best court-room movies? Who was the last to use the Supreme Court spittoon? Who was the first Justice to wear trousers beneath his Supreme Court robes? From John Marshall, the greatest Supreme Court Justice, to Alfred Moore, one of the worst, Bernard Schwartz's A Book of Legal Lists--the first ever compiled--provides the Ten Bests and Worsts in American law (and also includes answers to 150 trivia questions about the legal world). The lists include the greatest dissents and Supreme Court "might have beens"; greatest non-Supreme Court judges (Lemuel Shaw, number one on the Greatest list, played a prominent role in recasting common law into an American mold); greatest and worst non-Supreme Court decisions; greatest law books; lawyers (including Alexander Hamilton, Clarence Darrow "Attorney for the Damned", and Abraham Lincoln); trials; and greatest legal motion pictures. Each list entry has a short essay by Schwartz explaining why it is a best or a worst, and it is in these essays that we gain a wealth of information about the legal world. We learn, for instance, that Sherman Minton, number ten on the Worst Supreme Court Justices list, was such a nonentity that he may be best remembered as the last to use the spittoon provided for each Justice behind the bench. Before he became Chief Justice, William H. Rehnquist was known for playing Trivial Pursuit on the bench, Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote 873 opinions for the Court (the most in its history), and Roger Brooke Taney, number ten on the Greatest Supreme Court Justices list, was the first Chief Justice to wear trousers beneath his robes (his predecessors had always given judgment in knee breeches). Stretching back to the early 1700s, the law and the judges who interpret it have maintained a steady presence in our lives, sometimes for better, sometimes for worse. From disappointments like Plessy v. Ferguson (number two on the Ten Worst Supreme Court Decisions list), which gave the lie to the American ideal "that all men are created equal", to lesser known but no less important decisions such as the 1933 United States v. One Book Called "Ulysses", (number nine on the Ten Greatest Non-Supreme Court Decisions) the landmark First Amendment case that eased the law governing censorship, Bernard Schwartz provides legal experts and non-experts alike with entertaining information in a format that can be found nowhere else.

  • The Lighthouse Handbook on Vision Impairment and Vision Rehabilitation: Two-volume set

    This comprehensive two-volume reference source is a state-of-the-art guide to the scientific, clinical, rehabilitative, and policy aspects of vision impairment and blindness. More than 100 original contributions from physicians, therapists, rehabilitation specialists, and policy makers cover everything from the basic science of vision and its diseases to assistive technologies, treatment, and care.

  • The Frank Sinatra Reader

    From the time he made hordes of hysterical fans swoon at the Paramount in 1942 up until the present day, Frank Sinatra has never been out of the public spotlight. With some 1,800 recordings, 60 film credits, two Oscars, numerous Grammys, and the undying loyalty of millions of fans around the world, Sinatra has become an American hero. Songs sung by the Italian-American phenomenon, such as 'New York, New York','My Way', 'Fly Me to the Moon', and 'That's Life' are now the undisputed classics of American popular music. In The Frank Sinatra Reader, Leonard Mustazza and Steven Petkov have brought together for the first time a selection of writings - drawn from books, magazines and newspapers - about the famous singer. Divided into four chronologically arranged parts, the book assesses Sinatra the teen phenomenon, the mature recording artist, the powerful and influential star, and the enduring legend. The articles are written by a veritable who's who of music critics, including pieces by Henry Pleasants, Arnold Shaw, Stephen Holden, Gene Lees, Gay Talese, Whitney Balliett, and William Kennedy.

  • Sex and Revolution: Women in Socialist Cuba

    Sex and Revolution examines the way three decades of the Cuban Revolution transformed the lives of women in Cuba, It is a study in one nation's effort to conceptualize prioritize and implement sexual equality, and offers an assessment of the successes and failures of that process.

  • The Devil's Dictionary

    History, n. an account mostly false, of events mostly unimportant, which are brought about by rulers mostly knaves, and soldiers mostly fools. Marriage, n. The state or condition of a community consisting of a master, a mistress, and two slaves, making in all two. Self-Esteem, n. An erroneous appraisement. These caustic aphorisms, collected in The Devil's Dictionary, helped earn Ambrose Bierce the epithets Bitter Bierce, the Devil's Lexicographer, and the Wickedest Man in San Francisco. First published as The Cynic's Word Book (1906) and later reissued under its preferred name in 1911, Bierce's notorious collection of barbed definitions forcibly contradicts Samuel Johnson's earlier definition of a lexicographer as a harmless drudge. There was nothing harmless about Ambrose Bierce, and the words he shaped into verbal pitchforks a century ago--with or without the devil's help--can still draw blood today.

  • Disease and Social Diversity: The European Impact on the Health of Non-Europeans

    This book is based upon a series of historical and contemporary comparative studies of the disease experience of indigenous peoples in North America and Oceania as a result of their contact with, and domination by, Europeans. It argues that this experience, while similar in ,any ways, has been highly variable, the variations depending upon the nature of the Europeans and the policies they pursued, as well as on the culture and social organisation of the indigenous peoples themselves.

  • The Lupus Book: A Guide for Patients and Their Families

    The symptoms are puzzling, intermittent, and frequently seem unrelated: mysterious rashes, sore joints, fatigue, headaches. The disease is lupus, which, simply put, is what happens to the body when it becomes allergic to itself. It is quite widespread and it is highly deadly, claiming the lives of thousands of patients yearly. Now, with The Lupus Book in hand, lupus sufferers as well as their families, friends, and physicians have a reliable guide that will answer their questions and help them to better manage their day-to-day fight against this debilitating disease.

  • The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking

    Global markets, Japanese competition, the service economy, the sophisticated consumer - American business today faces challenges undreamed of just a few decades ago, and traditional approaches to corporate problems are becoming increasingly less effective. And yet, as the authors of The Unbounded Mind point out, MBA programs still preach - and thousands of American firms hold sacred - an antiquated system of business thinking that is wholly inadequate to the problems they face. In this groundbreaking work, two pioneering thinkers in business studies, Ian I. Mitroff and Harold A. Linstone, pinpoint the profound changes that must occur in the way business executives think, make decisions, and solve problems, if America is to remain competitive. They put forth a radically new approach - `new thinking' - and show executives exactly how to employ these special critical and creative tools to clear the hurdles businesses now face. Logic and rationality, they explain, are useful but limited. And traditional simplification often inhibits the ability to ask the right questions and recognize the true problem. But varying perspectives, multiple realities, and openness to multiple solutions are the secrets of contemporary problem-solving, and lead us to the cutting edge of innovation. Clearly and compellingly, Mitroff and Linstone weave together insights gleaned from philosophy, psychology, management science, economics, and decision science, and quote thinkers from Descartes to Robert Bly, from Alvin Toffler to Chief Seattle. In illustrating how `new thinking' differs from the usual ways in which American firms have handled problems, they analyse a wealth of examples including the decline of the American auto industry and the consequences of this country's blind exporting of technology. They also revisit and interpret some of the most grave crises corporate America has faced: the Bhopal disaster, the Tylenol scare, and the accident at Three Mile Island. Hard-hitting and insightful, The Unbounded Mind is a clarion call for American business. It argues that if we are to produce products and services that can compete in the information age, we must challenge the very foundations of our thinking, and learn how to approach decisionmaking in a truly creative way.

  • Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine

    This book provides an analysis of the debate surrounding the facts of cultural diversity, the charge of "ethical imperialism", and the thesis that ethics must be viewed as relative to particular cultures or societies. Macklin examines the role of cultural traditions when used as a defense against critical ethical judgements. She explores key issues in health and medicine seen through the lens of cultural diversity: the physician-patient relationship, disclosing a diagnosis of fatal illness, informed consent, brain death and organ transplantation, rituals surrounding birth and death, female genital mutilation, sex selection of offspring, fertility regulation, and biomedical research involving human subjects. Among the conclusions she reaches are that ethical universals exist, but they should not be confused with ethical absolutes; and that the existence of ethical universals is compatible with a variety of culturally relative interpretations. Some rights related to medicine and healthcare ought to be considered human rights. Illustrative examples are drawn from the author's experience serving on international ethical review committees and her travels to a dozen countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, where she conducted educational workshops and carried out her own research.

  • Democracy, Risk, and Community: Technological Hazards and the Evolution of Liberalism

    This controversial book explores the connection between technological risk and basic concepts of liberal political theory and practice. Arguing that modern risks are emergent and therefore not reducible to individual actors or events, Hiskes demonstrates how risks challenge the most basic concepts of liberal political theory and democratic politics, including the ideas of consent, authority, rights, and moral responsibility. He argues forcefully that successful policy for risk depends on understanding the dynamic between risk and liberal concepts.

  • A New Dictionary of Eponyms

    Do you approve of censoring the works of great writers? Some might contend that to bowdlerize a great writer's work would be to diminish its overall quality. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over every Shakespeare play, would argue that all modest people should be able to read a great work without blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized as the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. And because of his efforts the term bowdlerize has become eponymous with his name. Alternatively, the word bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing suit for women--has been a linguistic mystery since 1947 when these suits were first seen on the beaches of the French Riviera, a year after the United States began testing atom bombs on the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. Some shocked people said that the impact of the scanty swimsuit on male beach loungers was like the devastating effect of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! A simpler and more credible notion is that the daring swimsuits resembled the attire worn by women on the Bikini atoll. Created about a century ago, the term eponym is itself a coinage from two Greek words, epi, "on" or "upon," and onuma, "a name." But its broadened meaning, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a word derived from a proper name. For instance, Salisbury steak--a popular diner menu item created from common hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it more appealing--is named after James H. Salisbury, an English physician who promoted a diet of ground beef. A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of hundreds of these everyday words from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an entertaining and anecdotal style, and with a foreword by Edwin Newman, the book includes a brief biography of the individual whose name became associated with an item or concept as well as information on how and when the name entered the language. If you've ever wondered just where terms like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does more than simply define them--he brings them to life.

  • Dream of a Red Factory: The Legacy of High Stalinism in China

    Drawing on previously unknown primary sources in both Chinese and Russian, Deborah A. Kaple has written a powerful and absorbing account of the model of factory management and organization that the Chinese communists formulated in the 1949-1953 period. She reveals that their "new" management techniques were adapted from Soviet propaganda during the harsh period of Stalin's post-war reconstruction. The idealized Stalinist management system consisted mainly of strict Communist Party control of all aspects of workers' lives, which is the root of such strong Party control over Chinese society today. Dream of a Red Factory is a rare and revealing look at the consolidation rule in China; told through the prism of the development of new "socialist" factories and enterprises. Kaple completely counters the old myth of the "Soviet monolith" in China, and carefully reconstructs how the Chinese communists came to rely on an idealized, propagandistic version of the Soviet model instead.

  • The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture: The Effect of Early Christological Controversies on the Text of the New Testament

    Ehrman explores how early struggles between Christian `heresy' and `orthodoxy' affected proto-orthodox scribes of the second and third centuries, who occasionally altered their sacred texts for polemical reasons. By making their texts `say' what they were already thought to `mean', these anonymous copyists effected `the orthodox corruption of scripture'.

  • Ethics and Epidemiology

    Written by epidemiologists, ethicists and legal scholars, this book providres an in-depth account of the moral problems that often confront epidemiolgists, including both theoretical and practical issues. The topics covered include informed consent, privacy and confidentiality protection, the balancing of risks and benefits, ethical issues in the study of vulnerable populations, the institutional review board system, and professional education.the solid, up-to-date analyses of these issues will be very helpful to epidemiologists in their practice, research and teaching. They encompass the latest developments in the field and include detailed bibliographies.

  • Power Performance for Singers: Transcending the Barriers

    To perform well in today's highly competitive world where technical skills have been advanced to an unprecedented degree, a singer must be able to handle incredible pressure within the performing arena; his or her ability to deal with this stress will often determine whether he or she will succeed. Why, then, do singers with less technical skill sometimes out-perform stars? Why do some stars suddenly stop performing? What is that mysterious factor that makes an electric performance? Consistent, competent performances do not depend solely upon superior vocal skills, nor are they a matter of luck. On the contrary, the best performances result from a combination of mental attitude, concrete performing skills, and excellent technical skills in that order. Yet most singers have never had the opportunity to acquire the essential skills that make for a successful career. Written as a self-help manual for singers at all levels of expertise, Power Performance for Singers is designed to teach performing artists, and especially singers, how to experience elite performance at their level. The skills outlined in this book will help singers use what they have, to enjoy their voices during performance, and to perform consistently to the best of their present ability.

  • Divorce Lawyers and Their Clients: Power and Meaning in the Legal Process

    Based on over 100 lawyer-client conferences this book charts the complicated and shifting relationships between lawyers and clients as they work out the strategy and tactics of divorce. As observers, Felstiner and Sarat were present when lawyers and clients confronted the full range of issues that occur during a divorce. This book examines the relationship between lawyer and client, the nature of the marriage and why marriages fail, the nature of the legal process, and the best way to resolve divorce.

  • Basic Environmental Health

    This comprehensive interdisciplinary text draws from the social sciences, the natural sciences and the health sciences to introduce students to the principles and methods applied in environmental health. It presents an overview of the basic sciences needed to understand environmental health hazards, including toxicology, microbiology, health physics, injury analysis and relevant psychosocial concepts. It also presents a basic approach to risk assessment and risk management. The first part of the book concentrates on broad issues, providing frameworks for the investigation and management of environmental health problems. The middle section deepens the discussion of routes of exposure (air quality, water and sanitation, food and agricultural issues). The final section addresses environmental health from sustainable development themes (settlements and urbanization, energy, industry, and global concerns). The final chapter focuses on ethical issues and action planning. Thus, the text aims to enhance knowledge, skills and attitudes in environmental health.

  • Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome

    This handy reference provides full access to the 1,200 years of Roman rule from the 8th century BC to the 5th century AD, including information that is hard to find and even harder to decipher. Clear, authoritative, and highly organized, Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome provides a unique look at a civilization whose art, literature, law, and engineering influenced the whole of Western Europe throughout the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and beyond. The myriad topics covered include rulers; the legal and governmental system; architectural feats such as the famous Roman roads and aqueducts; the many Roman religions and festivals; the Roman system of personal names; contemporary poets and historians; even typical Roman leisure pursuits. Each chapter includes an extensive bibliography, as well as more than 125 site-specific photographs and line drawings. Maps chart the expansion and contraction of the territory from the foundation city of Rome itself to the Byzantine Empire and the ultimate decline of the West. Combining both archaeological and historical evidence, the Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome is perfect for anyone interested in Roman history, the classics, or an overview of the amazing period in which the Romans ruled.

  • The Mechanisms of Governance

    New Institutional Economics is a new way to look at how organizations function. Rather than seeing the firm as a "black box", Williamson shows how decision makers respond to economic factors WITHIN the firm -- what he calls "transaction cost economics" (TCE). In this series of studies, Williamson shows how complexity expands in organizations because of bounded rationality and opportunism; that is the "bad news" of his message. The "good news" is that individuals within organizations become perceptive of resulting hazards they may and do encounter, and are adept at fashioning their organizations to cope creatively with difficult situations. This creativity accounts for diversity among organizations, in which governance structures are adapted to firm - or industry-specific hazards.

  • Race on Trial: Law and Justice in American History

    This book of twelve original essays will bring together two themes of American culture: law and race. The essays fall into four groups: cases that are essential to the history of race in America; cases that illustrate the treatment of race in American history; cases of great fame that became the trials of the century of their time; and cases that made important law. Some of the cases discussed include Amistad, Dred Scott, Plessy v. Ferguson, Scottsboro, Korematsu v. US, Brown v. Board, Loving v. Virginia, Regents v. Bakke, and OJ Simpson. All illustrate how race often determined the outcome of trials, and how trials that confront issues of racism provide a unique lens on American cultural history. Cases include African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Caucasians. Contributors include a mix of junior and senior scholars in law schools and history departments.

  • Density-Functional Theory of Atoms and Molecules

    This book is a rigorous, unified account of the fundamental principles of the density-functional theory of the electronic structure of matter and its applications to atoms and molecules. Containing a detailed discussion of the chemical potential and its derivatives, it provides an understanding of the concepts of electronegativity, hardness and softness, and chemical reactivity. Both the Hohenberg-Kohn-Sham and the Levy-Lieb derivations of the basic theorems are presented, and extensive references to the literature are included. Two introductory chapters and several appendices provide all the background material necessary beyond a knowledge of elementary quantum theory. The book is intended for physicists, chemists, and advanced students in chemistry.

  • Tibet's Great Yog=i Milarepa: A Biography from the Tibetan being the Jetsün-Kabbum or Biographical History of Jetsün-Milarepa, According to the Late L=ama Kazi Dawa-Samdup's English Rendering

    This life story of Milarepa--the important Tibetan religious leader who lived over 800 years ago--is part of a remarkable four-volume series on Tibetan Buddhism produced by the late W.Y. Evans-Wentz, all four of which are being published by Oxford in new editions. While there are many parochial differences among the several sects of Tibetan Buddhism, each holds the Great Yogi Milarepa in the highest reverence and esteem. For exemplified in Milarepa's life, as we discover in these pages, are all of the teachings of the great yogis of India--including those of Gautama the Buddha, the greatest yogi known to history. Amid his detailed introductory and explanatory notes for this text, Evans-Wentz also reveals compelling similarities between the life and thought of Milarepa and those of Jesus, Gandhi, and "saints...in ancient China, or India, or Babylonia, or Egypt, or Rome, or in our own epoch." In composing this translation from the original Tibetan, the late L=ama Kazi Dawa-Samdup, who was Evans-Wentz's guru for many years, aimed to show Western readers "one of our great teachers as he actually lived...much of which is couched in the words of his own mouth, and the remainder in the words of his disciple Rechung, who knew him in the flesh." For this third edition, Donald S. Lopez, author of Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West, has written a critical foreword that updates and contextualizes this crucial part of Evans-Wentz's scholarship within the yoga tradition.

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932-1945: With a New Afterword

    For this new edition, Dallek has added an Afterword to his classic, Bancroft Prize-winning study of Franklin Roosevelt's diplomacy, which was first published in 1981. He answers recent critics who have attacked Roosevelt for producing Pearl Harbor, for `giving away' Eastern Europe to Stalin at Yalta, and for abandoning European Jews during the Holocaust. Dallek reaffirms the strength and effectiveness of Roosevelt's diplomacy and wartime leadership.

  • Stress and Deformation: A Handbook on Tensors in Geology

    This book of problem sets and answers, based on notes for a graduate course in structural geology at UCLA, is a review of the mathematics of vectors and of stress and strain, including finite strain. The main purpose of the problem sets is to "Illuminate branches of physics pertinent to geology, including structural geology, glaciology, crystallography, crystal physics, the geophysics of heat flow and others." Students of geology who have only a modest background in mathematics may wish to become familiar with theories of stress, strain, and other tensor quantities, so that they can follow, and apply to their own research, developments in modern, quantitative geology. A set of 136 progressively more complex problems is introduced in eight chapters, which advance from vector algebra in standard and subscript notations to the mathematical description of finite strain and its compounding and decomposition. A complete set of fully worked solutions for the problems makes up the largest part of the book. With its help, students, guided by an instructor or self-taught, can avoid pitfalls and monitor their progress. Eventually, geologists who have worked their way through these problems should be able to confidently use the subscript and matrix notations and to formulate and solve tensor problems on their own.

  • Living Within Limits: Ecology, Economics, and Population Taboos

    Population is a prominent topic of debate following the world conference at the end of last year. This book tackles the problem of overpopulation with an honesty and fearlessness that is unrivalled, and makes a forceful case for dramatically changing the way we live in, and manage, our world. Hardin suggests radical approaches to overpopulation and points out that the choices are hard, but we must not be afraid to carry out forceful solutions in order to better our world in the future.

  • A Dictionary of Modern American Usage

    In every age, writers and editors need guidance through the thickets of English usage. Although some language issues are perennial (infer versus imply), many others spring anew from the well of English. Is it all right to say alums instead of alumni or alumnae? And should it be spelled alums or alumns? Should I say empathic or empathetic? Do you home in or hone in? Is it a couple of dozen or a couple dozen? What's the singular of paparazzi? Is paparazzis an acceptable plural? What about graffiti - singular or plural? And what about kudos? What's the correct pronunciation of concierge? Or schism? Or flaccid? This book will tell you. In 750 pages of crisp, precise and often witty pronouncements on modern American English, Bryan Garner authoritatively answers these and thousands of other questions that bedevil those who care about the language. Garner draws on massive evidence to support his judgements, citing more than 5000 examples - good, bad, and ugly - from sources such as "The New York Times", "The Wall Street Journal" and "Newsweek". Here is a usage guide that, whether you're a language connoisseur or just a dabbler, you can savour in a leisurely way, a few paragraphs at a time. And if you don't have the time for savouring, but simply want a quick answer to an editorial riddle, this book will help.

  • The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry

    Bloom's The Anxiety of Influence, an insightful study of Romantic poets and the relation between tradition and the individual artist, has sold over 17,000 copies in paperback since 1984 and remains a central work of criticism for students of literature. For the second edition, Bloom offers a new introduction which explains the genesis of his thinking and the subsequent influence of the book on literary criticism of the past twenty years.

  • Technology and Strategy: Conceptual Models and Diagnostics

    Technology and Strategy is a comprehensive guide to creating a strategic plan that incorporates technological growth. Using real-life examples from industries from electronics to bio-technology, the authors present the tools planners need to integrate a firm's technological capabilities with its strategic plan. Importantly, the book also addresses broader questions about the role of technology, clarifying when it aids innovation, when it is evolutionary, and when it is revolutionary. These questions are tested against trends such as Total Quality Management, the resource-based view of strategy, and the increase in external acquisition of technology. Offering clear guidance through an increasingly complex area, Technology and Strategy will be a valuable reference for practising executives, general managers, strategic planners, R&D executives, and manufacturers.

  • Optical Rheometry of Complex Fluids

    This book provides a self-contained presentation of optical methods used to measure the structure and dynamics of complex fluids subject to the influence of external fields. Such fields (hydrodynamic, electric and magnetic) are commonly encountered in both academic and industrial research, and can produce profound changes in the microscale properties of liquids comprised of polymers, colloids, liquid crystals or surfactants. Starting with the basic Maxwell field equations, this book and Mueller calculus, and then covers the transmission, reflection and scattering of light in anisotropic materials. Spectroscopic interactions with orientated sytems such as absorptive dichroism, small wide angle light scattering, and Raman scattering are discussed. Applications of these methods to a wide range of problems in complex fluid dynamics and structure are presented, along with selected case studies on particular studies chosen to elucidate the range of techniques and materials that can be studied.

  • Documentary: A History of the Non-Fiction Film

    This is the second major revision of a book universally acclaimed as the definitive history of the documentary film. The final section has been completely rewritten and expanded to take into account the major films and trends of the past nine years. Particular attention has been paid to the growth of documentary film-making in the Soviet Union since Glasnost and the corresponding expansion in the United States, including Ken Burns's The Civil War, which broke all audience records for Public Television in 1990.

  • THE CAUSES OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION

    This work provides a unified theory that addresses the important problem of the origin and maintenance of genetic variation in natural populations. With modern molecular techniques, variation is found in all species, sometimes at astonishingly high levels. Yet the forces that maintain variation within and between species have been difficult subjects of study. Because they act very weakly and operate over vast time scales, scientists must rely on indirect inferences and speculative mathematical models. The author's research in molecular genetics, evolution, and bio-mathematics has enabled him to draw on his work, and present a coherent and valuable view of the field.

  • Recursion Theory for Metamathematics

    This work is a sequel to the author's Godel's Incompleteness Theorems, though it can be read independently by anyone familiar with Godel's incompleteness theorem for Peano arithmetic. The book deals mainly with those aspects of recursion theory that have applications to the metamathematics of incompleteness, undecidability, and related topics. It is both an introduction to the theory and a presentation of new results in the field.

  • Plant Microtechnique and Microscopy

    Plant Microtechnique and Microscopy surpases all previously written manuals by providing an in-depth coverage of the field of microtechnique. The traditional paraffin method is covered in explicit step-by-step protocols, with theoretical background included to give students the tools required to design their own experiments and interpret existing results. In addition, the theory and practice of modern applications, such as methacrylate embedding and sectioning, microwave tissue processing, flourescence histochemistry, and in situ hybridization, are documented thoroughly. Preceding Chapter One are ten single-page "Quick Start" protocols. Patterned after computer software manuals, these abbreviated instructions provide the experienced student with the fundamental steps to complete the ten microtechnique protocols most frequently used today. Appendices on laboratory practice (chemical toxicites, common calculations, and buffer tables) are provided to make this volume a valuable addition to every biological laboratory. Plant Microtechnique and Microscopy contains a definitive chapter on microscopy and, with diagrams and text, describes the optical principles of techniques such as phase contrast, DIC, confocal and deconvolution wide-field microscopy. Also included is an extensive appendix on optics and its application to the microscope. The book's bibliography of over 650 references is a substantial resource for any student of histology, histological technique, or microscopy.

  • Computer-Aided Design of High-Temperature Materials

    High-temperature materials is a fast-moving research area with numerous practical applications. Materials that can withstand extremely high temperatures and extreme environments are generating considerable attention worldwide; however, designing materials that have low densities, elevated melting temperatures, oxidation resistance, creep resistance, and intrinsic toughness encompass some of the most challenging problems in materials science. The current search for high-temperature materials is largely based on traditional, trial-and-error experimental methods which are costly and time-consuming. An effective way to accelerate research in this field is to use recent advances in materials simulations and high performance computing and communications (HPCC) to guide experiments. This synergy between experiment and advanced materials modeling will significantly enhance the synthesis of novel high-temperature materials. This volume collects recent work from experimental and computational scientists on high-temperature materials and emphasizes the potential for collaboration. It features state-of-the-art materials modeling and recent experimental developments in high-temperature materials. Topics include fundamental phenomena and properties; measurements and modeling of interfacial phenomena, stresses, growth of defects, strain, and fracture; and electronic structure and molecular dynamics.

  • Apartheid and Beyond: South African Writers and the Politics of Place

    Apartheid and Beyond is a major contribution to the study of South African literature, offering innovative readings of writers like Coetzee, Gordimer, Fugard, Tlali, and Mda. Focusing on the relationship between place, subjectivity, and literary form, this study enhances our understanding of apartheid as a geographical form of control and of its imagined and actual transformation.

  • Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine: A Casebook

    Louise Erdrich's first novel, Love Medicine, came out in 1984 to instant national acclaim, winning a National Book Circle Critics Award and launching a tetralogy which it would take Erdrich ten years to complete. In its centrality to Native American literary tradition, Love Medicine is an uncompromising and irresistible portrait of a community till then too often portrayed in flat or comic terms. Hertha Wong has established herself as the leading commentator on Erdrich.

  • The Suicidal Mind

    Suicide haunts our literature and our culture, claiming the lives of ordinary people and celebrities alike. It is now the third leading cause of death for fifteen- to twenty-four-year-olds in the United States, raising alarms across the nation about the rising tide of hopelessness seen in our young people. It is a taboo subtext to our successes and our happiness, a dark issue that is often euphemized, avoided, and little understood. In our century, psychology and psychiatry alike have attempted to understand, prevent, and medicalize these phenomena. But they have failed, argues Dr. Edwin Shneidman, because they have lost sight of the plain language, the ordinary everyday words, the pain and frustrated psychological needs of the suicidal individual. In The Suicidal Mind, Dr. Shneidman has written a groundbreaking work for every person who has ever thought about suicide or knows anybody who has contemplated it. The book brims with insight into the suicidal impulse and with helpful suggestions on how to counteract it. Shneidman presents a bold and simple premise: the main cause of suicide is psychological pain or "psychache." Thus the key to preventing suicide is not so much the study of the structure of the brain, or the study of social statistics, or the study of mental diseases, as it is the direct study of human emotions. To treat a suicidal individual, we need to identify, address, and reduce the individual's psychache. Shneidman shares with the reader his knowledge, both as a clinician and researcher, of the psychological drama that plays itself out in the suicidal mind through the exploration of three moving case studies. We meet Ariel, who set herself on fire; Beatrice, who cut herself with the intent to die; and Castro, a young man who meant to shoot his brains out but survived, horribly disfigured. These cases are presented in the person's own words to reveal the details of the suicidal drama, to show that the purpose of suicide is to seek a solution, to illustrate the pain at the core of suicide, and to isolate the common stressor in suicide: frustrated psychological needs. Throughout, Shneidman offers practical, explicit maneuvers to assist in treating a suicidal individual--steps that can be taken by concerned friends or family and professionals alike. Suicide is an exclusively human response to extreme psychological pain, a lonely and desperate solution for the sufferer who can no longer see any alternatives. In this landmark and elegantly written book, Shneidman provides the language, not only for understanding the suicidal mind, but for understanding ourselves. Anyone who has ever considered suicide, or knows someone who has, will find here a wealth of insights to help understand and to prevent suicide.

  • Philosophy and Democracy: An Anthology

    This volume collects some of the leading essays in contemporary democratic theory published in the past thirty years. The anthology presents the work of a select group of contributors (including Peter Singer, Joshua Cohen, Ronald Dworkin, Richard Arneson, and others) and covers many foundational approaches defended by scholars from a range of different disciplines. The chapters address many issues that are central to philosophical reflections on democracy, such as questions pertaining to deliberative and economic approaches, as well as to such topics as intrinsic fairness, the role of equality in relation to minority groups, and the limits of democracy. Covering representative work in economics, political science, legal theory, and philosophy, this comprehensive volume is suited to courses in political theory and political philosophy.

  • Evolutionary Medicine

    Evolution is the single most important idea in modern biology, shedding light on virtually every biological question, from the shape of orchid blossoms to the distribution of species across the planet. Until recently, however, the theory has had little impact on medical research or practice. Evolutionary Medicine shows how this is beginning to change. Collecting work from leaders in the field, this volume describes an array of new and innovative approaches to human health that are based on an appreciation of our long evolutionary history. For example, it shows how evolution helps to explain the complex relationship between our immune systems and the virulence and transmission of human viruses. It also shows how comparisons between how we live today and how our hunter-gatherer ancestors lived thousands of years ago illuminate a variety of contemporary ills, including obesity, lower-back pain, and insomnia. Evolutionary Medicine covers issues at every stage of life, from infancy (colic, jaundice, SIDS, parent-infant sleep struggles, ear infections, breast-feeding, asthma) to adulthood (sexually transmitted diseases, depression, overeating, addictions, child abuse, cardiovascular disease, breast and ovarian cancer) to old age (osteoporosis, geriatric sleep problems). Written for a wide range of students and researchers in medicine, anthropology, and psychology , it is an invaluable guide to this rapidly developing field.

  • Smart and Sassy: The strengths of Inner City Black Girls

    Empirically based, the daily experiences of adolescent black females is explicated within an explanatory model of social context and developmental theory. The author argues that adolescence must be seen from strengths and health perspectives. Self-relatedness or intersubjectivity expressed in assertion, empathy and recognition is the core matrix of development where social contextual responses can be adaptive or maladaptive.

  • The Future of the Cognitive Revolution

    The model of the mind developed during the twentieth century's so-called "cognitive revolution" - that the mind is analogous to computer software - has recently lost its once virtually unquestioned pre-eminence. Thus we are now faced with the question of whether it it possible to repair this model, or whether we need to reconceive it in fundamental terms and replace it with something different. In this book, 28 leading scholars from various areas of cognitive science present their latest judgments on the future course for this intellectual movement.

  • Reforming Sex: The German Movement for Birth Control and Abortion Reform, 1920-1950

    Reforming Sex constructs and analyses a remarkable mass movement of doctors and lay people that demanded women's right to abortion and public access to birth control and sex education. Their story sheds light on current controversies about abortion, the role of doctors and the state in controlling women's bodies, and the possibilities for reforming and transforming relations between women and men.

  • The Culture of Building

    All buildings are ultimately the products of building cultures-complex systems of people, relationships, rules, and habits in which design and building are anchored. In this book of thirteen chapter-essays, Davis uses historical, contemporary and cross-cultural examples to describe the structure of such cultures and how they are reflected in the form of buildings and cities. His aim is to show that special insights about the improvement of the contemporary built world come from looking at the building culture as a whole, not merely the individual acts of architects and city planners. The book is illustrated with over 260 historic and contemporary photographs, drawings and prints.

  • The Heliand: The Saxon Gospel

    A spirited retelling of the Gospel story in a Germanic setting, the ninth-century A.D. Old Saxon epic poem The Heliand is at last available in English in Ronald Murphy's graceful new translation. Representing the first full integration and poetic reworking of the Gospel story into Northern European warrior imagery and culture, the poem finds a place for many Old Northern religious concepts and images while remaining faithful to the orthodox Christian teaching of the Gospel of St. Mark. Accessible to students of medieval and comparative literature, Murphy's introduction and notes provide valuable insight and a cultural context for this unique masterpiece.

  • The Genetics of Alcoholism

    The Genetics of Alcoholism is the first book to provide comprehensive coverage of this controversial subject. The book is divided into three main sections. Part I on Genetic Epidemiology contains five chapters on different types of studies which when considered together define many of the issues to be addressed in Part II: Laboratory Studies in Animals and Humans of Genetic Influences in Alcoholism. The chapters in this section in turn provide the main themes for Part III - Strategies for Genetic Research in Alcoholism. The book also details those genetic factors that reduce the risk of alcoholism as well as those that increase vulnerability. This integrated approach provides the reader with a thorough and critical overview of the subject and as such is a challenging reference resource for every physician interested in alcohol abuse.

  • Old Ship of Zion: The Afro-Baptist Ritual in the African Diaspora

    This book retraces the African origins of African-American forms of worship. During a five-year period in the field, Pitts played the piano at and recorded numerous worship services in black Baptist churches throughout rural Texas. His historical comparisons and linguistic analyses of this material uncover striking parallels between "Afro-Baptist" services and the religious rituals of Western and Central Africa, as well as other African-derived rituals in the United States Sea Islands, the Caribbean, and Brazil. Pitts demonstrates that African and African-American worship share an underlying binary ritual frame: the somber melancholy of the first frame and the high emotion of the second frame. Pitts's revealing perspective on this often misunderstood aspect of African-American religion provides an investigative model for the study of diaspora cultural practices and the residual influence of their African sources.

  • Diagnosis and Management of Peripheral Nerve Disorders

    Peripheral neuropathies represent a challenging subject for most physicians. This is an up-to-date, comprehensive, and readable book on peripheral neuropathies that includes concise information on the clinical, electrophysiological, pathological, pathogenic, and treatment aspects of the most important disorders. New molecular and serologic diagnostic tests are discussed. Sections are devoted to nerve and skin biopsy techniques and findings, quantitative sensory and autonomic reflex tests. Case examples are used liberally throughout the text. The editors: Mendell, Kissel, and Cornblath are experienced clinicians that bring complementary knowledge to each of the subjects. Additional authors have been handpicked for specific topics which add to the value of the edition.

  • The Apocalyptic Year 1000: Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950-1050

    The essays in this book challenge prevailing views on the way in which apocalyptic concerns contributed to larger processes of social change at the first millennium. Several basic questions unify the essays: What chronological and theological assumptions underlay apocalyptic and millennial speculations around the Year 1000? How broadly disseminated were those speculations? Can we speak of a mentality of apocalyptic hopes and anxieties on the eve of the millennium? If so, how did authorities respond to or even contribute to the formation of this mentality? What were the social ramifications of apocalyptic hopes and anxieties, and of any efforts to suppress or redirect the more radical impulses that bred them? How did contemporaries conceptualize and then historicize the passing of the millennial date of 1000? Including the work of British, French, German, Dutch, and American scholars, this book will be the definitive resource on this fascinating topic, and should at the same time provoke new interest in and debate on the nature and causes of social change in early medieval Europe.

  • Biochemical Adaptation: Mechanism and Process in Physiological Evolution

    This text lays out the principles of mechanistic comparative physiology in an ecological and evolutionary context. The subject of evolutionary physiology has been advancing considerably and this book will bring readers up to date on a number of new techniques, ideas and data. Topics include NMR spectroscopy and molecular biology, evolution and adaptation, phylogenetically-based analytical techniques and more.

  • Usability: Turning Technologies into Tools

    Usability: Turning Technologies into Tools collects six essays that herald a fundamental shift in the way industry and researchers think about usability. In this new, broader definition, usability no longer means safeguarding against human error, but rather enabling human beings to learn, to use, and to adapt the equipment to satisfy better the demands and contingencies of their work. Today, three quarters of all advanced technology implementations in manufacturing fail to achieve their performance goals because of inadequate usability. By viewing the human being as a mechanistic system component, and not a particularly reliable one, the traditional "human factors" model of usability virtually ensures that the uniquely human qualities - experience, adaptation, innovation - will be neglected, and therefore that new technologies will realize little of their true potential. Usability: Turning Technologies into Tools answers the need for better usability criteria and more effective design and usability assurance processes. In so doing, it leads the way to making a new, broader concept of usability central to design. Its chapters will be of interest to managers and professionals in computer systems, manufacturing engineering, industrial design, and human factors, as well as researchers in disciplines such as computer science, engineering, design studies, sociology, organizational behaviour and human resource management, industrial relations, education, and business strategy.

  • No One Was Turned Away: The Role of Public Hospitals in New York City Since 1900

    For more than a century, New York City's public hospitals have played a major role in ensuring that people of every class have had a place to turn for care. This comparison of the history of Bellevue Hospital with that of the private New York Hospital illuminates the unique contribution that public hospitals have made to the city and confirms their continued value today. Portraying the hospital as an urban institution that reflects the social, political, economic, demographic, and physical changes of the surrounding city, this book links the role of public hospitals to the ongoing debate about the place of public institutions in American society.

  • The Powers of Genre: Interpreting Haya Oral Literature

    The Powers of Genre describes a method for interpreting oral literature that enables dialogue between insiders and outsiders to a tradition. Seitel illustrates this method with lively examples from Haya (from Northwestern Tanzania) proverbs, folktales, and heroic verse. He then focuses on a single epic ballad to demonstrate, among other things, why stanzas need not rhyme, and how significance needs time in oral poetry and narrative. He makes a controversial claim that an heroic age, similar to that of Ancient Greece, existed in Sub-Saharan Africa. The work should interest anyone who works in oral literature and narrative -- folklorists, literary critics, anthropologists, linguists, and Africanists.

  • Introductory Soil Science Laboratory Manual

    This laboratory manual is an ideal supplementary text for introductory soil science courses. A revision of an earlier edition, it serves to emphasise the importance of soils in producing crops, in serving as a buffer in the environment and as a building medium, and in a multitude of other uses.

  • Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence: Strategies for Study Design & Analysis

    Evaluating the strength or persuasiveness of epidemiologic evidence is inherently challenging, both for those new to the field and for experienced researchers. There is a myriad of potential biases to consider, but little guidance about how to assess the likely impact on study results. This book offers a strategy for assessing epidemiologic research findings, explicitly describing the goals and products of epidemiologic research in order to better evaluate its successes and limitations. The focus throughout is on practical tools for making optimal use of available data to assess whether hypothesised biases are operative and to anticipate concerns at the point of study design in order to ensure that needed information is generated. Specific tools for assessing the presence and impact of selection bias in both cohort and case-control studies, bias from non-response, confounding, exposure measurement error, disease measurement error, and random error are identified and evaluated. The potential value of each approach as well as its limitations are discussed, using examples from the published literature. Such information should help those who generate and interpret epidemiologic research to apply methodological principles more effectively to substantive issues, leading to a more accurate appraisal of the current evidence and greater clarity about research needs.

  • The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor

    The great-great-great grandson of Tamerlane, the great Mongol ruler of Samarkand who defeated the Ottomans in 1402, Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur Mirza (1483-1530)--better known as Babur Padisha--was the last Timurid of Central Asia and the first Mughal Emperor of India. In the Baburnama, Babur, a descendant of Genghis Khan and a refined, educated, and well-travelled prince, left behind an unparalled memoir of his life and times--the central document most often quoted by historians and scholars of Mughal India. Now, Wheeler M. Thackston, Jr., has provided a sparkling new translation of this intimate and truthful record in an exquisitely illustrated and produced edition that faithfully preserves the spirit and beauty of the original work. Translated directly from Babur's Chaghatay Turkish, here is not only an extraordinarily detailed picture of life in Central Asia and India during the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, but also the first real autobiography in Islamic literature, in which Babur provides keen insights into his own personality, frank assessments of the deeds and motivations of the people with whom he dealt, and keys to understanding the rise and development of Islamic culture. Readers will note, for example, that the interests Babur so eloquently expresses in his memoirs--his profound curiousity about the natural world and human personalities--also defined the directions that the artists of his time were to follow. This engrossing account is made all the more valuable by its rarity: to have a ruler's perspective on the events to which he is central is extremely unusual in the medieval Islamic world, particularly in an age like Babur's, which saw violent and major dynastic changes throughout Iran, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent. An insightful look into a particularly stimulating period in the world's history, Baburnama will garner accolades from historians, students and scholars of the Islamic world, and anyone who loves a good story.

  • Engineers and Their Profession

    According to a survey of "American Perspectives on Engineers and Engineering," conducted by Louis Harris and Associates in late July 1998, the American public feels uninformed about the engineering enterprise and exhibits a starling lack of knowledge about engineers' involvement in key areas of american endeavor. This revised edition brings useful exposure into the engineering profession enabling students to make better more informed decisions when considering engineering as a career. The book has been updated to reflect what modern engineers do in their daily practice and is especially strong in its coverage of ethics and public responsibility. This edition is ambitious in providing a readable, yet well-referenced, introduction to the engineering profession. Overall, the main objective of this book aims to inform the public about the engineering enterprise and about engineers' involvement in key areas of American endeavor. For instance, one critical reason for improving public awareness of engineering is to address the workforce problems that our nation will face unless greater numbers of women and minorities choose to become engineers. This is a standard textbook for an introductory course in engineering for freshman college students or senior year high school students considering a profession in engineering. This book is also helpful for engineering professionals.

  • The Oxford Book of American Short Stories

    In The Oxford Book of American Short Stories, Joyce Carol Oates offers a sweeping survey of American short fiction, in a collection of fifty-nine tales that combines classic works with many `different, unexpected gems', and that invites readers to explore a wealth of important pieces by women and minority writers. The collection ranges from time-honoured works by Irving, Poe, and Hemingway, to modern classics by authors such as Bharati Mukherjee, Amy Tan, Alice Adams, David Leavitt, Bobbie Ann Mason, and Tim O'Brien.

  • The Outrageous Idea of Christian Scholarship

    In this book George Marsden responds to critics of his The Soul of the American University (OUP 1994), and attempts to explain how, without heavy-handed dogmatism or moralizing, Christian faith can be of great relevance to contemporary scholarship of the highest standards.

  • Street Foods: Urban Food and Employment in Developing Countries

    Street foods are sold in almost every country in the world. Many urban and rural people depend on them for one or more meals each day. This book explores this world of entrepreneurs in developing countries. When all of the participants in the delivery are counted, including local farmers, food processors, and street vendors, one realizes the enormous size of this `industry'. Research conducted by the authors with vendors, local community leaders, and public health officials, worked not only to collect data, but to raise the hygiene of the food that is sold.

  • Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

    With contributions from 100 distinguished scholars representing diverse traditions and fields of learning this is the most comprehensive critical synthesis of recent knowledge about the Dead Sea scrolls, and their historical, archaeological, linguistic and religious contexts. The Encyclopedia ranges widely to cover such topics as the political, social, and cultural backgrounds of the texts and their communities; methods of analysis and interpretation; the impact of the texts on the understanding of Judaism and Christianity; and much more - including balanced treatment of conflicts and controversies.

  • Law and Objectivity

    Greenawalt addresses the question of whether law is objective, and indeed, whether it should be.

  • Genetic Disorders of Human Sexual Development

    Authoritative clinical reference on genetic sexual disorders, a field that has been transformed in many areas by molecular genetics.

  • Law and the Language of Identity: Discourse in the William Kennedy Smith Rape Trial

    In this volume, Gregory Matoesian uses the notorious 1991 rape trial of William Kennedy Smith to provide an in-depth analysis of language use and its role in that specific trial as well as in the law in general. He draws on the fields of conversation analysis, ethnomethodology, linguistic anthropology and social theory to show how language practices shape--and are shaped by--culture and the law, particularly in the social construction of rape as a legal fact. This analysis examines linguistic strategies from both defence and prosecution viewpoints, and how they relate to issues of gender, sexual identity, and power.

  • Cults: Faith, Healing, and Coercion

    Why do people join cults? How do cults exert such a strong influence over their members' beliefs and even their appearance? These and other questions about the operation of cult groups are answered in this unique book. The psychological forces that enable cults to exert their intense influence are analysed in detail and with many examples. These forces include social cohesiveness, which has its parallels in the ties that bind family members together; shared beliefs, which set the groups' standards for behaviour; and altered consciousness, which can lead to a rapid change in the attitudes of recruits and members. For this second edition, Galanter has added three new chapters on cult developments of the 1990s -- the Branch Davidians, Aum Shinrikyo, and Heaven's Gate. The books also features 32 new photographs.

  • Behavioral Ecology and Conservation Biology

    Behavioural ecologists study the strategies that individual animals use to maximize their genetic representation in future generations; conservation biologists study small populations and attempt to stem the tide of species extinctions. In the last few years, a handful of behavioural ecologists, increasingly concerned about species losses, have begun to address issues in conservation biology. Using data collected in the course of their fieldwork on mating systems, foraging behaviour, or habitat preferences, or simply by working on an endangered species, they have started to apply their findings to models of population growth and effective population size, hands-on management, and developing conservation strategies. This edited volume is the first attempt to link these disciplines formally.

  • Made for Each Other: A Symbiosis of Birds and Pines

    A beautifully written account of the symbiotic relationship between pine trees and jays; a cycle of dependency has progressed for several million years as birds have effectively planted the trees that sustain them by dispersing the seeds. This book covers a wide range of regions, focusing on the Rocky Mountains and the American Southwest, but also ranging from the Alps to Finland, and from Siberia to China. The book is written from the perspectives of evolution, ecology, and animal behaviour.

  • Direct Energy Conversion: Fundamentals of Electric Power Production

    Direct Energy Conversion is written for the engineer with an interest in the performance of energy conversion processes that involve direct methods of producing electric power from heat and other primary sources. It examines the means available for converting heat to electricity without the intermediate generation of rotating shaft power. A physical and quantitative understanding of the limitations of a number of commercially interesting methods are developed to allow the reader assessment of the technologies for specific applications. The list of processes considered is limited by performance measured in terms of cost, conversion, efficiency, and power density. This book is a natural adjunct to Energy Conversion (OUP, 1994), which focuses on the thermodynamics and mechanics of heat.

  • Technology, Growth, and Development: An Induced Innovation Perspective

    Technology, Growth and Development places the process of technical change firmly within the context of modern growth theory. It goes beyond conventional growth theory in its emphasis on both induced technical and institutional change. The rate and direction of technical change is viewed as induced by changes in relative resource endowments and by institutional innovations such as the modern research university and the industrial research laboratory. The economic and institutional sources of technical change are analysed for a series of general purpose technologies in five industries - the agricultural, electric power, chemical, computer, and biotechnology industries. A final section is devoted to issues of technology policy, including competitiveness, the environment, the U.S science and technology policy, and the transition to sustainable growth at the global level.

  • The Fiery Cross: The Ku Klux Klan in America

    In The Fiery Cross, Wyn Craig Wade traces the history of the Klan from its beginnings after the Civil War as a social club in Pulaski, Tennessee, to the present. The reader follows the Klan's resurgence in 1915 after D.W. Griffith's epic film The Birth of a Nation depicted Klan members as heroic saviors of the old Southern society, to the swearing in of President Warren G. Harding as a Klansman in the Green Room. Wade explores the Klan's championing of white supremacy as a response to the Civil Rights movement in the 60s, through to their present day activities, aligning themselves with a variety of neo-fascist and right-wing groups in the American West. He concludes by offering an assessment of the Klan's future. The Fiery Cross provides an exhaustive analysis and perspective on this dark shadow of American society.

  • Using the MCS-51 Microcontroller

    In this book, the author provides a comprehensive treatment of the MCS-51 microcontroller. Huang covers the full spectrum of I/O functions of the MCS-52 variants; by progresively developing topics, starting with the simple and moving to the complex, he strikes a balanced introduction to the theoretical topics and the design and implementation issues of the MCS-51 microcontroller. The book starts wit the MCS-51 CPU architecture and programming model and then progresses toward every I/O function. In each I/O function, the author first presents the general issue and then details the specifics of the MCS-51. Numerous design examples and exercises illustrate the concepts presented and helps readers grasp the key concepts and learn the applications. The book is an ideal introduction to microcontroller and microprocessor based design, while containing enough rigour and depth to provide in depth knowledge of the MCS-51 microcontroller. It is intended as a textbook for a first course on microprocessors or microcontrollers, but is also suitable for anyone who needs to learn about the MCS-51 microcontroller. It includes a supplemental CD and will also have a solutions manual available only to adopters of the text.

  • The Emergence of Latin America in the Nineteenth Century

    This lively and accessible text on the period of independence (the nineteenth century) covering all the major countrires of Latin America has become the standard work in the field. For the second edition, the authors have added new material based on recently published research and augmented references to areas of special contemporary interest. The bibliography also has been updated.

  • An Introduction to C++ and Numerical Methods

    In addition to being an introduction to C++, this text also provides clear explanations of the basics of numerical methods, and is unique for its coverage of numerical methods used in scientific and engineering computation. In addition there is a general discussion of some of the basic paradigms for writing good programs and detecting errors. The result is a brief yet comprehensive treatment of the subject.

  • On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio

    Now long out of print, John Dunning's Tune in Yesterday was the definitive one-volume reference on old-time radio broadcasting. Now, in On the Air, Dunning has completely rethought this classic work, reorganizing the material and doubling its coverage, to provide a richer and more informative account of radio's golden age. Here are some 1,500 radio shows presented in alphabetical order. The great programs of the '30s, '40s, and '50s are all here--Amos 'n' Andy, Fibber McGee and Molly, The Lone Ranger, Major Bowes' Original Amateur Hour, and The March of Time, to name only a few. For each, Dunning provides a complete broadcast history, with the timeslot, the network, and the name of the show's advertisers. He also lists major cast members, announcers, producers, directors, writers, and sound effects people--even the show's theme song. There are also umbrella entries, such as "News Broadcasts," which features an engaging essay on radio news, with capsule biographies of major broadcasters, such as Lowell Thomas and Edward R. Murrow. Equally important, Dunning provides a fascinating account of each program, taking us behind the scenes to capture the feel of the performance, such as the ghastly sounds of Lights Out (a horror drama where heads rolled and bones crunched), and providing engrossing biographies of the main people involved in the show. A wonderful read for everyone who loves old-time radio, On the Air is a must purchase for all radio hobbyists and anyone interested in 20th-century American history. It is an essential reference work for libraries and radio stations.

  • Inalienable Rights: The Limits of Consent in Medicine and Law

    McConnell presents the unusual and distinctive argument that inalienable rights differ from other types of rights in that, rather than restraining the behaviour of others, inalienable rights seem to put limits on the possessors themselves, because even the possessor's consent does not justify others in encroaching on them. He offers a full account of what it means for a right to be inalienable, distinguishing them from other kinds of rights in the contexts of moral and political issues in medicine and law: for example, the right to life, the right of conscience, and, in particular, the right of informed consent. McConnell's book is intended as a distinctive conception and persuasive defence of inalienable rights, which ties into current discussions of informed consent. It should appeal to applied ethicists and philosophers of law among others.

  • Modern Applied Biostatistical Methods: Using S-Plus

    Statistical analysis typically involves applying theoretically generated techniques to the description and interpretation of collected data. In this text, theory, application and interpretation are combined to present the entire biostatistical process for a series of elementary and intermediate analytic methods. The theoretical basis for each method is discussed with a minimum of mathematics and is applied to a research data example using a computer system called S-PLUS. This system produces concrete numerical results and increases one's understanding of the fundamental concepts and methodology of statistical analysis. This text is not a computer manual, even though it makes extensive use of computer language to describe and illustrate applied statistical techniques. This makes the details of the statistical process readily accessible, providing insight into how and why a statistical method identifies the properties of sampled data. The first chapter gives a simple overview of the S-PLUS language. The subsequent chapters use this valuable statistical tool to present a variety of analytic approaches. Combining statistical logic, data and computer tools, the author explores such topics as random number generation, general linear models, estimation, analysis of tabular data, analysis of variance and survival analysis. The end result is a clear and complete explanation of the way statistical methods can help one gain an understanding of collected data. Modern Applied Biostatistical Methods is unlike other statistical texts, which usually deal either with theory or with applications. It integrates the two elements into a single presentation of theoretical background, data, interpretation, graphics, and implementation. This all-around approach will be particularly helpful to students in various biostatistics and advanced epidemiology courses, and will interest all researchers involved in biomedical data analysis.

  • Strong Arts, Strong Schools: The Promising Potential and Shortsighted Disregard of the Arts in American Schooling

    Charles Fowler here argues that studying the arts is an important and valuable component of general education and of society and American culture. Directed toward a broad public audience with the intent of providing parents and other interested citizens with a thorough background about arts education, the author presents a number of different rationales to support the necessity of the arts in general education. Fowler confronts complicated matters of curriculum such as -- who should study the arts? which arts and whose culture should be taught? -- and discusses the varying philosophies amongst arts advocates and educators themselves.

  • Diagnostic Histopathology of the Lymph Node

    This is a comprehensive text and atlas of lymph node pathology. It is intended primarily for pathologists, pathologists-in-training, and fellows in hematologic pathology, but may be of interest to hematologists and medical oncologists. The classic approach to biopsy interpretation, including histopathology and clinical features, has been integrated with the newer immunophenotypic and molecular biologic techniques. There are over 350 colour photographs integrated into the text.

  • The Open Sore of a Continent: A Personal Narrative of the Nigerian Crisis

    This is an exploration into the history and future of Nigeria. In the process of elucidating the Nigerian crisis, the author opens readers to the broader questions of nationhood, identity, and the general state of African culture and politics at the end of the 20th century. He examines the different ways in which a nation can be defined, and asks how these varying definitions impact the people who live under them. The book concludes with a call for the global community to address the issue of nationhood to prevent further religious mandates and calls for ethnic purity of the sort that have turned Algeria, Rwanda, Bosnia and Sri Lanka into killing fields.

  • Taking Heaven by Storm: Methodism and the Rise of Popular Christianity in America

    Following the Revolutionary War, American Methodism grew at an astonishing rate, rising from fewer than 1000 members in 1770 to over 250,000 by 1820. John H. Wigger seeks to explain the puzzle of this remarkable growth, offering a provocative reassessment of the role of popular religion in American life. Wigger argues that in the post-Revolutionary years Methodism's style, tone, and agenda worked their way deep into the fabric of American life, influencing all other mass religious movements that would follow, and many facets of American life not directly connected to the church as well.

  • Composers at Work: The Craft of Musical Composition 1450-1600

    Composers at Work discusses a problem that has fascinated scholars for a long time: how did Renaissance composers write their complex vocal polyphony? Twentieth-century scholars are so accustomed to scoring music, carefully lining up the vertical simultaneities, and carefully aligning the bar lines in order to study and perform music, that the idea that a composer could create elaborate polyphony, even in eight parts, without the aid of a score, seems incomprehensible. How then did sixteenth-century composers write their music, and what evidence exists to document this compositional process? Using sketches and other documentary evidence, long a matter of intense study in later centuries, Professor Owens' study is the first full-length investigation of the topic in Renaissance music. It sets out the indispensable background to an inquiry and into the fundamental processes of Renaissance composition.

  • Warrant and Proper Function

    Professor Plantinga is known for distinguished work in the fields of epistemology and philosophy of religion. In this companion volume to Warrant: The Current Debate, Plantinga develops an original approach to the question of what justifies belief and makes it knowledge. He argues that what is crucial to turning true belief into knowledge is the "proper functioning" of one's cognitive faculties, and this clears the way for the proposal that a belief is warranted whenever it is the product of properly functioning cognitive processes. Although this is in some sense a sequel to the companion volume, the arguments in no way presuppose those of the first book and it can therefore stand alone.

  • Coercion to Compromise: Plea Bargaining, the Courts, and the Making of Political Authority

    This book examines the origins of the controversial practice of plea bargaining, a procedure that appears to reward the guilty. Contrary to popular perception of plea bargainingas as an innovation or corruption of the post-World War II years, this study shows the practice to have emerged early in the American Republic. Vogel argues that plea bargaining arose in the 1830's as part of a process of political stabilization and an effort to legitimate the democratic institutions of self-rule that were crucial to Whig efforts to reconsolidate the political power of Boston's social and economic elite. At this time local political institutions were spare and fragmentary, and the courts, she argues, stepped forward as agents of the state to promote social order. Plea bargaining drew conflicts into the courts while maintaining elite discretion over sentencing policy. She argues that plea bargaining should be seen as part of a larger repertoire of techniques in the Anglo-American legal tradition through which law might be used as a vehicle of rule. In this context, plea bargaining provided a unique match between the needs of elites to maximize flexibility in criminal sanction and an emerging liberal ideology.

  • Intervention and Detachment: Essays in Legal History and Jurisprudence

    Written by one of America's pre-eminent legal scholars, this collection of essays provides a wide-ranging survey of modern American legal history, addressing many of the important issues. Opening essays discuss the historiography and development of methodology of American legal history. Other sections consider prominent issues such as judicial review and critical legal studies; and influential figures like Oliver Wendell Holmes.

  • Surfing Through Hyperspace: Understanding Higher Universes in Six Easy Lessons

    Do a little armchair time-travel, rub elbows with a four-dimensional intelligent life form, or stretch your mind to the furthest corner of an uncharted universe. With this astonishing guidebook, Surfing Through Hyperspace, you need not be a mathematician or an astrophysicist to explore the all-but-unfathomable concepts of hyperspace and higher-dimensional geometry. No subject in mathematics has intrigued both children and adults as much as the idea of a fourth dimension. Philosophers and parapsychologists have meditated on this mysterious space that no one can point to but may be all around us. Yet this extra dimension has a very real, practical value to mathematicians and physicists who use it every day in their calculations. In the tradition of Flatland, and with an infectious enthusiasm, Clifford Pickover tackles the problems inherent in our 3-D brains trying to visualize a 4-D world, muses on the religious implications of the existence of higher-dimensional consciousness, and urges all curious readers to venture into "the unexplored territory lying beyond the prison of the obvious." Pickover alternates sections that explain the science of hyperspace with sections that dramatize mind-expanding concepts through a fictional dialogue between two futuristic FBI agents who dabble in the fourth dimension as a matter of national security. This highly accessible and entertaining approach turns an intimidating subject into a scientific game open to all dreamers. Surfing Through Hyperspace concludes with a number of puzzles, computer experiments and formulas for further exploration, inviting readers to extend their minds across this inexhaustibly intriguing scientific terrain.

  • The Reintegration of American History: Slavery and the Civil War

    This collection of essays deals with the question of slavery, and how the South in particular responded to the problem. Subjects covered include: the Constitution and slavery, slave rebellion (Denmark Vesey Uprising), attempts to banish all blacks to Africa, attempts to expand slavery in the United States and overseas, and the division in the South over whether to secede from the Union or not.

  • Reckonings: Contemporary Short Fiction by Native American Women

    Unlike most anthologies that present a single story from many writers, this volume offers an in-depth sampling of two or three stories by a select number of both famous and emergent Native women writers. Here you will find much-loved stories (many made easily accessible for the first time) and vibrant new stories by such well-known contemporary Native American writers as Paula Gunn Allen, Louise Erdrich, Joy Harjo, Linda Hogan, and Leslie Marmon Silko as well as the fresh voices of emergent writers such as Reid Gomez and Beth Piatote. Although diverse in style, language, and tone, all of these stories are reckonings with the brutal history of colonization and its ongoing consequences: they reveal Native epistemologies; testify to historic wrongs; and insist upon an accounting. A reckoning requires diving inward and resurfacing with new insights. These stories share an understanding of Native women's lives in their various modes of loss and struggle, resistance and acceptance, and rage and compassion, ultimately highlighting the individual and collective will to endure. These contemporary stories reflect cycles--mythic cycles, life cycles, cycles of resistance, and healing cycles--that insure Native survival. These are the stories told and retold by Native women who refuse to be silenced. Their collection celebrates survival and provides readers with an essential new resource.

  • Viral Sex: The Nature of AIDS

    In Viral Sex, leading AIDS researcher Jaap Goudsmit illuminates the origins and nature of the world's most lethal epidemic. This fascinating epidemiological whodunit, or...`howdunit' (The Lancet), takes us on a journey from the African rainforest, to ancient Egypt, to pioneering research labs in the U.S. and Europe. The concept of `viral sex', Goudsmit explains, is central to understanding the AIDS crisis. HIV not only produces offspring that are almost exact copies of the parents, but also reproduces sexually, creating a recombinant population of variants. This `viral sex' gives HIV an edge in adapting to new hosts, enabling it to survive the leap from ape to man. Goudsmit argues that the man-made phenomenon of deforestation and human encroachment on the African monkey habitat provided the opportunity for the SIV virus to jump to its new host, human beings, who then brought HIV out of the Cameroon rainforest at the turn of the century. Provocative, vividly written, and impeccably researched, Viral Sex instills readers with a new sense of the urgent need to contain HIV and other similarly lethal viruses before they spread beyond the grasp of even the most sophisticated science.

  • The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke

    A tiny, fastidiously dressed man emerged from Black Philadelphia around the turn of the twentieth century to mentor a generation of young artists like Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, and Jacob Lawrence and call them the New Negro--the gender ambiguous, transformative, artistic African Americans whose art would subjectivize Black people and embolden greatness. Alain Locke (1885-1954) believed Black Americans were sleeping giant that could transform America into a truly humanistic and pluralistic society. In the 1920s, these views were radical, but by announcing a New Negro in art, literature, music, dance, theatre, Locke shifted the discussion of race from the problem-centered discourses of politics and economics to the new creative industries of American modernism. Although this Europhile detested jazz, he used the Jazz Age interest in Black aesthetics to plant the notion in American minds that Black people were America's quintessential artists and Black urban communities were crucibles of creativity where a different life was possible in America. By promoting art, a Black dandy subjectivized Black people and became in the process a New Negro himself.

  • Mind as Action

    Wertsch argues against reductionist accounts of human cognition and proposes a sociocultural perspective, which moves beyond the isolated individual. He suggests that "mediated action" and cultural tools shape cognitive processes and can explain how they are organized.

  • Fundamental Problems of Algorithmic Algebra

    Computer Algebra systems represent a rapidly growing application of computer science to all areas of scientific research and computation. Well-known computer algebra systems such as Maple, Macsyma, Mathematica and REDUCE are now a basic tool on most computers. Underlying these systems are efficient algorithms for various algebraic operations. The field of Computer Algebra, or Algorithmic Algebra, constitute the study of these algorithms and their properties, and represents a rich intersection of theoretical computer science with very classical mathematics. Yap's book focuses on a collection of core problems in this area; in effect, they are the computational versions of the classical Fundamental Problem of Algebra and its derivatives. It attempts to be self-contained in its mathematical development while addressing the algorithmic aspects of problems. General prerequesites for the book, beyond some mathematical sophistication, is a course in modern algebra. A course in the analysis of algorithms would also increase the appreciation of some of the themes on efficiency. The book is intended for a first course in algorithmic algebra (or computer algebra) for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students in computer science. Additionally, it will be a useful reference for professionals in this field.

  • The Study of Human Nature: A Reader

    This anthology provides an introduction to a variety of views about human nature, from various cultures over three millennia. It ranges from ancient religious texts down to contemporary theories based on evolutionary science. It can be used as a reader to go along with Ten Theories of Human Nature, third edition (OUP, 1998), but it is also usable independently, by students or the general reader.

  • Simulating Humans: Computer Graphics, Animation, and Control

    Though actively pursued by several research groups, the problem of providing a synthetic or surrogate human for an engineer or designer already used to Computer Aided Design techniques has been most comprehensively solved by Norman Badler's computer graphics laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania - one of the world leaders in the field of simulated human figures in computer graphics. For human factors engineers, this book provides current knowledge of how a computer graphics surrogate human can augment their analyses of designed environments; for design engineers it presents the cutting edge in human figure modelling and hence human-centred design and for the computer graphics community it presents a major research effort in the interactive control of articulated human figures. This book constitutes the state of the art in simulating human figures, discusses the many areas of application and predicts the future in this exciting, fast moving field.

  • Relations of Rescue: The Search for Female Moral Authority in the American West, 1874-1939

    In this study of late nineteenth-century moral reform, Peggy Pascoe examines four specific cases--a home for Chinese prostitutes in San Francisco, California; a home for polygamous Mormon women in Salt Lake City, Utah; a home for unmarried mothers in Denver, Colorado; and a program for American Indians on the Omaha Reservation in Nebraska--to tell the story of the women who established missionary rescue homes for women in the American West. Focusing on two sets of relationships--those between women reformers and their male opponents, and those between women reformers and the various groups of women they sought to shelter--Pascoe traces the gender relations that framed the reformers' search for female moral authority, analyzes the interaction between women reformers and the women who entered the rescue homes, and raises provocative questions about historians' understanding of the dynamics of social feminism, social control, and intercultural relations.

  • Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939

    This book is a reassessment of the international monetary crises of the post-World War I period that led to the Great Depression of the 1930s. It also analyses the responses of the world economic powers to the Depression and how new monetary policies set the stage for the watershed post-World War II system established at Bretton Woods. It offers new theories of what effect the Great Depression had on the collapse of the world monetary system, and what effect the collapse had on deepening and prolonging the Depression, by exploring the link between global economic crisis and the the gold standard (the framework for international monetary affairs until 1931). The events described had a profound effect upon twentieth-century history: the Depression abetted the rise of Hitler and the demise of the gold standard is a historical cause of inflation.

  • Lincoln's Loyalists: Union Soldiers from the Confederacy

    Though much has been written about the southern black regiments organized by the Union during the Civil War, very little has been written about the white Southerners who risked their lives to fight the Confederacy in opposition to seccession. Over 100,000 men - ten per cent of General Lee's fighting force originally enlisted in the Confederate ranks - fought in the service of North. The majority of these men - over seventy per cent - came from Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia, but every state in the Confederacy (except South Carolina) provided at least one battalion of white troops for the Union Army. Meticulously exploring the history of loyalists (known as "tories" to their enemies) in each Confederate State, Current provides an original and comprehensive account of this seldom examined topic. He examines why these soldiers fought for the Union, how they fared in battle, and the considerable personal risks endured by both themselves and their families. This book is intended for those interested in the American Civil War.

  • Organization Theory: From Chester Barnard to the Present and Beyond

    This book is made up of chapters by experts in organization theory who have addressed issues originally formulated by Chester Barnard in his seminal book, The Functions of the Executive. Each author discusses concepts introduced by Barnard, and then explores future prospects for organization theory. The authors provide many perspectives on organization theory that carry forward the work begun by Barnard. The book derives from a seminar series given at the University of California at Berkeley Business School.

  • Aphasia and Its Therapy

    This is the first single-authored book to attempt to bridge the gap between aphasia research and the rehabilitation of patients with this language disorder. Studies of the deficits underlying aphasia and the practice of aphasia rehabilitation have often diverged, and the relationship between theory and practice in aphasiology is loose. The goal of this book is to help close this gap by making explicit the relationship between what is to be rehabilitated and how to rehabilitate it. Early chapters cover the history of aphasia and its therapy from Broca's discoveries to the 1970's, and provide a description of the classic aphasia syndromes. The middle section describes the contribution of cognition neuropsychology and the treatment models it has inspired. It includes discussion of the relationship between the treatment approach and the functional model upon which it is based. The final chapters deal with aphasia therapy. After providing a sketch of a working theory of aphasia, Basso describes intervention procedures for disorders resulting from damage at the lexical and sentence levels as well as a more general conversation-based intervention for severe aphasics. Anna Basso has run an aphasia rehabilitation unit for more than thirty years. In this book she draws on her considerable experience to provide researchers, clinicians, and their students and trainees with comprehensive coverage of the evolution and state of the art of aphasia research and therapy.

  • Genes for Sale: Privatization as a Conservation Policy

    With each species lost to the mass extinction crisis, the natural economy of the nation and of the world is greatly diminished. An endangered animal may hold the cure for cancer; a threatened plant could someday become a major food crop; and even bacteria often provide novel molecular structures in polymer science. As the rainforest is destroyed and habitats are degraded, conservationists are now urgently searching for dramatic new ways to save these economic resources. In this provocative and important book, Joseph Henry Vogel details one potential solution that has met with increasing interest and popularity: the privatization of genetic information. Vogel cogently makes the case that the world should abandon the doctrine of "the common heritage of mankind" and create private property rights over genes. Landowners, once vested with the genetic resources on their land, will have a newfound financial incentive to protect what they now already control. Genes for Sale provides an overview of the many complexities inherent in implementing a viable conservation policy. Vogel elaborates both technical issues like the construction of a "gargantuan database" of landtitles and biological inventories, and political issues like legal reform. Clearly written, engaging, and timely, Genes for Sale provides students, scientists, and policy makers alike with the ideal introduction to an exciting and controversial new approach to saving our precious living heritage.

  • Quantitative Fish Dynamics

    This book serves as an advanced text on fisheries and fishery population dynamics and as a reference for fisheries scientists. It provides a thorough treatment of contemporary topics in quantitative fisheries science and emphasizes the link between biology and theory by explaining the assumptions inherent in the quantitative methods. The analytical methods are accessible to a wide range of biologists, and the book includes numerous examples. The book is unique in covering such advanced topics as optimal harvesting, migratory stocks, age-structured models, and size models.

  • An Introduction to Game Theory

    An exposition of modern game theory suitable for advanced undergraduates. The book emphasizes the ideas behind the theory rather than their mathematical expression, but defines all concepts precisely. Covers strategic, extensive, and coalitional games, and includes the topics of repeated games, bargaining theory, and evolutionary equilibrium.

  • Religion and the Order of Nature: The 1994 Cadbury Lectures

    The current ecological crisis is a matter of urgent global concern, with solutions being sought on many fronts. In this book, Seyyed Hossein Nasr argues that the devastation of our world has been exacerbated, if not actually caused, by the reductionist view of nature that has been advanced by modern secular science. What is needed, he believes, is the recovery of the truth to which the great, enduring religions all attest; namely that nature is sacred. Nasr traces the historical process through which Western civilization moved away from the idea of nature as sacred and embraced a world view which sees humans as alienated from nature and nature itself as a machine to be dominated and manipulated by humans. His goal is to negate the totalitarian claims of modern science and to re-open the way to the religious view of the order of nature, developed over centuries in the cosmologies and sacred sciences of the great traditions. Each tradition, Nasr shows, has a wealth of knowledge and experience concerning the order of nature. The resuscitation of this knowledge, he argues, would allow religions all over the globe to enrich each other and co-operate to heal the wounds inflicted upon the Earth.

  • The Soviet Experiment: Russia, The USSR, and the Successor States

    The turbulent tale of twentieth-century Russia now has a beginning, a middle, and an end. Though the Soviet Union may be gone, its effects remain - in the new Russia and the successor states that emerged from the failed Soviet Experiment. This book is an attempt to deal fairly and compassionately with a complex history that has divided friend from foe, East from West, Left from Right - not with the vain hope of reconciling irreconcileable differences, but with the expectation that an analytic and interpretive narrative will add to our understanding if not complete agreement. This book covers the history of the Soviet Union from the waning days of Czarist Russia to the present day.

  • The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Human Rights in Human Experimentation

    This timely and definitive book examines the nature, scope and proper place of the Nuremberg Code in medical research. Nuremberg has not only played a pivotal role in the ethics and law of human experimentation, it is also a seminal event in the history of codes of human ethics. This book analyses Nazi medicine and its role in setting the standards for human experimentation, and traces the role the Code has played in shaping research ethics and regulation from 1947 to the present.

  • The Literary Mind

    Mark Turner makes the revolutionary claim that the basic issue for cognitive science is the nature of literary thinking. Using tools of modern linguistics, the recent work of neuroscientists, and literary masterpieces from Shakespeare, Homer, and Dante, Turner explains how story and projection are fundamental to everyday thought.

  • Noche Buena: Hispanic American Christmas Stories

    A family seated round the fireplace Singing and making merry; A sprightly waltz played with grace Noche Buena brings us all the magic of the Christmas season as seen through the eyes of the Hispanic Americans who celebrate it. Christmas is at times a universal story, and many of the images here are recognizable across cultures. We hear and see proud, joyful singing; the adoration of the Infant Jesus; and the peaceful strains of Adeste Fidelis. But here as well are the rich traditions and legends specific to the Hispanic culture, such as the celebration of the posadas for nine nights leading up to Christmas, with candy raining down from colorful swinging pinatas, egg shells filled with confetti, and beautiful paper lanterns crafted to illuminate the town on Christmas Eve. There is the "Legend of the Poinsettia" where a poor child embarrassed by the modesty of his gift for the Christ Child sheds tears on the dull green leaves of the familiar plant, thereby miraculously transforming them to a brilliant red. And here too are hopeful children singing "If You Give Me Meat Pies," asking for the reward of warm meat pies and rice pudding in return for their sweet caroling. Thirty-six inspiring literary selections comprise this enchanting collection of works from Mexican, Colombian, Cuban, and Puerto Rican writers--writers who represent the range of Hispanic minority groups in the United States. Through these stories, traditional tales, songs, and poetry, readers gain a true understanding of the importance of the Christmas holiday within the Hispanic community, and begin to grasp the issues that inform the Hispanic American creative process--issues such as communal identity, patriotism, poverty, assimilation, and religion. With vivid illustrations and original Spanish text for all poetry, this fascinating anthology will inform readers of all cultural backgrounds, and give them the opportunity to celebrate this cherished time with a newly extended family.

  • The Pursuit of Attention: Power and Ego in Everyday Life

    "Enough about me," goes the old joke, "what about you? What do you think about me?" Hence the pursuit of attention is alive and well. Even the Oxford English Dictionary reveals a modern coinage to reflect the chase in our technological age: 'ego-surfing' - searching the Internet for occurrences of your own name. What is the cause of this obsessive need for others' recognition? This useful and popular volume, now in a second edition that features major new introductory and concluding essays, entertainingly ponders this question. Derber argues that there is a general lack of social support in today's America, one which causes people to vie hungrily for attention, and he shows how individuals will often employ numerous techniques to turn the course of a conversation towards themselves. Illustrating this 'conversational narcissism' with sample dialogues that will seem disturbingly familiar to all readers, this book analyses the pursuit of attention in conversation - as well as in politics and celebrity culture - and demonstrates the ultimate importance of gender, class, and racial differences in competing for attention. Derber shows how changes in the economy and culture, such as the advent of the Internet, have intensified the rampant individualism and egotism of today. And finally, in a new afterword, he focuses on solutions: how to restructure the economy and culture to humanize ourselves and increase the capacity for community, empathy, and attention-giving.

  • An Uncommon Soldier: The Civil War Letters of Sarah Rosetta Wakeman, alias Pvt. Lyons Wakeman, 153rd Regiment, New York State Volunteers

    This book collects the only known group of letters from one of over an estimated 400 women who served in the Civil War under assumed male names and identities.

  • Power Over People

    For most of us, life is spent in one vast electromagnetic field. In the office we sit in front of computer terminals, at home, in front of the television. We cook our meals in microwave ovens, trim our hedges with electric shears, illuminate our houses, workplaces, and streets with incandescent and fluorescent lighting. And until only recently, the potential hazards imposed by life in the shadows of high-voltage power lines have hardly been considered. First published in 1973, Power Over People was the first book to address the frightening potential side effects of our dependence on electrical energy. Now brought up to date with a new introduction, and including an epilogue that offers the most current studies and findings available today, this classic book is more timely than ever. Louise Young here lays bare the short-sighted, materialistic policies of the electric power industry, showing how power and the conglomerates that produce it have clearly won out over rights and safety concerns of people. She provides disturbing documentary evidence that demonstrates how long-term exposure to radiation from power lines can cause brain cancer, childhood leukemia, as well as damage to the nervous system. Through the course of the book we come to understand that what is often blindly accepted as "progress" can mean the inexorable advance of environmental destruction and the withering--rather than enhancing--of the quality of life in America. Based on a case-study of a small, rural community in Ohio, Young shows in compelling fashion what happens when a grass-roots group of concerned citizens resists the construction of the world's largest electrical transmission towers, literally in their own backyards. Her story of their ultimate failure becomes a stinging indictment of indifferent government agencies and the lax laws that fail to protect the environment. Lively, readable, and, at times, even shocking, this is a book for environmentally-minded and safety-conscious readers of the 1990s. Its wealth of information, its incisive analysis, and its bold confrontation of facts we can no longer afford to ignore make Power Over People a book everyone should read and reflect upon.

  • Research Methods in Occupational Epidemiology

    This widely used text provides a clear and critical summary of research approaches to the epidemiological study of workplace hazards. It describes the historical development of occupational epidemiology, methods for characterizing occupational exposures, and techniques for designing and implementing epidemiologic studies in this area. The relative strengths and limitations of various study designs for investigating specific health outcomes are emphasized. Also included are more advanced discussions of statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and subsequent applications of data derived from epidemiologic research, as in meta-analysis, pooled analysis, and statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and risk assessment. Since the first edition was published 15 years ago, there have been numerous advances in epidemiologic methods to accommodate a broadened scope of investigations of occupational exposures and associated adverse health outcomes. Thus, in this Second Edition the authors have updated their discussions of methodology to include such topics as case-cohort and case-crossover designs and statistical analysis of repeated measures data, and have expanded the examples they use throughout the book to demonstrate the applications of these methods to a wide range of acute and chronic health outcomes. They have also added a new chapter on occupational health surveillance. Their text is unique for its strong emphasis on the definition and assessment of exposures, the application of quantitative exposure data to epidemiologic models, and the recognition that improvements in workplace risk identification and quantification will come from careful integration of these approaches.

  • Ecosystem Dynamics of the Boreal Forest: The Kluane Project

    This book describes the Kluane Boreal Forest Ecosystem Project which operated from 1986 to 1996 in the southwestern Yukon. It begins by describing the area and its physical setting, and then the background of the project and the wisdom that had accumulated to 1986, on how this system might operate. The details of the experiments set up are presented, partly to help the reader appreciate the difficulty of working at -40 degrees and partly to aid the reader should they contemplate doing similar experiements in the future. Then they examine the three trophic levels of plants, the herbivores, and the predators in detail to provide some surprises about how the individual species operate within the overall system. Finally, they synthesize their findings in a model of the boreal forest vertebrate community, and provide an overview of what they have discovered and what remains to be done. Over the ten years of this project a large number of students and researchers have joined together to produce a picture which makes major advances in our understanding of the boreal forest ecosystem.

  • Visions of Jazz: The First Century

    This text illuminates the lives major figures in jazz history. From Louis Armstrong's renegade style trumpet playing to Frank Sinatra's intimate crooning. The author, Giddins maintains, contrary to the opinion of most jazz enthusiasts, that Armstrongs voice was as much an integral part of creating jazz singing as his trumpet was to creating jazz. Tributes to the great jazz singers are also included. Billie Holiday profoundly impacted music history, and Giddins eloquently honours her "gutted voice, drawled phrasing, and wayworn features". Many artists, such as Irving Berlin and Rosemary Clooney, have been traditionally dismissed by fans and critics as merely popular derivatives of true jazz.

  • Rivers of Eden: The Struggle for Water and the Quest for Peace in the Middle East

    After years of discord, peace in the Middle East now seems close at hand. But the hope of a settlement stands on much shakier ground than the participants suspect, says scientist Daniel Hillel. What they don't see, and what most observers overlook, is that the severely wounded environment of the region threatens to undercut any long-lasting accord. The widespread destruction of vegetation and natural habitats, the erosion of uplands, the desertification of semiarid areas, waterlogging and salinization of valleys, and, most of all, the depletion and pollution of precious water resources--no political formula will promote lasting peace in the Middle East, argues Hillel, unless it addresses these ills. In Rivers of Eden, Hillel examines this natural crisis and explores its crucial role in the political and economic future of this troubled region. He shows how environmental degradation, exacerbated by an uncontrolled explosion of population, is itself a cause of strife in the area, dislocating and disorienting countless people and fomenting despair and extremism. And yet, he adds, since no one country in the region can solve its water problem alone, the very cause of conflict is also an inducement for promoting peace. This hope illuminates Rivers of Eden as it traces the vital issue of water in the Middle East, ranging from its first appearance in folklore and religion to the present. As Hillel shows, the history of civilization in the Middle East is in many ways the story of how societies in this arid environment managed or mismanaged their land and water resources. Here we see how this history plays out from intertribal rivalty (for instance, the legendary "War of Basoos," begun over the errant trespass of a thirsty camel), to the choking of the mighty Nile at Aswan and the slow, salt-poisoned death of Mesopotamia. From the historical and scientific circumstances of the region's water resources, Hillel turns to conflicts brewing even now over the waters of the Euphrates-Tigris, the Nile, the Jordan, and several groundwater aquifers. The future welfare of the Middle East, as of many economies around the world, depends on timely action to resolve these issues. This book offers hope for such a resolution. A world renowned environmental scientist, Hillel has worked throughout the Middle East, as consultant to the governments of Israel, Pakistan, the Sudan, Iran, Egypt, Ethiopia, and elsewhere, and as an advisor to the World Bank. He brings first-hand insight to his account and an urgent concern for the degraded Fertile Crescent, which he believes can and must be rehabilitated. Comprehensive, penetrating, and clear, his book compels the attention of anyone interested in the future of the Middle East and of the environment at large.

  • Mild Cognitive Impairment: Aging to Alzheimer's Disease

    What are the boundary zones between normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD)? Are many elderly people whom we regard as normal actually in the early stages of AD? Alzheimer's disease does not develop overnight; the early phases may last for years or even decades. Recently, clinical investigators have identified a transitional condition between normal aging and and very early Alzheimer's disease that they have called mild cognitive impairment, or MCI. This term typically refers to memory impairment beyond what one would expect in individuals of a given age whose other abilities to function in daily life are well preserved. Persons who meet the criteria for mild cognitive impairment have an increased risk of progressing to Alzheimer's disease in the near future. Though many questions about this condition and its underlying neuropathology remain open, full clinical trials are currently underway worldwide aimed at preventing the progression from MCI to Alzheimer's disease. This book addresses the spectrum of issues involved in mild cognitive impairment, and includes chapters on clinical studies, neuropsychology, neuroimaging, neuropathology, biological markers, diagnostic approaches, and treatment. It is intended for clinicians, researchers, and students interested in aging and cognition, among them neurologists, psychiatrists, geriatricians, clinical psychologists, and neuropsychologists.

  • A Short Story Writer's Companion

    A Short Story Writer's Companion is a concise, practical handbook for students enrolled in creative writing courses focused on short fiction and for all would-be writers who want to improve their knowledge of the structural and technical aspects of short story writing. The text is adapted from the author's previous book: On Writing Short Stories.

  • Toward a More Perfect Union: Virtue and the Formation of American Republics

    This is a book about how the United States Congress tried to impose an austere standard on various popular entertainments and activities during the 1760's and 1770's, and what the popular reaction was to this attempt.

  • Managed Ecosystems: The Mesoamerican Experience

    As human activities in the New World Tropics (Neotropics) increase in intensity and extent, so do the interactions between natural and human-dominated ecosystems. The essays in this book compare the sociocultural and biophysical aspects of managing the resource base in these regions. It describes the potential benefits--and liabilities--of the major food, fuel, and fibre production systems, each one exmined in terms of its potential impact upon resource preservation and utilization. The book is a departure from traditional treatments of agricultural sustainability or natural resources development in that it addresses the specific systems prevalent in the Neotropics, focusing on the flow between agricultural and natural ecosystems.

  • A Dictionary of African Mythology: The Mythmaker As Storyteller

    This collection of fascinating and revealing tales captures the sprawling diversity of African mythology. Four hundred alphabetically arranged entries touch on virtually every aspect of African religious belief, from Africa's great epic themes (dualistic gods, divine tricksters, creator gods, and heroes) to descriptions of major mythic systems (the Dogon, the Asante, and the San) and beyond.

    Scheub covers the entire continent, from the mouth of the Nile to the shores of the Cape of Good Hope, including North African as well as sub-Saharan cultures. His retellings provide information about the respective belief system, the main characters, and related stories or variants. Perhaps most important, Scheub emphasizes the role of mythmaker as storyteller--as a performer for an audience. He studies various techniques, from the rhythmic movements of a Zulu mythmaker's hands to the way a storyteller will play on the familiar context of other myths within her cultural context.

    An invaluable bridge to the richly diverse oral cultures of Africa, this collection uncovers a place where story and storyteller, tradition and performance, all merge.

  • The Roots of American Racism: Essays on the Colonial Experience

    This collection of essays focuses principally on Indian/White and Black/White relations in colonial America. While the princippal concern of the book is on the interaction of culture and races, its more specific focus is on perception and policies, based upon the mental impression whites fashioned to help understand Native American and African American and the colonial policies that evolved from these perceptions.

  • The Devil's Lane: Sex and Race in the Early South

    When Europeans settled in the early South, they quarreled over many things--but few imbroglios were so fierce as battles over land. Landowners wrangled bitterly over boundaries with neighbors and contested areas became known as "the devil's lane." Violence and bloodshed were but some of the consequences to befall those who ventured into these disputed territories. The Devil's Lane highlights important new work on sexuality, race, and gender in the South from the seventeenth- to the nineteenth-centuries. Contributors explore legal history by examining race, crime and punishment, sex across the color line, and slander. Emerging stars and established scholars such as Peter Wood and Carol Berkin weave together the fascinating story of competing agendas and clashing cultures on the southern frontier. One chapter focuses on a community's resistance to a hermaphrodite, where the town court conducted a series of "examinations" to determine the individual's gender. Other pieces address topics ranging from resistance to sexual exploitation on the part of slave women to spousal murders, from interpreting women's expressions of religious ecstasy to a pastor's sermons about depraved sinners and graphic depictions of carnage, all in the name of "exposing" evil, and from a case of infanticide to the practice of state-mandated castration. Several of the authors pay close attention to the social and personal dynamics of interracial women's networks and relationships across place and time. The Devil's Lane illuminates early forms of sexual oppression, inviting comparative questions about authority and violence, social attitudes and sexual tensions, the impact of slavery as well as the twisted course of race relations among blacks, whites, and Indians. Several scholars look particularly at the Gulf South, myopically neglected in traditional literature, and an outstanding feature of this collection. These eighteen original essays reveal why the intersection of sex and race marks an essential point of departure for understanding southern social relations, and a turning point for the field of colonial history. The rich, varied and distinctive experiences showcased in The Devil's Lane provides an extraordinary opportunity for readers interested in women's history, African American history, southern history, and especially colonial history to explore a wide range of exciting issues.

  • Theseus and Athens

    Theseus is celebrated as the greatest of Athenian heroes. This work explores what he meant to the Athenians at the height of their city-state in the fifth century B.C. Assembling material that has been scattered in scholarly works, Henry Walker examines the evidence for the development of the myth and cult of Theseus in the archaic age. He then looks to major works of classical literature in which Theseus figures, exploring the contradictions between the archaic, primitive side of his character and his refurbished image as the patron of democracy. His ambiguous nature as outsider, flouting accepted standards of behavior, while at the same time being a hero-king and a representative of higher ideals, is analysed through his representations in the work of Bacchylides, Euripides, and Sophocles. This is the only work of scholarship that examines the literary representation of Theseus so thoroughly. It brings to life a literary character whose virtues, flaws, and contradictions belong in no less a degree to his creators, the people of Athens.

  • Properties of Materials

    Properties of Materials introduces principles of materials science from the perspective of various properties -- optical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and mechanical -- highlighting the relationships among the properties. Timeless principles are introduced along with the excitement of contemporary materials science. This book will be ideal for students taking an introductory class in materials science, or for those interested in an introduction to the physical aspects of this field.

  • The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

    The dictionary focuses primarily on the 19th and 20th centuries, stressing topics of most interest to Westerners. What emerges is a highly informative look at the religious, political, and social spheres of the modern Islamic world. Naturally, readers will find many entries on topics of intense current interest, such as terrorism and the Taliban, Osama bin Laden and al-Qaida, the PLO and HAMAS. But the coverage goes well beyond recent headlines. There are biographical profiles, ranging from Naguib Mahfouz (the Nobel Prize winner from Egypt) to Malcolm X, including political leaders, influential thinkers, poets, scientists, and writers. Other entries cover major political movements, militant groups, and religious sects as well as terms from Islamic law, culture, and religion, key historical events, and important landmarks (such as Mecca and Medina). A series of entries looks at Islam in individual nations, such as Afghanistan, the West Bank and Gaza, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the United States, and the

  • Fetish: Fashion, Sex, and Power

    Kinky boots, corsets, underwear as outerwear, second-skin garments of rubber and leather, uniforms, body piercing. Today everything from a fetishist's dream appears on the fashion runways. Although some people regard fetish fashion as exploitative and misogynistic, others interpret it as a positive Amazonian statement--couture Catwoman. But the connection between fashion and fetishism goes far beyond a few couture collections. For the past thirty years, the iconography of sexual fetishism has been increasingly assimilated into popular culture. Before Michelle Pfeiffer's Catwoman, there was Mrs. Peel, heroine of the 1960s television show "The Avengers," who wore a black leather catsuit modeled on a real fetish costume. Street styles like punk and the gay "leatherman" look also testify to the influence of fetishism. as interviews with individuals involved in sexual fetishism, sadomasochism, and cross-dressing, to illuminate the complex relationship between appearance and identity. Based on years of research, Fetish: Fashion, Sex & Power explains how a paradigm shift in attitudes toward sex and gender has given rise to the phenomenon of fetish fashion. Providing provocative answers to such questions as: Why is black regarded as the sexiest color? Is fetishizing the norm for males? Does fetish fashion reflect a fear of AIDS? And why do so many people love shoes? Steel shows how human sexuality is never just a matter of doing what comes naturally; fantasy always plays an important role.

  • Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers

    The first edition of Pope and Swenberg's Electronic Processes of Organic Crystals, published in 1982, became the classic reference in the field. It provides a tutorial on the experimental and related theoretical properties of aromatic hydrocarbon crystals and includes emerging work on polymers and superconductivity. This new edition has been expanded to cover the major theoretical and experimental advances over the last fifteen years. It contains a unified description of what is known in almost every aspect of the field. The basic phenomena covered in the first edition included fluorescence, exciton and charge carrier generation, transport, recombination, and photoemission; the new edition adds solitons, polarons, bipolarons, spin waves, and charge density waves. It provides in-depth coverage of such model polymers such as polyacetylene, polydiacetylene, poly (phenylene-vinylene), polyanilines, polysilanes, and fullerenes. It also provides detailed treatments of the expanding areas of electroluminescence, non-linear optics, organic magnets, organic superconductors, and Langmuir-Blodgett films. In addition, it contains a chapter on major applications, including LED's, photocopiers, photoconductors, batteries, transistors, liquid crystals, photorefractive devices, and sensors. As in the first volume, the authors take informed positions in controversial areas. This book will be an essential reference for organic material scientists, whether they are experienced researchers or just entering the field. It will also be a reliable guide to anyone interested in this rapidly growing field

  • Experimental and Clinical Neurotoxicology

    The first edition of this highly acclaimed reference work was published in 1980. Since then no other book has approached the breadth, scholarship and the balance of this book. For this long-awaited second edition, the original editors have been joined by Albert Ludolph, who brings in expertise in biological neurotoxicology. In the introductory chapters, an overview of the biological basis of neurotoxicity provides the groundwork for discussing the scope of human and veterinary neurotoxic disease. The bulk of the text is devoted to an encyclopaedic treatment of chemicals with neurotoxic potential. This consists of tightly written overviews of the properties, actions and mechanisms of all manner of substances, whether natural or synthetic. The neurotoxic mechanisms of experimental agents and adverse effects of therapeutic and abused drugs are covered extensively. Environmental pollutants, workplace contaminants, personal-use products, food additives and agents harboured by plants, animals and humans for use against their respective enemies are all included. Each substance is rated on a three-point scale for the weight of evidence indicating a specific neurotoxic effect in humans, animals, or laboratory models. These effects are summarised and cross-referenced in a series of appendices and an extensive index. This book will be indispensable to experimental neuroscientists, toxicologists, and practitioners of human and animal medicine. It also provides an authoritative, critical and pithy reference work for public health specialists and those within the legal profession.

  • Causation and Persistence: A Theory of Causation

    Ehring shows the inadequacy of received theories of causation, and, introducing conceptual devices of his own, provides a wholly new account of causation as the persistence over time of individual properties, or "tropes."

  • Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: Law and the Inner Self

    In this book G. Edward White, the acclaimed biographer of Earl Warren and one of America's most esteemed legal scholars, provides a rounded portrait of a remarkable jurist. White provides a vivid portrait of Holmes's life and an astute commentary on his legal writings, including the classic work, The Common Law. He reveals that some of the themes that have dominated twentieth-century American jurisprudence DS including protection for free speech and the belief that judges make the law DS originated in Holmes's work. Suggesting that understanding Holmes's life is crucial to understanding his work, White continually stresses the connections between Holmes's legal career and his personal life.

  • Pattern Matching Algorithms

    Issues of matching and searching on elementary discrete structures arise pervasively in computer science and many of its applications, and their relevance is expected to grow as information is amassed and shared at an accelerating pace. Several algorithms were discovered as a result of these needs, which in turn created the subfield of Pattern Matching. This book provides an overview of the current state of Pattern Matching as seen by specialists who have devoted years of study to the field. It covers most of the basic principles and presents material advanced enough to faithfully portray the current frontier of research. Because of these recent advances, this is the right time for a book that brings together information relevant to both graduate students and specialists in need of an in-depth reference.

  • Soils and Geomorphology

    First published in 1974, this text has been popular amond soil scientists, geomorphologists, geologists, geographers, and archaeologists. This third edition will retain the popular format, "factors of soil formation," whjile offering a greater number of topics and examples -- particularly in the chapters, "Weathering and Soil Development with Time" and "Topography -- Soil Relations with Time in Different Climatic Settings." It places greater emphasis on the role of dust in pedogenesis, and includes new data on tropical soil development, global soil-loss relations, neotectonics, and reduction processes. The text discussses field applications such as the use of soils in recognizing climate change, estimating the age of geological depositws, and dealing with environmental problems such as acid rain. "How-to" appendices have been addded, and the section on paleosls has been expanded.

  • Melting the Earth: The History of Ideas on Volcanic Eruptions

    For centuries humans have puzzled over volcanoes. Why do volcanoes erupt? How do they work? Professor Sigurdsson, an eminent volcanologist whose work has been featured in two National Geographic television specials, traces in this book the history of ideas about volcanoes, a history spanning more than 2,000 years --- from the notions of the ancient Greeks to the more scientific, experimentally based theories of today. Underlying his stories is an endeavour to answer the question: How do rocks melt in the Earth?

  • The Oxford Anthology of African-American Poetry

    For over two centuries, black poets have created verse that captures the sorrows, joys, and triumphs of the African-American experience. Reflecting their variety of visions and styles, The Oxford Anthology of African-American Poetry aims to offer nothing less than a definitive literary portrait of a people. Here are poems by writers as different as Paul Laurence Dunbar and W.E.B. Du Bois; Countee Cullen and Langston Hughes; Gwendolyn Brooks and Amiri Baraka; Rita Dove and Harryette Mullen; Yusef Komunyakaa and Nathaniel Mackey. Acclaimed as a biographer and editor, Arnold Rampersad groups these poems as meditations on key issues in black culture, including the idea of Africa; the South; slavery; protest and resistance; the black man, woman, and child; sexuality and love; music and religion; spirituality; death and transcendence. With their often starkly contrasting visions and styles, these poets illuminate some of the more controversial and intimate aspects of the black American experience. Poetry here is not only or mainly a vehicle of protest but also an exploration of the complex and tender subtleties of black culture. One section offers tributes to celebrated leaders such as Sojourner Truth and Malcolm X, but many more reflect the heroism compelled by everyday black life. The variety of poetic forms and language captures the brilliant essence of English as mastered by black Americans dedicated to the art of poetry. Loving and yet also honest and unsparing, The Oxford Anthology of African-American Poetry is for readers who treasure both poetry and the genius of black America.

  • Experimental Ecology: Issues and Perspectives

    Experimentation is a dominant approach in contemporary ecological research, pervading studies at all levels of biological organization and across diverse taxa and habitats. This book assembles perspectives from ecologists using a wide range of experimental approaches, ranging from laboratory microcosms to manipulations of entire ecosystems, to assess the strengths, and the limitations of experimentation in answering fundamental ecological questions.

  • Talk Is Cheap: Sarcasm, Alienation, and the Evolution of Language

    Putting aside questions of truth and falsehood, the old 'talk is cheap' maxim carries as much weight as ever. Indeed, perhaps more. For one need not be an expert in irony or sarcasm to realize that people don't necessarily mean what they say. Phrases such as 'Yeah, right' and 'I could care less' are so much a part of the way we speak - and the way we live - that we are more likely to notice when they are absent (for example, Forrest Gump). From our everyday dialogues and conversations ('Thanks a lot!') to the screenplays of our popular films (Pulp Fiction), what is said is frequently very different from what is meant. Talk is Cheap begins with this telling observation and proceeds to argue that such 'unplain speaking' is fundamentally embedded in the way we now talk. Author John Haiman traces this sea-change in our use of language to the emergence of a postmodern 'divided self' who is hyper-conscious that what he or she is saying has been said before; 'cheap talk' thus allows us to distance ourselves from a social role with which we are uncomfortable. Haiman goes on to examine the full range of these pervasive distancing mechanisms, from cliches and quotation marks to camp and parody. Also, and importantly, Haiman highlights several ways in which language is evolving (and has evolved) from non-linguistic behaviour. In other words, this study shows us how what we are saying is continually separating itself from how we say it. As provocative as it is timely, the book will be fascinating reading for students of linguistics, literature, communication, anthropology, philosophy, and popular culture.

  • Methods in Observational Epidemiology

    Providing a comprehensive picture of the design, conduct, analysis, and interpretation of non-experimental studies of both infectious and non-infectious diseases, the Second Edition of this widely used text has been thoroughly updated to take into account the numerous developments in epidemiology over the past decade. Since the first edition was published in 1986, additional sources of data have become available through the increasing use of computerized records for health-related purposes. Also, a better understanding of the uses and limitations of certain epidemiologic concepts has been gained. Modifications of traditional study designs, including nested case-control studies and case-cohort studies, are now more frequently employed. Biological markers of exposure, disease susceptibility, and disease itself are used in many studies and methods of statistical analysis have been further developed. All of these developments have been considered in writing the Second Edition. The authors cover the full scope of observational studies, describing in detail cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, and epidemic investigation. The use of statistical procedures is described in easy-to-understand terms. Sample size estimation, sampling, measurement, and measurement error are fully discussed. Each chapter in the second edition has been updated and several chapters have been expanded. Chapter 3, which summarizes sources of data on disease occurrence, includes several additional sources of data. Chapter 5, which describes modifications of traditional study designs, now contains nested case-control and case-cohort studies. Chapter 15, on other types of measurement, has been expanded to include sections on measurement in epidemiologic studies of the elderly and on biological markers since these have become major areas of epidemiologic research in recent years. Much of the material in Chapters 6, 7, and 9 on the analysis of data from epidemiologic studies is also new to this edition. Perhaps the greatest challenge for the authors in writing this Second Edition was to make some of the modern, frequently used methods of statistical analysis understandable to readers with a limited mathematical or statistical background. Although this book is intended for readers who have had introductory courses in epidemiology and biostatistics, even readers who do not fully comprehend the theory behind some of the techniques should understand the rationale for their use and be able to interpret results when they appear on a computer printout or in the literature. The Second Edition of this widely used text will serve as a practical resource for students and practitioners of epidemiology, public health and biostatistics.

  • International Monetary Economics

    It focuses clearly and simply on the underlying economics of exchange rate dtermination and balance of payments. In Part I the author presents basic concepts within historical perspectives of the US and Global Economy. Part II intriduces a basic analytical model - usable with fixed and floating exchange rates, in which capital mobility is complete, real exchange rates are variable, and investment spending is endogenous. Variants of the model are used for short and long-run comparative static analysis. In addition, there is a relatively long chapter devoted to dynamic analysis with rational expectations. Part III contains three chapters on policy, including a full chapter on the European Moneatry System.

  • Demand System Specification and Estimation

    This is a book on demand analysis that links economic theory to empirical analysis. The first part shows how theory can be used to specify equation systems suitable for empirical analysis. The second part discusses demand systems estimation using both per capita time series data and household budget data.

  • Fractals in Molecular Biophysics

    Historically, science has strived to reduced complex problems to its simplest components, but more recently, it has recognized the merit of studying complex phenomena in situ. Fractal geometry is one such appealing approach, and this book discusses their application to complex problems in molecular biophysics. It provides a detailed, unified treatment of fractal aspects of protein and structure dynamics, fractal reaction kinetics in biochemical systems, sequence correlations in DNA and proteins, and descriptors of chaos in enzymatic systems. In an area that has been slow to acknowledge the use of fractals, this is an important addition to the literature, offering a glimpse of the wealth of possible applications. application to complex problems

  • Lorenz Hart: A Poet on Broadway

    Lorenz Hart singlehandedly changed the craft of lyric writing. When Larry Hart first met Dick Rodgers in 1919, the commercial song lyric consisted of tired cliches and cloying Victorian sentimentality. Hart changed all that, always avoiding the obvious, aiming for the unexpected phrase that would twang the nerve or touch the heart. Endowed with both a buoyant wit and a tender, almost raw sincerity, Hart brought a poetic complexity to his art, capturing the everday way people talk and weaving it into his lyrics. Songs had never been written like that before, and afterwards it seemed impossible that songs would ever be written any other way. Lorenz Hart: A Poet on Broadway presents the public triumphs of a true genius of the American musical theatre, and the personal tragedies of a man his friend the singer Mabel Mercer described as "the saddest man I ever knew." Author Frederick Nolan began researching this definitive biography in 1968, tracking down and interviewing Hart's friends and collaborators one by one, including a remarkable conversation with Richard Rodgers himself. A veritable who's who of Broadway's golden age, including Joshua Logan, Gene Kelly, George Abbott and many more, recall their uncensored and often hilarious, sometimes poignant memories of the cigar-chomping wordsmith who composed some of the best lyrics ever concocted for the Broadway stage, but who remained forever lost and lonely in the crowds of hangers-on he attracted. A portrait of Hart emerges as a Renaissance and endearing bon vivant conflicted by his homosexuality and ultimately torn apart by alcoholism. Nolan skillfully pulls together the chaotic details of Hart's remarkable life, beginning with his bohemian upbringing in turn of the century Harlem. Here are his first ventures into show business, and the 24-year-old Hart's first meeting with the 16-year-old Richard Rodgers. "Neither of us mentioned it," Rodgers later recalled, "but we evidently knew we would work together, and I left Hart's house having acquired in one afternoon a career, a best friend, and a source of permanent irritation." Nolan captures it all: the team's early setbacks, the spectacular hour-long standing ovation for their hit song, "Manhattan," the Hollywood years (which inspired Hart to utter the immortal line, "Just because you're paranoid doesn't mean the bastards aren't out to get you"), and the unforgettable string of hit shows that included "On Your Toes," "The Boys from Syracuse," and their masterpiece, "Pal Joey." But while success made Rodgers more confident, more musically daring, and more disciplined, for Hart the round of parties, wisecracks, and most of all drinking began to take more and more of a toll on his work. When Hart's unreliability forced Rodgers reluctantly to seek out another lyricist, Oscar Hammerstein II, and their collaboration resulted in the unprecedented artistic and commercial success of "Oklahoma," Hart never truly recovered. Meticulously researched and rich with anecdotes that capture the excitement, the hilarity, the dizzying heights, and the crushing lows of a life on Broadway, Lorenz Hart is the story of an American original.

  • Making Malcolm: The Myth and Meaning of Malcolm X

    Twenty years after his assassination, what is it about Malcolm X's life and words that speaks so powerfully to so many? In Making Malcolm, Michael Eric Dyson probes the myths and meanings of Malcolm X for our time. From Spike Lee's film biography to Eugene Wolfenstein's psychobiographical study, from hip-hop culture to gender and racial politics, Dyson cuts a critical swathe through both the idolization and the vicious caricatures that have undermined appreciation of Malcolm's greatest accomplishments. A rare and important book, Making Malcolm casts new light not only on the life and career of a seminal black leader, but on the aspirations and passions of the growing numbers who have seized on his life for insight and inspiration.

  • Lutheranism, Anti-Judaism, and Bach's St. John Passion: With an Annotated Literal Translation of the Libretto

    Bach's St. John Passion is surely one of the monuments of Western music, yet performances are inevitably controversial. In large part, this is because of the combination of the powerful and highly emotional music and a text that includes passages from a gospel marked by vehement anti-Judaic sentiments. What did this masterpiece mean in Bach's day and what does it mean today? Although bibliographies on Bach and Judaism have grown enormously since World War II, there has been very little work on the relationship between the two areas. This is hardly surprising; Judaica scholars and culture critics focusing on issues of anti-Semitism commonly lack musical training and are, in any event, quite reasonably interested in even more pressing social and political issues. Bach scholars, on the other hand, have mostly concentrated on narrowly defined musical topics. Strangely, therefore, almost no scholarly attention has been given to relationships between Lutheranism and the religion of Judaism as they affect Bach's most controversial work, the St. John Passion. Through a reappraisal of Bach's work and its contexts, Marissen confronts Bach and Judaism directly, providing interpretive commentary that could serve as a basis for a more informed and sensitive discussion of this troubling work. Consisting of a long interpretive essay, followed by an annotated literal translation of the libretto, a guide to recorded examples, and a detailed bibliography, this concise text provides the reader with the tools to assess the work on its own terms and in the appropriate context.

  • Philosophical Perspectives on Sex and Love

    Reflecting the trend over the last twenty years to examine more thoroughly the nature of love and sexuality within a philosophical context, this eclectic anthology presents numerous perspectives on sexual roles and norms, eroticism, pornography, feminism, prostitution, perversion, friendship, and familial love. Philosophical Perspectives on Sex and Love is the most up-to-date appraisal of these most fundamental and timeless of human attributes, featuring the work of thinkers from antiquity and the Middle Ages as well as the modern era. On the subject of erotic love, Stewart offers insight from Plato's Symposium, as well as Solomon's more contemporary "The Virtue of (Erotic) Love". There are also reflections on "Sexual Perversion" from Nagel, and the editor himself explores "Moral Criticisms and the Social Meaning of Prostitution." From Graybosch we have "Parents, Children, and Friends", and David Hume opens a window onto the ethics of sexuality through his "Of Chastity and Modesty." Care has been taken to present different positions on the most controversial issues, and the vast majority of selections are offered in their entirety. Invaluable for courses in social philosophy, sexuality, social ethics, and feminism, no other volume can give students a more comprehensive discussion of love's countless dimensions.

  • The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation

    How has Japan become a major economic power, a world leader in the automotive and electronics industries? What is the secret of their success? The consensus has been that, though the Japanese are not particularly innovative, they are exceptionally skilful at imitation, at improving products that already exist. But now two leading Japanese business experts, Ikujiro Nonaka and Hiro Takeuchi, turn this conventional wisdom on its head: Japanese firms are successful, they contend, precisely because they are innovative, because they create new knowledge and use it to produce successful products and technologies. Examining case studies drawn from such firms as Honda, Canon, Matsushita, NEC, 3M, GE, and the U.S. Marines, this book reveals how Japanese companies translate tacit to explicit knowledge and use it to produce new processes, products, and services.

  • Religion of the Gods: Ritual, Paradox, and Reflexivity

    This book seeks to explain an enigmatic and paradoxical image common to many of the world religions, both polytheistic and monotheistic--that of the god who worships. Drawing on a broad array of comparative evidence, including examples from Indian, Iranian, Germanic, Jewish, Christian, and Islamic religions, Patton fashions a new theory of "divine reflexivity," according to which the gods create, model, and comment upon those practices with which they are related, not just as recipients but as prototypes. This theory offers a satisfying basis of interpretation for such disparate cases as the bull- slaying god of Mithraism, and the sacrifice of Christ on the cross as repeated in the Christian mass. With its new explanation of a fascinating religious phenomenon, this book will be of great to both comparativists and to scholars of the individual religions discussed.

  • Data Structures Via C++: Objects by Evolution

    This text is designed for a CS2 data structures course using C++ as the base programming language. The author introduces Object-Oriented Programming concepts in the context of traditional data structures and alghorithms, emphasizing encapsulation from the beginning and gradually bringing in generics, inheritance and polymorphism as the book progresses. Real world examples present the material in a way that makes the text accessible to students. All supporting materials, including source code, will be available to the faculty and students via the World Wide Web.

  • The Inner Kalacakratantra: A Buddhist Tantric View of the Individual

    The Kalacakratantra is the latest and most comprehensive Buddhist Tantra that is available in its original Sanskrit. This will be the first thorough academic work to be published on this Tantra. The Kalacakratantra's five chapters are classified into three categories: Outer, Inner, and Other Kalacakratantra. The present work concentrates on the Inner Kalacakratantra, which deals with the nature of a human being. It focuses particularly on the second chapter of the Kalacakratantra, called 'The Chapter on the Individual'. Noting that this crucial chapter is closely related to the other chapters of this Tantra, however, Wallace discusses its topics in their relationship to the larger concepts of the Kalacakratantra's view of the individual which is shown to be inseparable from its view of the universe, discussed in the first chapter. Similarly, the understanding of the person becomes clear only when examined in the light of the tantric yoga practices described in the third, fourth, and fifth chapters.

  • Purgatorio: The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri, Vol. 2

    The second volume of Oxford's new Divine Comedy presents the Italian text of the Purgatorio and, on facing pages, a new prose translation. Continuing the story of the poet's journey through the medieval Other World under the guidance of the Roman poet Virgil, the Purgatorio culminates in the regaining of the Garden of Eden and the reunion there with the poet's long-lost love Beatrice. This new edition of the Italian text takes recent critical editions into account, and Durling's prose translation, like that of the Inferno, is unprecedented in its accuracy, eloquence, and closeness to Dante's syntax. Martinez' and Durling's notes are designed for the first-time reader of the poem but include a wealth of new material unavailable elsewhere. The extensive notes on each canto include innovative sections sketching the close relation to passages--often similarly numbered cantos--in the Inferno. Fifteen short essays explore special topics and controversial issues, including Dante's debts to Virgil and Ovid, his radical political views, his original conceptions of homosexuality, of moral growth, and of eschatology. As in the Inferno, there is an extensive bibliography and four useful indexes. Robert Turner's illustrations include maps, diagrams of Purgatory and the cosmos, and line drawings of objects and places mentioned in the poem.

  • John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

    John Rawls was one of the most important political philosophers of our time, and promises to be an enduring figure over the coming decades. His Theory of Justice (1971) has had a profound impact across philosophy, politics, law, and economics. Nonetheless Rawlsian theory is not easy to understand, particularly for beginners, and his writing can be dense and forbidding. Thomas Pogge's short introduction (originally published in German) gives a thorough and concise presentation of the main outlines of Rawls's theory, introduces biographical information when necessary, and draws links between the Rawlsian enterprise and other important positions in moral and political philosophy.

  • The Innate Capacity: Mysticism, Psychology, and Philosophy

    This book is the sequel to Robert Forman's well-received collection, The Problem of Pure Consciousness (Oxford, 1990). The essays in the earlier volume argued that some mystical experiences do not seem to be formed or shaped by the language system--a thesis that stands in sharp contradistinction to deconstruction in general and to the "constructivist" school of mysticism in particular, which holds that all mysticism is the product of a cultural and linguistic process. In The Innate Capacity, Forman and his colleagues put forward a hypothesis about the formative causes of these "pure consciousness" experiences. All of the contributors agree that mysticism is the result of an innate human capacity, rather than a learned, socially conditioned and constructive process. The innate capacity is understood in several different ways. Many perceive it as an expression of human consciousness per se, awareness itself. Some hold that consciousness should be understood as a built-in link to some hidden, transcendent aspect of the world, and that a mystical experience is the experience of that inherent connectedness. Another thesis that appears frequently is that mystics realize this innate capacity through a process of releasing the hold of the ego and the conceptual system. The contributors here look at mystical experience as it is manifested in a variety of religious and cultural settings, including Hindu Yoga, Buddhism, Sufism, and medieval Christianity. Taken together, the essays constitute an important contribution to the ongoing debate about the nature of human consciousness and mystical experience and its relation to the social and cultural contexts in which it appears.

  • The Distaff Side: Representing the Female in Homer's Odyssey.

    Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, this study examines the different representations of women in the Odyssey and their significance within the context of the poem and Greek culture. A central theme of the book is the visualization of the Odyssey's female characters by ancient artists, and several essays discuss the visual and iconographic implications of Odysseus' female encounters in Greek, Etruscan, and Roman art. Feminine in orientation, but not narrowly feminist in approach, this first interdisciplinary work on the Odyssey's female characters will have a broad audience among scholars and students working in classical studies, iconography and art history, women's studies, mythology, and ancient history.

  • The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?

    Are Islam and the West on a collision course? From the Ayatollah Khomeini to Saddam Hussein, the image of Islam as a militant, expansionist, and rabidly anti-American religion has gripped the minds of Western governments and media. But these perceptions, John L. Esposito writes, stem from a long history of mutual distrust, criticism, and condemnation, and are far too simplistic to help us understand one of the most important political issues of our time. In this new edition of The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?, Esposito places the challenge of Islam in critical perspective. Exploring the vitality of this religion as a global force and the history of its relations with the West, Esposito demonstrates the diversity of the Islamic resurgence--and the mistakes our analysts make in assuming a hostile, monolithic Islam. This third edition has been expanded to include new material on current affairs in Turkey, Afghanistan, Palestine, and Southeast Asia, as well as a discussion of international terrorism.

  • Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology

    We have long recognized technology as a driving force behind much historical and cultural change. The invention of the printing press initiated the Reformation. The development of the compass ushered in the Age of Exploration and the discovery of the New World. The cotton gin created the conditions that led to the Civil War. Now, in Beyond Engineering, science writer Robert Pool turns the question around to examine how society shapes technology. Drawing on such disparate fields as history, economics, risk analysis, management science, sociology, and psychology, Pool illuminates the complex, often fascinating interplay between machines and society, in a book that will revolutionize how we think about technology. We tend to think that reason guides technological development, that engineering expertise alone determines the final form an invention takes. But if you look closely enough at the history of any invention, says Pool, you will find that factors unrelated to engineering seem to have an almost equal impact. In his wide-ranging volume, he traces developments in nuclear energy, automobiles, light bulbs, commercial electricity, and personal computers, to reveal that the ultimate shape of a technology often has as much to do with outside and unforeseen forces. For instance, Pool explores the reasons why steam-powered cars lost out to internal combustion engines. He shows that the Stanley Steamer was in many ways superior to the Model T--it set a land speed record in 1906 of more than 127 miles per hour, it had no transmission (and no transmission headaches), and it was simpler (one Stanley engine had only twenty-two moving parts) and quieter than a petrol engine--but the steamers were killed off by factors that had little or nothing to do with their engineering merits, including the Stanley twins' lack of business acumen and an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease. Pool illuminates other aspects of technology as well. He traces how seemingly minor decisions made early along the path of development can have profound consequences further down the road, and perhaps most important, he argues that with the increasing complexity of our technological advances--from nuclear reactors to genetic engineering--the number of things that can go wrong multiplies, making it increasingly difficult to engineer risk out of the equation. Citing such catastrophes as Bhopal, Three Mile Island, the Exxon Valdez, the Challenger, and Chernobyl, he argues that is it time to rethink our approach to technology. The days are gone when machines were solely a product of larger-than-life inventors and hard-working engineers. Increasingly, technology will be a joint effort, with its design shaped not only by engineers and executives but also psychologists, political scientists, management theorists, risk specialists, regulators and courts, and the general public. Whether discussing bovine growth hormone, molten-salt reactors, or baboon-to-human transplants, Beyond Engineering is an engaging look at modern technology and an illuminating account of how technology and the modern world shape each other.

  • Collaborative Advantage: Winning through Extended Enterprise Supplier Networks

    Why has Chrysler been twice as profitable as GM and Ford during the 1990s even though it is a much smaller company with plants that are less efficient than Ford's? Why does Toyota continue to have substantial productivity and quality advantages long after knowledge of the Toyota Production System has diffused to competitors? The answer, according to Jeff Dyer, is that Toyota and Chrysler have been the first in their industry to recognize that the fundamental unit of competition has changed--from the individual firm to the extended enterprise. In this book Dyer demonstrates the power of collaborative advantage, arguing that, in the future, competitive advantage will increasingly be created by teams of companies, rather than by the single firm. Managers who do not recognize this development--regardless of their industry--are in danger of adopting the wrong strategies for their firms. Dyer draws on eight years of study of the automotive industry, including a wealth of data from interviews with over 200 executives and surveys of over 500 suppliers, as he offers detailed case studies of Toyota and Chrysler to show managers how to create collaborative advantage with their supplier networks. Dyer demonstrates how to build trust in the extended enterprise, how to exploit and manage knowledge (describing how Toyota manages knowledge across organizational boundaries), and how to create advantages through dedicated asset investments. In turn, these processes generate stunning performance advantages and an identity for the extended enterprise. To be successful in future years, executives will have to convert their corporations into fully integrated, extended enterprises. In Collaborative Advantage, Jeff Dyer shows them how.

  • X-Ray Diffraction and the Identification and Analysis of Clay Minerals

    Used as a reference for both researchers and workers in the industry, this newly revised second edition, explores the applications and limitations of data produced by the interaction of X-rays with crystalline minerals, adding two completely new chapters on disordered polytypes using X-Ray powder diffraction, and clay minerals in soils. Essential in agriculture and in making informed engineering decisions, this book offers the necessary knowledge of the properties of these minerals, combining theoretical discussion with recipe-like directions.

  • Evolutionary Dynamics of Organizations

    The book presents the latest research and theory about evolutionary change in organizations. It brings together the work of organizational theorists who have challenged the orthodox adaptation views that prevailed until the beginning of the 1980s. It emphasizes multiple levels of change - distinguishing change at the intraorganizational level, the organizational level, the population level, and the community level. The book is organized in a way that gives order and coherence to what has been a diverse and multidisciplinary field. (The book had its inception at a conference held at the Stern School of Business, New York University, January 1992.)

  • On Modern Jewish Politics

    This book is a concise guide to and analysis of the complexities of modern Jewish politics in the interwar European and American diaspora. "Jewish politics" refers to the different and opposing visions of the Jewish future as formulated by various Jewish political parties and organizations and their efforts to implement their programs and thereby solve the "Jewish question." Mendelsohn begins by attempting a typology of these Jewish political parties and organizations, dividing them into a number of schools or "camps." He then suggests a "geography" of Jewish politics by locating the core areas of the various camps. There follows an analysis of the competition among the various Jewish political camps for hegemony in the Jewish world--an analysis that pays particular attention to the situation in the United States and Poland, the two largest diasporas, in the 1920s and 1930s. The final chapters ask the following questions: what were the sources of appeal of the various Jewish political camps (such as the Jewish left and Jewish nationalism), to what extent did the various factions succeed in their efforts to implement their plans for the Jewish future, and how were Jewish politics similar to, or different from, the politics of other minority groups in Europe and America? Mendelsohn concludes with a discussion of the great changes that have occurred in the world of Jewish politics since World War II.

  • Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness

    A New York Times bestseller when it appeared in 1989, Roger Penrose's The Emperor's New Mind was universally hailed as a marvelous survey of modern physics as well as a brilliant reflection on the human mind, offering a new perspective on the scientific landscape and a visionary glimpse of the possible future of science. Now, in Shadows of the Mind, Penrose offers another exhilarating look at modern science as he mounts an even more powerful attack on artificial intelligence. But perhaps more important, in this volume he points the way to a new science, one that may eventually explain the physical basis of the human mind. Penrose contends that some aspects of the human mind lie beyond computation. This is not a religious argument (that the mind is something other than physical) nor is it based on the brain's vast complexity (the weather is immensely complex, says Penrose, but it is still a computable thing, at least in theory). Instead, he provides powerful arguments to support his conclusion that there is something in the conscious activity of the brain that transcends computation - and will find no explanation in terms of present-day science. To illuminate what he believes this "something" might be, and to suggest where a new physics must proceed so that we may understand it, Penrose cuts a wide swathe through modern science, providing penetrating looks at everything from Turing computability and Godel's incompleteness, via Schrodinger's Cat and the Elitzur-Vaidman bomb-testing problem, to detailed microbiology. Of particular interest is Penrose's extensive examination of quantum mechanics, which introduces some new ideas that differ markedly from those advanced in The Emperor's NewMind, especially concerning the mysterious interface where classical and quantum physics meet. But perhaps the most interesting wrinkle in Shadows of the Mind is Penrose's excursion into microbiology, where he examines cytoskeletons and microtubules, minute substructures lying dee

  • Organizations in Industry: Strategy, Structure, and Selection

    This is a supplementary textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses in organizational behaviour, organizational theory, and organizational sociology. Each chapter is written by experts in a particular industry and demonstrates both positive and negative results when specific theories are applied in the actual companies.

  • Neopatriarchy: A Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society

    Sharabi argues that the historical patriarchal authority structure of the Middle East has not succumbed to modernization and disappeared or even been fundamentally revised. Instead it lives on as neopatriarchy: an inherited patriarchal authority which manifests itself at the level of the state and the family in the form of modernity, while retaining the essence of patriarchy in family, clan, and religion. At the heart of the problem is a petty-bourgeois elite that has frozen further political and social development by frustrating the emergence of a full-blown bourgeois class or an empowered proletariat. Disquieting forces such as sexism and fundamentalism become the end result of the overall societal stagnation.

  • Nonlinear Pricing

    Nonlinear pricing is pricing that is strictly proportional to the quantity purchased. For example, railroad tariffs are often based on weight, volume, and distance to be shipped; airlines offer frequent flyer bonuses based on miles flown; electric utilities charge different rates for different amounts of electricity used combined with the time it is used based on peak power demands. The book is divided into two parts. The first in a non-mathematical discussion of nonlinear pricing and the second part is more technical and is intended for readers interested in advanced topics.

  • Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy: An Introduction

    A core textbook for courses on electron microscopy Ideal for use in any laboratory, this book presents the practical and theoretical fundamentals of scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Clear and concise explanations coupled with instructive diagrams and photographs guide you through: * microscope operation * image production * analytical techniques Specimen preparation is discussed in detail with emphasis on specific parameters for biological specimens. This unique book covers the essentials of scanning and transmission electron microscopy while leaving the laboratory particulars to individual discretion. Unmatched in scope and clarity, this text offers the best introduction to scanning and transmission electron microscopy available.

  • God of Abraham

    Goodman shows how human values illuminate the idea of God, which in turn sheds light on our value concerns. Drawing on a wealth of traditional and philosophical material including Jewish sources, he shows how an adequate understanding of the interplay of values with monotheism can dissolve many of the longstanding problems of natural theology and ethics and guide us to a genuinely humanistic moral and social philosophy.

  • On Writing Short Stories

    On Writing Short Stories is a combination text/anthology for college courses in writing short stories (creative writing). It contains nine pedagogical chapters on writing short stories by seven professional writers and a selection of 12 short story examples.

  • The Defect Chemistry of Metal Oxides

    This book is designed to help those with little or no background in the field of defect chemistry to apply its principles and to interpret the related behaviour of materials. It is the product of a course for advanced undergraduates and graduate students that the author taught at Lehigh University for over twenty years. The course is highly interdisciplinary and has been attended by students from the departments of chemical engineering, chemistry, electrical engineering, computer science, geology, materials science and engineering, and physics. The book is intended for use either as a text on such a course, or as a reference work that covers the major principles of defect chemistry.

  • Crowns of Glory, Tears of Blood: The Demerara Slave Rebellion of 1823

    A remarkable study of one of the most massive slave rebellions in the history of the Western Hemisphere. In 1823 Demerara (now Guyana), 60,000 black slaves rose up against their British masters and then were brutally put down. With gripping narrative, this book explores the conflicts within the society that gave the rebellion life, and the larger historical forces that finally put slavery to an end.

  • The Logical Foundations of Cognition

    This volume, the fourth in the Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science published by OUP, examines the role of logic in cognitive psychology in light of recent developments. Gonzalo Reyes's new semantic theory has brought the fields of cognitive psychology and logic closer together, and has shed light on how children may master proper names and count nouns, and thus acquire knowledge. The chapters highlight the inadequacies of classical logic in its handling of ordinary language and reveals the prospects of applying the new theory of kinds to cognitive psychology, cognitive science, linguistics, the philosophy of language and logic.

  • Networks for Computer Scientists and Engineers

    Designed for undergraduate computer science and engineering students, Networks for Computer Scientists and Engineers by Youlu Zheng and Shakil Akhtar includes both fundamental theory and modern technologies. It covers LAN, WAN, and high-speed networking technologies; OSI seven layers; data communications; network performance and programming; and management and security. Each chapter contains problem sets and up-to-date references to current World Wide Web sites. This data communications and networks textbook includes numerous figures, examples, summaries, review questions, a glossary, and references. Answers to the review questions are provided in the accompanying instructor's manual. A progressive and cumulative approach to presenting material provides students with a better understanding of complex concepts as each chapter effectively builds on previous information. One of the unique and innovative features of Networks for Computer Scientists and Engineers is its instructor's manual and CD, which provide software development projects and step-by-step instructions for constructing a cost-effective prototype network lab, using resources available to most four-year colleges. The projects are not merely samples but complete software packages with real applications that have been thoroughly tested by professors and students at several universities. The CD-ROM contains lab materials, the LINUX operating system, and program source codes for the software projects. Since today's service-oriented network environment requires supervisor privilege for all management and security functions, this cost-effective prototype not only demonstrates how different protocols and components are integrated into a heterogeneous network, but also provides an ideal environment for trouble-shooting and experimental network management. Networks for Computer Scientists and Engineers, the accompanying software projects, and the prototype lab actively engage students in the learning process and provide opportunities for critical thinking, problem solving, and creativity in a controlled real-world setting.

  • Prolegomena to the Qur'an

    Al-Khu'i (1899-1992) was one of the most respected Shi'i scholars of this century. This book, published in Arabic in 1974, presents al-Khu'is ideas on the interpretation of the Qur'an. In it, al-Khu'i treats many critical and controversial topics associated with the collection and canonization of the text, including the possible alterations to the Qur'an introduced by succeeding generations of reciters. Throughout, he stresses the importance of understanding the historical setting in which the Qur'an was revealed in order to apply its provisions appropriately in contemporary Muslim society.

  • Workbook of Epidemiology

    This text deals with the design and accuracy of epidemiologic studies. It will give students a clear understanding of the research strategies used in experimental and non-experimental studies to ask the right questions, select the study population and follow-up period, obtain information on exposures, follow up disease occurrence, etc. Each step in the planning or critical evaluation of a study is illustrated by exercises based on actual studies. These exercises cover a wide range of exposures (including dietary factors, tobacco, alcohol, drugs, and radiation and occupational hazards) and diseases.

  • Uncommon Sense: The Heretical Nature of Science

    Uncommon Sense is an innovative and lively examination of science and its historical development as an "unnatural" mode of thought. This book looks at why science developed in the West and what its implications have been for our society. This book will also challenge many assumptions about the nature and role of science in our world. Professor of Physics, Alan Cromer, examines not only the history of science and its unique mode of thought but also the way that science is taught and suggests ways of restructuring the curriculum. Uncommon Sense is an illuminating look at science, filled with provocative observations. Whether challenging Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions, or extolling the virtues of Euclid's Elements, Alan Cromer is always insightful, outspoken, and refreshingly original.

  • Searching for a Distant God: The Legacy of Maimonides

    Monotheism is usually considered Judaism's greatest contribution to world culture, but it is far from clear what monotheism is. This work examines the notion that monotheism is not so much a claim about the number of God as a claim about the nature of God. Seeskin argues that the idea of a God who is separate from his creation and unique is not just an abstraction but a suitable basis for worship. He examines this conclusion in the contexts of prayer, creation, sabbath observance, repentance, religious freedom, and love of God. Maimonides plays a central role in the argument both because of his importance to Jewish self-understanding and because he deals with the question of how philosophic ideas are embodied in religious ritual.

  • The Viper on the Hearth: Mormons, Myths, and the Construction of Heresy

    Nineteenth-century American writers frequently cast the Mormon as a stock villain in such fictional genres as mysteries, westerns, and popular romances. The Mormons were depicted as a violent and perverse people - the `viper on the hearth' - who sought to violate the domestic sphere of the mainstream. While other critics have mined the socio-political sources of anti-Mormonism, Givens is the first to reveal how popular fiction, in its attempt to deal with the sources and nature of this conflict, constructed an image of the Mormon as a religious and social `Other'.

  • The Grimke Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Women's Rights and Abolition

    The only Southern white women ever to become leading abolitionists, Sarah and Angelina Grimke encountered many obstacles in pursuing their antislavery work. Their greatest accomplishment was in challenging the ubiquitous prejudices of society against women and African Americans. They were the first US-born white women to take to the public platform and the first to assert woman's rights. In The Grimke Sisters from South Carolina, Gerda Lerner, herself a leading historian and pioneer in the study of Women's History, tells the story of these determined sisters and the contributions they made to the antislavery and woman's rights movements. From their wealthy upbringing in Charleston, South Carolina, the societal restraints that kept them from higher education, and their utter contempt of slavery, to their conversion to the Quaker religion, and monumental achievements at the podium and with the pen, Lerner illuminates the lasting contributions of the Grimke sisters, as well as the important role played by women in the antislavery movement.

  • Software by Design: Shaping Technology and the Workplace

    This book provides a general examination of the critical role played by software and computer technology in the workplace. The authors assess the key social factors that contribute to workplace technology design, including organization structure, workplace relations, and market conditions. They then offer in-depth case studies to identify the factors that influence particular design decisions and the impact of these decisions on the quality and conduct of work, opportunities for skill development, and worker autonomy and satisfaction. The issue of technology design is addressed at both the theoretical and practical level, making this book an appealing aid for students as well as an insightful account for software designers, managers, and computer science engineers.

  • Satellites of the Outer Planets: Worlds in Their Own Right

    Extensively revised and updated, this new edition of David A. Rothery's acclaimed geological guide to the outer solar system includes results and close-up color and black and white images from the 1995-1999 Galileo mission to Jupiter and from the Voyager space probe. Rothery, a noted planetary scientist, explains the geological aspects of the major satellites of the outer bodies, from Jupiter to Neptune to the Pluto-Charon system. In particular he shows how tectonic and volcanic processes, driven by heat from within, have shaped the rigid outer layers of these bodies. Rothery also discusses the similarities and differences among these planets, and reveals how they resemble Earth-like planets. This fascinating book is written in an introductory style ideal for first- or second-year college courses. Amateur geologists and astronomers will also find its insights rewarding.

  • The Therapeutic Corporation

    A growing number of contemporary organizations have management structures that are less centralized and hierarchical than the traditional bureaucratic model. This book takes a close look inside one such organization: an employee-owned manufacturing corporation. It addresses the question of how conflicts are handled when bureaucracy is greatly reduced--and its findings will surprise and enlighten many readers. Therapy, a behaviour or practice normally thought to be confined to the offices of psychiatrists and the wards of mental hospitals, turns out to be the most common way of handling conflict in the postbureaucratic work environment. James Tucker reveals that this therapeutic system of social control contrasts sharply, and tellingly, with the more authoritative--often violent--systems of social control found in more centralized and hierarchical work settings, especially those of the past.

  • Remade in America: Transplanting and Transforming Japanese Management Systems

    Over the last two decades, Japanese firms have challenged U.S. dominance in many manufacturing industries. This challenge has increasingly come in the form of transplant operations, and recognition has spread that their success owes a great deal to superior manufacturing management. Despite the ups and downs of the business cycle in Japan, there remains a core of world-class Japanese companies that have developed manufacturing management systems that companies throughout the world strive to emulate. In this edited volume, a team of eminent scholars uses case studies and large-scale surveys to explain in depth the process of transferring and transforming the best Japanese Management Systems (JMS) by both Japanese- and U.S.-owned firms. While the most successful of the Japanese manufacturing transplants rely, to varying degrees, on home country management techniques, they have had to adapt them to fit U.S. conditions. Similarly, the growing number of U.S. firms that are adopting these techniques to strengthen their own positions face a considerable challenge in transforming them to fit local conditions. A new environment necessarily compels the transformation of JMS. But despite the hurdles firms face, the evidence presented here and elsewhere strongly indicates that key aspects of JMS are remarkably transferable and successful in the United States. Combining scientific data with clear and engaging prose,Remade in America is a rich analytical resource for manufacturing professionals, as well as scholars and students of management and business.

  • Grow Long, Blessed Night: Love Poems from Classical India

    This book presents new English translations of 150 erotic poems composed in India's three classical languages: Old Tamil, Maharastri Prakit, and Sanskrit. The poems are derived from large anthological collections that date from as early as the first centruy CE to as late as the eight century. In Martha Selby's masterful translations, the poems both stand on their own as poems in English and maintain the flavours of the original verses as reflected in idiom and structure. The poems are grouped according to themes, and annotated whenever a brief gloss is necessary. The book begins with several scholarly essays on the poems and how to read them, their origin, and the languages in which they were composed. This is followed by the poems themselves.

  • The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

    Why are some nations more technically creative than others and why do some highly innovative societies eventually stagnate? In this provocative study of the value and meaning of technological advance, Joel Mokyr considers how past physical and social conditions have influenced the development and reception of new ideas, and shows how these trends can guide future industrial strategies at a time when more countries than ever before are competing for the rewards of technical ingenuity.

  • Medicine, Money, and Morals: Physicians' Conflicts of Interest

    This is the first systematic examination of financial conflicts of interest in medicine. Marc Rodwin examines the evolution of those medical practices and institutions that left the profession open to conflicts of interest and makes clear suggestions for reform.

  • First Intermissions: Twenty-One Great Operas Explored, Explained, and Brought to Life from the Met

    Millions of opera fans tune in faithfully to the Metropolitan Opera's famous Saturday radio series. For the last twelve years one of the most popular guests on this programme has been M. Owen Lee, a Catholic priest and classics scholar, who, during the first intermission, often offers live commentary on the opera aired that day. Brimming with opera lore, love of fine music, and humour, Father Owen Lee's talks are famous for making opera relevant to modern concerns. Now, in First Intermissions, Father Lee presents twenty-one of his finest radio talks, illuminating some of the best loved operas in the current repertoire, including masterworks by Mozart, Verdi, Wagner, Puccini, and Strauss.

  • Complexity: A Guided Tour

    As science probes the nature of life, society, and technology ever more closely, what it finds there is complexity. The sophisticated group behavior of social insects, the unexpected intricacies of the genome, the dynamics of population growth, and the self-organized structure of the World Wide Web - these are just a few examples of complex systems that still elude scientific understanding. Comprehending such systems seems to require a wholly new approach, one that goes beyond traditional scientific reductionism and that re-maps long-standing disciplinary boundaries. This remarkably accessible and companionable book, written by a leading complex systems scientist, provides an intimate, detailed tour of the sciences of complexity, a broad set of efforts that seek to explain how large-scale complex, organized, and adaptive behavior can emerge from simple interactions among myriad individuals. In this richly illustrated work, Melanie Mitchell describes in equal parts the history of ideas underlying complex systems science, the current research at the forefront of this field, and the prospects for the field's contribution to solving some of the most important scientific questions of our current century.

  • Doing Documentary Work

    The renowned child psychiatrist Robert Coles, author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Children in Crisis series, offers a penetrating look into the nature of documentary work. Utilizing the documentaries of writers, photographers, and others, Coles shows how their prose and pictures are influenced by the observers frame of reference: their social and educational background, personal morals, and political beliefs. Through revealing discussions with documentarians and insightful analysis of their work, complemented by dramatic black-and-white photographs from Lange and Evans, Doing Documentary Work will provoke the reader into reconsidering how fine the line is between truth and fiction. It is an invaluable resource for students of the documentary and anyone interested in this important genre.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Plan to Win

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a painful, incurable connective-tissue disease that attacks the hands and feet as well as the joints and may lead to deformities and permanent disabilities. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Plan to Win offers an inspiring, scientifically based game plan for minimizing the effects of this chronic illness, and ultimately, achieving optimal health. Here is the definitive resource for practical strategies and emotional support, whether you need help controlling pain, are concerned about medication side-effects, or want to locate a reliable RA news source or support group on the Internet. Helpful chapters detail the latest therapies, special dietary and exercise needs of people with RA, how to deal with arthritis at home and in the workplace, prepare for surgery, pregnancy and childbirth, enjoy healthy sexuality, use the mind-body connection to control symptoms, make informed decisions about alternative medicine, and perhaps most important, how to build a healthcare team and maintain excellent communication and working relationships with that team. By using this book as a starting point and a 24/7 reference guide, people with RA will be better equipped to form an effective plan of action, making well-informed decisions about their health along the way, and greatly enhancing their ability to live happy, productive lives. Cheryl Koehn, who was an Olympic-calibre athlete when she developed RA, is a leading advocate and spokesperson for people with arthritis. Together with her co-authors, John Esdaile, MD, and science writer Taysha Palmer, Koehn provides a wealth of information and practical advice, assembled from thousands of research papers as well as from her personal experiences with this debilitating disease.

  • The Texture of Industry: An Archaeological View of the Industrialization of North America

    While historians have given ample attention to stories of entrepreneurship, invention, and labor conflict, they have told us little about actual work-places and how people worked. Workers seldom wrote about their daily employment. However, they did leave behind their tools, products, shops, and factories as well as the surrounding industrial landscapes and communities. In this book, Gordon and Malone look at the industrialization of North America fro the perspective of the industrial archaeologist. Using material evidence from such varied sites as Indian steatite quarries, automobile plants, and coal mines, they examine manufacturing technology, transportation systems, and the effects of industrialization on the land. Their research greatly expands our understanding of industry and focuses attention on the contributions of anonymous artisans whose skills shaped our industrial heritage.

  • Americas: Study Guide

    The study guide bridges all course components and lists the learning objectives of each of the course units. Each chapter corresponds directly to one of the 13 course units. The first two chapters provide essential background on the series themes, including general history and geography. The succeeding 10 chapters follow the progression of the television series, expanding on the material covered in the programs and providing cross-references for textbook assignments. The final unit sums up the main points presented in the television course and reviews students' knowledge. Each chapter of the study guide begins with a brief unit summary, followed by a list of critical thinking questions that address the learning objectives and an overview that integrates the program with the readings. In addition, each study guide chapter includes a glossary of key English, Spanish, and Portuguese words, with pronunciations, learning objectives, self-test questions and references to books, films, and other activities.

  • A Financial History of Western Europe

    Revised and updated throughout, this brilliant survey of European financial history from the earliest times to the present by internationally renowned scholar and author Charles P. Kindleberger offers a comprehensive account of the evolution of money in Western Europe, bimetallism and the emergence of the gold standard, the banking systems of the Continent and the British Isles, and overviews of foreign investment, regional and global financial integration, and private and public finance in Western Europe. The new edition features expanded coverage of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and important new material on recent developments in European monetary integration.

  • The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective

    This book analyses the major issues of research ethics through a careful review of the treatment in official policies on research ethics developed throughout the world (especially North America, Western Europe, and the Pacific Rim). Among the issues covered are animal research, research on human subjects, epidemiological research, genetic research, reproductive research, research on vulnerable subjects, clinical trials, drug approval and the reserch process, and research on women and minorities. Brody also evaluates the content and the methods of developing these policies in light of his philosophical position of pluralistic casuistry. This is the only book that analyses all the major issues in research ethics. It is the only book which deals with these issues from an international perspective rather than just a US perspective. Major official policies from important research-intensive countries are reprinted in the appendix (close to 200 plates of otherwise difficult material).

  • Geometrical Optics and Optical Design

    Geometrical optics assumes that light travels in straight lines and is concerned with the laws controlling the reflection and refraction of rays of light. This up-to-date introduction to the subject gives a comprehensive coverage to many aspects of this topic, using terminology that leads naturally towards the modern practices of computer-aided optical design. Special attention is paid to Gaussain optics, first-order layout and design. There are complete examples of third-order design together with software tools that will allow the reader to follow examples in details, or develop other examples independently. Problems at the end of each chapter make it ideal for students who wish to practice and extend the concepts taught.

  • The Oldest Old

    Those aged 85 and more are currently the fastest growing age group in the US population. This is so new a phenomenon that there is little historical experience to help in interpreting it. Not only are the old living longer, but they are also growing older in markedly different ways from their predecessors. This book represents the first thorough analysis of the qualitative, as well as the quantitative changes in our ageing society. This book is a comprehensive compendium of current knowledge and a methodologic guide to assessing future findings.

  • SPICE

    Today, most, if not at all, microelectronic circuit design is carried out with the aid of a computer-aided circuit analysis program such as SPICE. SPICE, an acronym for Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis, is considered by many to be the de-facto industrial standard for computer-aided circuit analysis for microelectronic circuits, mainly because it is used by the majority of IC designers in North America today. It is reasonable to say that to master electronic circuit design, one must also develop a fair amount of expertise in a circuit analysis program such as SPICE. It is therefore our aim in this text to describe how SPICE is used to analyse microelectronic circuits, and more importantly, outline how SPICE is used in the process of design itself. There is a tendency for new designers of electronic circuits to be overwhelmed by the analysis capability of a circuit analysis program such as SPICE, and ignore the thought-process provided by a hand analysis using simple models for the transistors. Experience has shown that this generally leads to poor designs because most of the design effort is spent blindly searching for ways to improve the design using a brute-foce hit-and-miss approach. It is our intention in this book to avoid this pitfall and teach the reader what not to do with SPICE. This is accomplished by keying each example of this text to those presented in Microelectronic Circuits, Third Edition, by Sedra and Smith, where a complete hand analysis is provided. In this way, the insight provided by a hand analysis is readily available to our readers. All examples in this text are also available on-line via the world-wide-web site http://www.macs.ee.mcgill.ca/~roberts/.

  • The Virtues in Medical Practice

    This book constructs a virtue-based ethics for medicine and health care. Beginning with the problem of relating virtues to principles, the authors develop a theory that this linkage lies in the goals of medicine and the nature of medical practice as a moral community. Specific virtues such as trust, compassion, prudence, justice, courage, temperance, and self-effacement are discussed in separate chapters. The book ends by examining how a virtue-based ethic of medicine makes a difference in analysing problems like caring for the poor, research on human subjects, whether the medical virtues can be taught in professional training, and how a refurbished philosophy of medicine can enhance medicine and health care in the future.

  • Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

    While much attention has been focused on Japan's meteoric rise as an economic power, South Korea has been quietly emerging as the next industrial giant to penetrate the world market. South Korea is one of a series of countries (ranging from Taiwan, India, Brazil, and Turkey, to Mexico, and including Japan) to have succeeded through borrowing foreign technology rather than by generating new products or processes. Describing such countries as `late-industrializers,' Amsden demonstrates why South Korea has become the most successful of this group.

  • The Latin Tinge: The Impact of Latin American Music on the United States

    The Tejano superstar Selena and the tango revival both in the dance clubs and on Broadway are only the most obvious symptoms of how central Latin music is to American musical life. Latino rap has brought a musical revolution, while Latin and Brazilian jazz are ever more significant on the jazz scene. With the first edition of The Latin Tinge, John Storm Roberts offered revolutionary insight into the enormous importance of Latin influences in U.S. popular music of all kinds. Now, in this revised second edition, Roberts updates the history of Latin American influences on the American music scene over the last twenty years. From the merengue wave to the great traditions of salsa and nortena music to the fusion styles of Cubop and Latin rock, Roberts provides a comprehensive review. With an update on the jazz scene and the careers of legendary musicians as well as newer bands on the circuit, the second edition of The Latin Tinge sheds new light on a rich and complex subject: the crucial contribution that Latin rhythms are making to our uniquely American idiom.

  • Beyond the Bottom Line: How to Do More with Less in Nonprofit and Public Organizations

    This book brings to the management of nonprofit organizations and public sector organizations the kind of concepts that have long been applied to commericial firms. Based on the Authors' studies of a number of nonprofit and government organizations, the book analyses the special problems and concerns that these organizations share and provides a set of organizing principles to improve their management.

  • The Hybrid Factory: The Japanese Production System in the United States

    This book describes the results of a ten-year research project by a joint US/Japanese study team focusing on Japanese automotive and electronics firms engaged in local production in the US. The project is concerned with the potential for effective international transfer of the Japanese management and production systems; how and why does the Japanese management style succeed or fail when fused into the American production environment. This would be the first book of its kind to examine the attempts to transplant the Japanese management systems to a country such as the US, where the socio-cultural environment differs so radically and where the systems will probably meet with some resistance.

  • Dance: Rituals of Experience

    This book presents a powerful view of the history of dance, contrasting its role in Western civilization with its significance in other cultures. Highwater-a renowned critic, author, and lecturer on art, theater, music, and dance-links the history of dance to cultural forces as diverse as Karl Marx and Elvis Presley. Beginning with the original, ritualistic, and primal forms of dance, he traces its decline into empty ceremonial forms while all along insisting that dance is a fundamental life impulse made visible in motion-a spontaneous transformation of experience into metaphoric meaning. Considering the historical and creative context from which dance emerged, Highwater goes on to point out the specific contributions and cultural influences of such 20th-century dance giants as Isadora Duncan, Twyla Tharp, Robert Wilson, George Balanchine, Martha Graham, Alwin Nikolais, Erick Hawkins, Jose Limon, Merce Cunningham, Meredith Monk, and Garth Fagan. Also examined are many newer artists, such as Bebe Miller and the Urban Bush Women.

  • Topics in Palliative Care, Volume 5

    The rapidly evolving field of Palliative Care focuses on the management of phenomena that produce discomfort and that undermine the quality of life of patients with incurable medical disorders. The interdisciplinary clinical purview includes those factors - physical, psychological, social, and spiritual - that contribute to suffering, undermine the quality of life, and prevent a death with comfort and dignity. Palliative Care is a fundamental part of clinical practice, the "parallel universe" to therapies directed at cure or prolongation of life. All clinicians who treat patients with chronic life threatening diseases are engaged in palliative care, continually attempting to manage complex symptomatology and functional disturbances. The scientific foundation of palliative care is advancing, and similarly, methods are needed to highlight, for practioners at the bedside, the findings of empirical research. Topics in Palliative Care Series is divided into sections that address a range of issues. Addressing aspects of sumptom control, psyshocsoical functioning, spiritual or existential concerns, ethics, and other topics, the chapters in each section review the given area and focus on a small number of salient issues for analysis. The authors present and evaluate existing data, provide a context drawn from clinical and research settings, and integrate knowledge in a manner that is both practical and readable. The specific topics covered in Volume 5 are Cultural issues in Palliative Care, Palliative Care in Geriatrics, Communication Issues in Palliative Care, Outcomes Research in Palliative Care, Opiod Tolerance; Reality of Myth?, and Pain and other symptoms: Treatment Challenges.

  • Islam and the West

    Hailed in The New York Times Book Review as "the doyen of Middle Eastern studies," Bernard Lewis has been for half a century one of the West's foremost scholars of Islamic history and culture, the author of over two dozen books, most notably The Arabs in History, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, The Political Language of Islam, and The Muslim Discovery of Europe. Eminent French historian Robert Mantran has written of Lewis's work: "How could one resist being attracted to the books of an author who opens for you the doors of an unknown or misunderstood universe, who leads you within to its innermost domains: religion, ways of thinking, conceptions of power, culture--an author who upsets notions too often fixed, fallacious, or partisan." In Islam and the West, Bernard Lewis brings together in one volume eleven essays that indeed open doors to the innermost domains of Islam. Lewis ranges far and wide in these essays. He includes long pieces, such as his capsule history of the interaction--in war and peace, in commerce and culture--between Europe and its Islamic neighbors, and shorter ones, such as his deft study of the Arabic word watan and what its linguistic history reveals about the introduction of the idea of patriotism from the West. Lewis offers a revealing look at Edward Gibbon's portrait of Muhammad in Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (unlike previous writers, Gibbon saw the rise of Islam not as something separate and isolated, nor as a regrettable aberration from the onward march of the church, but simply as a part of human history); he offers a devastating critique of Edward Said's controversial book, Orientalism; and he gives an account of the impediments to translating from classic Arabic to other languages (the old dictionaries, for one, are packed with scribal errors, misreadings, false analogies, and etymological deductions that pay little attention to the evolution of the language). And he concludes with an astute commentary on the Islamic world today, examining revivalism, fundamentalism, the role of the Shi'a, and the larger question of religious co-existence between Muslims, Christians, and Jews. A matchless guide to the background of Middle East conflicts today, Islam and the West presents the seasoned reflections of an eminent authority on one of the most intriguing and little understood regions in the world.

  • Redesigning the Firm

    The world in which firms compete is now global, increasingly dominated by technology, and rapidly changing. Old organization structures are too inflexible and static to permit firms to remain competitive. In this new book, experts from a major business school, the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, explore a range of organizational models that managers can employ to meet the particular needs of their markets. Each chapter offers solutions that are broad-based rather than narrowly focused, and any academic terminology has been removed to make the text easily accessible to managers.

  • The Handicap Principle: A Missing Piece of Darwin's Puzzle

    Ever since Darwin, animal behaviour has intrigued and perplexed human observers. The elaborate mating rituals, lavish decorative displays, complex songs, calls, dances and many other forms of animal signalling raise fascinating questions. To what degree can animals communicate within their own species and even between species? What evolutionary purpose do such communications serve? Perhaps most importantly, what can animal signalling tell us about our own non-verbal forms of communication? In The Handicap Principle, Amotz and Ashivag Zahavi offer a unifying theory that brilliantly explains many previously baffling aspects of animal signalling and holds up a mirror in which ordinary human behaviours take on surprising new significance. The wide-ranging implications of the Zahavis' new theory make it arguably the most important advance in animal behaviour in decades. Based on 20 years of painstaking observation, the Handicap Principle illuminates an astonishing variety of signalling behaviours in animals ranging from ants and ameba to peacocks amd gazelles. Essentially, the theory asserts that for animal signals to be effective they must be reliable, and to be reliable they must impose a cost, or handicap, on the signaller. When a gazelle sights a wolf, for instance, and jumps high into the air several times before fleeing, it is signalling, in a reliable way, that it is in tip-top condition, easily able to outrun the wolf. (A human parallel occurs in children's games of tag, where faster children will often taunt their pursuer before running). By momentarily handicapping itself--expending precious time and energy in this display--the gazelle underscores the truthfulness of its signal. Such signalling, the authors suggest, serves the interests of both predator and prey, sparing each the exhaustion of a pointless chase. Similarly, the enormous cost a peacock incurs by carrying its elaborate and weighty tail-feathers, which interfere with food gathering, reliably communicates its value as a mate able to provide for its offspring. Perhaps the book's most important application of the Handicap Principle is to the evolutionary enigma of animal altruism. The authors convincingly demonstrate that when an animal acts altruistically, it handicaps itself--assumes a risk or endures a sacrifice--not primarily to benefit its kin or social group but to increase its own prestige within the group and thus signal its status as a partner or rival. Finally, the Zahavis' show how many forms of non-verbal communication among humans can also be explained by the Handicap Principle. Indeed, the authors suggest that non-verbal signals--tones of voice, facial expressions, body postures--are quite often more reliable indicators of our intentions than is language. Elegantly written, exhaustively researched, and consistently enlivened by equal measures of insight and example, The Handicap Principle illuminates virtually every kind of animal communication. It not only allows us to hear what animals are saying to each other--and to understand why they are saying it--but also to see the enormously important role non-verbal behaviour plays in human communication.

  • Whitman the Political Poet

    Recent critical studies have emphasized the formal, mystical, and psychological dimensions of Walt Whitman's art, dwelling mainly upon his Emersonian and Transcendental sources. This study is the first book to undertake a detailed analysis of Whitman's entire work in relation to the political struggles of the 19th century. Erkkila repairs the split between the private and the public, the personal and the political, the poet and history, that has in the past defined the analysis and evaluation of Whitman's work. Her approach combines close reading and historicist analysis, examining his poems as both products and agents of the political culture of his time. Among the topics explored are the ways in which the politics of race, class, gender, capital, technology, western expansion, and war enter into the poetic design of "Leaves of Grass"; the relation between Whitman's (homo)sexual body and the body politic of his poems; and the ways in which the Civil War and its aftermath affected Whitman's artistic ordering and reordering of his work.

  • Heart Fitness for Life: The Essential Guide to Preventing and Reversing Heart Disease

    This text seeks to offer a realistic programme for preventing and reversing cardiac disease. Dr McGowan's approach includes medication, diet, exercise and stress reduction and he presents case histories of people who have had remarkable success overcoming heart disease. Not only the result of Dr. McGowan's work, this programme is the collective effort of a psychiatrist, exercise physiologist, registered dietician, gourmet chef and professional writer.

  • Growth Theory: An Exposition

    In the preface to the first edition of Growth Theory (copyright 1970), the author writes: "I have tried to give some feeling for the scope of aggregate theory of growth, a notion of technical details, and some idea of the directions in which future research is likely to go. About four years ago, the OUP NY economics editor suggested to Professor Solow that he bring this book up to date, because of the large amount of recent literature, often referred to as the "new growth theory," or more technically as "endogenous growth theory". This second edition of Growth Theory, which grew out of that conversation, begins with the author's Nobel Prize Lecture "Growth Theory and After" (1987) followed by the original six chapters of the first edition. The first edition appeared in 1970; the author maintains that basic growth theory is still best summarized in these chapters, using what is often classified as "exogenous growth theory." In the 70s, which happened to coincide witha worldwide productivity slowdown, very little new work occurred in growth theory. It wasn't until the 1980s that a surge of new writing appeared, with the work of Roemer, Lucas, and others, what the author refers to as "an astonishing burst of theoretical and empirical research that still continues." The author developed "a second half" of the book for this edition, six entirely new chpaters in which he discusses new growth theory (endogenous growth theory) and its relationship to exogenous theory. As a "bridge" between the two sets of chapters, he has written an essay entitled "Intermezzo" in which he discusses the relatively inactive period for growth theory in the 70s, before introducing the "new" endogenous theory of growth and contrasting it with earlier work. Solow is quick to agree that older growth theory can aptly be described as "exogenous," because the growth rate itself was left unexplained, or rather was considered a "given" (basically a result of the actual rate of labor-augmenting technology). But treating the growth rate as exogenous does not make it a permanent constant or inexplicable. Certainly things can be said about a variety of (exogenous) factors affecting the growth rate; nevertheless the "old" theory did not provide, or try to give, a systematic theory of the growth rate. To sum up, according to the author, the way to understand exogenous growth theory is to show how aggregate output adjusts to the rate of population growth and the rate of technological process, whatever they happen to be and for however long the persist (treated in Chapters 1-6 and the "Intermezzo"). By contrast, the main contribution of the (new) endogenous grotwh theory is to propose a systematic theory of technological progress, a model that actually explains the rate of growth. It is the contention of the author that no theory of innovation or growth can come up with a formulaic way to arrive at a growth rate. For that reason he believes there is something arbitrary introduced into all endogenous theories of the rate of growth. They claim to explain more than they can be expected to do. Rather than trying to pin down determinants of any "steady-state" growth rate, exogenous growth theory describes trends and policies that increase growth, including the growth rate. For reasons made explicit in the book, the author deals with "AK"theory, convergence, and international cross-section studies, with only the passing attention he believes they deserve. In the "second half of the book," starting in Chapter 7, the author recasts the older (exogenous) model (Chapters 1-6) so that it can be more easily compared with new models. Chapters 8-11 takes a close analytical look at hte key models: Lucas (8); Roemer (9); Grossman/Helpman (10); Aghion and Howitt (11). In each chapter he shows how an unwarranted assumption creeps into these models that try to determin growth rate endogenously. The final chapter looks at lessons from the new growth theory and suggests where gaps may usefully be filled in future research. Despite his criticisms of the new growth theory, the author is quik to acknowledge outstanding contributions made by the new generation of theorists. This is an important book that will be required reading in graduate programs in macroeconomics as well as specific courses on growth theory, at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. No other book provides such a broad overviwe of the whole field and its evolution to the present.

  • Dictionary of Women in Religious Art

    The "Dictionary of Women in Religious Art" is designed to give basic information about the roles and images of women in religious art. Religious art is here broadly defined to include the art of all the major religious traditions of the world, even those whose art is distinguished by the absence of the human figure. The women or female figures considered are frequently goddesses, celestial beings, demons, metaphorical entities, and legendary women, but also historical women as well: women religious leaders, women artists, women writers, and even women patrons of the arts. There are over 2000 entries in the dictionary and more than 100 illustrations. With a mind and eye open to the symbolism and the multiple meanings of the details found in the many entries, the reader should come not simply to learn about the cultural history of women but commensurately to re-evaluate and thereby learn about the cultural history of men. The fullness of the human experience to which the art of world religions stands as an elegant and profound witness argues persuasively for the necessary duality and parity of the sexes, and thereby for a new definition of society.

  • Princeton in the Nation's Service: Religious Ideals and Educational Practice, 1868-1928

    This book argues against the conventional idea that Protestantism effectively ceased to play an important role in American higher education around the end of the 19th century. Choosing Princeton as an example, Kemeny shows that Protestantism was not abandoned but rather modified to conform to the educational values and intellectual standards of the modern university. Drawing upon a wealth of neglected primary sources, Kemeny sheds new light upon the role of religion in higher education by examining what was happening both inside and outside the classroom and showing that religious and secular commitments were not neatly divisible but rather commingled.

  • The Art of Teaching Art: A Guide for Teaching and Learning the Foundations of Drawing-Based Art

    Often the finest artists do not make the best teachers. Many frustrated college students of art know this all too well as they suffer through unstructured classes with inexperienced teachers or graduate student instructors. In these situations, it is easy to blame the teachers. But the problem is largely institutional: most students graduating with MFAs from art schools receive little if any instruction in teaching art. If you find yourself in this predicament as teacher or student, this book is for you. The first book to provide a comprehensive guide for teaching college-level art, The Art of Teaching Art is the culmination of respected artist and instructor Deborah Rockman's two decades of teaching experience. Believing that drawing is the backbone of all of the visual arts, she begins with a complete explanation of drawing concepts that apply to any subject matter, e.g., composition, sighting processes, scaling techniques, and methods for linear and tonal development. She then illustrates these concepts with step-by-step methods that easily translate to classroom exercises. Next, she applies the drawing principles to every artist's most important and challenging subject, the human figure. After an extended section on understanding and teaching perspective that explores illusionistic form and space, the focus of the book shifts to the studio classroom itself and the essential elements that go into making an effective learning environment and curriculum. From preparing materials lists and syllabi, to setting up still-lifes, handling difficult classroom situations, critiquing and grading student artworks, and shooting slides of student artworks, she leaves no stone unturned. The Art of Teaching Art is the guide every new or experienced teacher of college-level art must have. Its helpful suggestions and numerous examples of student artwork from Rockman's classes will impart confidence to the inexperienced and fresh inspiration to the veteran instructors.

  • Writing Without Teachers

    In Writing Without Teachers, well-known advocate of innovative teaching methods Peter Elbow outlines a practical program for learning how to write. His approach is especially helpful to people who get "stuck" or blocked in their writing, and is equally useful for writing fiction, poetry, and essays, as well as reports, lectures, and memos. The core of Elbow's thinking is a challenge against traditional writing methods. Instead of editing and outlining material in the initial steps of the writing process, Elbow celebrates non-stop or free uncensored writing, without editorial checkpoints first, followed much later by the editorial process. This approach turns the focus towards encouraging ways of developing confidence and inspiration through free writing, multiple drafts, diaries, and notes. Elbow guides the reader through his metaphor of writing as "cooking:" his term for heating up the creative process where the subconscious bubbles up to the surface and the writing gets good. 1998 marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of Writing Without Teachers. In this edition, Elbow reexamines his program and the subsequent influence his techniques have had on writers, students, and teachers. This invaluable guide will benefit anyone, whether in the classroom, boardroom, or living room, who has ever had trouble writing.

  • The Great Disorder: Politics, Economics, and Society in the German Inflation, 1914-1924

    This comprehensive study of German inflation under the Weimar Republic has been recognized as the definitive work on the subject.

  • Transitional Justice

    At the century's end, societies all over the world are moving from authoritarian rule to democracy. At any such time of radical change, the question arises: should a society punish its ancien regime or let bygones by bygones? Transitional Justice takes the debate to a new level with an interdisciplinary approach that challenges the very terms of the contemporary debate. Teitel explores the recurring question of how regimes should respond to evil rule, arguing against the prevailing view favoring punishment, and contending through historical and comparative illustrations that the law nevertheless plays a profound role in periods of radical change. She proposes a new normative conception of justice--one that is highly politicized--offering glimmerings of the rule of law that, in her view, have become symbols of liberal transition.

  • Element of Risk: The Politics of Radon

    Radiation, radioactivity, radon: these are words that, since Hiroshima, the Cold War and Three Mile Island, have conjured fear and fascination for many Americans. The danger of radon - a colourless, odourless gas that could seemingly strike any home and afflict its residents with cancer, was brought home in the 1980s when whole neighbourhoods were deemed unsafe due to a perceived threat from radon. But how much of a threat does radon really pose? Is the government's aggressive policy warranted. Indeed, is their a legitimate threat at all? These are the questios Leonard A. Code asks in this provocative and fascinating new book, and his answers are ones that all homeowners will want to understand. In clear, non-technical language, Code dispells many of the myths surrounding radon as he makes recommendations for a coherent reasonable environmental policy towards what is, certainly, a dangerous gas. As he carefully traces the development of the US indoor radon policy, Code illuminates the many scientific uncertainties that lie behind it, exposes the policies of those who stand to gain from radon policy decisions made in Washington, and challenges the EPA's risk-cost assessment of radon levels. Thoughtful and timely, ELEMENT OF RISK illuminates one of the most important public policyissues of our time.

  • Collected Papers of Sir James Lighthill

    This four volume set contains almost all of the scientific papers of Sir Michael James Lighthill. One of the most distinguished scientists of the twentieth century and probably the central figure in many aspects of fluid mechanics, Lighthill's contributions to science include the initiation of the science of aerodynamic sound generation as well as historic work on shock waves, transonic aerodynamics, nonlinear physics, fluid dynamics, and the locomotion of fish, dolphins, and birds.

    Each volume is divided into sections which unify Lighthill's papers in chronological order under individual themes. The research studies included are classic examples of applied mathematical research, each characterized by a process of three equally important steps: problem formulation based on empiricism or observation, problem solution, and empirical verification, or solution interpretation in relation to the physical phenomena under consideration. Applied mathematics is a two-way bridge between mathematics and science and technology and is inherently interdisciplinary. These volumes bear out this thesis.

  • Prepositions and Particles in English: A Discourse-Functional Account

    O'Dowd offers a new, discourse-functional account of the categories "prepositon" and "particle" in English. She explains why certain words have membership in both categories, and solves many intriguing puzzles long associated with the syntax and semantics of these words. Based on linguistic data from a series of actual conversations, O'Down provides new insights into how prepositions and particles are used, and how their meanings can change across different discourse contexts or over time.

  • Keeping Time: Readings in Jazz History

    Drawing from contemporary journalism, reviews, program notes, memoirs, interviews, and other sources, Keeping Time lets you experience, first hand, the controversies and critical issues that have accompanied jazz from its very birth. Edited by Robert Walser, these sixty-two thought provoking pieces offer a wealth of insight into jazz. Some of the giants of jazz speak to us here, including Jelly Roll Morton, Billie Holiday, Charles Mingus and Wynton Marsalis. And there are pieces by writers such as Langston Hughes, Norman Mailer, and Ralph Ellison, and by critics such as Leonard Feather and Gunther Schuller. Readers will find Louis Armstrong on what makes swing, Dizzy Gillespie on bebop, and Miles Davis on jazz-rock fusion. Equally important, Walser has selected writings that capture the passionate reactions of people who have loved, hated, supported, and argued about jazz. One can read, for instance, a dismissive article written in 1918 that relegates jazz to the "servant's hall of music" along with "the clatter of the clogs, the click of Slavic heels." Or a debate between Wynton Marsalis and Herbie Hancock over the merits of free jazz and electric instruments. Or Duke Ellington's claim that jazz is neither highbrow nor lowbrow, but "goes back to something just about as old--and as natural--as the circulation of the blood." In the end, the focus here remains on how the music works and why people have cared about it. Filled with passionately felt, insightful writing, Keeping Time will increase one's historical awareness of jazz even as it provokes lively discussion among jazz aficionados, whether in clubs, concert halls or classrooms.

  • The Tools of Government: A Guide to New Governance

    The Tools of Government is the first professional guide to the principles and practices of public administration in an age when governments no longer provide many services-but arrange for others to do so. Characterized by extensive collaboration among levels of government and between government and the private sector, this new approach to solving public problems presents many new important issues. Comprehensive in scope, this new book offers a first hand look at the challenges faced by contracting out to nonprofit and profit sectors for grants, insurance, regulation, vouchers, cooperative arrangements, tax data, grants-in-aid, and others. The chapters examine over 20 different tools in use today and summarizes their basic features, patterns of usage, key tasks, political and substantive rational, and the major management challenges that each one poses. International in coverage and application, this book is ideal for students, teachers, and scholars in public administration, management, public policy, economics, political science, and nonprofit management; managers and heads of state, local, and federal agencies; executives in foundations and other nonprofit organizations; and academic, government, and research libraries.

  • Intuitive Biostatistics

    This book provides a nonmathematical introduction to statistics to medical students, physicians, researchers, and graduate students in biological sciences. The goal has been to explain statistical principles in plain language so one can understand the results published in biological and medical journals. Like all statistical books, this one proves a few mathematical theorems and provides step-by-step methods for some statistical tests. But the emphasis is always on how to interpret the results, not on how to perform the tests. This book differs from other available introductory biostatistics books in several ways: 1)Broader range of topics. Leaf through current issues of major medical and scientific journals and you're sure to see articles whose conclusions are based on advanced statistical techniques not covered in most introductory books: survival curves, logistic regression, proportional hazards regression, nonlinear regression, Bayesian analysis, lod scores. Although it is impossible to discuss all these topics in depth in a short introductory book, this book explains what the tests are used for and how to interpret the results. 2)Emphasis on interpretation, not calculation. Many books devote many pages to step-by-step instructions for calculating statistical tests. This book assumes that the calculations will be done by computer, so places little emphasis on the mechanics of the calculations (and marks those sections, so they can be skipped). Instead, this book emphasizes understanding the assumptions the tests are based on and the interpretation of the results. 3)Emphasis on confidence intervals over P values. This book presents the concepts of confidence intervals before explaining P values. This makes it easier for the student to understand both.

  • Life in the Balance: Emergency Medicine and the Quest to Reverse Sudden Death

    Sudden deaths are perhaps the hardest to accept. The heart attack that strikes without warning; the accident that takes away a loved one in the prime of life. But now, for the first time in human history, we have the ability to reverse sudden death. In communities and emergency rooms around the country, men, women, and children who almost certainly would have died 100 or even 50 years ago today survive thanks to the miracle of cardiac resuscitation. But while television shows such as ER. or Rescue 911 have made even the direst medical emergencies seem all too familiar--the wailing sirens, the arrival of paramedics, the initiation of CPR--few of us know of the decades and centuries of effort behind every successful resuscitation. Life in the Balance is the riveting story of the ongoing quest to reverse sudden death. Written by Mickey S. Eisenberg, M.D., Director of Emergency Medicine Service at the University of Washington Medical Center, it is infused with a dedicated doctors passion for saving lives. Eschewing medical jargon, Eisenberg takes us on a fascinating journey of discovery that ranges from biblical times to a real life, minute-by-minute resuscitation in suburban Kings County, Washington. The journey begins with a grief-stricken mother who brings her lifeless child before the prophet Elijah, and continues with, among others, a physician to gladiators, a Danish masseur, a Baltimore fire chief, smooth-talking medical quacks, and a crusty cardiologist. This wildly improbable but true tale includes magnets, bellows, rectal tobacco smoke, frog legs, executed criminals, bells attached to coffins, reanimation chairs, a long car ride from Kansas City to Baltimore, a serendipitous dog experiment, and a one-story hospital in Belfast. Eisenberg recreates the thrilling breakthroughs in our understanding of respiration, circulation, defibrillation, and the need for mobile emergency medical services, and confronts the limits of modern medicine. He reveals that just as critical as the ability to resuscitate is the will to resuscitate--inconceivable before the Enlightenment, when reversing sudden death would have been viewed as tampering with divine will, and still a source of painful dilemmas today in cases of brain damage or serious illness. A first-class medical detective story, Life in the Balance is supplemented with a straightforward, easy-to-use guide to emergency CPR, a handy glossary of relevant medical terms, and a potentially life-saving Community Survival Checklist. It is must reading not only for health care and emergency medicine practitioners, but for everyone whose life has been touched by the modern-day miracle of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.

  • A March of Liberty: Volume 1: From the Founding to 1890

    A March of Liberty is a clearly written, comprehensive overview of American constitutional development from the founding of the English colonies down through the decisions of the latest term of the Supreme Court. It presents the most comprehensive overview of American constitutional development now available, reflecting the latest in contemporary scholarship. The authors examine in detail the great cases handed down by the Supreme Court, showing how these cases played out in the society at large and how constitutional growth parallels change in American culture. The authors also look at lesser known decisions that played important roles in effecting change, and at the justices who made these decisions. The book offers students of American constitutional history a complete reference work which is intelligible to the layperson as well as to the specialist.

  • Talking About Treatment: Recommendations for Breast Cancer Adjuvant Treatment

    This is the first analysis of the very charged and complex conversations that occur between breast cancer patients and their doctors. Robert focuses in particular on their conversations about possible avenues of treatment, and shows them to be, on the one hand, an active and mutual collaboration of information, and on the other, a subtle delineation of the roles of "expert" and "novice." Her work also highlights the balance a doctor must strike between not guaranteeing a cure while promoting one particular treatment option. This work will interest those in the well-established field of doctor-patient interaction as well as sociolinguists and discourse analysts, and those interested in the intersection between talk and institutional roles.

  • A Language of Our Own: The Genesis of Michif, the Mixed Cree-French Language of the Canadian Métis

    The Michif language -- spoken by descendants of French Canadian fur traders and Cree Indians in western Canada -- is considered an "impossible language" since it uses French for nouns and Cree for verbs, and comprises two different sets of grammatical rules. Bakker uses historical research and fieldwork data to present the first detailed analysis of this language and how it came into being.

  • Buildings of Colorado

    A monumental, state-by-state survey of American architecture, the Buildings of the United States series celebrates the rich geographic, cultural, and economic diversity of the country. Commissioned by the Society of Architectural Historians, it records and illustrates the architecture of the urban, suburban, and rural United States, both historically and in hundreds of photographs. From pre-Columbian ruins to modern skyscrapers, from churches, courthouses, and theaters to factories, barns, and gas stations, the works of national and international masters of American architecture, as well as works wrought by unknown hands, are documented in these exceptional volumes. The series, hailed by Edwin McDowell of the New York Times as "one of the most ambitious in publishing history," is destined to become a national treasure. The most authoritative reference available on our architectural heritage, Buildings of the United States will be a delight to the general reader and traveler as well as an indispensable source book for scholars and students of architectural history, preservation, and urban planning. This fifth volume in the Buildings of the United States series charts the architectural history of Colorado--the nation's highest state--from the eastern High Plains to the Rocky Mountain backbone that melts into the canyons of the west. Both a quick- reference guidebook and a historical resource, this volume reflects the remarkable topographical diversity of the state, a full one-third of which is designated as federal land. In over 450 photographs and maps, it explores the structures humankind has created to tame Colorado's dramatically variant climate and terrain--crossed by barbed wire, roads, power lines, and railroads. Tracing Colorado's architectural development from its Native American origins, the work covers the villages of Mexican settlers and mining camps set up during the Pikes Peak gold rush of 1858-59. It features the forts and farms of pioneers; homes, churches, and schools of early towns; and modern industrial centers and vacation spots. Prehistoric pueblos of the Anasazi Indians at Mesa Verde, the U.S. Air Force Academy north of Colorado Springs, and contemporary ski resorts such as Aspen and Telluride exemplify the dramatically disparate structures of Colorado's built environment. Like all volumes in the BUS series, Buildings of Colorado is the perfect travel companion--lavishly illustrated, with complete historical documentation. Whether to Breckenridge, Crested Butte, Cripple Creek, Denver, Boulder, or beyond, any visit to Colorado--from its towering peaks to its lonely prairies--will be enhanced immeasurably by this first building guide to the Highest State.

  • Investigations: Investigations

    In the tradition of Schrodinger's classic What Is Life?, this book is a tour-de-force investigation of the basis of life itself, with conclusions that radically undermine the scientific approaches on which modern science rests-the approaches of Newton, Boltzman, Bohr, and Einstein. Kauffman's At Home in the Universe, which The New York Times Book Review called "passionately written" and nature named "courageous," introduced pivotal ideas about order and evolution in complex life systems. In investigations, Kauffman builds on these theories and finds that classical science does not take into account that physical systems--such as people in a biosphere--effect their dynamic environments in addition to being affected by them. These systems act on their own behalf as autonomous agents, but what defines them as such? In other words, what is life? By defining and explaining autonomous agents and work in the contexts of thermodynamics and of information theory, Kauffman supplies a novel answer to this age-old question that goes beyond traditional scientific thinking. Much of Investigations unpacks the progressively surprising implications of his definition. Kauffman lays out a foundation for a new concept of organization, and explores the requirements for the emergence of a general biology that will transcend terrestrial biology to seek laws governing biospheres anywhere in the cosmos. Moreover, he presents four candidate laws to explain how autonomous agents co-create their biosphere and the startling idea of a "co-creating" cosmos. A showcase of Kauffman's most fundamental and significant ideas, Investigations presents a new way of thinking about the basics of general biology that will change the way we understand life itself--on this planet and anywhere else in the cosmos.

  • Votes for Women: The Struggle for Suffrage Revisited

    Votes for Women brings together in one volume recent scholarship on the struggle of American women for the suffrage. Paralleling recent efforts in popular culture to restore to our national past the story of how women got the vote, these original essays present the latest and best in that history. Each of the eleven essays illuminates some aspects of the long battle that lasted from the 1850s to the passage of the suffrage amendment in 1920. From their antecedents in the minds of women like Mary Wollstonecraft and Frances Wright to the beginnings of an organization like the women who met at Seneca Falls in 1848 to the civil disobedience during World War 1 orchestrated by Alice Paul's National Woman's Party, the essential elements of a tumultuous story emerge. So too do the themes and historical controversies about suffrage and its leaders. The authors focus on the activities of suffrage opponents as well as the ways in which the suffrage battle is interwoven with constitutional issues involving the federal government and the states. Other essays look at the suffrage struggle in its regional setting, especially in the West and the South. Because this is a story that depends on individual leaders such as Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Sojourner Truth and Alice Paul, the lives of these women become a significant thread tying the story together. Baker's introductory essays set the stage for revisiting suffrage by making explicit the similarities and differences in interpretations of suffrage and what the battle for suffrage tells us about women's history. She suggests that this new material shows how the suffrage movement intersected with historical developments in national experience - it cannot be isolated from other events in American history. In an epilogue, Anne Firor Scott considers the difference that the vote has made for women and men in the 20th century.

  • Goddess: Myths of the Female Divine

    An old woman lives still among the broken slopes of the mountains in the land of the Tarahumara Indians. No one knows exactly where. She is sometimes seen standing along the highway near El Paso, hauling wood near Oaxaca, or even hitching a ride on a semi rig. She is the bone woman, the gatherer, La Loba. She collects bones, especially those of wolves. When she has collected enough bones to make a whole wolf, she sings over the skeleton, and it begins to grow flesh and fur. She sings some more and the wolf becomes strong; then it breathes. La Loba keeps singing and soon the wolf leaps up and runs off while the desert world trembles. And when a ray of the sun, or the moon, strikes it at just the right time and place, it turns into a woman, a laughing woman, who you may see running toward the horizon. In La Loba's cycle of death and rebirth and her metamorphosis from crone to life-giving mother to laughing maiden, we catch just one glimpse of the timeless allure and mystery of the Goddess. From the fertile earth mothers of the ancient world to the modern revival of interest in Wicca, or witchcraft, images and tales of the Female Divine have flourished and waned, intimidated, comforted, and inspired women and men from time immemorial. In Goddess, authors David Leeming and Jake Page gather some 75 of the most potent and meaningful of these tales in an extraordinarily rich and readable introduction of this divine figure as she has emerged from prehistory to the present. Told as a biography, we follow Goddess from her first Ice Age appearances as the all-encompassing, all-giving, and all-taking Earth, to her re-emergence as a powerful force in the myths of modern religion, psychology, and science. In tales of the Changing Woman of the Navajos and of Hera, Pandora, Eve, and Lilith, we see her traduced and sublimated by rising, and then, dominant, patriarchical cultures and civilizations, but never totally suppressed. In familiar and unfamiliar myths, Goddess comes alive, pulsing with her own energy, irrepressible behind her many cultural masks. She can be the Universe itself, the source of all being, the holy Virgin, the Earth-Mother nurturer, the madly hysterical destroyer, the femme fatale, or the consort or mother of God. She is presented here not as myth, but as a true archetype, a potential being who exists in all of us, a force who long preceded her male counterpart as an appropriate metaphor for the Great Mystery of existence. As compelling as any novel, Goddess is also a journey into the human heart. Observing Goddess over the centuries--worshipped, belittled, denied, rediscovered--we gain new insight into the changing role of women, our continuing development as a species, and our deepest concerns about ourselves, our world, and the human destiny.

  • What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848

    The Oxford History of the United States is by far the most respected multi-volume history of our nation. The series includes two Pulitzer Prize winners, two New York Times bestsellers, and winners of the Bancroft and Parkman Prizes. Now, in What Hath God Wrought, historian Daniel Walker Howe illuminates the period from the battle of New Orleans to the end of the Mexican-American War, an era when the United States expanded to the Pacific and won control over the richest part of the North American continent. Howe's panoramic narrative portrays revolutionary improvements in transportation and communications that accelerated the extension of the American empire. Railroads, canals, newspapers, and the telegraph dramatically lowered travel times and spurred the spread of information. These innovations prompted the emergence of mass political parties and stimulated America's economic development from an overwhelmingly rural country to a diversified economy in which commerce and industry took their place alongside agriculture. In his story, the author weaves together political and military events with social, economic, and cultural history. He examines the rise of Andrew Jackson and his Democratic party, but contends that John Quincy Adams and other Whigs--advocates of public education and economic integration, defenders of the rights of Indians, women, and African-Americans--were the true prophets of America's future. He reveals the power of religion to shape many aspects of American life during this period, including slavery and antislavery, women's rights and other reform movements, politics, education, and literature. Howe's story of American expansion culminates in the bitterly controversial but brilliantly executed war waged against Mexico to gain California and Texas for the United States. By 1848 America had been transformed. What Hath God Wrought provides a monumental narrative of this formative period in United States history.

  • The Seven Deadly Sins: Jewish, Christian, and Classical Reflections on Human Psychology

    All of us are engaged in a personal, ongoing battle with sin and vice. The seven deadly sins - lust, greed, envy, anger, pride, gluttony, and sloth - are our main antagonists in this struggle. They are primary causes of unhappiness and immorality, and because of their pervasive nature, have been of perennial interest to religious thinkers, philosophers, dramatists, and poets. In The Seven Deadly Sins, Solomon Schimmel explains why psychology must incorporate many of the ethical and spiritual values of religion and moral philosophy if it is to effectively address the emotional problems faced by modern men and women, be they believers or agnostics. Drawing on the psychological insights of the Bible, Aristotle, Maimonides, Aquinas, and Shakespeare, among others, he shows how all of us can learn from them about the relationship between virtue and psychological well-being and vice and emotional distress. This insightful and fascinating work guides us to master our passions rather than be enslaved by them so that we can become more humane and build a happier, caring society.

  • Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in North America

    This book documents the temporal and geographic distribution of amphibians and reptiles during the Pleistocene of North America. The identification of fossils, the range of adjustments and extinction patterns for these species are treated. The focus of the book is on the unique relationship of the North American herpetofauna to the events of the Pleistocene.

  • The Public Prints: The Newspaper in Anglo-American Culture, 1665-1740

    The Public Prints is the first comprehensive study of the role of the earliest American newspapers in the society and culture of the eighteenth century. In the hands of Charles E. Clark, American newspaper publishing becomes a branch of the English world of print in a story that begins in the bustling streets of late seventeenth-century London and moves to the provincial towns of England and across the Atlantic. While Clark's most detailed attention in America is to the three multi-newspaper towns of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, evidence from Williamsburg, Charleston, and Barbados also contributes to generalizations about the craft and business of eighteenth-century publishing. Stressing continuing trans-Atlantic connections as well as English origins, Clark argues that the newspapers were a force both for `anglicization' in their attempts to replicate English culture in America and for `Americanization' in creating a fuller awareness of the British-American experience across colonial boundaries. He suggests, finally, that the newspapers' greatest cultural role in provincial America was the creation of a community bound by the celebration of common values and attachments through the shared ritual of reading.

  • Feminism, Media, and the Law

    This collection aims to explore how the media represent and construct gender, law, and feminism. The book consists of both original and published articles and explores depictions of women and legal issues by bringing together discussions from a variety of disciplines by prominent figures such as Deborah Rhode, Patricia Williams, and Martha Fineman. In each section, the articles look at various issues in relation to the media's interaction with feminism and law.

  • The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas

    Newly translated by Gregory Rabassa and superbly edited by Enylton de Sa Rego and Gilberto Pinheiro Passos, this Library of Latin America edition brings to English-speaking readers a literary delight of the highest order.

  • The Magic Mirror: Law in American History

    Weaving together themes from the history of public, private, and constitutional law, The Magic Mirror: Law in American History, Second Edition, recounts the roles that law--in all its many shapes and forms--has played in American history, from the days of the earliest English settlements in North America to the year 2007. It also provides comprehensive treatment of twentieth-century developments and sets American law and legal institutions in the broad context of social, cultural, economic, and political events. The Magic Mirror begins by discussing the ways that the settlers dealt with one another and with the indigenous populations; it examines municipal ordinances; colonial, state, and federal statutes; administrative agencies; and court decisions. It goes on to relate the ways that property, crime, sale and labor contracts, commercial transactions, accidents, domestic relations, wills, trusts, and corporations were handled by police, attorneys, legislatures, and jurists over the centuries. The text also pays close attention to the evolution of substantive law categories-including contracts, torts, negotiable instruments, real property, trusts and estates, and civil procedure-and addresses the intellectual evolution of American law, including sociological jurisprudence, legal realism, critical legal studies, Law & Society, Law & Anthropology, and Law & Economics schools of analysis and thought. Featuring extensive updates by new author Peter Karsten, The Magic Mirror is ideal for courses in American Legal History.

  • Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World

    In the ancient Graeco-Roman world, it was a common practice to curse an enemy or rival by writing an incantation on a tablet and dedicating it to a god or spirit. More than a thousand such texts, written between the fifth century BC and the fifth century AD, have been discovered in places ranging from North Africa to England, and from Syria to Spain. Until now, however, there has been no English translation of these tablets and indeed the texts themselves have remained virtually unknown. This volume makes these fascinating texts available for the first time. A substantial introduction supplies the full cultural, social, and historical context for the texts. The selected translations, arranged thematically, are fully annotated and accompanied by extensive commentary. Reflecting a wide range of social occasions, including lawsuits, love affairs, business competition, and horse-races, the tablets open a window into the hearts and minds of ordinary people, shedding light on a dimension of classical society in which historians today are increasingly interested.

  • Spartan Women

    Sparta, which existed from 800 B.C. until A.D. 200, was renowned in the ancient world as a stoic and martial city-state, and most of what we know about Sparta concerns its military history and male-dominated social structure. Yet Spartan women were in many ways among the most liberated of the ancient world, receiving formal instruction in poetry, music, dance, and physical education. And the most famous of mythic Greek women, Helen of Troy, was originally a Spartan. Written by one of the leading authorities on women in antiquity, Spartan Women seeks to reconstruct the lives and the world of Sparta's women, including how their legal status changed over time and how they held on to their surprising autonomy. In this book, Sarah Pomeroy covers over a thousand years in the lives of Sparta's women from both the elite and lower classes. This is the first book-length examination of Spartan women, and Pomeroy comprehensively analyses ancient texts and archaeological evidence to construct the history of these elusive though much noticed women. Spartan Women is an authoritative and fresh account that will appeal to all readers interested in ancient history and women's studies.

  • Perspectives on Modern America: Making Sense of the Twentieth Century

    In Perspectives on Modern America: Making Sense of the Twentieth Century, Harvard Sitkoff brings together some of America's most distinguished scholars to survey and analyze the twentieth century. The impressive list of contributors includes Paul Boyer, Lizabeth Cohen, Sara M. Evans, Jacqueline Jones, William E. Leuchtenburg, and Charles Payne. Each contributor has written a broadly interpretive essay on a key aspect of American life and how it has changed over the past one hundred years, offering vivid end-of-the-century snapshots of our past troubles and triumphs-of the people, ideas, events, and developments that mattered most. The essays address a wide range of political, social, and economic issues including the history of liberalism and conservatism; the labor movement and the distribution of wealth; immigration and ethnicity; the status of women and African Americans; changes in the South and the West; consumer culture; the federal government; foreign policy; religion; and American cultural and intellectual life. The book includes astute portraits of such historical turning points as the Progressive era, the Great Depression and Second World War, American society in the 1960s, and the Reagan revolution. It also includes thoughtful essays on the growth and decline of organized labor, the limits of the American welfare state, the persistent systems of inequality, and the means employed to resist oppression. Offering a challenging and enlightening assessment of the past one hundred years, Perspectives on Modern America: Making Sense of the Twentieth Century is an essential text for undergraduates in twentieth-century American history and will also appeal to general readers.

  • The Oxford Companion to American Law

    This Companion offers a one-volume, alphabetically arranged, encyclopedia introducing the main lines of American law, from the institutions, people, events, and cases to the doctrines and concepts. Produced under the editorship of a board of five noted scholars, headed by Kermit L. Hall, it comprises of approximately 500 entries, each written by an expert in the field. The book targets a broad and diverse audience, one that ranges from students studying comparative (including American) law to lawyers or judges actively involved in the practice of law. In subject matter the books deals with the development of positive, common, and constitutional law in the US (as well as arbitration, mediation, and alternative dispute resolution), and the related institutions that support them. The Companion, stresses concepts more than cases and people as primary subjects, preferring, except for the most iconic cases and the most storied figures of American law, to discuss each within conceptual entries. Although many of the entries must of necessity address technical matters the Companion does not seek to provide a technical analysis of the law, either as a matter of history or current practice. The Companion also goes down some of the lesser known by-ways of American law, such as the role of civil, canon, and international law, avenues that the editor believes are essential for a full exploration of the subject. The Companion takes as its starting point the idea that law is embedded in society, and that to understand American law one must necessarily ask questions about the relationship between it and the social order, now and in the past. The volume assumes that American law, in all its richness and complexity, cannot be understood in isolation, as simply the business of the Supreme Court, or as a list of common law doctrines. Hence, the volume takes seriously issues involving law's role in structuring decisions about governance, the significance of state and local law and legal institutions, and the place of American law in a comparative international perspective. The hope is that such an approach, when coupled with the strong law-and-society emphasis, will make the volume genuinely distinctive, readily accessible to students and professionals, and provide for a meaningful contribution to the literature of American law in its own right.

  • Fundamental Concepts in the Design of Experiments

    This text is a solid revision and redesign of Charles Hicks's comprehensive fourth edition of Fundamental Concepts in the Design of Experiments. It covers the essentials of experimental design used by applied researchers in solving problems in the field. It is appropriate for a variety of experimental methods courses found in engineering and statistics departments. Students learn to use applied statistics for planning, running, and analysing an experiment. The text includes 350+ problems taken from the author's actual industrial consulting experiences to give students valuable practice with real data and problem solving. About 60 new problems have been added for this edition. SAS (Statistical Analysis System) computer programs are incorporated to facilitate analysis. There is extensive coverage of the analysis of residuals, the concepts of resolution in fractional replications, the Plackett-Burman designs, and Taguchi techniques. The new edition will place a greater emphasis on computer use, include additional problems, and add computer outputs from statistical packages like Minitab, SPSS, and JMP. The book is written for anyone engaged in experimental work who has a good background in statistical inference. It will be most profitable reading to those with a background in statistical methods including analysis of variance. This text is suitable for senior undergraduate/graduate level students in mathematics, statistics, or engineering. It is appropriate for a variety of experimental methods courses found in engineering and statistics deparmtents -- majors in this course are usually in applied statistics; non-majors, in industrial and electrical engineering, or education and life sciences.

  • Human Rights and Public Health in the AIDS Pandemic

    Historically, the fields of public health and human rights have remained largely separate. The AIDS pandemic, however, made it clear that a complex relationship exists between the two fields. Women and children have proven to be extremely vulnerable to infection with HIV due to their inability to protect themselves in intimate relationships, their sexual exploitation, and their lack of economic and educational alternatives. On the other hand, coercive government policies aimed at controlling the AIDS pandemic often infringe on the rights of individuals known or suspected of having AIDS, and decrease the effectiveness of public health measures. Protecting and promoting human rights is becoming one of the key means of preserving the health of individuals and populations. A penetrating analysis of the close relationship between public health and human rights, this book makes a compelling case for synergy between the two fields. Using the AIDS pandemic as a lens, the authors demonstrate that human health cannot be maintained without respect for the dignity and rights of persons, and that human rights cannot be deemed adequate and comprehensive without ensuring the health of individuals and populations. In the course of their analysis, Gostin and Lazzarini tackle some of the most vexing issues of our time, including the universality of human rights and the counter-claims of cultural relativity. Taking a cue from environmental impact assessments, they propose a human rights impact assessment for examining health policies. Such a tool will be invaluable for evaluating real-world public health problems and is bound to become essential for teaching human rights in schools of public health, medicine, government, and law. The volume critically examines such issues as HIV testing, screening, partner notification, isolation, quarantine, and criminalization of persons with HIV/AIDS, all within the framework of international human rights law. The authors evaluate the public health effects of a wide range of AIDS policies in developed as well as developing countries. The role of women in society receives special emphasis. Finally, the book presents three case histories that are important in the HIV/AIDS pandemic: discrimination and the transmission of HIV and tuberculosis in an occupational health care setting; breast feeding in the least developed countries; and confidentiality and the right of sexual partners to know of potential exposure to HIV. The cases challenge readers with some of the complex questions facing policy-makers, scientists, and public health professionals, and exemplify a method for analysing these problems from a human rights perspective. Gostin and Lazzarini have written a book that will be a valuable addition to the libraries of public health teachers and practitioners, legal scholars, bioethicists, policy makers, and public rights activists.

  • Believing in Magic: The Psychology of Superstition

    Although we live in a technologically advanced society, superstition is as widespread as it has ever been. Far from limited to athletes and actors, superstitious beliefs are common among people of all occupations and every educational and income level. Here, Stuart Vyse investigates our proclivity towards these irrational beliefs. Superstitions, he writes, are the natural result of several well-understood psychological processes, including our human sensitivity to coincidence, a penchant for developing rituals to fill time (to battle nerves, impatience, or both), our efforts to cope with uncertainty, the need for control, and more. Vyse examines current behaviou ral research to demonstrate how complex and paradoxical human behaviour can be understood through scientific investigation, while he addresses the personality features associated with superstition and the roles of superstitious beliefs in actions. Although superstition is a normal part of human culture, Vyse argues that we must provide alternative methods of coping with life's uncertainties by teaching decision analysis, promoting science education, and challenging ourselves to critically evaluate the sources of our beliefs.

  • Crossing Over: Narratives of Palliative Care

    This volume presents a series of case narratives, following individual patients and families throughout the course of illness and death in the context of hospice and palliative care. Using a variety of qualitative research methods, including participant-observation, interviews, and journal-keeping, the experiences, perceptions, and feelings of the patient, the family and a range of caregivers are recorded, providing the reader with rich, multi-textured narratives. Going beyond conventional case reports in Medicine, typically concentrating on symptoms and treatment, these narratives depict how individuals find personal meaning in illness, and how this influences the experience and outcome of care.

  • The Sacred Depths of Nature

    For many of us, the great scientific discoveries of the modern age--the Big Bang, evolution, quantum physics, relativity-- point to an existence that is bleak, devoid of meaning, pointless. But in The Sacred Depths of Nature, eminent biologist Ursula Goodenough shows us that the scientific world view need not be a source of despair. Indeed, it can be a wellspring of solace and hope. This eloquent volume reconciles the modern scientific understanding of reality with our timeless spiritual yearnings for reverence and continuity. Looking at topics such as evolution, emotions, sexuality, and death, Goodenough writes with rich, uncluttered detail about the workings of nature in general and of living creatures in particular. Her luminous clarity makes it possible for even non-scientists to appreciate that the origins of life and the universe are no less meaningful because of our increasingly scientific understanding of them. At the end of each chapter, Goodenough's spiritual reflections respond to the complexity of nature with vibrant emotional intensity and a sense of reverent wonder. A beautifully written celebration of molecular biology with meditations on the spiritual and religious meaning that can be found at the heart of science, this volume makes an important contribution to the ongoing dialog between science and religion. This book will engage anyone who was ever mesmerized--or terrified--by the mysteries of existence.

  • Continental Shelf Limits: The Scientific and Legal Interface

    Article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea lays down the rules and regulations governing claims to a continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles for the 130 coastal states and entities that have ratified or acceded to it. This book is designed to help those coastal states implement the provisions of Article 76, covering the technical issues involved and explaining the interface between the legal concepts contained within the article. It covers all aspects that will have to be considered by a coastal state if it wishes to make a claim under the Convention, including the characteristics of continental margins, distance determination, bathymetric data collection, geological and geophysical techniques, and boundary conditions. The book does not set out to support a particular or potential claim.

  • Gerontology: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Written by key researchers and practitioners in the field, this book presents an overview of gerontology appropriate for graduate and advanced undergraduate students. It includes seminal chapters on theory, methodology, physiological processes, health, culture, dying and bereavement, cognitive processes and intellectual abilities, personality, assessment, clinical issues and competency, caregiving, and public policy issues. Each chapter includes review questions and a list of additional reference sources.

  • The Magic Lantern: Having a Ball and Christmas Eve

    Jose Tomas de Cuellar (1830-1894) was a Mexican writer noted for his sharp sense of humor and gift for caricature. Having a Ball and Christmas Eve are two novellas written in the costumbrista style, made popular in the mid-nineteenth century by the periodical press in which these sketches of contemporary manners were first published. The stories are a sensitive reflection of the effects of modernization brought by an authoritarian regime dedicated to order and progress. Christmas Eve describes a volatile middle class in which people pursue pleasure and entertainment without regard to morality. Having a Ball depicts women and their dedication to fashion. It is through them that Cuellar examines a society susceptible to foreign values, the importation of which radically altered the face of Mexico and its traditional customs."

  • Introduction to Insect Biology and Diversity

    Introduction to Insect Biology and Diversity is intended as a text for courses in general entomology with laboratory. It was written for students who have completed an introductory course in biology. The biology of insects as well as their classification are treated in depth. The common insects of North America are covered, together with discussion of species found elsewhere in the world. Parts I and II provide reading material for lectures. Part I, on insects as organisms, covers morphology, physiology, and behavior, including social behavior. Part II, on ecology of insects, begins with population biology, followed by chapters on insects in relation to their environments and pest management. Part III, on insect diversity, provides source material for the laboratory. The classification of insects, their evolution and fossil record are discussed first. Each order is then presented with a discussion of general biology and ecology, keys for identification of families, and, in some chapters, discussion of the biologies of families. All insect orders and over four hundred families of insects are treated. A chapter on insect collecting is included. The text is illustrated with numerous line drawings by Barbara Boole Daly and photographs, including color plates, by Edward S. Ross.

  • The Natural History of the Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains (1819-1820)

    A little over 170 years ago--hardly a moment on the clock of history--one half of the United States was empty of all but Indians and the plants and game on which they subsisted. Indeed, acquiring the Louisiana Territory approximately doubled the size of the United States, adding 800,000 square miles of land that had scarcely been explored or adequately mapped. Americans would be given an in-depth look this rugged and untamed land only when Secretary of War John C. Calhoun and President James Monroe agreed that a military presence at the mouth of the Yellowstone River (near the boundary between North Dakota and Montana) would impress the Indians and serve notice to Canadian trappers and traders that some of their favorite beaver country was now part of the United States. In The Natural History of the Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains (1819- 1820), Howard E. Evans offers a colorful history of the expedition of Major Stephen H. Long--the first scientific exploration of the Louisiana Territory to be accompanied by trained naturalists and artists. Made up of twenty-two men--military personnel and "scientific gentlemen"--the Long Expedition struggled on foot and horseback along the Front Range of the Rockies, living off the land, recording rivers and landforms, shooting birds, plucking plants, and catching lizards and insects to preserve for study. They were often thirsty and hungry, sometimes ill, and always tired. But theirs was an experience awarded to only a chosen few: the opportunity to see and record firsthand the pristine lands that so majestically defined the United States. Based primarily on the expedition members' reports and diaries, and often told in the participants' own words, this fascinating chronicle transports readers back to the near-virgin wilderness of 1820. We accompany naturalist Edwin James as he becomes the first man to climb Pike's Peak, and roam with him in his dual role as botanist, collecting a multitude of flora specimens, 140 of which were described by him and others as new. We sit with artist Samuel Seymour as he sketches in vivid detail the panorama of breathtaking peaks and prominent landforms, travel along with Titian Peale as he visits the homes of Native Americans and records with an artist's keen eye and gifted hand the intense beauty of this land's first inhabitants, and go exploring with zoologist Thomas Say as he describes never before seen mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and insects. Beautifully illustrated with crisp reproductions of Peale and Seymour's art, as well as photographs of the many plants and insects described by James and Say, The Natural History of the Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains (1819-1820) offers a vivid account of this monumental expedition. The story of the Long Expedition has been told before, but without due recognition of the party's great contributions to natural history. Now, anyone interested in the early history of the American West can witness for themselves how this vast and varied land looked and felt when it was first seen by trained scientists and artists.

  • Stimulant Drugs and ADHD: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience

    Stimulant drugs are widely used in the treatment of ADHD in children and adults. Hundreds of studies over the past 60 years have demonstrated their effectiveness in improving attention span, increasing impulse control, and reducing hyperactivity and restlessness. Despite widespread interest in these compounds, however, their mechanisms of action in the central nervous system have remained poorly understood. Recent advances in the basic and clinical neurosciences now afford the possibility of elucidating these mechanisms. The current volume is the first to bring this expanding knowledge to bear on the central question of why and how stimulants exert their therapeutic effects. The result is a careful, comprehensive, and insightful integration of material by well-known scientists that significantly advances our understanding of stimulant effects and charts a course for future research. Part I presents a comprehensive description of the clinical features of ADHD and the clinical repsonse to stimulants. Part II details the cortical and subcortical neuroanatomy and functional neurophysiology of dopamine and norepinephrine systems with respect to the regulation of attention, arousal, activity, and impulse control on the basis of animal studies. Part III is devoted to clinical research, including recent studies of neuroimaging, genetics, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of stimulants, effects on cognitive functions, neurophysiological effects in humans with and without ADHD and in non-human primates, and comparison of stimulants and non-stimulants in the treatment of ADHD. Part IV is a masterful synthesis that presents alternative models of stimulant drug action and generates key hypotheses for continued research. The volume will be of keen interest to researchers and clinicians in psychiatry, psychology, and neurology, neuroscientists studying stimulants, and those persuing development of new drugs to treat ADHD.

  • The Nature of the Firm: Origins, Evolution, and Development

    In 1937, Ronald H. Coase published The Nature of the Firm, a ground-breaking paper which raised fundamental questions about the concept of the firm in economic theory. In this volume, leading business economists commemorate Coase's classic article and consider its relevance to economic theory today. The book includes a reprint of The Nature of the Firm, together will three lectures by Coase from 1987, which provide an account of the origins and development of his thought. The new paperback includes the first publication of the lecture which Coase delivered on winning the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1991. Contributors: Ronald H. Coase, Sherwin Rosen, Paul Joskow, Oliver Hart, Harold Demsetz, Scott Masten, Benjamin Klein, Oliver Williamson, Sidney Winter

  • The Origins and Evolution of New Businesses

    Few would deny the crucial role that entrepreneurs play in our increasingly global economy--but exactly what is this vital, yet loosely defined business force we call the entrepreneurial spirit? This landmark study is the first to examine analytically the nature of the opportunities that entrepreneurs pursue, the problems they face, the traits they require, and the social and economic contributions they make. Until recently, entrepreneurs have been largely ignored in modern economic theory. But at the dawn of a networked age, marked by the advent of e-business and the home office, there's no question that entrepreneurs have recaptured the popular imagination. Studies now show that most men and women dream of starting their own businesses rather than rising through the corporate ranks. Yet in spite of increased attention by many of today's leading business schools, entrepreneurship has remained largely a mystery, an apparantly intuitive sense of values possessed by certain individuals. This book targets the issues central to successful start-up ventures, such as endowments and opportunities, planning versus adaptation, securing resources, corporate initiatives, venture capital, revolutionary ventures and the evolution of fledgling businesses. Focusing on hard data and evaluations of numerous start-up businesses, including many of today's major industry leaders, this book presents a new economic model--a key to understanding the guts, determination, luck and skills that constitute the underpinnings of corporate success. Written in clear, concise prose, The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses goes behind the charts and graphs of business theory to the true heart of success. It is essential reading for business students, would-be entrepreneurs, or executives wanting to incorporate the vitality of the entrepreneurial spirit into their organization.

  • Becoming Attached: First Relationships and How They Shape Our Capacity to Love

    The struggle to understand the infant-parent bond ranks as one of the great quests of modern psychology, one that touches us deeply because it holds so many clues to how we become who we are. How are our personalities formed? How do our early struggles with our parents reappear in the way we relate to others as adults? Why do we repeat with our own children--seemingly against our will--the very behaviors we most disliked about our parents? In Becoming Attached, psychologist and noted journalist Robert Karen offers fresh insight into some of the most fundamental and fascinating questions of emotional life.
    Karen begins by tracing the history of attachment theory through the controversial work of John Bowlby, a British psychoanalyst, and Mary Ainsworth, an American developmental psychologist, who together launched a revolution in child psychology. Karen tells about their personal and professional struggles, their groundbreaking discoveries, and the recent flowering of attachment theory research in universities all over the world, making it one of the century's most enduring ideas in developmental psychology.
    In a world of working parents and makeshift day care, the need to assess the impact of parenting styles and the bond between child and caregiver is more urgent than ever. Karen addresses such issues as: What do children need to feel that the world is a positive place and that they have value? Is day care harmful for children under one year? What experiences in infancy will enable a person to develop healthy relationships as an adult?, and he demonstrates how different approaches to mothering are associated with specific infant behaviors, such as clinginess, avoidance, or secure exploration. He shows how these patterns become ingrained and how they reveal themselves at age two, in the preschool years, in middle childhood, and in adulthood. And, with thought-provoking insights, he gives us a new understanding of how negative patterns and insecure attachment can be changed and resolved throughout a person's life.
    The infant is in many ways a great mystery to us. Every one of us has been one; many of us have lived with or raised them. Becoming Attached is not just a voyage of discovery in child emotional development and its pertinence to adult life but a voyage of personal discovery as well, for it is impossible to read this book without reflecting on one's own life as a child, a parent, and an intimate partner in love or marriage.

  • The Sacred Willow: Four Generations in the Life of a Vietnamese Family

    A finalist for the Pulitzer Prize, Duong Van Mai Elliott's The Sacred Willow illuminates recent Vietnamese history by weaving together the stories of the lives of four generations of her family. Beginning with her great-grandfather, who rose from rural poverty to become an influential landowner, and continuing to the present, Mai Elliott traces her family's journey through an era of tumultuous change. She tells us of childhood hours in her grandmother's silk shop, and of hiding while French troops torched her village, watching while blossoms torn by fire from the trees flutter "like hundreds of butterflies" overhead. She makes clear the agonizing choices that split Vietnamese families: her eldest sister left her staunchly anti-communist home to join the Viet Minh, and spent months sleeping in jungle camps with her infant son, fearing air raids by day and tigers by night. And she follows several family members through the last, desperate hours of the fall of Saigon-including one nephew who tried to escape by grabbing the skid of a departing American helicopter. Based on family papers, dozens of interviews, and a wealth of other research, this is not only a memorable family saga but a record of how the Vietnamese themselves have experienced their times.

  • The Limits of Lockean Rights in Property

    A comprehensive interpretation of Locke's argument for the legitimacy of private property.

  • Biogenesis: Theories of Life's Origin

    Biogenesis is a detailed, critical discussion of the modern scientific study of the origin of life, its history and biological, geological, and cosmological background, the rationale of its main assumptions and experimental strategies, and its plethora of theories, model, scenarios, and controversies.

  • Contemporary Jewish Theology: A Reader

    Contemporary Jewish Theology: A Reader presents the most comprehensive collection to date of Jewish religious writings from the latter half of this century. Featuring selections from both pre- and post-World War II thinkers, this carefully constructed anthology highlights the enormous range of theological viewpoints and methods that have characterized Jewish theological reflection in modern times. An extraordinarily rich compilation, it represents many different perspectives, including those of Orthodox thinkers and feminists, Israelis and Americans, rationalists and mystics, and post-modernists. Extensive introductions place these writings in historical and philosophical context and identify the fundamental continuities and tensions among contemporary Jewish thinkers. Following a general introduction, the volume is organized into four parts. The first section includes representative selections from the major Jewish philosophers of the early twentieth century (Cohen, Rosenzweig, Buber, Kook, Kaplan, and Heschel). The second part includes recent essays on God, creation, revelation, redemption, covenant/chosenness, and law. The third section provides seminal essays on the Holocaust and the modern State of Israel, topics that have held tremendous importance for Jewish thinkers over the past few decades. The book concludes with a symposium on future directions in Jewish theology at the dawn of the twenty-first century, and also provides extensive suggestions for further reading. Contemporary Jewish Theology: A Reader is designed as a companion volume to the editors' earlier book, Contemporary Jewish Ethics and Morality: A Reader (OUP, 1995). An exceptional introduction to contemporary Jewish thinking, it is an essential text for courses in Jewish thought and theology.

  • The World's Writing Systems

    The World's Writing Systems meets the need for a definitive volume on the major historical and modern writing systems of the world. Comprising more than eighty articles contributed by expert scholars in the field, the work is organized in twelve units, each dealing with a particular group of writing systems defined historically, geographically, or conceptually. Each unit begins with an introductory article providing the social and cultural context in which the group of writing systems was created and developed. Articles on individual scripts detail the historical origin of the writing system in question, its structure (with tables showing the forms of the written symbols), and its relationship to the phonology of the corresponding spoken language. Each writing system is illustrated by a passage of text, accompanied by a romanized version, a phonetic transcription, and a modern English translation. Each article concludes with a bibliography. Units are arranged according to the chronological development of writing systems and their historical relationship within geographical areas. First, there is a discussion of the earliest scripts of the ancient Near East. Subsequent units focus on the scripts of East Asia, the writing systems of Europe, Asia, and Africa that have descended from ancient West Semitic ("Phoenician"), and the scripts of South and Southeast Asia. Other units deal with the recent and ongoing process of decipherment of ancient writing systems; the adaptation of traditional scripts to new languages; new scripts invented in modern times; and graphic systems for numerical, music, and movement notation. The result is a comprehensive resource of all of the major writing systems of the world.

  • Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy

    This textbook presents a systematic and unifying viewpoint for a wide class of nonlinear spectroscopic techniques in time domain and frequency domain. It is directed towards active researchers in physics, optics, chemistry, and materials science, as well as graduate students who enter this complex and rapidly developing field. Nonlinear optical interactions of laser fields with matter provide powerful spectroscopic tools for the understanding of microscopic interactions and dynamic processes. One of the major obstacles facing researchers in this field, however, is the flood of experimental techniques and terminologies, which create a serious language barrier. The general microscopic correlation function approach to the nonlinear optical response developed in this book is essential for understanding the relationships among different techniques and a comparison of their information content, the design of new measurements, and for a systematic comparison of the optical response of different systems such as dyes in solutions, atoms and molecules in the gas phase, liquids, molecular aggregates and superlatives, and semiconductor nanostructures. The approach is based on formulating the nonlinear response by representing the state of matter by the density matrix and following its evolution on Liouville space. Current active research areas such as femtosecond time-domain techniques, semi-classical and wave-packet dynamics, pulse shaping, pulse locking, exciton confinement, and the interplay of electronic, nuclear and field coherence are emphasized. The material has been developed from the author's highly successful interdisciplinary course at the University of Rochester attended by science and engineering graduate students.

  • Emotion and the Arts

    This collection presents new essays on emotion and its relation to the arts contributed from fifteen leading aestheticians. The essays will consider such topics as the paradox of fiction, emotion in the pure and abstract arts, and the rationality and ethics of emotional responses to art. Among the contributors are such noted authors as Kendal Walton, Rom Harre, Robert Solomon, and Jerrold Levinson.

  • Only the Ball Was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams

    Early in the 1920s, the New York Giants sent a scout to watch a young Cuban play for Foster's American Giants, a baseball club in the Negro Leagues. During one at-bat this talented slugger lined a ball so hard that the rightfielder was able to play it off the top of the fence and throw Christobel Torrienti out at first base. The scout liked what he saw, but was disappointed in the player's appearance. "He was a light brown," recalled one of Torrienti's teammates, "and would have gone up to the major leagues, but he had real rough hair." Such was life behind the color line, the unofficial boundary that prevented hundreds of star-quality athletes from playing big-league baseball. When Only the Ball Was White was first published in 1970, Satchel Paige had not yet been inducted into the Hall of Fame and there was a general ignorance even among sports enthusiasts of the rich tradition of the Negro Leagues. Few knew that during the 1930s and '40s outstanding black teams were playing regularly in Yankee Stadium and Brooklyn's Ebbets Field. And names like Cool Papa Bell, Rube Foster, Judy Johnson, Biz Mackey, and Buck Leonard would bring no flash of smiling recognition to the fan's face, even though many of these men could easily have played alongside Ty Cobb, Walter Johnson, Hack Wilson, Lou Gehrig--and shattered their records in the process. Many baseball pundits now believe, for example, that had Josh Gibson played in the major leagues, he would have surpassed Babe Ruth's 714 home runs before Hank Aaron had even hit his first. And the great Dizzy Dean acknowledged that the best pitcher he had ever seen was not Lefty Grove or Carl Hubbell, but rather "old Satchel Paige, that big lanky colored boy." In Only the Ball Was White, Robert Peterson tells the forgotten story of these excluded ballplayers, and gives them the recognition they were so long denied. Reconstructing the old Negro Leagues from contemporary sports publications, accounts of games in the black press, and through interviews with the men who actually played the game, Peterson brings to life the fascinating period that stretched from shortly after the Civil War to the signing of Jackie Robinson in 1947. We watch as the New York Black Yankees and the Philadelphia Crawfords take the field, look on as the East-West All-Star lineups are announced, and listen as the players themselves tell of the struggle and glory that was black baseball. In addition to these vivid accounts, Peterson includes yearly Negro League standings and an all-time register of players and officials, making the book a treasure trove of baseball information and lore. A monumental and poignant book, Only the Ball Was White reminds us that what was often considered the "Golden Age" of baseball was also the era of Jim Crow. It is a book that must be read by anyone hoping not only to understand the story of baseball, but the story of America.

  • Beyond Consent: Seeking Justice in Research

    Beyond Consent examines the concept of justice, and its application to human subject research, through the different lenses of various research populations: children, the vulnerable sick, captive and convenient populations, women, people of colour, and subjects in international settings. Separate chapters address the evolution of research policies, implications of the concept of justice for the future of human subject research, and the ramifications of this concept throughout the research enterprise.

  • Warranted Christian Belief

    This is the third volume in Alvin Plantinga's trilogy on the notion of warrant, which he defines as that which distinguishes knowledge from true belief. In this volume, Plantinga examines warrant's role in theistic belief, tackling the questions of whether it is rational, reasonable, justifiable, and warranted to accept Christian belief and whether there is something epistemically unacceptable in doing so. He contends that Christian beliefs are warranted to the extent that they are formed by properly functioning cognitive faculties, thus, insofar as they are warranted, Christian beliefs are knowledge if they are true.

  • Other Minds: Critical Essays 1969-1994

    A collection of previously published essays and reviews by the internationally acclaimed writer on Philosophy, Thomas Nagel. It contains writings on philosophy of mind and on ethics and political philosophy from the past twenty-five years.

  • Spirituality for the Skeptic: The Thoughtful Love of life

    Is it possible to be spiritual and yet not believe in the supernatural? Can a person be spiritual without belonging to a religious group or organization? In this book, philosopher Robert Solomon offers challenging answers to these questions as he explodes commonly held myths about what is means to be spiritual in today's pluralistic world. Based on Solomon's own struggles to reconcile philosophy with religion, Spirituality for the Skeptic offers a model of a vibrant, fulfilling spirituality that embraces the complexities of human existence and acknowledges the joys and tragedies of life. Solomon has forged an enlightened new path that synthesizes spirituality with emotions, intellect, science, and common sense. His new paradigm, "naturalized" spirituality, establishes as its cornerstone the "thoughtful love of life"--a passionate concern for the here-and-now, and not the by-and-by. Being spiritual doesn't mean being holed up as a recluse, spending hours in meditation and contemplation, Solomon argues. It demands involvement and emotional engagement with others in the struggle to find meaning in our lives. As such, this modern-day spirituality encompasses a passionate enthusiasm for the world, the transformation of self, cosmic trust and rationality, coming to terms with fate, and viewing life as a gift, all of which are explored in depth throughout this book. Spirituality for the Skeptic answers the need for a non-institutional, non-dogmatic spirituality that leads to personal fulfillment and satisfaction. By examining the ideas of great thinkers from Socrates and Nietzsche to Buddha to Kafka, Solomon arrives at a practical vision of spirituality that should appeal to many seekers looking to make sense of the human condition.

  • Children Talk About the Mind

    The authors chart the early developmental stages in children's growing awareness and understanding of mind. More than 12,000 conversations by children between the ages of one and a half and six have been recorded, allowing a comprehensive picture of the first and crucial steps in development of a theory of mind.

  • Managing Death in the ICU: The Transition from Cure to Comfort

    This volume reviews the state of the art in caring for patients dying in the ICU, focusing on both clinical aspects of managing pain and other symptoms, as well as ethical and societal issues that affect the standards of care recieved, The book also addresses the changing epidemiology of death in this setting related to managed care, practical skills needed to provide the highest quality of care to terminal patients, communicating with patients and families, the mechanics of withdrawing life supporting therapies, and the essential role of palliative care specialists in the ICU. The book briefly describes unique issues that arise when caring for patients with some of the more common diseases that preciptate death in the ICU. Contributors for the book were chosed because they have experience caring for patients in the ICU, and are also doing current research to find ways to improve care for terminal patients in this setting.

  • Synthetic Peptides: A User's Guide

    The first synthetic peptides were produced a century ago. In the ensuing period, they have developed as valuable research tools that are readily available to all researchers. However, since most researchers do not make their own peptides, they are oftenunfamiliar with not only the synthetic chemistry but also with important and useful aspects of design, analysis, handling and applications. This volume is the second edition of a volume that was first published 10 years ago. It is written by experts in the field who provide detailed descriptions as well as practical advice for producing and using synthetic peptides. The various chapters cover peptide design considerations, the synthetic chemistry, the evaluation of the synthetic product, and the modern applications of synthetic peptides. This includes the basic principles of peptide structure, analysis and chain assembly as well as the latest in selective disulfide bond formation, new strategies for the production of large peptides, and sequencing peptides by mass spectrometry. This book was designed with the intent of providing useful information both for the novices to the field as well as more seasoned practitioners. Its contents will help prevent problems commonly encountered and allow scientists to optimize their use of synthetic peptides.

  • Atlas of Electromyography

    This visually alluring book is an anatomical guide for students and practitioners of electromyography, including neurologists and rehabilitation specialists. It provides high quality anatomical illustrations of skeletal muscles that include nerve, plexus, and root supply; photographs of each muscle in healthy subjects to enable the practitioner to identify the optimum site of EMG needle insertion; clinical features of the major conditions affecting peripheral nerves; and electordiagnostic strategies for the confirming suspected lesions of the peripheral nervous system.

  • The Least Worst Death: Essays in Bioethics on the End of Life

    In this collection of essays by one of the foremost philosophers writing about issues of death and dying, the dilemmas raised by contemporary medicine concerning the way we die are explored. The volume focuses on the issues of withdrawing and withholding care, euthanasia, and suicide. Battin has written an extensive introduction which identifies the principle ethical issues and surveys the current political and social ferment over right-to-die issues. The essays range from treatments of the moral and philosophical issues to essays in practice and policy.

  • Shakespeare's English Kings: History, Chronicle, and Drama

    Far more than any professional historian, Shakespeare is responsible for whatever notions most of us possess about English medieval history. Anyone who appreciates the dramatic action of Shakespeare's history plays but is confused by much of the historical detail will welcome this engaging guide to the Richards, Edwards, Henrys, Warwicks and Norfolks who ruled and fought across Shakespeare's page and stage. Not only theater-goers and students, but today's film-goers who want to enrich their understanding of film adaptations of plays such as Richard III and Henry V will find this revised edition of Shakespeare's English Kings to be an essential companion. Saccio's engaging narrative weaves together three threads: medieval English history according to the Tudor chroniclers who provided Shakespeare with his material, that history as understood by modern scholars, and the action of the plays themselves. Including a new preface, a revised further reading list, genealogical charts, an appendix of names and titles, and an index, the second edition of Shakespeare's English Kings offers excellent background reading for all of the ten history plays.

  • The City in Roman Palestine

    Sperber uses rabbinic texts, classical sources , and archaeological evidence to describe what a typical Palestinian city looked like, and how it operated, during the Roman period 100-400 AD. His portrait provides a background for understanding everyday life in the urban environment of the New Testament.

  • Topics in Palliative Care, Volume 4

    This is the fourth book in a series devoted to research and practice in palliative care. This rapidly evolving field focuses on the management of phenomena that produce discomfort and undermine the quality of life of patients with incurable medical disorders. To highlight the diversity in this field, each volume is divided into sections that address a range of issues. Various sections discuss aspects of symptom control, psychosocial functioning, spiritual orr existential concerns, ethics, and other topics. The four sections in this volume are; Survival Estimation in Palliative Care, Education and Training in Palliative Care, Procoagulant and Anticoagulant Therapy in Palliative Care, and Issues in the Assessment and Management of Common Symptoms. The authors present and evaluate existing data, provide a context drawn from both the clinic and research, and integrate knowledge in a manner that is both practical and readable.

  • Telling Our Selves: Ethnicity and Discourse in Southwestern Alaska

    In this book, Chase Hensel examines how Yup'ik Eskimos and non-natives construct and maintain gender and ethnic identities through strategic talk about hunting, fishing, and processing. Although ethnicity is overtly constructed in terms of either/or categories, the discourse of Bethel residents suggests that their actual concern is less with whether one is native or non-native, than how native one is in a given context. In the interweaving of subsistence practices and subsistence discourse, ethnicity is constantly recreated. This type of discourse occurs in a conversational setting where ethnicity is both implicitly and explicitly contested. While the book is ethnographic, it is not "about Eskimo's." Rather it is about how Bethel residents use similar forms of discourse to strategically validate disparate identities. In this context, the homeland of Yup'ik Eskimos, subsistence is the focus of people's interactions, regardless of their ascriptive ethnicity. Even people who spend little time in subsistence activities spend a great deal of time in subsistence conversation. Unlike traditional ethnographies which focus on traditions, and consequently tend to reify the past, this contemporary ethnography focuses on contemporary preoccupations of identity and meaning. The ethnographic description becomes a device for preserving and explicating the opulent polysemy of situated talk.

  • Crossing Swords: Politics and Religion in Mexico

    Based on a decade of field research, this work is the first book-length, scholarly examination in English of the role of Catholicism in Mexican society since the 1970s through 1995, and the increasing political activism of the Catholic church and clergy. It is also the first analysis of church-state relations in Latin America that incorporates detailed interviews of numerous bishops and clergy and leading politicians about how they see each other and how religion influences their values. It is also the first analysis of the Mexican Catholic Church which uses national survey research to examine Mexican attitudes toward religion, Christianity, and Catholicism, and provides the first inside look at the decision-making process of bishops at the diocesan level.

  • Convection and Substorms: Paradigms of Magnetospheric Phenomenology

    The magnetosphere is the region in which the solar wind interacts with the Earth's magnetic field, the zone which screens the Earth from most of the harmful cosmic rays which daily bombard it. The Aurora Borealis, or Norhun lights, other such phenourena result from the interaction of particles in the solar wind and the magnetosphere. Planetary physicists, geophysicists, plasma astrophysicists, and scientists involved with astronautics all have a primary interest in the configuration and dynamics of the magnetosphere, and much research is devoted to convection (the circulation of solarwind plastma in the magnetiosphere) and substorms, which are linked to the aurorae and thought to stimulate convection. In this book, one of the leading scientists in the field presents a synthesis of current knowledge on convection and substorms and proposes that the Planetary physicists, geophysicists, plasma astrophysicists, and scientists involved with astronautics all have a primary interest in the configuration and dynamics of the magnetosphere, and much research is devoted to convection (the circulation of solarwind plastma in the magnetiosphere) and substorms, which are linked to the aurorae and thought to stimulate convection. In this book, one of the leading scientists in the field presents a synthesis of current knowledge on convection and substorms and proposes that the steady reconnection model be replaced by a model of multiple tail reconnection events, in which many mutually interdependent reconnections occur.

  • Anthology of Twentieth-Century British and Irish Poetry

    Presenting a wide-ranging selection of vital twentieth-century work, Anthology of Twentieth-Century British and Irish Poetry contains over 450 poems by 126 poets, beginning with Thomas Hardy and Gerard Manley Hopkins and ending with Catherine Walsh and Helen Macdonald. It features ample selections from canonical poets including W.H. Auden, Basil Bunting, T.S. Eliot, Seamus Heaney, Ted Hughes, Philip Larkin, D.H. Lawrence, Charlotte Mew, Hugh MacDiarmid, Wilfred Owen, Edith Sitwell, Stevie Smith, Dylan Thomas, Edward Thomas, and W.B. Yeats. At the same time, this volume challenges received accounts of modern and contemporary British and Irish poetry by presenting work from many poets--including Mary Butts, Brian Coffey, Nancy Cunard, Elizabeth Daryush, Ivor Gurney, F.R. Higgins, Mina Loy, Thomas MacGreevy, Joseph Gordon Macleod, Charles Madge, Clere Parsons, Lynette Roberts, John Rodker, and Sylvia Townsend Warner--who have never before been represented in this type of collection. Anthology of Twentieth-Century British and Irish Poetry covers many groups and movements--from the Georgians to the poets of the New Apocalypse and the Auden group and from the Movement to the New Generation--paying special attention to neglected modernist traditions. It presents a range of post-World War II exploratory poetry by writers including Tom Leonard, Tom Raworth, John Riley, and Maggie O'Sullivan alongside the work of more established figures like Thom Gunn, Tony Harrison, Paul Muldoon, and Craig Raine. It includes poetry by "Black British" writers including James Berry, Jean "Binta" Breeze, David Dabydeen, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Jackie Kay, E.A. Markham, and Grace Nichols, and feminist poetry by Fleur Adcock, Caroline Bergvall, Eavan Boland, Carol Ann Duffy, Denise Riley, Anna Wickham, and others. It also provides the complete texts or substantial excerpts of several important long poems. All of the poems are newly and thoroughly annotated, many for the first time. Each poet's selection begins with a critical introduction providing biographical and bibliographical information along with critical commentary. Ideal for general readers and for courses in modern and contemporary British and Irish poetry and literature, this anthology provides an unprecedented, inclusive portrait of the century's poetry in Britain and Ireland.

  • Culture of Complaint: The Fraying of America

    In this radical account of the decline of twentieth-century American culture, Time art critic Robert Hughes insists that the politicization of almost every area of American culture has resulted in quarrelling, infighting, and a fall in the standards needed to hold such a diverse nation together. Based on a series of lectures sponsored by the New York Public Library and Oxford University Press, Culture of Complaint asserts that the melting pot of America has never melted, and that American mutuality has always existed in a recognition of differences. The blame for the fraying of the American sense of collectivity and mutual respect is laid at many doors: demagogues who claim there is only one path to virtuous Americanness, multiculturalists who seek to rewrite history, advocators of political correctness, and sociologists who see the dysfunctional family as the cause of most personal problems. The book is an extraordinary statement of the times, and a clarion call for the rebuilding of America.

  • How the Laser Happened: Adventures of a Scientist

    Charles Townes, a Nobel laureate, is one of the leading figures in twentieth-century physics, inventor of the maser and the laser, and one of the pioneers in the use of spectroscopic techniques to determine the atomic composition of stars. This book is the memoir of a life devoted to scientific research, and also to the application of this research in the public sphere.

  • Linear Vector Spaces and Cartesian Tensors

    Designed for a first year graduate course in Mechanics, this text brings together never before collected works on linear vector spaces, on which the author is a world renowned authority. It is primarily concerned with finite dimensional real Euclidean spaces, with Cartesian tensors viewed as linear transformations of such a space into itself, and with applications of these notions, especially in mechanics. The geometric content of the theory and the distinction between matrices and tensors are emphasized, and absolute- and component- notation are both employed. Problems and solutions are included.

  • Emerging Minds: The Process of Change in Children's Thinking

    How do children acquire the vast array of concepts, strategies, and skills that distinguish the thinking of infants and toddlers from that of preschoolers, older children, and adolescents? In this new book, Robert Siegler addresses these and other fundamental questions about children's thinking. Previous theories have tended to depict cognitive development much like a staircase. At an early age, children think in one way; as they get older, they step up to increasingly higher ways of thinking. Siegler proposes that viewing the development within an evolutionary framework is more useful than a staircase model. The evolution of species depends on mechanisms for generating variability, for choosing adaptively among the variants, and for preserving the lessons of past experience so that successful variants become increasingly prevalent. The development of children's thinking appears to depend on mechanisms to fulfill these same functions. Siegler's theory is consistent with a great deal of evidence. It unifies phenomena from such areas as problem solving, reasoning, and memory, and reveals commonalities in the thinking of people of all ages. Most important, it leads to valuable insights regarding a basic question about children's thinking asked by cognitive, developmental, and educational psychologists: How does change occur?

  • Techniques in Microbial Ecology

    This is the bench and field scientist's guide to well-established, reliable techniques for use in microbiology and microbial ecology. It provides a good starting place for those who are beginning to investigate aspects of the microbial community, and a refresher for more experienced researchers. Chapters on bacteria with interesting metabolic traits are augmented with chapters on molecular techniques, lipis analysis, and appropriate sampling techniques. A special section includes valuable information on biofilm development, bioremediation, modeling of biological systems, and the study of phylogenetics. Unlike other texts, which present theory in microbial ecology, this one contains the applications that can be used throughout one's research.

  • The Song Is Ended: Songwriters and American Music, 1900-1950

    "Embraceable You." "Someone to Watch Over Me." "Alexander's Ragtime Band." "My Funny Valentine." "White Christmas." Irving Berlin once wrote a song entitled "The Song is Ended, But the Melody Lingers On," and surely the title is a perfect epitaph for an incomparable era of American songwriting that endowed us with so many of our most beloved ballads and rousing showstoppers. The Song is Ended is the story of the Golden Age of American popular music, and a celebration of the enduring melodies and colorful life stories of five of this century's most engaging songwriters: Irving Berlin, Jerome Kern, George Gershwin, Cole Porter, and Richard Rodgers, with a fond bow in the direction of Victor Herbert and George M. Cohan. Author William G. Hyland provides an expert analysis of trends in popular songwriting during the first half of this century, escorting readers on a fascinating tour of the sights and sounds of fifty-odd years of American music, from the scratchy victrolas and Old World melodies of New York's teeming Lower East Side, to the hustle and bustle of Tin Pan Alley, to the hot rhythms and smoky clubs of the Jazz Age, to the sound stages of Hollywood and the glittering Broadway triumphs of "Showboat," "Anything Goes," "Porgy and Bess," "Pal Joey," and "Oklahoma!." Nostalgic lovers of good music will delight in the stories behind some of their favorite songs: Irving Berlin, for example, originally wrote his tender and romantic classic "I'll Be Loving You, Always," for a Marx Brothers revue (he wisely cut it), and he first composed "God Bless America" as an enlisted soldier in 1918, only to put it aside for almost twenty years when the pianist helping him rehearse for an army benefit complained "Geez, another patriotic song?" From Cole Porter's light-hearted and irrepressible "You're the Top" to Rodgers and Hart's wistful "Blue Moon" or the unforgettable "Summertime" from George Gershwin's masterful "Porgy and Bess," The Song is Ended captures the charm, freshness and vitality of a truly great era in American musical history. The melodies from this golden era truly linger on, just as Berlin predicted, and reverberate on every page of this superb volume.

  • Handbook of Psychiatry in Palliative Medicine

    Topics include the role of psychiatry in terminal care, diagnosis and management of depression, suicide in the terminally ill, pain management, the nature of suffering in terminal illness, and psychotherapeutic interventions. The book also takes into consideration new directions for psychosocial palliative care research.

  • King of Ragtime: Scott Joplin and His Era

    In 1974, the academy award-winning film The Sting brought back the music of Scott Joplin, a black ragtime composer who died in 1917. Led by The Entertainer, one of the most popular pieces of the mid-1970s, a revival of his music resulted in events unprecedented in American musical history. Never before had any composer's music been so acclaimed by both the popular and classical music worlds. While reaching a "Top Ten" position in the pop charts, Joplin's music was also being performed in classical recitals and setting new heights for sales of classical records. His opera Treemonisha was performed both in opera houses and on Broadway. Destined to be the definitive work on the man and his music, King of Ragtime is written by Edward A. Berlin. A renowned authority on Joplin and the author of the acclaimed and widely cited Ragtime: A Musical and Cultural History, Berlin redefines the Scott Joplin biography. Using the tools of a trained musicologist, he has uncovered a vast amount of new information about Joplin. His biography truly documents the story of the composer, replacing the myths and unsupported anecdotes of previous histories. He shows how Joplin's opera Treemonisha was a tribute to the woman he loved, a woman other biographers never even mentioned. Berlin also reveals that Joplin was an associate of Irving Berlin, and that he accused Berlin of stealing his music to compose Alexander's Ragtime Band in 1911. Berlin paints a vivid picture of the ragtime years, placing Scott Joplin's story in its historical context. The composer emerges as a representative of the first post-Civil War generation of African Americans, of the men and women who found in the world of entertainment a way out of poverty and lowly social status. King of Ragtime recreates the excitement of these pioneers, who dreamed of greatness as they sought to expand the limits society placed upon their race.

  • Double Case: Agreement by Suffixaufnahme

    This is a collection of previously unpublished essays on an unusual and little known pattern of case agreement in the noun phrase. The contributors examine the pattern as it occurs in a wide variety of languages. The volume will be the definitive comparative study of a phenomenon not previously studied in any comprehensive way.

  • The Benthic Boundary Layer: Transport Processes and Biogeochemistry

    The benthic boundary layer is the zone of water and sediment immediately adjacent to the bottom of a sea, lake, or river. This zone is a key environment to biologists, geochemists, sedimentologists, and engineers because of very strong gradients of energy, dissolved and solid chemical components, suspended matter, and the number of organisms that live there. It is, for example, the sink for anthropgenic substances and the home of microscopic plant life that provides the nutrients that stimulate phylogelankton productivity, and ultimately determine the size of the fish populations. This book of original chapters edited by leading researchers in the field, will meet the need for an up-to-date, definitive text and reference on principles, techniques, and models for transport and biogeochemical processes in the benthic boundary layer. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of a selected field, with illustrated examples from the authors' own work. The book will appeal to professionals and researchers in marine biology, marine chemistry, marine engineering, and sedimentology.

  • The Life of the Cosmos

    In The Life of the Cosmos, Lee Smolin offers a theory of the universe that is radically different from anything proposed before. He argues that 'The underlying structure of our world is to be found in the logic of evolution'. He departs from contemporary physicists to explore the idea that the laws of nature we observe may be the partial result a process of natural selection that occurred before the Big Bang.

  • Quincas Borba

    Machado de Assis is considered the pre-eminent writer of Brazil. Quincas Borba is one of his four most important novels and features some of the same characters as Memorias Postumas de Bras Cubas. The main character of this novel is a well-meaning country fellow who moves to the city with his dog, Quincas Borba, named after the mad philosopher who was his previous owner. As the dog's new owner explores the social, political, and commercial world of the city, he also tries to come to grips with the motives that lie behind every human action and begins to ponder what madness really is. Despite the "heavy" messages behind this book, the narration is light-hearted, allowing readers to laugh both at the foibles of society and at themselves.

  • Encounters with God: An Approach to the Theology of Jonathan Edwards

    This book offers a broad-based study of Jonathan Edwards as a religious thinker. Much attention has been given to Edwards in relation to his Puritan and Calvinist forebears. McClymond, however, examines Edwards in relation to his eighteenth-century intellectual context. Among the topics considered are spiritual perception, metaphysics, contemplation, ethics and morality, and apologetics.

  • Beginning Again: People and Nature in the New Millennium

    The twentieth century is drawing to a chaotic close amidst portents of unprecedented change and upheaval. The unravelling of societies and civilizations and the destruction of nature march together linked a fact whose enormous significance is often lost. In Beginning Again, David Ehrenfeld has undertaken the difficult task of describing the present clearly enough to reveal the future. Out of his broad vision emerges a glimpse of a new nillennium: a vision of once frightening and comforting, a scene of great devastation and great rebuilding. Ehrenfeld ranges far and wide to present a coherent vision of our relationship with Nature - its many aspects and implications as our century opens into the next millenium. Whether he is writing about the problem of loyalty to organizations, rights versus obligations, our over managed society, the vanishing of established knowledge, the failure of experts, the triumph of dandelions, Dr Seuss, or the future of farming, he is always concerned with the intricate intervention between technology and nature. Throughout, Ehrenfeld never loses sight of our fatel love affair with the fantasy of control. We now have no choice, he argues, but to transform the dream of control, of progress, from one of over-weaning hubris, love of consumption, and the idiot's goal of perpetual growth, to one based on `the inventive imitation of nature', with its honesty, beauty, resilience, and durability.

  • Monteverde: Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest

    The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve has captured the worldwide attention of biologists, conservationists, and ecologists and has been the setting for extensive investigation over the past 30 years. Roughly 40,000 ecotourists visit the Cloud Forest each year, and it is often considered the archetypal high-altitude rain forest. This volume brings together some of the most prominent researchers of the region to provide a broad introduction to the biology of the Monteverde and cloud forests in general. Collecting and synthesizing vital information about the ecosystem and its biota, the book also examines the positive and negative effects of human activity on both the forest and the surrounding communities. Ecologists, tropical biologists, and natural historians will find this volume an indispensable resource as will all those who are fascinated by the magnificent tropical forests.

  • Apes, Language, and the Human Mind

    For more than twenty years, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh has been studying the linguistic and cognitive skills of a number of laboratory-reared primates. Recently, her work with Kanzi (a bonobo) has been acknowledged as having achieved a scientific breakthrough of stunning proportions: Kanzi has acquired linguistic and cognitive skills equal to those of a 2-1/2 year-old human child. Apes, Language and the Human Mind skillfully combines the exciting narrative regarding the Kanzi research with incisive critical analysis of the research's broader linguistic, psychological, and anthropological implications. Sure to be controversial, this exciting new volume offers a radical revision of the sciences of language and mind.

  • What Comes Naturally: Miscegenation Law and the Making of Race in America

    A long-awaited history that promises to dramatically change our understanding of race in America, What Comes Naturally traces the origins, spread, and demise of miscegenation laws in the United States - laws that banned interracial marriage and sex, most often between whites and members of other races. Peggy Pascoe demonstrates how these laws were enacted and applied not just in the South but throughout most of the country, in the West, the North, and the Midwest. Beginning in the Reconstruction era, when the term miscegenation first was coined, she traces the creation of a racial hierarchy that bolstered white supremacy and banned the marriage of Whites to Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, and American Indians as well as the marriage of Whites to Blacks. She ends not simply with the landmark 1967 case of Loving v. Virginia, in which the Supreme Court finally struck down miscegenation laws throughout the country, but looks at the implications of ideas of colorblindness that replaced them. What Comes Naturally is both accessible to the general reader and informative to the specialist, a rare feat for an original work of history based on archival research.

  • The Workers of Nations: Industrial Relations in a Global Economy

    The new international economy is today the single most important factor shaping relations between employers, unions, and governments in the world's advanced industrial societies. While companies compete in global markets with firms around the world, workers remain fixed in each country and are influenced by local the customs and mores. This book explores how globalization affects the contemporary workplace and how workplace policies can make nations more internationally competitive. Unlike other country-by-country treatments of the subject, this analysis compares and contrasts the experiences of different nations around important developments, such as the labor market consequences of regional trading pacts, the international diffusion of new forms of work organization, and the strategies that nations are pursuing to keep their work systems competitive. The contributors come from a variety of disciplines but all bear expertise in international industrial relations.

  • Geostatistics for Natural Resources Evaluation

    This text fulfils a need for an advanced-level work covering both the theory and application of geostatistics. It covers the most important areas of geostatistical methodology, introducing tools for description, quantitative modelling of spatial continuity, spatial prediction, and assessment of local uncertainty and stochastic simulation. It also details the theoretical background underlying most GSLIB programs. The tools are applied to an environmental data set, but the book includes a general presentation of algorithms intended for students and practitioners in such diverse fields as soil science, mining, petroleum, remote sensing, hydrogeology, and the environmental sciences.

  • Digital Transmission Lines: Computer Modelling and Analysis

    The most important contribution of this book is its method of simulating crosstalk and providing design tools for its control between closely spaced traces on a circuit board. The approach is unique to this book. It begins with an introduction to the transmission line equations and progresss to the solution for the signals on networks of multi-wire lined in layered dielectric media. It further develops a method (and supplies computer code) to include the skin effect in the propagation algorithm. All solution algorithms for digital signals are time stepping algorithms that lend themselves to intuitive understanding. The book is in five parts: I. Transmission Line Fundamentals, II. Circuit Solutions at Line Terminations, III. Propagation in Layered Media, IV. Transmission Line Parameter Determination, and V. Simulation of Skin Effect. Methods are explained that the author has successfully used to simulate multi-wire transmission line signal propagation. A contemporary need for these methods exists among those who design or simulate transmission lines that carry digital signals. Such engineers must have both an understanding of the mechanisms of propagation and crosstalk and a means of quantitatively evaluating them. The book provides expanations to enhance understanding of signal propagation and crosstalk amd mathematical algorithms for their numerical evaluation. It also provides design methods for reducing crosstalk between traces on a multi-layered circuit board. Numerous exercises, hint, problems, and computer codes (in the C language) all serve to solicit reader involvement. An accompanying CD-ROM contains all source codes from the text as well as executable demo versions of commercial CAD codesv that illustrate use of the principles in the book. Intented for senior and/or graduate level students in electrical engineering or computer science, this book is suitable for software engineers, electronic design engineers, and electromagnetic research professionals in the field.

  • Free Radicals: Biology and Detection by Spinn Trapping

    A handbook for biologists and biochemists on free radicals, emphasizing the techniques for analysing free radicals. Spinn trapping, the spectroscopic methods for studying free radicals, is subject to a range of difficulties, potential artifacts or errors of interpretation that make a practical, helpful, trouble-shooting guide a rather high priority for anyone working in the area, and there is presently no such book.

  • Uncovering Lives: The Uneasy Alliance of Biography and Psychology

    Psychobiography is often attacked by critics who feel that it trivialises complex adult personalities, "explaining the large deeds of great individuals," as George Will wrote, "by some slight the individual suffered at a tender age, say seven, when his mother took away a lollipop." And yet, as Alan Elms argues in Uncovering Lives, in the hands of a skilled practitioner, psychobiography can rival the very best traditional biography in the insights it offers. Elms makes a strong case for the value of psychobiography, arguing in large part from his own fascinating case studies of over a dozen prominent figures, including George Bush, Saddam Hussein, and Sigmund Freud. Written with great clarity and wit, Uncovering Lives illuminates the contributions that psychology can make to biography. Elm's enthusiasm for his subject is contagious and will inspire would-be psychobiographers as well as win over the most hardened skeptics.

  • Resources for Science Literacy: Professional Development

    As we move toward the twenty-first century, our need for literacy in science, mathematics, and technology has become paramount. In order to meet this need educators will require a wide variety of materials to create curricula for science literacy. To help them identify and thoughtfully analyse resources as they plan K-12 curricula around the learning goals set forth in Science for All Americans and Benchmarks for Science Literacy , Project 2061 is creating Resources for Science Literacy, a new computer-based curriculum design tool containing professional development aids for teachers who want to enhance their understanding of science literacy and their ability to make sound decisions about curriculum materials. It will also provide information about a variety of instructional materials that promote science literacy. Now available on CD-ROM with a companion print volumes, Resources for Science Literacy will be issued in two volumes: Professional Development and Curriculum Materials. Both volumes of Resources for Science Literacy will be expanded and revised based on user feedback and eventually merged into a single CD-ROM that will be supported by annual updates available via disk or internet. The Professional Development volume is an outstanding curriculum-design tool that provides descriptions of resources, including science tradebooks, articles, and university syllabi that teachers can use to improve their understanding of science, mathematics, and technology, as well as the interconnections between each discipline. Emphasis will be on those topics from Science for All Americans and Benchmarks for Science Literacy with which teachers are least likely to be familiar, such as technology and the history and nature of science. Each resource entry will present a description of content, bibliographic and ordering information, links to specific science literacy goals in Science for All Americans, reviews (when available) from the AAAS's Science Books and Films and other sources, along with commentary that will help educators select resources that are appropriate to their needs and interests. The full text of Science for All Americans also will be included. And, focusing on learning psychology, Professional Development offers an introductory synopsis of cognitive research literature related to how students of different ages learn particular science and mathematics topics important to science literacy. This section will include Chapter 15 of Benchmarks, The Research Base, and its accompanying bibliography of more than 300 references to cognitive research literature. Coming on the heels of Professional Development, the second volume, Curriculum Materials, is the perfect compliment in an effort to establish essential science literacy goals. A database with information on curriculum resources that support Project 2061 learning goals, this resource will include descriptions of books, films, computerized resources, museum exhibits, and other exceptional materials and activities recommended for their overall quality and similarity to the learning objectives in Benchmarks for Science Literacy. For all higher education institutions involved in planning pre-service and in- service education, school districts designing staff development programs, and individual teachers planning their own professional growth, Resources for Science Literacy: Professional Development and Curriculum Development will be an invaluable asset.

  • Perspectives in Environmental Chemistry

    This book provides an in-depth introduction to a wide variety of topics within environmental chemistry. It is unique in that it consists of state-of-the-art descriptions of research areas written by leading scientists in the field.

  • Composers of the Nazi Era: Eight Portraits

    How does creativity thrive in the face of fascism? How can a highly artistic individual function professionally in so threatening a climate? The final book in a critically acclaimed trilogy that includes Different Drummers (OUP 1992) and The Twisted Muse (OUP 1997), this is a detailed study of the often interrelated careers of eight outstanding German composers who lived and worked amid the dictatorship of the Third Reich: Werner Egk, Paul Hindemith, Kurt Weill, Karl Amadeus Hartmann, Carl Orff, Hans Pfitzner, Arnold Schoenberg, and Richard Strauss. Noted historian Michael H. Kater weighs issues of accommodation and resistance to ask whether these artists corrupted themselves in the service of a criminal regime--and if so, whether this is evident in their music. He also considers the degrees to which the Nazis politically, socially, economically, and aesthetically succeeded in their treatment of these individuals, whose lives and compositions represent diverse responses to totalitarianism.

  • Type I Diabetes: Molecular, Cellular, and Clinical Immunology

    Type I diabetes is rapidly becoming one of the most studied autoimmune disorders. The existence of two spontaneous animal models, transgenic models which both create or suppress disease, coupled with the clinical importance of the illness with millions affected and thousands killed each year, has led to enormous efforts by an international groups of investigators to understand, treat and prevent type I diabetes. This timely new book presents a synthesis of the molecular and cellular immunology of type I diabetes by basic immunologists and physician investigators at the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes. At this center, T cell clones able to produce diabetes were discovered, the first antigen with which they react characterized, combinatorial, biochemical autoantibody screening for diabetes risk was recently published and multiple trials for the prevention of type I diabetes were carried out. This volume discusses the latest research in this rapidly developing field, including diagnostic strategies and therapies being developed to prevent this disease.

  • An Introduction to Classical Econometric Theory

    This book is designed to fill the gap between introductory undergraduate texts and advanced texts for graduate students. Its comprehensive coverage ensures that readers understand both the 'how' and the 'why' of econometrics, as it explains not only the mathematical techniques for econometric problem-solving but also the mathematical foundations of the discipline. Developed with careful pedagogical methodology throughout, the text makes full use of empirical examples and includes appendices providing 'ready reference' and refresher courses on basic mathematics, as well as further material for the more advanced student.

  • Human Cardiovascular Control

    This new, comprehensive analysis of human cardiovascular control explains the control of pressure, vascular volume and blood flow during orthostatis and exercise. Analysis of the physical properties of the vascular system and their modification by mechanical, neural, and humoural factors is highlighted by novel graphical representations of basic concepts. Interactive effects of the vasculature on cardiac performance and factors that both control and limit oxygen transfer from lungs to cells are stressed. This complete account will prove invaluable for all medical students, physiologists and clinicians who wish to better understand the reflex and hormonal control of the human cardiovascular system.

  • Women and Religion

    Women and Religion offers students a unique introduction to the process of reading and listening to women's stories of religious experience. Engaging and accessible, the book provides a discussion of women's roles in and experiences of religion and spirituality, primarily within the five major world religions--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam--and also more broadly in other contexts. The author presents women's experiences both within and separate from the normative sphere of established religious activity, which is mainly represented by male-dominated public rituals and texts. The discussions are drawn together under major themes and issues, across traditions and cultures. Topics covered include the marginalization of women and their religious experience within the structures of the major world religions, including texts, rituals, and codes of law and behavior; women's experience within less structured religious settings; women's independent religious life; bringing women from the periphery of religious experience to its center in order to hear them speak as religious and spiritual subjects; and contemporary women's search for new and reimagined ancient forms of religious and spiritual life. Ideal for courses in women and religion, this wide-ranging text can also be used as supplementary reading for courses in world religions.

  • Dragon Multinational: A New Model for Global Growth

    The conventional view of globalization sees it as a process driven by giant firms from the Triad regions of North America, Europe, and Japan, shaping the world in their own image. This book contests such a view, describing the extraordinary success of a handful of multinationals from the "Periphery" in globalizing their operations extremely rapidly. Focusing on Acer, the Taiwanese IT company; the Hong Leong hotel group of Singapore; Ispat International in steel; Cemex of Mexico in cement; and Li and Fung from Hong Kong in contract manufacturing, Matthews demonstrates that these firms have been able to utilize strategies of international linkage and leverage to accelerate their global coverage. He contends that they are pioneers of a new kind of global firm, indicators that the global business civilization being created in the 21st century is like to be pluralistic and diverse, offering unprecedented opportunities for firms that know how to enmesh themselves in global networks.

  • First Ladies

    As we move toward the year 2000, Americans continue to debate the job of First Lady. How much power does the position actually hold? How publicly should that power be wielded? First Ladies tells the story of this curious institution and the evolution of these women's role from ceremonial backdrop to substantive world figure. This expanded edition brings us up to the present, examining the legacies of our three most recent First Ladies: Nancy Reagan, credited with raising the job to that of "Associate President"; Barbara Bush, who took a more traditional approach); and Hillary Rodham Clinton, widely billed as the person responsible for changing the job completely. Covering all thirty-nine women from Martha Washington to our current First Lady and including the daughters, daughters-in-law, and sisters of presidents who sometimes served as First Ladies, Betty Boyd Caroli explores the background, marriage, and accomplishments and failures in office of each woman. This remarkably diverse lot included Abigail Adams, whose "remember the ladies" became a twentieth-century feminist refrain; Edith Wilson, who alone controlled access to the President when he suffered a stroke; Jane Pierce, who prayed her husband would lose the election; Helen Taft, who insisted on living in the White House, although her husband would have preferred a judgeship; and Pat Nixon, who perfected what some have called "the robot image." They ranged in age from early 20's to late 60's; some received superb educations for their time, while others had little or no schooling. Including the courageous and adventurous, the emotionally unstable, the ambitious, and the reserved, these women often did not fit the traditional expectations of a presidential helpmate. Depicting how these women used the "magic wand" given to them, Caroli reveals not only how each First Lady changed the role, but also how the role changed in response to American culture. Because of their position, these women left remarkably complete records, and their stories offer us an insider's view not only of their lives but also of the history of American women in general.

  • The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823

    The author explores the international impact and social significance of antislavery thought in a critical era of political and industrial revolution. He examines the implications and historical consequences of challenging the long-accepted institution of slavery. The study not only provides a comparative account of early antislavery movements, but also uses the controversies over slavery to analyse shifting attitudes towards labour, social order, political representation, and the authority of law and religion. The focus is on the Anglo-American experience, but Davis makes illuminating comparisons with the history of slavery in France and Latin America. The book also offers portraits of important historical figures, including Thomas Jefferson, Granville Sharp, Bryan Edward, and Moreau de Saint-Mery, and accounts of key groups, movements, and bodies of literature. Through the history of slavery, Davis explores many areas of the social and intellectual history of the revolutionary era, creating a new reading of the entire age.

  • Prescriptive Psychotherapy: A Practical Guide to Systematic Treatment Selection

    A brief reference book for professional psychotherapists. It is inteneded to help practising clinicians select the appropriate therapeutic procedure for various patients.

  • Plastic Glasses and Church Fathers: Semantic Extension from the Ethnoscience Tradition

    Kronenfeld aims to present a comprehensive understanding of the process by which we use words in speech to refer to things in the world, and to develop a theory of the semantics of natural language which can account adequately for native speakers' intuitions regarding word meanings and their word usage.

  • Encyclopedia of Global Change: Environmental Change and Human Society

    Featuring over 320 original articles by leading scholars, this encyclopedia captures the current knowledge of natural and anthropogenic changes in the physical, chemical, and biological systems and resources, and explores the effects of those on changes on human society. The clearly-written articles cover concepts of global change, earth and earth systems, human factors, resources, responses to global change, agreements and associations, institutions, policies, biographies and case studies. Enhanced by 1,500 charts, diagrams, and other illustrations, extensive cross-references, bibliographies and an index, the encyclopedia links essential knowledge across many fields, including geography, geology, geophysics, atmospheric science, political science, economics, technology, and others, in a resource that is accessible as it is authoritative. Available in print and as an e-reference text from Oxford's Digital Reference Shelf, It is an essential reference work for students, teachers, researchers, and other professionals seeking to understand any aspect of global change.

  • Bioorganic Chemistry: Carbohydrates

    Bioorganic chemistry has expanded rapidly over the past two decades, enriching the disciplines of biology and chemistry and providing important insights into the workings of biological systems at a molecular level. Recently, this growing field has witnessed some very exciting results in applying design and synthesis techniques to many problems in biochemistry and molecular biology. Bridging the gap between chemistry and biology, Topics in Bioorganic and Biological Chemistry: A Series of Books in Support of Teaching and Research will serve the needs of the many graduate students and researchers who work in and study this discipline. The inaugural work in this series, Bioorganic Chemistry, is composed of three volumes: Nucleic Acids, Peptides and Proteins, and Carbohydrates. This third volume, Bioorganic Chemistry: Carbohydrates, provides a broad overview of the topic. It covers the chemical and enzymatic synthesis of simple and complex carbohydrates and modern methods for the analysis of carbohydrate structure, and reviews the ways in which carbohydrates mediate binding to cells and subcellular targets such as DNA, proteins, and antibody binding sites. It also provides an overview of cyclodextrins and their properties and the biosynthesis of carbohydrates. The text is comprised of 13 chapters, making it ideal for use in a one-semester graduate level special topics course in carbohydrates. Each chapter begins with an introduction that includes basic principles, a summary of key findings which support current research in the field, and an overview of current research activity. The remainder of each chapter deals in greater detail with a number of recent studies that illustrate the nature of ongoing activity in the field. All chapters have been written by leading researchers, and numerous references are given.

  • Working Memory and Human Cognition

    This book compares and contrasts different conceptions of working memory. This is one of the most important notions to have informed cognitive psychology over the last 20 years or so. Primarily, 'working memory' has referred to the human cognitive system responsible for temporary storage of verbal information, but this book goes further and includes proponents of several different yet dominant views of working memory. Contents include: The Seven Ages of Working Memory, Working Memory and Aging, Working Memory and Retrieval. Both the conceptual and methodological basis of the study of working memory relevant to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and research workers in the fields of cognition, intellectual development, and cognitive neuropsychology are covered.

  • Natural Reasons: Personality and Polity

    This book is about rationality of decisions and actions: it illustrates the continuity of the philosophy of mind with ethics and jurisprudence. Dr Hurley brings Wittgenstein's and Davidson's arguments about interpretation to bear on decision theory, social choice theory and the theory of adjudication. In each of these contexts, her particular concern is to consider the differences and similarities between interpersonal and intrapersonal relationships, and between the resolution of conflicts between persons and the resolution of conflicts faced by individuals. This theme culminates in an examination of the relationship between the values of personal autonomy and those of democracy.

  • Derivatives: Valuation and Risk Management

    This new project will draw heavily on the author's previous work on derivative securities (published by McGraw-Hill): Options and Financial Futures. Because of increasing interest in the use (and misuse) of derivative securities in portfolio management, new courses have emerged that are called "risk management," but are primarily based on valuation and application of derivatives. Derivatives: Valuation and Risk Management will be reorganized in three parts: 1) Introduction to the securities and their use, 2) pricing of futures, swaps (new) and options, 3) using derivative securities to manage risk. It will be used in courses called "future and options" or "derivative securities" but will expand primarily into courses called "risk management" for which there is only one book, Smithson/Smith/Wilford: Managing Financial Risk (Irwin 1996). The author will prepare an Instructor's Manual (CRC) and a diskette on risk management. While we expect professional sales for the book, its primary market is for college courses, at the high end of the undergraduate and in MBA programs.

  • Workplace Health Surveillance: An Action-Oriented Approach

    This is the first textbook that makes workplace health surveillance accessible to a broad audience. Step-by-step, it shows how to establish or improve a surveillance system. The reader learns about defining objectives, seeking organizational support, forming a surveillance workgroup, collecting data, calculating basic injury and illness statistics, designing databases, analyzing and interpreting surveillance data, setting priorities, making protocols for follow-up and case management, marketing results and giving feedback, and evaluating surveillance systems. Links are emphasized between surveillance and workplace follow-up, community-based intervention programs, cost-benefit analysis, and other prevention activities. Readers get a solid foundation of epidemiologic concepts reinforced by examples that use simple arithmetic. Leading practitioners from government, business, and unions illustrate the surveillance of injuries, lead poisoning, pesticide illness, cumulative trauma disorders, asthma, noise-induced hearing loss, silicosis, cancer, and chemical and physical hazards. Non-traditional data sources are examined, including health and disability insurance, hospital discharge, and poison control centers. Disability surveillance, return-to-work, and the quality/effectiveness of health services also are explored. Surveillance is shown to be an action-oriented tool for decision-making that is the key to a successful health and safety program.

  • From Stalinism to Pluralism: A Documentary History of Eastern Europe since 1945

    Gale Stokes has revised this highly successful book to include readings on the collapse of Yugoslavia. Also, new and updated selections expand the scope of the book. Together, the new material causes this to be the conclusive reader on the advent of Stalinism and the fall of communism in Eastern Europe.

  • An Ethic for Health Promotion: Rethinking the Sources of Human Well-Being

    What is the goal of public health promotion today? If the leading causes of mortality are primarily attributable to lifestyle behaviours, is the purpose of research to develop the power to change those behaviours, in the same way that science has been able to control infectious diseases? Or is the quest for effective behaviour modification techniques antithetical to the idea of promoting well-being defined in terms of individual autonomy, dignity and integrity? An Ethic for Health Promotion explores these questions.

  • Textbook of Endocrine Physiology

    This textbook covers knowledge in the endocrine sciences. Each chapter is structured to cover both established concepts and newer developments. The chapters blend basic science with essential elements of clinical knowledge in order to give students an appreciation of the consequences of deranged endocrine function. This 4th Edition presents the latest advances in energy metabolism, obesity and the control of appetite, interactions between the immune and endocrine systmes and their implication for tumor growth, hypothalamic peptides involved in the regulation of pituitary function, fluid and electrolyte balance, hormones of the heart and brain and the series of factors that regulate gonadal, adrenal and thyroid development and function. The two chapters on the rapidly evolving fields of genes and hormones and sexual differentiation have been completely rewritten by new authors. This book is intended for medical students taking physiology and advanced undergraduate students taking physiology and basic endocrinology courses.

  • Biology of Bats

    This comprehensive introduction to the biology of bats offers a summary of the large body of information about bats that the scientific community has amassed over the years. Gerhard Neuweiler, a leading, internationally recognized expert in the field, assesses the most current information available about physiological systems, ecology, and phylogeny of bats, as well as the biology of mammals in general. The book also features a thorough discussion of echolocation, a topic currently under intense scrutiny. The broad physiological perspective will allow the book to accompany regionally specific studies of bats. With examples taken from European and neotropical species, as well as North American species, this useful volume documents what is currently known about this highly successful and fascinating order of mammals.

  • Singers and the Song II

    Gene Lees is probably the best jazz essayist in America today, and the book that consolidated his reputation was Singers and the Song, which appeared in 1987. Now this classic work is being released in an expanded edition: Singers and the Song II. This volume includes famous selections from the original edition, including Lees' classic profile of Frank Sinatra, as well as new essays.

  • Telecommunications in Africa

    Telecommunications is becoming an essential infrastructure in the global economy. The electronic flow of information around the world favors those nations that have invested in the technology to participate in this global commerce. Bringing together experts on Africa, this book provides a comprehensive view of what individual African countries are doing to build a telecommunications capability. Special attention is paid to telecommunications as a link in the chain of the regional development process. The editor, Eli Noam, is an internationally known authority on telecommunications, and this book is the latest in a group of similar works that survey telecommunications in major regions of the world. This work will appeal to students and professors of telecommunications, international telecommunications companies, and country governments in Africa.

  • Christmas in America: A History

    Twentieth-century America often seems obsessed with the idea of Christmas. It is a time of public displays, illuminated department stores, and the showing of popular films such as Miracle on 34th Street, and It's a Wonderful Life. This book describes the evolution of Christmas celebration in America since the early 17th century. It looks how there came about such holiday traditions as Santa Claus, Christmas trees and trimmings, gift-giving and charity-giving, Christmas cards and wrappings. The book brilliantly puts this description into the broader context of social and economic change, the influence of women, and the impact of popular entertainment and culture. Did you know...? * The effects of the Civil War helped establish Christmas as a national holiday, as soldiers and their families increasingly saw it as a symbol of `home'. * During the early years of the nation, Puritan New England hardly celebrated Christmas at all, while in the South it was a sumptuous and rowdy occasion. * The tradition of the Christmas tree was introduced to America by German immigrants. * A little known clergyman, Clement Moore, largely created the image of Santa Claus with his `An Account of the Visit from St. Nicholas'.

  • Paleolimnology: The History and Evolution of Lake Systems

    This text, written by a leading researcher in the field, describes the origin and formation of lakes in order to give context to the question of how lacustrine deposits form. It explains the process of sedimentation in lakes and the chemistry of those deposits and describes how the age of lake deposits is determined. Additionally, this book shows how different groups of fossils are used in interpreting the paleontological record of lakes. In order to illustrate the more synthetic approaches to interpreting the history of lakes, the author also discusses such special topics as lake-level history, lake evolution, and the impact of environmental change on lakes.

  • Black Imagination and the Middle Passage

    This volume of essays examines the forced dispossession of the Middle Passage through the texts, religious rites, economic exchanges, dance and music it elicited, both on the liminal transatlantic journey and on the continent and eventual return. As a whole this collection establishes a broad topographical and temporal context for the Passage that extends from the interior of Africa across the Atlantic and to the interior of the Americas, and from the time of the Middle Passage to the present day. A collective narrative of itinerant cultural consciousness as represented in histories, myth and arts, these contributions reconceptualize the meaning of the Middle Passage for African American history and fiction.

  • The Tibetan Book of the Great Liberation: Or the Method of Realizing Nirvana Through Knowing the Mind

    The Tibetan Book of the Great Liberation, which was unknown to the Western world until its first publication in 1954, speaks to the quintessence of the Supreme Path, or Mahayana, and fully reveals the yogic method of attaining Enlightenment. Such attainment can happen, as shown here, by means of knowing the One Mind, the cosmic All-Consciousness, without recourse to the postures, breathings, and other techniques associated with the lower yogas. The original text for this volume belongs to the Bardo Thodol series of treatises concerning various ways of achieving transcendence, a series that figures into the Tantric school of the Mahayana. Authorship of this particular volume is attributed to the legendary Padma-Sambhava, who journeyed from India to Tibet in the 8th century, as the story goes, at the invitation of a Tibetan king. Padma-Sambhava's text per se is preceded by an account of the great guru's own life and secret doctrines. It is followed by the testamentary teachings of the Guru Phadampa Sangay, which are meant to augment the thought of the other gurus discussed herein. Still more useful supplementary material will be found in the book's introductory remarks, by its editor Evans-Wentz and by the eminent psychoanalyst C. G. Jung. The former presents a 100-page General Introduction that explains several key names and notions (such as Nirvana, for instance) with the lucidity, ease, and sagacity that are this scholar's hallmark; the latter offers a Psychological Commentary that weighs the differences between Eastern and Western modes of thought before equating the "collective unconscious" with the Enlightened Mind of the Buddhist. As with the other three volumes in the late Evans-Wentz's critically acclaimed Tibetan series, all four of which are being published by Oxford in new editions, this book also features a new Foreword by Donald S. Lopez.

  • Writing After War: American War Fiction from Realism to Postmodernism

    In Writing After War, John Limon develops a theory of the relationship of war in general to literature in general, in order to make sense of American literary history in particular. Applying the work of war theorists Carl von Clausewitz and Elaine Scarry, John Limon argues that The Iliad inaugurates Western literature on the failure of war to be duel-like, to have a beautiful form. War's failure is literature's justification. American literary history is demarcated by wars, as if literary epochs, like the history of literature itself, required bloodshed to commence. But in chapters on periods of literary history from realism, generally taken to be a product of the Civil War, through modernism, usually assumed to be a prediction or result of the Great War, up to postmodernism which followed World War II and spanned Vietnam, Limon argues that, despite the looming presence of war in American history, the techniques that define these periods are essentially ways of not writing war. From James and Twain, through Fitzgerald, Faulkner, and even Hemingway, to Pynchon, our national literary history is not hopelessly masculinist, Limon argues. Instead, it arrives naturally at Bobbie Ann Mason and Maxine Hong Kingston. Kingston brings the discussion full circle: The Woman Warrior, like The Iliad, appears to condemn the fall from duel to war that is literature's endless opening.

  • Robert Schumann: Herald of a 'New Poetic Age'

    Forced by a hand injury to abandon a career as a pianist, Robert Schumann went on to become one of the world's great composers. Among many works, his Spring Symphony (1841), Piano Concerto in A Minor (1841/1845), and the Third, or Rhenish, Symphony (1850) exemplify his infusion of classical forms with intense, personal emotion. His musical influence continues today and has inspired many other famous composers in the century since his death. Indeed Brahms, in a letter of January 1873, wrote: `The remembrance of Schumann is sacred to me. I will always take this noble pure artist as my model'. Now, in Robert Schumann: Herald of a `New Poetic Age', John Daverio presents the first comprehensive study of the composer's life and works to appear in nearly a century. Long regarded as a quintessentially romantic figure, Schumann also has been portrayed as a profoundly tragic one: a composer who began his career as a genius and ended it as a mere talent. Daverio takes issue with this Schumann myth, arguing instead that the composer's entire creative life was guided by the desire to imbue music with the intellectual substance of literature. A close analysis of the interdependence among Schumann's activities as reader, diarist, critic, and musician reveals the depth of his literary sensibility. Drawing on documents only recently brought to light, the author also provides a fresh outlook on the relationship between Schumann's mental illness - which brought on an extended sanitarium stay and eventual death in 1856 - and his musical creativity. Schumann's character as man and artist thus emerges in all its complexity. The book concludes with an analysis of the late works and a postlude on Schumann's influence on successors from Brahms to Berg. This well-researched study of Schumann interprets the composer's creative legacy in the context of his life and times, combining nineteenth-century cultural and intellectual history with a fascinating analysis of the works themselves.

  • Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres

    Eleven planetary atmospheres are included for detailed study in this reference/text, four for the giant planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune), four for the small bodies (IO, Titan, Triton, and Pluto), and three for the terrestrial planets (Mars, Venus, and Earth). The authors have carried out a comprehensive survey of the principle chemical cycles that control the present composition and past history of planetary atmospheres, using the data provided by recent spacecraft missions supplemented by Earth-based observations.

  • Ambrose Bierce: Alone in Bad Company

    A lively and compelling portrait of one of the most acerbic and distinctive voices in American literature, Ambrose Bierce: Alone in Bad Company is a clear-eyed but sympathetic account of a complex individual at odds with his country, his family, his times, and himself. The only American writer of any stature to fight in and survive the Civil War, Bierce discovered in the conflict a bitter confirmation of his darkest assumptions about man and his nature. Profoundly disillusioned, Bierce spent the next fifty years struggling to disabuse his fellow Americans of their own cherished ideals -- be they romantic, religious, or political. His groundbreaking short stories of the war, including his most famous work, "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," have had a lasting influence on every subsequent American author dealing with war. And the heartless, hilarious aphorisms in his caustic lexicon The Devil's Dictionary have entered, often uncredited, our national consciousness. In this insightful, critically acclaimed biography, the first comprehensive study for almost fifty years, Roy Morris, Jr., accounts for both the influential art that Ambrose Bierce made from a harsh and unforgiving vision -- and the high price he had to pay for it in loneliness, rancour, and spiritual isolation.

  • Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

    Environmental toxicology and chemistry have become subjects of intense academic and public interest. This book is the first text to tie them closely together. It presents their principles and applications through numerous illustrative examples and special topics highlighting current environmental concerns. Intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, the book will also interest anyone desiring an update in these timely subjects.

  • The Monkey Wars

    The use of primates in research is an ongoing controversy. We have all benefited from the medical discoveries, yet we have also learned more in recent years about the real intelligence of apes and monkeys. Activists have also uncovered cases of animal cruelty by researchers. The Monkey Wars assesses the often caustic debate over the use of primates in scientific research, and examines the personalities and issues behind the headlines. The author focuses on researchers forced to conduct their work behind barbed wire and alarm systems, animal rights activists ranging from the moderate AWI Institute to the highly radical ALF, and some of the remarkable chimpanzees involved. The research community and its activist critics are invariably portrayed as rival camps locked in a long, bitter, and seemingly intractable political battle. In reality there are people on both sides willing to accept and work within the complex middle. Deborah Blum gives these people a voice

  • Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps, and the Tenth Dimension

    Are there other dimensions beyond our own? Is time travel possible? Can we change the past? Are there gateways to parallel universes? All of us have pondered such questions, but there was a time when scientists dismissed these notions as outlandish speculations. Not any more. Today, they are the focus of the most intense scientific activity in recent memory. In Hyperspace, Michio Kaku, author of the widely acclaimed Beyond Einstein and a leading theoretical physicist, offers the first book-length tour of the most exciting (and perhaps most bizarre) work in modern physics, work which includes research on the tenth dimension, time warps, black holes, and multiple universes. The theory of hyperspace (or higher dimensional space) - and its newest wrinkle, superstring theory - stand at the center of this revolution, with adherents in every major research laboratory in the world, including several Nobel laureates. Beginning where Hawking's Brief History of Time left off, Kaku paints a vivid portrayal of the breakthroughs now rocking the physics establishment. Why all the excitement? As the author points out, for over half a century, scientists have puzzled over why the basic forces of the cosmos - gravity, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak nuclear forces - require markedly different mathematical descriptions. But if we see these forces as vibrations in a higher dimensional space, their field equations suddenly fit together like pieces in a jigsaw puzzle, perfectly snug, in an elegant, astonishingly simple form. This may thus be our leading candidate for the Theory of Everything. If so, it would be the crowning achievement of 2,000 years of scientific investigation into matter and itsforces. Already, the theory has inspired several thousand research papers, and has been the focus of over 200 international conferences. Many leading scientists believe the theory will unlock the deepest secrets of creation and answer some of the most intriguing questions of all

  • Conflict of Interest in the Professions

    Conflicts of interest pose special problems for the professions. Even the appearance of a conflict of interest can undermine essential trust between professional and public. This volume is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the ramifications and problems associated with important issue. It contains fifteen new essays by noted scholars and covers topics in law, medicine, journalism, engineering, financial services, and others.

  • Strategic Management for Nonprofit Organizations: Theory and Cases

    Nonprofit organizations in the U.S. earn more than $100 billion annually, and number over a million different organizations. They face increasing competition for donor's dollars and many of the issues they confront are similar to those confronted by for-profit organizations. This book applies powerful concepts of strategic management developed originally in the for-profit sector to the management of nonprofits. It describes the preparation of a strategic plan consistent with the resources available; it analyses the operational tasks in executing the plan; and describes the ways in which nonprofits need to change in order to remain competitive. The book draws clear distinctions between the different challenges encountered by nonprofits operating in different industries. It will be useful for managers in such diverse organizations as the Santa Fe Opera, the Salvation Army, and the National Football League.

  • Philosophy after Objectivity: Making Sense in Perspective

    This book discusses a range of central philosophical disputes about knowledge, objectivity, meaning, physicalism, and practical rationality. Its lessons about reasons and explanation affect all areas of theoretical philosophy, and challenge common philosophical assumptions about objectivity, realism, and physicalism. The book explains how various perennial disputes in philosophy rest not on genuine disagreement, but on conceptual diversity.

  • A History of the Supreme Court

    When the first Supreme Court convened in 1790, it was so ill-esteemed that its justices frequently resigned in favor of other pursuits. John Rutledge stepped down as Associate Justice to become a state judge in South Carolina; John Jay resigned as Chief Justice to run for Governor of New York; and Alexander Hamilton declined to replace Jay, pursuing a private law practice instead. As Bernard Schwartz shows in this landmark history, the Supreme Court has indeed travelled a long and interesting journey to its current preeminent place in American life. In A History of the Supreme Court, Schwartz provides the finest, most comprehensive one-volume narrative ever published of our highest court. With impeccable scholarship and a clear, engaging style, he tells the story of the justices and their jurisprudence--and the influence the Court has had on American politics and society. With a keen ability to explain complex legal issues for the nonspecialist, he takes us through both the great and the undistinguised Courts of our nation's history. He provides insight into our foremost justices, such as John Marshall (who established judicial review in Marbury v. Madison, an outstanding display of political calculation as well as fine jurisprudence), Roger Taney (whose legacy has been overshadowed by Dred Scott v. Sanford), Oliver Wendell Holmes, Louis Brandeis, Benjamin Cardozo, and others. He draws on evidence such as personal letters and interviews to show how the court has worked, weaving narrative details into deft discussions of the developments in constitutional law. Schwartz also examines the operations of the court: until 1935, it met in a small room under the Senate--so cramped that the judges had to put on their robes in full view of the spectators. But when the new building was finally opened, one justice called it "almost bombastically pretentious," and another asked, "What are we supposed to do, ride in on nine elephants?" He includes fascinating asides, on the debate in the first Court, for instance, over the use of English-style wigs and gowns (the decision: gowns, no wigs); and on the day Oliver Wendell Holmes announced his resignation--the same day that Earl Warren, as a California District Attorney, argued his first case before the Court. The author brings the story right up to the present day, offering balanced analyses of the pivotal Warren Court and the Rehnquist Court through 1992 (including, of course, the arrival of Clarence Thomas). In addition, he includes four special chapters on watershed cases: Dred Scott v. Sanford, Lochner v. New York, Brown v. Board of Education, and Roe v. Wade. Schwartz not only analyzes the impact of each of these epoch-making cases, he takes us behind the scenes, drawing on all available evidence to show how the justices debated the cases and how they settled on their opinions. Bernard Schwartz is one of the most highly regarded scholars of the Supreme Court, author of dozens of books on the law, and winner of the American Bar Association's Silver Gavel Award. In this remarkable account, he provides the definitive one-volume account of our nation's highest court.

  • Language and Communication: Essential Concepts for User Interface and Documentation Design

    Computer interfaces and documentation are notoriously difficult for any user, regardless of his or her level of experience. Advances in technology are not making applications more friendly. Introducing concepts from linguistics and language teaching, Language and Communication proposes a new approach to computer interface design. The book explains for the first time why the much hyped user-friendly interface is treated with such derision by the user community. The author argues that software and hardware designers should consider such fundamental language concepts as meaning, context, function, variety, and equivalence. She goes on to show how imagining an interface as a new language can be an invaluable design exercise, calling into question deeply held beliefs and assumptions about what users will or will not understand. Written for a wide range of computer scientists and professionals, and presuming no prior knowledge of language-related terminology, this volume is a key step in the on-going information revolution.

  • The Movement and The Sixties

    It began in 1960 with the Greensboro sit-ins. By 1973, when a few Native Americans rebelled at Wounded Knee and the U.S. Army came home from Vietnam, it was over. In between came Freedom Rides, Port Huron, the Mississippi Summer, Berkeley, Selma, Vietnam, the Summer of Love, Black Power, the Chicago Convention, hippies, Brown Power, and Women's Liberation--The Movement--in an era that became known as The Sixties. Why did millions of Americans become activists; why did they take to the streets? These are questions Terry Anderson explores in The Movement and The Sixties, a searching history of the social activism that defined a generation of young Americans and that called into question the very nature of "America." Drawing on interviews, "underground" manuscripts collected at campuses and archives throughout the nation, and many popular accounts, Anderson begins with Greensboro and reveals how one event built upon another and exploded into the kaleidoscope of activism by the early 1970s. Civil rights, student power, and the crusade against the Vietnam War composed the first wave of the movement, and during and after the rip tides of 1968, the movement changed and expanded, flowing into new currents of counterculture, minority empowerment, and women's liberation. The parades of protesters, along with schocking events--from the Kennedy assassination to My Lai--encouraged other citizens to question their nation. Was America racist, imperialist, sexist? Unlike other books on this tumultuous decade, The Movement and The Sixties is neither a personal memoir, nor a treatise on New Left ideology, nor a chronicle of the so-called leaders of the movement. Instead, it is a national history, a compelling and fascinating account of a defining era that remains a significant part of our lives today.

  • Ethics and Excellence: Cooperation and Integrity in Business

    The Greek philosopher Aristotle, writing over two thousand years before Wall Street, called people who engaged in activities which did not contribute to society "parasites." In his latest work, renowned scholar Robert C. Solomon asserts that though capitalism may require capital, it does not require, much less should it be defined by, the parasites it inevitably attracts. Capitalism has succeeded not with brute strength or because it has made people rich, but because it has produced responsible citizens and--however unevenly--prosperous communities. It cannot tolerate a conception of business that focuses solely on income and vulgarity while ignoring traditional virtues of responsibility, community, and integrity. Many feel that there is too much lip-service and not enough understanding of the importance of cooperation and integrity in corporate life. This book rejects the myths and metaphors of war-like competition that cloud business thinking and develops an "Aristotelean" theory of business. The author's approach emphasizes several core concepts: the corporation as community, the search for excellence, the importance of integrity and sound judgment, as well as a more cooperative and humane vision of business. Solomon stresses the virtues of honesty, trust, fairness, and compassion in the competitive business world, and confronts the problem of "moral mazes" and what he posits as its solution--moral courage.

  • The Central Auditory System

    An all-in-one-volume approach to the structure and function of the central auditory system of mammals, this richly illustrated book provides a concise overview of the subject in the first chapter, followed by an in-depth treatment of all levels of the central auditory pathway in the next four chapters. The authors expertly integrate general aspects of sound processing at a given level of the system with special topics relevant to that level. The emphasis shifts from a cellular level of auditory analysis at the first brain centre to the interplay of fifteen centres in a maze of connecting loops using various neurotransmitters, to the organisation of topographic maps of neuronal responses in the midbrain, to questions of how a highly parallel and hierarchical system of distributed thalamic and cortical information channels can function so that, finally, sounds may be perceived and recognized. This book is intended for both the researcher who needs a quick reference, and the expert with a more specialized and detailed interest in the subject.

  • The Oxford History of Islam

    This lavishly illustrated book begins in the pre-Islamic world and details the birth, development, and growth of Islam through to the present. It is arranged both thematically and chronologically, tracing the growth of Islamic faith, laws science, art and philosophy through time and across the world, and discussing as well the spread of Islam throughout the middle East, Africa, India, Central and East Asia, and finally Europe and North America. The contributors are all top-level scholars and experts in their fields; they bring a variety of backgrounds and points of view to the work.

  • The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri: Volume 3: Paradiso

    One of the greatest living Italian-to-English translators, Robert Durling's rendition of the third and final volume of Dante's masterful literary epic is now available in paperback. As with the two preceding volumes, Durling's precise and powerful translation of Paradiso appears alongside the original Italian text recounting Dante's journey through heaven with the beautiful Beatrice. The end of each canto contains thorough yet succinct notes by Durling and Ronald Martinez that acquaint the reader with Dante's medieval world and his reference points. Thus the volume will appeal to the general reader as well as lovers and students of Italian literature, language, and history. While English-language translations of the Commedia abound, the accuracy and lyrical verve of Durling's translations have earned him a place as one of the all time greats.

  • Scanning Force Microscopy: With Applications to Electric, Magnetic and Atomic Forces

    This technology has proved indispensable as a characterization tool with applications in surface physics, chemistry, materials science, bio-science, and data storage media. It has also shown great potential in areas such as the semiconductor and optical quality control industries. This revised edition updates the earlier such survey of the many rapidly developing subjects concerning the mapping of a variety of forces across surfaces, including basic theory, instrumentation, and applications. It also includes important new research in SFM and a thoroughly revised bibliography. Academic and industrial researchers using SFM or wishing to know more about its potential, will find this book an excellent introduction to this rapidly developing field.

  • Religion against the Self: An Ethnography of Tamil Rituals

    This study, based on the author's fieldwork among rural Tamil villagers in South India, focuses on the ways in which people in this society interact with the supernatural beings who play such a large role in their personal and corporate lives. Isabelle Navokov looks at a spectrum of ritualized contexts in which the boundaries between the natural and spiritual worls are penetrated and communication takes place. Throughout, Nabokov's meticulous analysis sheds new light on this hiterto almost unkown domain - and entire range of fascinating phenomena basic to South Indian religion as it is really lived.

  • Information Modeling: The EXPRESS Way

    This book discusses information modelling combined with a description of the express information model specification language. EXPRESS is a new language that when used with information modelling abstracts away the implementation bias prevalent in current data modelling technology. One of the main tenets of EXPRESS is that a clear separation exists between the information model and the information system environment - a piece of information is not tied to a single application that uses it. The book will be of interest to data and information modellers in both universities and businesses, especially those concerned with object-oriented systems as it illustrates the development and use of information models using EXPRESS.

  • Biology of Spiders

    An updated translation by the author of the second German-language edition from Thieme Verlag, published under licence agreement with that publisher under dual imprint. This is the definitive text on all aspects of spider biology. The author places greater emphasis on ecology and systematics in this edition, in response to the only criticisms made of the first edition.

  • Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers

    This textbook is intended for ethics courses in engineering and science. It can be used either in a one-credit-hour semester course or as a set of drop-in modules in a core engineering or science course. The text avoids a detailed treatment of the ins and outs of philosophical ethics -- a complex subject not needed for most ethical judgments. The approach to ethical problem solving used is one that focuses on analysing the consequences rather than ruels to be obeyed in making decisions. An Instructor's Manual will be available; it will offer a set of "cookbook" lectures to greatly reduce preparation time.

  • Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation

    Braithwaite's argument against punitive justice systems and for restorative justice systems establishes that there are good theoretical and empirical grounds for anticipating that well designed restorative justice processes will restore victims, offenders, and communities better than existing criminal justice practices. Counterintuitively, he also shows that a restorative justice system may deter, incapacitate, and rehabilitate more effectively than a punitive system. This is particularly true when the restorative justice system is embedded in a responsive regulatory framework that opts for deterrence only after restoration repeatedly fails, and incapacitation only after escalated deterrence fails. Braithwaite's empirical research demonstrates that active deterrence under the dynamic regulatory pyramid that is a hallmark of the restorative justice system he supports, is far more effective than the passive deterrence that is notable in the stricter "sentencing grid" of current criminal justice systems.

  • Digital Logic and State Machine Design

    From one of the best known and successful authors in the field, this new edition provides concise, practical coverage of digital system design aimed at undergraduates. The primary goal of this book is to illustrate that sequential circuits can be designed using state machine techniques. These methods apply to sequential circuit design as efficiently as Boolean algebra and Karnaugh mapping methods apply to combinatorial design. Comer presents the techniques involved, then proceeds directly to designing digital systems - a task comprising producing the schematic or block diagram of a system based on a given set of specifications. The design serves as the basis for the construction of the actual hardware system. This new edition introduces state machines earlier than in previous editions, amd adds new chapters on programmable logic devices and computer organization.

  • Landscape with Figures: A History of Art Dealing in the United States

    How did the United States become not only the leading contemporary art scene in the world, but also the leading market for art? The answer has to do not only with the talents of American artists or even the size of the American economy, but also--and especially--the skills and entrepreneurship of American art dealers. Their story has not been told...until now. Landscape with Figures is the first history of art dealing in the United States, following the profession from eighteenth-century portrait and picture salesmen in the colonies to the high-profile, jet-set gallery owners of today. Providing anecdotal and carefully researched biographies of the prominent dealers from more than two centuries of trade, author Malcolm Goldstein shows how magnanimous personalities and social networking helped to shape the way Americans have bought and valued art. These dealers range from Michael Paff, whose enthusiasm often overshadowed his expertise but nonetheless helped him sell faux Old Master paintings to major collectors in the early nineteenth century; to the imperious Joseph Duveen, dealer to magnates like Henry Clay Frick; to visionary Leo Castelli, who helped to usher in a revolution in modern art during the 1960s by showing such avant-garde artists as Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, and Andy Warhol. Goldstein also shows that the American art trade, while male-dominated, has been galvanized by female dealers, including the inimitable Edith Gregor Halpert, Peggy Guggenheim, and Mary Boone. Their fascinating stories unfold in the context of world art history, the rise of major art institutions like the Museum of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum, and the growing zeal of art collectors who would eventually pay millions for individual works of art. Unprecedented and critical to understanding today's art world, Landscape with Figures is a must for artists, art history students, and art lovers.

  • Ale, Beer and Brewsters in England: Women's Work in a Changing World, 1300-1600

    Women brewed and sold most of the ale drunk in medieval England, but after 1350, men slowly took over the trade. By 1600, most brewers in London--as well as in many towns and villages--were male, not female. Drawing on a wide variety of sources--such as literary and artistic materials, court records, accounts, and administrative orders--Judith Bennett vividly describes how brewsters (that is, female brewers) slowly left the trade. She tells a story of commercial growth, gild formation, changing technologies, innovative regulations, and finally, enduring ideas that linked brewsters with drunkenness and disorder. Examining this instance of seemingly dramatic change in women's status, Bennett argues that it included significant elements of continuity. Women might not have brewed in 1600 as often as they had in 1300, but they still worked predominantly in low-status, low-skilled, and poorly remunerated tasks. Using the experiences of brewsters to rewrite the history of women's work during the rise of capitalism, Ale, Beer, and Brewsters in England offers a telling story of the endurance of patriarchy in a time of dramatic economic change.

  • New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin

    Like Carl Darling Buck's Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin (1933), this book is an explanation of the similarities and differences between Greek and Latin morphology and lexicon through an account of their prehistory. It also aims to discuss the principal features of Indo-European linguistics. Greek and Latin are studied as a pair for cultural reasons only; as languages, they have little in common apart from their Indo-European heritage. Thus the only way to treat the historical bases for their development is to begin with Proto-Indo-European. The only way to make a reconstructed language like Proto-Indo-European intelligible and intellectually defensible is to present at least some of the basis for reconstructing its features and, in the process, to discuss reasoning and methodology of reconstruction (including a weighing of alternative reconstructions). The result is a compendious handbook of Indo-European phonology and morphology, and a vade mecum of Indo-European linguistics--the focus always remaining on Greek and Latin. The non-classical sources for historical discussion are mainly Vedic Sanskrit, Hittite, and Germanic, with occasional but crucial contributions from Old Irish, Avestan, Baltic, and Slavic.

  • Managing Quality Fads: How American Business Learned to Play the Quality Game

    US managers tend to look at the quality challenge posed by Japanese industry in the early 1980s as a challenge slowly yet successfully met. Academics see the emergent quality movement as just another fad. This book is about reconciling these images. Can managers learn from fads? Robert Cole explores the reasons behind American industry's slow response to the challenge of high quality Japanese goods, then proceeds to explain the factors which eventually enabled management to address the quality gap effectively. He argues that a variety of institutional factors slowed management's response in the US, and describes the reshaping of institutional forces that lead to sustained quality improvements in the 1990s. Ultimately, this book is about factors inhibiting and supporting organizational learning and provides lessons for all those interested in the issue of organizational transformation.

  • Principles of Stable Isotope Distribution

    The book is a quantitative treatment of the theory and natural variations of light stable isotopes, and includes more than 100 original applications. Isotope distribution is rigorously discussed in the context of fractionation processes, thermodynamics, mass conservation, exchange kinetics and diffusion theory. The theoretical principles are illustrated with natural examples, emphasizing oygen and hydrogen isotope variations in natural waters, terrestrial and extraterrestrial rocks, and hydrothermal systems. New data on meteoric precipitation, rivers, and hydrothermal systems are included.

  • Rivers of Empire: Water, Aridity, and the Growth of the American West

    Donald Worster examines the development history of the American West, identifying the elite of technology and wealth who have controlled its most essential resource: water.

  • Boo! Culture, Experience, and the Startle Reflex

    It is quite common to reflect on what startles you. In the most diverse social contexts and cultures, the inescapable physiology of the reflex both shapes the experience of startle and biases the social usage to which the reflex is put. This book describes the ways in which the reflex is experienced, culturally elaborated, and socially used, and offers explanations for both patterned commonalities found across cultures, and for the culture-typical differences which differing cultural systems engender.

  • Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

    This book provides a complete overview of an alpine ecosystem, based on the long-term research conducted at the Niwot Ridge LTER. There is, at present, no general book on alpine ecology. The alpine ecosystem features conditions near the limits of biological existence, and is a useful laboratory for asking more general ecological questions, because it offers large environmental change over relatively short distances. Factors such as macroclimate, microclimate, soil conditions, biota, and various biological factors change on differing scales, allowing insight into the relative contributions of the different factors on ecological outcomes.

  • Nur Jahan: Empress of Mughal India

    Nur Jahan was one of the most powerful and influential women in Indian history, and Ellison Findly's biography is an intriguing, elegantly written account of her life and times. It not only revises the legends that portray Nur Jahan as a power-hungry and malicious woman, but also investigates the paths to power available to women in Islam and Hinduism, providing a fascinating picture of life inside the mahal (harem).

  • The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture

    From reviews of the hardback: "A fascinating book which deserves a wide audience." European Medical Journal "a very significant contribution to the field of evolutionary thinking on human psychology and culture." British Journal of Medical Psychology Researchers have long been aware that the species-typical architecture of the human mind is the product of our evolutionary history, but it has only been in the last three decades that advances in such fields as evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology, and paleoanthropology have been made which have highlighted these changes. This book introduces the newly crystallizing field of evolutionary psychology to a wider scientific audience and focuses on the evolved information-processing mechanisms that comprise the human mind.

  • Mondays on the Dark Night of the Moon: Himalayan Foothill Folktales

    Narayan presents 21 stories learned and told orally by one woman, Urmila Devi, in Kangra, North India. Included are stories told for worship and stories told for entertainment. In the process of recounting the stories, Narayan brings to life her friendship with the storyteller, and also offers important arguments about oral traditions and performance, as well as about North Indian families and folklore.

  • The HIV Manual: A Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment

    The rapidly changing pattern of the human immunodefficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, and the resulting impact on the prevention and treatment of AIDS has made it difficult for physiscians to keep abreast of the optimal management strategies in the field. This book summarizes the wide range of clinically relevant information on HIV-infected adults into a concise reference that is up-to-date, accessible, and pragmatic. It deals with the key issues and commonly occurring problems in HIV research, and includes material on the symptom-based approach to treatment. Several chapters discuss topics not typically covered in similar books on the subject, such as HIV testing, the initial evaluation, future anti-HIV therapies, alternative therapies, and nutrition. The format is specifically designed for the busy practitioner's convenience, with subheadings clearly outlining the principal elements of each chapter, and treatment regimens placed in boxes. The diagnostic and treatment guidelines are easy to follow and even where a consensus on treatment is lacking, the authors have made recommendations based on the existing data. The handbook is intended to serve the information needs of physicians, nurses, and other health care providers, as well as interested general readers.

  • Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition

    Scholars of the Hebrew Bible have in the last decade begun to question the historical accuracy of the Israelite sojourn in Egypt, as described in the book of Exodus. The reason for the rejection of the exodus tradition is said to be the lack of historical and archaeological evidence in Egypt. Those advancing these claims, however, are not specialists in the study of Egyptian history, culture, and archaeology. In this pioneering book, James Hoffmeier examines the most current Egyptological evidence and argues that it supports the biblical record concerning Israel in Egypt.

  • The Sociological Imagination

    C. Wright Mills is best remembered for his highly acclaimed work The Sociological Imagination, in which he set forth his views on how social science should be pursued. Hailed upon publication as a cogent and hard-hitting critique, The Sociological Imagination took issue with the ascendant schools of sociology in the United States, calling for a humanist sociology connecting the social, personal, and historical dimensions of our lives. The sociological imagination Mills calls for is a sociological vision, a way of looking at the world that can see links between the apparently private problems of the individual and important social issues. Leading sociologist Amitai Etzioni brings this fortieth anniversary edition up to date with a lucid introduction in which he considers the ways social analysis has progressed since Mills first published his study in 1959. A classic in the field, this book still provides rich food for our imagination.

  • The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz

    If Benny Goodman was the "King of Swing," then Fletcher Henderson was the power behind the throne. Not only did Henderson arrange the music that powered Goodman's meteoric rise, he also helped launch the careers of Louis Armstrong and Coleman Hawkins, among others. Now Jeffrey Magee offers a fascinating account of this pivotal bandleader, throwing new light on the emergence of modern jazz and the world that created it. Drawing on an unprecedented combination of sources, including sound recordings, obscure stock arrangements, and hundreds of scores that have been available only since Goodman's death, Magee illuminates Henderson's musical output, from his early work as a New York bandleader, to his pivotal role in building the Kingdom of Swing. He shows how Henderson, standing at the forefront of the New York jazz scene during the 1920s and '30s, assembled the era's best musicians, simultaneously preserving jazz's distinctiveness and performing popular dance music that reached a wide audience. Magee reveals how, in Henderson's largely segregated musical world, black and white musicians worked together to establish jazz, how Henderson's style rose out of collaborations with many key players, how these players deftly combined improvised and written music, and how their work negotiated artistic and commercial impulses. And we see how, in the depths of the Depression, record producer John Hammond brought together Henderson and Goodman, a fortuitous collaboration that changed the face of American music. Whether placing Henderson's life in the context of the Great Migration or the Harlem Renaissance or describing how the savvy use of network radio made the Henderson-Goodman style a national standard, Jeffrey Magee brings to life a monumental musician who helped to shape an era.

  • A Chronology of American Musical Theater

    The first reference of its kind, this three-volume work presents basic production data on more than 3000 musicals from the 1860s through 1997. Organized first by year and then by season, the entries contain every piece of information from the "playbills" or opening night programs of Broadway and off-Broadway musicals, operettas, revues, and other works--from cast and crew to songs, set designers, composers, lyricists, and more. The volumes include detailed indexes.

  • Mechanics of Materials

    Mechanics of materials synthesizes the empirical relationships of materials into the logical and deduced framework of mechanics to produce formulas for use in the design of structures and other solid bodies. The field has seen incredible growth in the last twenty-five years. A few years ago, today's routine industry techniques and practices were merely research topics; studies that applied only to civil, mechanical, and aerospace engineering now apply to such common place things as electronic packaging, medical implants, geological movements, and wood products that meet specific strength requirements. It is into this rapidly changing world, that Madhukar Vable's book Introduction to Mechanics of Materials takes its place as a standard text in mandatory courses for civil engineering majors and most mechanical and aerospace engineering majors. Vable's distinct pedagogical theory translates into exceptional features within the book that enhance the reader's participation in learning. It assumes a complimentary connection between intuition, experimental observation, and mathematical generalization: intuitive development and understanding need not be at odds with mathematical logic, rigor, and generalization allowing the text to emphasize general educational values without distracting the reader from the main point of the text. Introduction to Mechanics of Materials promises to provide the skills and principles that will help students organize and make sense of the flood of information emerging in modern engineering. Pedagogical Features BL Overview: Each chapter begins with an Overview that describes the motivation for studying the chapter and the major learning objective in the chapter BL Points and Formulas to Remember: Each chapter ends with a one-page synopsis of non-optional topics BL Plan and Comments: Every example starts with a Plan for solving the problem and ends with Comments that connect the example with previous and future concepts in the text BL Quick-tests: Quick-tests diagnose students' understanding of text material BL Consolidate Your Knowledge: These boxes follow major topics and prompt students to write a synopsis of or derive a formula for material just covered, encouraging development of personal reasoning skills BL General Information: These sections connect historical development and advanced topics to material in each chapter BL "Stretch Yourself": Problems labeled "Stretch Yourself" contain reference material that may be helpful in the future BL Closure: Every chapter closes with links to topics in subsequent chapters BL Formula Sheet: These sheets are found inside the back cover of the book for easy reference. They list equations of non-optional topics but include no explanations of variables and equations so they can be used during exams

  • From Sound to Synapse: Physiology of the Mammalian Ear

    This book describes the major steps by which the mammalian ear transforms sound into nerve impulses. The author leads us along the pathway followed by an acoustic signal--collected by the outer ear, augmented by the middle ear, then delivered to the inner ear where the minuscule vibrations of the sound waves are transformed into nerve impulses. At each stage, the basic mechanisms are described qualitatively in terms of current theories and illustrated with experimental data. Where appropriate, related mechanisms in the ears of other vertebrates are considered. It is shown that the mammalian ear does an exquisite job of translating sound signals into a very robust nerve-pulse code. The book concludes with descriptions of some common ear impairments and a brief survey of the treatments available for them. The text is integrated with animations of mechanical and neural phenomena available through the Internet.

  • Stellarator and Heliotron Devices

    This book systematically introduces plasma physics that will enable nuclear fusion for continous energy production. Especially emphasized is the nonaxissymmetric toroidal field, invented and developed at Kyoto University. All aspects required for the magnetic confinement, formation of magnetic surface, magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium and stability, single charged particle confinement, neoclassical transport and plasma heating are covered. Wakatani also includes experiments and considers the prospects for next generation devices.

  • America's Competitive Secret: Women Managers

    The United States has a large number of well educated, experienced professional women ready, willing and able to move into the boardrooms and executive suites of corporate America. Together they represent a great, untapped economic resource, a resource no other country in the world can claim. This is America's competitive secret, argues Judy B. Rosener in this refreshingly pragmatic new book for managers who want to improve their bottom line. A leading expert on women and men at work and a highly sought-after speaker, Rosener argues that not only are men and women different, so are male and female managers. Drawing on in-depth interviews with top-flight executives and middle managers and the latest research on working women and organizational change, she describes the unique contribution of female professionals. Her profiles of top women managers reveal that they cope well with ambiguity, are comfortable sharing power, and they tend to empower others-- leadership traits that Rosener contends lead to increased employee productivity, innovation, and profits. As businesses today struggle with corporate reorganization and an increasingly diverse workforce, America's Competive Secret offers compelling evidence that the changes that help organizatiions more fully utilize the talents of women are the same changes that will give them an important edge in today's fast-changing, service oriented, global workplace. Rosener explains why the so-called glass ceiling still prevents many competent women from reaching the upper echelons of management. She analyses why women and men are perceived and evaluated differently at work, and provides new insight into the feelings of men who are asked to interact with women in new roles when there are few new rules. Rosener shows that removing the glass ceiling can no longer be viewed solely in terms of social equity--it is now an economic imperative. Too many American businesses have limited their economic strength by viewing the promotion of women employees only within the context of federally mandated affirmative action laws and policies. America's Competitive Secret redefines the issue for a new era, showing that America's most successful competitive strategy is one that most effectively utilizes all its human resources.

  • Music Theory Resource Book

    Ideal as a core or supplementary text for the standard two-year music theory course and for graduate courses in theory review, Music Theory Resource Book covers all the topics typically studied in the basic music theory sequence. Concise and accessible, it features a basic anthology of musical examples--most of them complete compositions--from a broad range of periods and styles. Each chapter begins with these musical examples, which are followed by thought-provoking discussion questions that encourage students to learn through a "discovery" approach. A succinct outline follows the discussion questions, summarizing the principles of music theory for easy reference and review. Exercises at the end of each chapter engage students in a variety of analytical and practical tasks ranging in difficulty from simple (designed for all students) to more challenging (intended for students with more extensive backgrounds). Music Theory Resource Book covers topics not usually found in standard theory texts including basic acoustics, contrapuntal techniques, jazz harmony, musics from non-Western cultures, and music since 1950. The musical examples represent a wide variety of periods and genres and include such pieces as a mass movement by Josquin des Prez, a Russian folk tune, a lead sheet for a popular song, a choral piece by William Billings, an Indian raga, variations by Beethoven and Brahms, a chromatic motet by Lassus, and an organ work from the 1980s by Messiaen. Bach, Schumann, Chopin, Mozart, Franck, Debussy, Bartok Hindemith, Dallapiccola, Stravinsky, Crumb, and P:art are also represented, and other examples have been composed especially for this book. Several detailed appendices include profiles summarizing the stylistic traits and compositional techniques of the Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, and Romantic periods. Another appendix features a guide to figured bass realization, and a comprehensive glossary of terms provides a reference resource for students.

  • Inner Hygiene: Constipation and the Pursuit of Health in Modern Society

    Inner Hygiene explores the serious health threat of constipation, and discusses the extraordinary variety of preventive and curative measures that have been developed to save people from the toxic effects of intestinal irregularity. The book examines the evolution over the last two centuries of the belief that constipation is a disease brought on by an unnatural lifestyle of urban, industrial society. Particular attention is given to the many constipation therapies that people have used, including laxatives, enemas, mineral waters, bran cereals, yogurts, electrotherapy, calisthenics, rectal dilation devices, and many other remedies. The story is carried up to the present and demonstrates that many of constipation therapies of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries are continuing into the twenty-first.

  • Communicating Science: The Scientific Article from the 17th Century to the Present

    This book describes the development of the scientific article from its modest beginnings to the global phenomenon that it has become today. Their analysis of a large sample of texts in French, English, and German focuses on the changes in the style, oganization, and argumentative structure of scientific communication over time. They also speculate on the future currency of the scientific article, as it enters the era of the World Wide Web. This book is an outstanding resource text in the rhetoric of science, and will stand as the definitive study on the topic.

  • Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology

    This thoroughly revised new edition of a classic book provides a clinically inspired but scientifically guided approach to the biological foundations of human mental function in health and disease. It includes authoritative coverage of all the major areas related to behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry. Each chapter, written by a world-renowned expert in the relevant area, provides an introductory background as well as an up-to-date review of the most recent developments. Clinical relevance is emphasized but is placed in the context of cognitive neuroscience, basic neuroscience, and functional imaging. Major cognitive domains such as frontal lobe function, attention and neglect, memory, language, prosody, complex visual processing, and object identification are reviewed in detail. A comprehensive chapter on behavioural neuroanatomy provides a background for brain-behaviour interactions in the cerebral cortex, limbic system, basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebullum. Chapters on temperolimbic epilepsy, major psychiatric syndromes, and dementia provide in-depth analyses of these neurobehavioral entities and their neurobiological coordinates. Changes for this second edition include the reflection throughout the book of the new and flourishing alliance of behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry with cognitive science;major revision of all chapters; new authorship of those on language and memory; and the inclusion of entirely new chapters on psychiatric syndromes and the dementias. Both as a textbook and a reference work, the second edition of Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology represents an invaluable resource for behavioural neurologists, neuropsychologists, neuropsychiatrists, cognitive and basic neuroscientists, geriatricians, physiatrists, and their students and trainees.

  • Sparks Amidst the Ashes: The Spiritual Legacy of Polish Jewry

    For hundreds of years, Poland served as the epicentre of Jewish life. As a result of the Holocaust, though, Poland has become a "Jewish Atlantis". Yet the majority of Jews in the world today have their genealogical roots in the historical lands of Poland. In this book, Sherwin demonstrates how the unprecedented works of intellect and spirit produced during the Jewish "Golden Age" in Poland can provide contemporary Jews with the spiritual and intellectual resources required to ensure Jewish continuity in the present and future. Sherwin introduces us to the vast range of mystical speculation, evocative stories, talmudic dialectics, theological ideas, and social realities that were muted by the destruction of Polish Jewry during the Holocaust. Sherwin critiques the tendency among contemporary Jews to disregard the precious legacy bequeathed by Polish Jewry, and presents a plan for re-creating Jewish life after the Holocaust that draws from the wisdom of the spiritual magnates and from the communal experience that characterized Jewish life in Poland. Sherwin concludes with a controversial proposal for the future of Polish-Jewish relations.

  • Chinatown Gangs: Extortion, Enterprise, and Ethnicity

    In Chinatown Gangs, Ko-lin Chin penetrates a closed society and presents a rare portrait of the underworld of New York City's Chinatown. Based on first-hand accounts from gang members, gang victims, community leaders, and law enforcement authorities, this pioneering study reveals the pervasiveness, the muscle, the longevity, and the institutionalization of Chinatown gangs. Chin reveals the fear gangs instill in the Chinese community. At the same time, he shows how the economic viability of the community is sapped, and how gangs encourage lawlessness, making a mockery of law enforcement agencies. Ko-lin Chin makes clear that gang crime is inexorably linked to Chinatown's political economy and social history. He shows how gangs are formed to become "equalizers" within a social environment where individual and group conflicts, whether social, political, or economic, are unlikely to be solved in American courts. Moreover, Chin argues that Chinatown's informal economy provides yet another opportunity for street gangs to become "providers" or "protectors" of illegal services. These gangs, therefore, are the pathological manifestation of a closed community, one whose problems are not easily seen--and less easily understood--by outsiders. Chin's concrete data on gang characteristics, activities, methods of operation and violence make him uniquely qualified to propose ways to restrain gang violence, and Chinatown Gangs closes with his specific policy suggestions. It is the definitive study of gangs in an American Chinatown.

  • Future Firms: How America's High Technology Companies Work

    This comprehensive examination of high-technology businesses explores over 100 high-technology ventures and another 200 high-technology firms to discover what work is done, who does it, how it is done, and the business performance results of these activities. Starting with commonly-used definitions of technology-based business, authors Eric Bolland and Charles W. Hofer establish the scope of science- and engineering-based firms. They trace the history of high technology to World War II defence research, and show that the term "high technology" is itself much more recent. In-depth on-site visits to several high-technology firms, including industrial giant Hewlett Packard, reveal the inner workings of these companies. Interviews with key venture capitalists show how they help launch firms, continue capitalizing them, and decide which companies to support. Bolland and Hofer examine how issues such as size, location, local governments, and available resources affect these firms.

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Soil Testing

    This innovative soil mechanics text is intended for civil engineering undergraduates and contains unique lab experiments incorporating the most up-to-date material and broad range of testing methods. Features include integration of geotechnical topics with laboratory methods, numerous in-text problems and updated laboratory testing methods that meet ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Standards. Consolidation and triaxial test data and results coverage offers a careful examination not found in other texts and the noteworthy section on the New Unified System offers easy-to-use tables and flows charts.

  • People of the Covenant: An Introduction to the Hebrew Bible

    This is a fully revised and updated introductory text on the Hebrew Bible, last published in 1988. The authors have incorporated recent archaeological discoveries into the text, and have improved and expanded the illustration program.

  • Theological Aesthetics: God in Imagination, Beauty, and Art

    This book explores the role of aesthetic experience in our perception and understanding of the holy. Richard Viladesaus goal is to articulate a theology of revelation, examined in relation to three principal dimensions of the aesthetic realm: feeling and imagination; beauty (or taste); and the arts. After briefly considering ways in which theology itself can be imaginative or beautiful, Viladesau concentrates on the theological significance of aesthetic data provided by each of the three major spheres of aesthetic perception and response. Throughout the work, the underlying question is how each of these spheres serves as a source (however ambiguous) of revelation. Although he frames much of his argument in terms of Catholic theology--from the Church Fathers to Karl Rahner, Hans urs von Balthasar, Bernard Lonergan, and David Tracy--Viladesau also makes extensive use of ideas from the Protestant theologian of the arts Gerardus van der Leeuw, and draws insights from such diverse thinkers as Hans Goerg Gadamer, Wolfhart Pannenberg, and Iris Murdoch. His analysis is enlivened by the artistic examples he selects: the music of Mozart as contemplated by Karl Barth, Schoenbergs opera Moses und Aron, the sculptures of Chartres Cathedral, poems by Rilke and Michelangelo, and many others. What emerges from this study is what Viladeseau terms a transcendental theology of aesthetics. In Thomistic terms, he finds that beauty is not only a perfection but a transcendental. That is, any instance of beauty, rightly perceived and rightly understood, can be seen to imply divinely beautiful things as well. In other words, Viladesau argues, God is the absolute and necessary condition for the possibility of beauty.

  • The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri: Volume 2: Purgatorio

    In the early 1300s, Dante Alighieri set out to write the three volumes which make the up The Divine Comedy. Purgatorio is the second volume in this set and opens with Dante the poet picturing Dante the pilgrim coming out of the pit of hell. Similar to the Inferno (34 cantos), this volume is divided into 33 cantos, written in tercets (groups of 3 lines). The English prose is arranged in tercets to facilitate easy correspondence to the verse form of the Italian on the facing page, enabling the reader to follow both languages line by line. In an effort to capture the peculiarities of Dante's original language, this translation strives toward the literal and sheds new light on the shape of the poem. Again the text of Purgatorio follows Petrocchi's La Commedia secondo l'antica vulgata, but the editor has departed from Petrocchi's readings in a number of cases, somewhat larger than in the previous Inferno, not without consideration of recent critical readings of the Comedy by scholars such as Lanza (1995, 1997) and Sanguineti (2001). As before, Petrocchi's punctuation has been lightened and American norms have been followed. However, without any pretensions to being "critical", the text presented here is electic and being not persuaded of the exclusive authority of any manuscript, the editor has felt free to adopt readings from various branches of the stemma. One major addition to this second volume is in the notes, where is found the Intercantica - a section for each canto that discusses its relation to the Inferno and which will make it easier for the reader to relate the different parts of the Comedy as a whole.

  • Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie from World War II to the Civil Rights Era

    Cripps's Slow to Fade To Black: The Negro In American Film, 1900-1942, is considered the basic work on blacks' involvement in film, both in Hollywood and outside it. Making Movies Black continues the story up into the 1950s. It discusses the greater attention to black life in films of the early war years, including the all-black Cabin in The Sky, indicates the difficult time black leaders had with Hollywood studios in bringing pressure for better depictions of blacks on screen, describes the discovery of race-related subjects in such postwar films as Pinky and Intruder in the Dust, and depicts the rise of black stars like Sidney Poitier in Hollywood. As in Slow Fade to Black, these events are put into a broader social context.

  • Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in Britain and Europe

    The Pleistocene epoch or Ice Age, an extended period of advancing and retreating ice sheets, is characterized by striking climatic oscillations and sea level fluctuations. This age saw the rise and spread of humans and a great extinction of large mammals by the end of the epoch; in fact, the world today is essentially the product of dramatic changes that took place in the Pleistocene. This book, a companion to the author's Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in North America, discusses the Pleistocene amphibians and reptiles in Britain and the European continent eastward through present-day Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, the Yugoslavian republics, and Greece. The book begins with a general discussion of the Pleistocene in Britain and Europe with an emphasis on regional terms used to define Pleistocene chronological events. Next, a look at the pre-Pleistocene herpetofauna of the study area sets the stage for a discussion of Pleistocene herpetofauna. A significant section of the book consists of a "bestiary," a series of annotated taxonomic accounts of Pleistocene herpetological taxa from the region. Following this is the interpretive section, beginning with a discussion of herpetological species as paleoenvironmental indicators and continuing with an analysis of herpetological population adjustments to Pleistocene events in Britain and Europe, and then with a discussion of extinction patterns in the region. Finally, the author compares Pleistocene herpetological events in Europe with those in North America. This volume and its companion together provide an up-to-date and comprehensive review of Pleistocene herpetofaunas across a significant portion of the Northern Hemisphere.

  • The Power of Black Music: Interpreting its History from Africa to the United States

    The Power of Black Music offers a new way of listening to the music of black America, and appreciating its profound contribution to all American music. Striving to break down the barriers that remain between high art and low art, it illuminates the centuries-old linkage between the music, myths and rituals of Africa and the continuing evolution and enduring vitality of African-American music. Inspired by the pioneering work of Sterling Stuckey and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., the author, advocates a new critical approach grounded in the forms and traditions of the music itself.

  • Electron Crystallography of Biological Macromolecules

    This book provides a complete introduction to all major topics needed in order to use electron microscopy as a research tool in structural biology. Written by a group of 5 well-known pioneers of the field of electron cryo-microscopy of biological macromolecules, this book offers a depth of knowledge and expertise that could only be replicated from the primary literature with great difficulty.

  • Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium

    This controversial new book argues that Jesus, like many of his later followers, proclaimed that God was soon to intervene in human affairs and bring all of history to a screeching halt. Through a careful evaluation of the New Testament Gospels and other surviving sources, including the more recently discovered Gospels of Thomas and Peter, Ehrman shows why Jesus should be understood as an apocalyptic prophet who anticipated the destruction of evil, the end of the age, and beginning of a new world - not 2000 years after his lifetime, but in less than 30.

  • A Republic of Rivers: Three Centuries of Nature Writing from Alaska and the Yukon

    "The spell of Alaska," Ella Higginson wrote in 1908, "falls upon every lover of beauty who has voyaged along those far northern snow-pearled shores...or who has drifted down the mighty rivers of the interior which flow, bell-toned and lonely, to the sea....No writer has ever described Alaska; no one writer ever will; but each must do his share, according to the spell that the country casts upon him." In A Republic of Rivers, John Murray offers the first comprehensive anthology of nature writing in Alaska and the Yukon, ranging from 1741 to the present. Many of the writers found here are major figures--John Muir, Jack London, Annie Dillard, Barry Lopez, and Edward Abbey--but we also discover the voices of missionaries, explorers, mountain-climbers, Native Americans, miners, scientists, backpackers, and fishermen, each trying to capture something of the beauty of this still pristine land, to render in their own words the spell that the country casts upon them. The range of viewpoints is remarkable. With Annie Dillard we look out at ice floes near the remote Barter Island and see "what newborn babies must see: nothing but senseless variations of light on the retinas." With Frederick Litke we mourn the senseless slaughter of sea mammals. We join scientist Adolph Murie, the father of wolf ecology, as he probes the daily life of an East Fork wolf pack. And we listen as Tlingit Indian Johnny Jack relates the difficulty of maintaining a dignified life close to nature at a time of cultural upheaval for his people. Most of these selections have never appeared in any anthology and some entries--particularly those written by early American and Russian explorers--have never been available to general readers. There is laughter here and there is sorrow, but finally there is communion and liberation as generation after generation encounter the unsurpassed beauty and wildness of the Arctic. Taken together, these forty-nine men and women provide a unique portrait of America's final frontier.

  • Topics in Palliative Care, Volume 3

    The third book in a series devoted to research and practice in palliative care. The four topics covered in this volume are Paediatric Palliative Care, The Management of Bone Pain, Psychopathology in Patients with Cancer, Skin Disorders and Their Management. The contributors present and evaluate existing data, provide a context drawn from both clinical and research settings, and integrate knowledge in a manner that is both practical and readable for palliative care specialists and hospice providers.

  • Chile: The Legacy of Hispanic Capitalism

    The preeminent book on Chilean history, Chile: The Legacy of Hispanic Capitalism has been thoroughly updated throughout. Among its many new features are an analysis of the global developments in Chile during the last two decades; a new chapter that focuses specifically on the transition from a military to a civilian government; and extensive coverage of human rights as well as of environmental, economic, and social policies implemented since 1990. Insightful and clearly written, this new edition also includes twenty-six new photos that bring this exciting text to life.

  • Comprehensive Textbook of Psychotherapy: Theory and Practice

    This is an introduction to the major theories and practices of psychotherapy. The book is designed both to provide a survey review of the major theories in the field and a demonstration of current practices. Two chapters are presented for each of the most important theories, one that describes historical background and theoretical developments and the other presents an abbreviated manual of application. In addition, further chapters are devoted to particular applications and population such as ethnic minorities, women, older adults, and children. Special chapters on research, training, and ethical issues are also provided.

  • The Burden of Memory, the Muse of Forgiveness

    When Nobel laureate Wole Soyinka's The Open Sore of a Continent appeared in 1996, it received rave reviews in the national media. Now comes Soyinka's powerful sequel to that fearless and passionate book, The Burden of Memory. Where Open Sore offered a critique of African nationhood and a searing indictment of the Nigerian military and its repression of human and civil rights, The Burden of Memory considers all of Africa--indeed, all the world--as it poses the next logical question: Once repression stops, is reconciliation between oppressor and victim possible? In the face of centuries long devastations wrought on the African continent and her Diaspora by slavery, colonialism, Apartheid and the manifold faces of racism what form of recompense could possibly be adequate? In a voice as eloquent and humane as it is forceful, Soyinka examines this fundamental question as he illuminates the principle duty and "near intolerable burden" of memory to bear the record of injustice. In so doing, he challenges notions of simple forgiveness, of confession and absolution, as strategies for social healing. Ultimately, he turns to art--poetry, music, painting--as one source that may nourish the seed of reconciliation, art as the generous vessel that can hold together the burden of memory and the hope of forgiveness. Based on Soyinka's Stewart-McMillan lectures delivered at the Du Bois Institute at Harvard, The Burden of Memory speaks not only to those concerned specifically with African politics, but also to anyone seeking the path to social justice through some of history's most inhospitable terrain.

  • The Koan: Texts and Contexts in Zen Buddhism

    Koans are enigmatic spiritual formulas used for religious training in the Zen Buddhist tradition. This innovative religious practice is one of the most distinctive elements of this tradition, which originated in medieval China and spread to Japan and Korea. Perhaps no dimension of Asian religous has attracted so much interest in the West, and its influence is apparent from beat poetry to deconstructive literary critisism. The essays collected in this volume, all previously unpublished, argue that our understanding of the koan tradition has been severely limited. The authors try to undermine stereotypes and problematic interpretations by examining previously unrecognized factors in the formation of the tradition, and by highlighting the rich complexity and remarkable diversity of koan practice and literature.

  • Epidemiology: An Introduction

    In the past thirty years epidemiology has matured from a fledgling scientific field into a vibrant discipline that brings together the biological and social sciences, and in doing so draws upon disciplines ranging from statistics and survey sampling to the philosophy of science. These areas of knowledge have converged into a modern theory of epidemiology that has been slow to penetrate into textbooks, particularly at the introductory level. Epidemiology: An Introduction closes the gap. It begins with a brief, lucid discussion of casualy thinking and causal inference and then takes the reader through the elements of epidemiology, focusing on the measures of disease occurrence and causal effects. With these building blocks in place, the reader learns how to design, analyze and interpret epidemiologic research studies, and how to deal with the fundamental problems that epidemiologists face, including confounding, the role of chance, and the exploration of interactions. All these topics are layered on the foundation of basic principles presented in simple language, with numerous examples and questions for further thought.

  • Preparation for a Revolution: The Young Turks, 1902-1908

    This book is a challenging re-evaluation of the Young Turk Revolution of 1908, a seminal event in the late Ottoman Empire and in the emergence of the modern nation-states in the Middle East and Balkans. Breaking new ground, the book describes how the practical considerations forced the Young Turks to sacrifice many of their plans for social transformation. The book includes extensive new research from archives throughout Europe and the Middle East and will prove indispensable to anyone working on the political, intellectual, and social history of the Ottoman Empire and of the states that were established on its ruins.

  • What Is Mathematics, Really?

    Most philosophers of mathematics treat it as isolated, timeless, ahistorical, inhuman. Reuben Hersh argues the contrary, that mathematics must be understood as a human activity, a social phenomenon, part of human culture, historically evolved, and intelligible only in a social context. Hersh pulls the screen back to reveal mathematics as seen by professionals, debunking many mathematical myths, and demonstrating how the "humanist" idea of the nature of mathematics more closely resembles how mathematicians actually work. At the heart of his book is a fascinating historical account of the mainstream of philosophy--ranging from Pythagoras, Descartes, and Spinoza, to Bertrand Russell, David Hilbert, and Rudolph Carnap--followed by the mavericks who saw mathematics as a human artifact, including Aristotle, Locke, Hume, Mill, and Lakatos.
    What is Mathematics, Really? reflects an insider's view of mathematical life, and will be hotly debated by anyone with an interest in mathematics or the philosophy of science.

  • At Home in the Universe: The Search for Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity

    A major scientific revolution has begun, a new paradigm that rivals Darwin's theory in importance. At its heart is the discovery of the order that lies deep within the most complex of systems, from the origin of life, to the workings of giant corporations, to the rise and fall of great civilizations. And more than anyone else, this revolution is the work of one man, Stuart Kauffman, a MacArthur Fellow and visionary pioneer of the new science of complexity. Now, in At Home in the Universe, Kauffman brilliantly weaves together the excitement of intellectual discovery and a fertile mix of insights to give the general reader a fascinating look at this new science - and at the forces for order that lie at the edge of chaos.

  • Hypoglycemia: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    This is a comprehensive treatment of hypoglycemia written by a leading investigator in the field who is also an active clinician. It applies up-to-date concepts of the physiology of glucose counterregulation-the mechanisms that normally prevent or rapidly correct hypoglycemia and thus defend the brain from its devestating effects-and of the pathophysiology of those mechanisms which were largely unknown when previous books on the topic were published, to the diagnosis and treatment of the clinical problem. While its early chapters provide a detailed scientific background, its clinical chapters (on hypoglycemia in diabetes mellitus, the hypoglycemic disorders and the approach to the patient with hypoglycemia) provide much practical guidance for physicians.

  • Chemical Equilibria and Kinetics in Soils

    This introductory text provides a comprehensive and unified account of the important chemical processes in soils that can be described by reactions. Chemical thermodynamics and kinetics are applied to soil systems in order to provide an understanding of phenomena ranging from complexation reactions to colloidal flocculation. This book addresses the limitations of these applications and proposes that the quantitative description of soils is not complete without adequate characterization of the rates of the chemical reactions. This book will appeal to professionals in the soil sciences, and will be useful as textbook in graduate-level courses in soil sciences and geochemistry. It is a vital contribution to soil chemistry.

  • Any Child Can Read Better: Developing Your Child's Reading Skills Outside the Classroom

    Reading, however fundamental the task may seem to everyday life, is a complex process mastered only after the synthesis of numerous components, both intellectually and conceptually. Yet, learning to read in its early manifestations is not an overwhelming problem for most children, especially when their classroom learning is coupled with a nurturing home environment in which reading is cherished, and pencil and paper are always available and fun to use. In fact, studies have shown that children score higher in reading if their parents support and encourage them at home. Unfortunately, though many parents want to involve themselves actively in their children's learning, very few know just what to do. Most parents don't have a clue about where to begin in helping their children succeed in school and discover the joys of reading. Now Dr. Harvey S. Wiener, author of the classic Any Child Can Write, provides an indispensable guide to helping your children enter the magic realm of words. In Any Child Can Read Better, 2nd Edition, Dr. Wiener offers practical advice on how to help your children as they make their way through the maze of assignments and excercises related to classroom reading. In this essential book, you'll discover how parents can be "reading helpers" without replacing or superseding the teacher--by supporting a child's reading habits and sharing the pleasures of fiction, poetry, and prose. Through comfortable conversation and enjoyable excercises that tap children's native ablitites, parents can help their child practice the critical thinking and reading skills that guarantee success in the classroom and beyond. For example, Dr. Wiener explains how excercises such as prereading warm-ups like creating word maps (a visual scheme that represents words and ideas as shapes and connects them) will allow youngsters to create a visual format and context before they begin reading. He shows how pictures from a birthday party can be used to create patterns of meaning by arranging them chronolgically to allow the party's "story" to emerge, or how they might by arranged by order of importance--a picture of Beth standing at the door waiting for her friends to arrive could be displayed first, Beth blowing out the birthday cake placed toward the middle of the arrangement, and the pictures of Beth opening her gifts, especially the skates she's been begging for all year, would surely go toward the end of the sequence. Dr. Wiener shows how these activities, and many others, such as writing games, catagorizing toys or clothes or favorite foods, and reading journals, will help children draw meaning out of written material. This second edition includes a new chapter describing the benefits of encouraging children to keep a journal of their personal reactions to books, the value of writing in the books they own (underlining, writing in the margins, and making a personal index) and a variety of reading activities to help children interact with writers and their books. Dr. Wiener has also expanded and updated his fascinating discussion of recommended books for children of all ages, complete with plot summaries. Written in simple, accessible prose, Any Child Can Read Better offers sensible advice for busy parents concerned with their children's education.

  • Nutritional Epidemiology

    This guide is intended for those who wish to understand the complex relationships between diet and the major diseases of western civilization, such as cancer and atherosclerosis. It is aimed both at researchers engaged in the unraveling of these complex associations and at readers of the rapidly multiplying and often confusing scholarly literature on the subject. The author starts with an overview of research strategies in nutritional epidemiology--a relatively new discipline which combines the knowledge compiled by nutritionists during this century with the methodology developed by epidemiologists to study the determinants of disease with multiple etiologies and long latent periods. A major part of the book is devoted to methods of dietary assessment using data on food intake, biochemical indicators of diet, and measures of body size and composition. The reproducibility and validity of each approach and the implications of measurement error are considered in detail. The analysis, presentation, and interpretation of data from epidemiologic studies of diet and disease are discussed. Particular attention is paid to the important influence of total energy intake on findings in such studies. As examples of methodologic issues in nutritional epidemiology, three substantive topics are examined in depth: the relations of diet and coronary heart disease, fat intake and breast cancer, and Vitamin A and lung cancer. This volume will benefit epidemiologists, nutritionists, dietitians, policy makers, public health practitioners, cancer researchers and oncologists, and cardiovascular specialists.

  • A Programmer's View of Computer Architecture: With Assembly Language Examples from the MIPS RISC Architecture

    This introductory text offers a contemporary treatment of computer architecture using assembly and machine language with a focus on software. Students learn how computers work through a clear, generic presentation of a computer architecture, a departure from the traditional focus on a specific architecture. A computer's capabilities are introduced within the context of software, reinforcing the software focus of the text. Designed for computer science majors in an assembly language course, this text uses a top-down approach to the material that enables students to begin programming immediately and to understand the assembly language, the interface between hardware and software. The text includes examples from the MIPS RISC (reduced instruction set computer) architecture, and an accompanying software simulator package simulates a MIPS RISC processor (the software does not require a MIPS processor to run).

  • Textbook of Endocrine Physiology

    This textbook of basic endocrinology has been used in medical schools as well as graduate and undergraduate programmes. It covers not only physiology, but anatomy, biochemistry, and cell and molecular biology. It provides an account of basic endocrine function with pathophysiological and clinical correlations. A new chapter on "Cytokines and Immune-Endocrine Interactions" has been added to this edition and the chapter on growth has been rewritten. The other chapters have been updated and 25 figures have been added.

  • The Oxford History of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society

    The Oxford History of the Prison is an informative account of the growth and development of the prison in Western society, from classical times to the present day. In fourteen chapters -- each written by specialists in social, legal, and institutional history -- the book explores not only the complex history of the prison, but also the social world of inmates and their keepers.

  • The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

    When we think of archaeology, most of us think first of its many spectacular finds: the legendary city of Troy, Tutankhamun's golden tomb, the three-million-year-old footprints at Laetoli, the mile-high city at Machu Picchu, the cave paintings at Lascaux. But as marvelous as these discoveries are, the ultimate goal of archaeology, and of archaeologists, is something far more ambitious. Indeed, it is one of humanity's great quests: to recapture and understand our human past, across vast stretches of time, as it was lived in every corner of the globe. Now, in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, readers have a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this fascinating discipline, in a book that is itself a rare find, a treasure of up-to-date information on virtually every aspect of the field. The range of subjects covered here is breathtaking - everything from the domestication of the camel, to Egyptian hieroglyphics, to luminescence dating, to the Mayan calendar, to Koobi Fora and Olduvai Gorge. Readers will find extensive essays that illuminate the full history of archaeology - from the discovery of Herculaneum in 1783, to the recent finding of the `Ice Man' and the ancient city of Uruk - and engaging biographies of the great figures in the field, from Gertrude Bell, Paul Emile Botta, and Louis and Mary Leakey, to V. Gordon Childe, Li Chi, Heinrich Schliemann, and Max Uhle. The Companion offers extensive coverage of the methods used in archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists find sites (remote sensing, aerial photography, ground survey), how they map excavations and report findings, and how they analyse artifacts (radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, stratigraphy, mortuary analysis). Of course, archaeology's great subject is humanity and human culture, and there are broad essays that examine human evolution - ranging from our early primate ancestors, to Australopithecus and Cro-Magnon, to Homo Erectus and Neanderthals - and explore the many general facets of culture, from art and architecture, to arms and armour, to beer and brewing, to astronomy and religion. And perhaps most important, the contributors provide insightful coverage of human culture as it has been expressed in every region of the world. Here entries range from broad overviews, to treatments of particular themes, to discussions of peoples, societies, and particular sites. Thus, anyone interested in North America would find articles that cover the continent from the Arctic to the Eastern woodlands to the Northwest Coast, that discuss the Iroquois and Algonquian cultures, the hunters of the North American plains, and the Norse in North America, and that describe sites such as Mesa Verde, Meadowcraft Rockshelter, Serpent Mound, and Poverty Point. Likewise, the coverage of Europe runs from the Paleolithic period, to the Bronze and Iron Age, to the Post-Roman era, looks at peoples such as the Celts, the Germans, the Vikings, and the Slavs, and describes sites at Altamira, Pompeii, Stonehenge, Terra Amata, and dozens of other locales. The Companion offers equally thorough coverage of Africa, Europe, North America, Mesoamerica, South America, Asia, the Mediterranean, the Near East, Australia and the Pacific. And finally, the editors have included extensive cross-referencing and thorough indexing, enabling the reader to pursue topics of interest with ease; charts and maps providing additional information; and bibliographies after most entries directing readers to the best sources for further study. Every Oxford Companion aspires to be the definitive overview of a field of study at a particular moment of time. This superb volume is no exception.

  • Singing the Body of God: The Hymns of Vedantadesika in Their South Indian Tradition

    This is the first full-length study of the devotional poetry and poetics of the 14th-century poet-philosopher Vedantadesika, one of the most outstanding and influential figures in the hindu tradition of Sri-Vaishnavism (the cult of Lord Vishnu). Despite their intrinsic beauty and theological importance, the poetry and philosophy of Vedantadesika have received very little scholarly attention. However, for millions who belong to the Vaishnava tradition these poems are not just classical literature; they are committed to memory, recited, sung and enacted in ritual both in India and throughout the Hindu diaspora. Steven Hopkins here offers a comparative study of the Sanskrit, Pakrit and Tamil poems composed by Vedantadesika in praise of important Vaishnava shrines and their icons - poems that are considered to be the apogee of South Indian devotional literature.

  • Cognitive Rehabilitation in Old Age

    Cognitive deficits are part of the normal ageing process and are exacerbated by various diseases that affect adults in old age, such as dementia, depression, and stroke. A significant scientific and social effort has been expended to evaluate whether cognitive deficits can be remedied through systematic interventions. The editors, as well as the chapter authors, represent a variety of viewpoints that span theory as well as practice. Overall, they aim to address concepts in cognitive rehabilitation that are useful in intervention research -- research which examines problems and issues in normal and pathological aging -- and focusing on the application of cognitive training strategies in natural settings. Thus, the book is grounded in contemporary theory in cognitive ageing and is applicable to both the practicing clinician as well as the researcher. It is organized into four sections. The first highlights prominent theoretical principles; the second looks at cognitive rehabilitation strategies in normal ageing; the third examines the interplay between lifestyle patterns and cognitive function through applying a broad definition of lifestyle choices; and the fourth focuses on rehabilitation strategies that address issues in pathological (or diseased) ageing.

  • A Practical Guide for Business Speaking

    Whether you are an corporate executive or an entrepreneur, a military officer or an engineer, the ability to speak well in public is vital. Perhaps you are a medical researcher demonstrating a new surgical technique at a seminar. Or a sales manager outlining a new commission plan to your national sales force. Or the head of a small business trying to land a big account. It is essential that you deliver an effective presentation. In A Practical Guide for Business Speaking, consultant and educator Edward Bailey offers a thorough, down-to-earth, easy-to-use handbook that contains everything you need to give the best presentations possible. Bailey offers a gold mine of detailed advice as he takes you through the process a step at a time. He stresses that most presentations succeed or fail in the design stage. He then shows how to design your speech for maximum impact--using a "blueprint" and clear transitions to keep the audience focused--and how to use examples to avoid one of the worst pitfalls of public speaking, abstraction. He describes the many kinds of visual aids available, from overhead transparencies, to flip charts, to blackboards and whiteboards, and he discusses the pluses and minuses of each. He tells you what to look for when checking out a room in advance--for instance, see if the projector focuses well, if the room is cool enough to prevent drowsiness, if the microphone works, and so on. (Bailey provides a nineteen-point checklist for setting up the room in an appendix.) In addition, he offers solid advice on how to rehearse before a talk, how to break the ice with the audience, how to design your own visual aids, and how to handle question-and-answer periods. Perhaps what is most impressive is the wealth of detailed advice presented here. For instance, when using a pointer, hold it in the hand closer to the screen (with the far hand, you turn your back on the audience, making it harder to hear you). When designing a visual aid, use at least 18 point type, and seldom use all capital letters (sentences of capital letters are harder to read). And when reading from a text, don't staple the pages--constant page-turning distracts the audience. Instead, keep the pages loose, and slide each page to one side as you finish it. Based on years of experience, A Practical Guide for Business Speaking is a must for anyone who speaks in public. You can read it in an afternoon, but it will improve your presentations forever.

  • The English Reader: What Every Literate Person Needs to Know

    In this sequel to the best-selling The American Reader, mother-and-son team Diane and Michael Ravitch have gathered together the best and most memorable poems, essays, songs, and orations in English history, capturing in one compact volume writings that have shaped not only England, but democratic culture around the globe.
    Here are words that changed the world, words that inspired revolutions as well as lovers, dreamers, and singers, words that every educated person once knew--and should know today. Framed by two inspiring speeches--Queen Elizabeth before the invasion of the Spanish Armada and Winston Churchill during the dark days of World War II--the book features work by William Wordsworth and W.H. Auden, Thomas Hobbes and John Stuart Mill, Mary Wollstonecraft and Virginia Woolf, Lewis Carroll and Edward Lear, and many other extraordinary writers. Readers will find ardent love poems such as Marlowe's "The Passionate Shepherd To His Love" and Shakespeare's "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?" We also find more philosophical works such as Yeat's "The Second Coming" and Matthew Arnold's "Dover Beach." There are excerpts from Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin, Walter Pater and John Ruskin, Edmund Burke and Thomas Carlyle, and other influential thinkers. In addition, the book includes song lyrics ranging from "Greensleeves" to "Rule, Britannia," and works that, though not considered classics, were immensely popular in their day and capture the spirit of an era, such as W.E. Henley's "Invictus" ("I am the master of my fate: / I am the captain of my soul"). The editors also provide brief, fascinating biographies of each writer.
    An exquisite gift, The English Reader offers the best of the best--the soaring language and seminal ideas that fired the imagination of the English-speaking world.

  • Equality and Partiality

    This collection of essays, based on the Locke Lectures that Nagel delivered at Oxford University in 1990, addresses the conflict between the claims of the group and those of the individual. Nagel attempts to clarify the nature of the conflict - one of the most fundamental problems in moral and political theory - and concludes that its reconciliation is the essential task of any legitimate political system.

  • Women as Ritual Experts: The Religious Lives of Elderly Jewish Women in Jerusalem

    A paperback reprint of a title originally published by OUP in 1992, this ethnography explores the religious beliefs and rituals of a group of elderly Jewish women, originally from Kurdistan and Yemen, who now live in Jerusalem. By analysing their rituals, daily experiences, life-stories, and non-verbal gestures, Sered uncovers the strategies these women have developed to circumvent the patriarchal institutions of Judaism, and how they have developed their own 'little tradition' within and parallel to the 'great tradition' of Torah Judaism.

  • Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student

    The main elements of rhetoric are argument, arrangement, and style. Each topic is treated exhaustively in Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. The text also includes the progymnasta, an introduction to classical rhetoric and a survey of the history of rhetoric. The book is rich in examples from the best writers among classic and contemporary men and women, and many examples are followed by intensive rhetorical analysis. In addition to many examples, the chapter on style contains numerous practical application exercises for students to practise.

  • Ira Gershwin: The Art of the Lyricist

    Ira Gershwin has lived in the shadow of his brother George, with whom he collaborated in the writing of some of the most memorable American popular songs. The author makes a persuasive case for Ira Gershwin as the most important and original lyricist in "American popular song", and discusses his career after the death of George Gershwin in 1937.

  • Training Soprano Voices

    All soprano voices have characteristics in common, but each type of soprano voice also has special features that require a particular approach in teaching. A young dramatic soprano must not be forced into a soubrette mold, nor should the soubrette soprano be assigned dramatic tasks. Training Soprano Voices offers a complete system for training each type of soprano voice based on historic vocal pedagogy coupled with modern-day research on the singing voice. Designed as a practical program for singers, teachers, and voice professionals, the book places emphasis on the special nature of the soprano voice and the proper physiological functioning for the establishment of vocal proficiency. For each category of voice, Miller supplies a detailed description, recommends appropriate literature, and provides an effective system for voice building, including techniques for breath management, vibratory response, resonance balancing, language articulation, vocal agility, sostenuto, proper vocal registration, and dynamic control. The book concludes with a daily regimen of vocal development for healthy singing and artistic performance. Dozens of technical exercises, vocalization material taken from the performance literature, and numerous anatomical illustrations are included.

  • Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court

    Written by a leading scholar of juvenile justice, this book examines the social and legal changes that have transformed the juvenile court in the last three decades from a nominally rehabilitative welfare agency into a scaled-down criminal court for young offenders. It explores the complex relationship between race and youth crime to explain both the Supreme Court decisions to provide delinquents with procedural justice and the more recent political impetus to "get tough" on young offenders. This provocative book will be necessary reading for criminal and juvenile justice scholars, sociologists, legislators, and juvenile justice personnel.

  • Spare Parts: Organ Replacement in American Society

    Spare Parts centres on the developments that have occurred in the field of organ transplantation during the 1980s and early 1990s, and on the rise and fall of the Jarvik-7 artificial heart in that period. It is vividly written in a narrative ethnographic style. The interconnected stories of organ transplantation and the artificial heart are recounted in an interpretive framework that attributes their most enduring significance to the triple themes of uncertainty, gift exchange, and the allocation of scarce material and non-material resources, and to the way that they open questions of life and death, identity and solidarity.

  • The Oxford Book of Latin American Short Stories

    When Latin American writers burst on to the world literary scene in the now famous "Boom" of the sixties, it seemed as if an entire literature had invented itself overnight out of thin air. Not only was the writing extraordinary but its sudden and spectacular appearance itself seemed magical. In fact, Latin American literature has a long and rich tradition that reaches back to the Colonial period and is filled with remarkable writers too little known in the English-speaking world. The short story has been a central part of this tradition, from Fray Bartolome de las Casas' narrative protests against the Spanish Conquistadors' abuses of Indians, to the world renowned Ficciones of Jorge Luis Borges, to the contemporary works of such masters as Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Rosario Ferre, and others. Now, in The Oxford Book of Latin American Short Stories, editor Roberto Gonzalez Echevarria brings together fifty-three stories that span the history of Latin American literature and represent the most dazzling achievements in the form. In his fascinating introduction, Gonzalez Echevarria traces the evolution of the short story in Latin American literature, explaining why the genre has flourished there with such brilliance, and illuminating the various cultural and literary tensions that resolve themselves in "magical realism". The stories themselves exhibit all the inventiveness, the luxuriousness of language, the wild metaphoric leaps, and uncanny conjunctions of the ordinary with the fantastic that have given the Latin American short story its distinctive and unforgettable flavour: from the Joycean subtlety of Machado de Assis's "Midnight Mass," to the brutal parable of Julio Ramon Ribeyro's "Featherless Buzzards," to the startling disorientation of Alejo Carpentier's "Journey Back to the Source" (which is told backwards, because a sorcerer has waved his wand and made time flow in reverse), to the haunting reveries of Maria Luisa Bombal's "The Tree". Readers familiar with only the most popular Latin American writers will be delighted to discover many exciting new voices here, including Catalina de Erauso, Ricardo Palma, Rubin Dario, Augusto Roa Bastos, Christina Peri Rossi, along with Borges, Garcia Marquez, Fuentes, Cortazar, Vargas Llosa, and many others. Gonzalez Echevarria also provides brief and extremely helpful headnotes for the each selection, discussing the author's influences, major works, and central themes. Short story lovers will find a wealth of satisfactions here, in terrains both familiar and uncharted. But the unique strength of The Oxford Book of Latin American Short Stories is that it allows us to see the connections between writers from Peru to Puerto Rico and from the sixteenth century to the present--and thus to view in a single, unprecedented volume one of the most diverse and fertile literary landscapes in the world.

  • The Ways of Religion: An Introduction to the Major Traditions

    This is a fully revised edition of an anthology in comparative world religions. Eastman surveys all the major religious traditions - Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and African religions - as well as covering Zen Buddhism and the religious experience in America. Eastman allows each tradition to speak in its own voice, excerpting passages from its scriptures, prophets, and distinguished authors.

  • The Annotated Anne of Green Gables

    Since its publication in 1908, Anne of Green Gables has been a continuous international best-seller, enjoying successful television adaptations, and captivating children and adults alike with the irresistible charms of its remarkable heroine, Anne Shirley. This wildly imaginative, red-headed chatterbox tries to fit into the narrow confines of Victorian expectations, but her exuberant spirit keeps leaping delightfully beyond the bounds. Indeed, when Maud Montgomery decided to reject the sermonizing formulas of the children's books of her day, she brought to life a character much closer to Jane Eyre, David Copperfield, and Tom Sawyer--also orphans, like Anne--than to the self-sacrificing, conformist heroines then in demand. In doing so, Montgomery subtly questioned the values of her society--the stifling restraints of its religion and most especially its treatment of women--while giving readers all the pleasures of her considerable story-telling gifts. Now, in this first fully annotated edition of Anne of Green Gables, readers will appreciate more clearly than ever before the scope and depth of this extraordinary novel. Editors Margaret Anne Doody, Mary Doody Jones, and Wendy Barry provide a richly illustrated, completely revised text, along with hundreds of notes describing the real-life characters and settings Anne encounters, the autobiographical connections between Anne and Maud Montgomery, and the book's astonishing range of literary, biblical, and mythological references. Additional essays offer fascinating background information on such topics as the geography and settlement of Prince Edward's Island (where Anne takes place); the education, orphanages, music, and literature of Anne's time; and the horticulture, homemade artifacts, and food preparation that are so prevalent in the story. Margaret Anne Doody supplies a comprehensive introduction, which situates the novel in its literary and social contexts, explores those aspects of Montgomery's life most relevant to the story, examines revisions in the manuscripts, and provides an overall sense of both the impulses that drove Montgomery to write Anne of Green Gables and the larger concerns it dramatizes so compellingly. This edition also contains a chronology of Montgomery's life, an extensive bibliography, songs and poems that appear in the text, and a selection of original reviews of the book. This wealth of material enables readers to grasp the marvelous multi-layeredness of the novel and to understand more fully its place in both its own time and in ours. Elegantly and beautifully designed, with generous illustrations from previous editions, photographs of the places the novel inhabits, and explanatory drawings that reproduce the texture of Anne's world, The Annotated Anne of Green Gables is a major event in the publishing history of one of the world's most charming stories.

  • Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments

    This book focuses on the design and analysis of ecological experiments, concentrating on statistical approaches. Each chapter presents a particular statistical technique or set of techniques in the context of resolving an ecological issue. This new edition eliminates some topics that havein become less important to ecology, adds new chapters on thehe major developing issues, (power analysis, logisticecome less regression, randomization tests, and empiral Baynesian analysis), and updates all the presentations.

  • Oceanography: Contemporary Readings in Ocean Science

    The third edition of this highly successful textbook has now been considerably expanded and updated. Ideal for undergraduate students studying oceanography , it comprises a selection of articles, all written by internationaly renowned ocean scientists. Chapters cover all aspects of the subject including ocean resources, the law of the sea, migration of specific marine creatures, global warming, the consequences of oil spills, and other environmental management issues.

  • Privacy, Intimacy, and Isolation

    Privacy is a puzzling concept. From the backyard to the bedroom, everyday life gives rise to an abundance of privacy claims. In the legal sphere, privacy is invoked with respect to issues including abortion, marriage, and sexuality. Yet privacy is surrounded by a mire of theoretical debate. Certain philosophers argue that privacy is neither conceptually nor morally distinct from other interests, while numerous legal scholars point to the apparently disparate interests involved in constitutional and tort privacy law. By arguing that intimacy is the core of privacy, including privacy law, Inness undermines privacy skepticism, providing a strong theoretical foundation for many of our everyday and legal privacy claims, including the controversial constitutional right to privacy.

  • Pattern Recognition Using Neural Networks: Theory and Algorithms for Engineers and Scientists

    Pattern Regcognition with Neural Networks covers traditional linear pattern recognition and its nonlinear extension via neural networks from an algorithmic approach. The author has written a real-world practical "why-and-how" text that provides a refreshing contrast to competing texts' thoeretical appraoch and "pie-in-the-sky" claims. The text explores mulitple layered preceptrons and describes network types such as functional link, radial basis function, learning vector quantanization and self-organizing. The author also discusses recent clustering methods. This text is suitable for an advanced undergraduate course in pattern recognition or neural networks, and is also useful as a reference and a resource.

  • Standard of Care: The Law of American Bioethics

    Using courtroom resolutions of real bioethical disputes as its focus, Standard of Care explores the fundamental value conflicts confronting medicine and society. This case-based approach illuminates the value choices with which the power of modern medicine confronts us. The author urges health professionals to go beyond the minimalist legal "standard of care" by promoting a vigorous, patient-centered medical ethics based on both respect for the human rights of individual patients and resposibility to society. If modern medicine is to enhance human life, a reconceptualization of law as the beginning of ethical discourse, rather than as an instrument to end it, is essential.

  • TeX Unbound: LaTex and TeX Strategies for Fonts, Graphics, and More

    LaTeX is the premiere software system used for presenting technical information. It is considered the system of choice for writers in mathematics, the sciences, computer science, and engineering who need to present formulas and technical infomation in a clear and elegant manner. It is also increasingly used by nontechnical writers interested in superior printing and document presentation. However, users of this ubiquitous software need to know much more than how to use basic style files or LaTeX commands. They need to know how to integrate Tex--the original version of LaTeX--with other commercially available software and hardware. People also need clear, accurate and brief instructions and solutions to many common problems. This unique book is intended to provide these valuable aids. It also tells how to use LaTex or Tex with files prepared with everyday office software such as Lotus or Wordperfect, and how to set up software links with Acrobat and hyper-text using LaTex for internet communication.

  • Electroshock: Restoring the Mind

    Electroshock therapy (ECT) has long suffered from a controversial and bizarre public image, a reputation that has effectively removed it as a treatment option for many patients. In Electroshock, Max Fink, M.D., draws on 45 years of clinical and research experience to argue that ECT is now a safe, effective, painless, and sometimes life-saving treatment for emotional and mental disorders. Dr. Fink discusses the development of ECT from its discovery in 1934, its acceptance and widespread use for two decades until it was largely replaced by the introduction of psychotropic drugs in the 1950s, and its revival in the past twenty years as a viable treatment now that undesirable side-effects have been largely removed. He provides case studies of actual patients and the testimonies of their family members to illuminate successful responses. Many disorders, such as depression, mania, catatonia, and schizophrenia, respond well to ECT. We learn what the patient experiences, as the authoer explains the whole procedure from preparation to recovery. He also shows how anesthesia and muscle relaxation have refined ECT, minimizing discomfort and reducing its risks to a level far lower than many of the psychotropic drugs routinely prescribed for the same problems. An excellent sourcebook for patients, their families, caretakers, and mental health professionals, Electroshock clarifies misconceptions about ECT. For those who suffer from mental and emotional disorders, it offers a safe and highly effective alternative to medication or psychotherapy.

  • Transcription Factors and Human Disease

    Transcription factors are essential mediators of the genetic programs that control development and physiology. This exciting book presents current knowledge of transcription factors from two viewpoints. First, the basic science of transcriptional regulation is discussed. Second, inherited human diseases attributable to mutations in DNA sequences encoding transcription factors or their cognate binding sites are described. Readers are also introduced to the involvement of transcription factors in somatic cell genetic disease (cancer) and epigenetic disease (teratogenesis).

  • Surgical Ethics

    This is the first textbook of surgical ethics. It is a practical, clinically comprehensive, well-organized guide to ethical issues in surgical practice, research, and educatio written by leading figures in surgery and bioethics. The authors cover the surgeon-patient relationship, the full range of surgical patients, surgical education and research and surgery and managed care. Their chapters are not abstract discussions of ethical principles; rather, they connect directly with the everyday concerns of practising surgeons.

  • Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity

    This volume presents a comprehensive introduction to the connection between language and ethnicity. The Ebonics and bilingual education controversies in the US have both provided new evidence for a connection between language and ethnicity and raised questions about the nature of this connection. Since the "ethnic revival" of the last twenty years, there has been a substantial and interdisciplinary change in our understanding of the connection between these fundamental aspects of our identity. The distinguished sociolinguist Joshua Fishman has commissioned over 25 previously unpublished papers on every facet of the subject. The volume is divided into two sections, the first examining disciplinary perspectives (for example history, psychology, religion, sociolinguistics, etc) on the subject; the second uses the prism of geography, looking at the subject in the context of Africa, Scandinavia, Germany and the rest of Western Europe, North America and elsewhere. The volume is truly interdisciplinary and the contributors are all distinguished figures in their fields. No previous knowledge of the subject is assumed and thus the volume will be suitable as a scholarly reference, as a resource for the lay reader, and can also be used as a text in ethnicity courses.

  • Discrete Dynamical Modeling

    This book presents an introduction to a wide range of techniques and applications for dynamical mathematical modelling, modelling that is useful in studying how things change over time. The book uses topics from algebra and encourages students to develop a different way of thinking about mathematics and how to use it in their field of interest. Their are no mathematical prerequisites beyond algebra.

  • The Classical Greek Reader

    Scholarly commentary on the nuances of Greek writing fills library shelves, even entire libraries. Yet nothing can take the place of the documents themselves. The Classical Greek Reader marks an exciting departure from the traditional anthology approach to Greek literature and thought. By focusing not only on the big names but also on the less-familiar voices--the women, doctors, storytellers, herbalists, and romance writers--we are offered a glimpse of ancient Greece as we have rarely seen it. Kenneth J. Atchity provides the reader with firsthand access to literary, artistic, social, political, religious, scientific, and philosophical texts that shaped Greek thinking. From Homeric epics to the histories of Plutarch, and from the poems of Korinna to the romances of Heliodorus, this invaluable reference provides readers with modern translations of the voices that shaped the classical Greek spirit. Each entry contains an introduction identifying the author and providing information that allows readers to consider these ancient texts in a new light. Here are the wonders of the Greek world presented in a modern, accessible manner, perfect for those looking to refresh their acquaintance with the classics and for those who have yet to explore the exciting intellectual energy of the ancient Greek world.

  • A History of the Supreme Court

    A lucid, lively, and definitive one-volume history of the USA's highest court. Schwartz ranges from the earliest history of court dress to history's most important cases in this illuminating examination.

  • Parallel Optimization: Theory, Algorithms and Applications

    This book offers a unique pathway to methods of parallel optimization by introducing parallel computing ideas and techniques into both optimization theory, and into some numerical algorithms for large-scale optimization problems. The presentation is based on the recent understanding that rigorous mathematical analysis of algorithms, parallel computing techniques, and "hands-on" experimental work on real-world problems must go hand in hand in order to achieve the greatest advantage from novel parallel computing architectures. The three parts of the book thus bring together relevant theory, careful study of algorithms, and modelling of significant real world problems. The problem domains include: image reconstruction, radiation therapy treatment planning, transportation problems, portfolilo management, and matrix estimation. This text can be used both as a reference for researchers and as a text for advanced graduate courses.

  • The Common Mind: An Essay on Psychology, Society, and Politics

    Pettit argues for an original way of marking off thinking subjects, in particular human beings, from other intentional systems, natural and artificial.

  • The Exultet in Southern Italy

    The Exultet rolls of southern Italy are parchment scrolls containing text and music for the blessing of the great Easter candle; they contain magnificent illustrations, often turned upside down with respect to the text so that they can be seen by observers. The Exultet in Southern Italy provides a broad perspective on this phenomenon that has long attracted the interest of those interested in medieval art, liturgy, and music. This book considers these documents in the cultural and liturgical context in which they were made, and provides a perspective on all aspects of this particularly southern Italian practice. While previous art-historical studies have concentrated on the illustrations in these rolls, Kelly's book also looks at the particular place of the Exultet in changing ceremonial practices, provides background on the texts and music used in southern Italy, and inquires into the manufacture and purpose of the Exultets--why they were made, who owned them, and how they were used.

  • The Amazon River Forest: A Natural History of Plants, Animals, and People

    The floodplain forest of the Amazon is the last major agricultural frontier of the Americas. This unique habitat, inundated in some places to a depth of thirty feet a year, contains a marvellous variety of plant and animal resources that inhabitants have long reaped--fruit, nuts, building materials, fuelwood, and medicinal plants. While the floodplain has great potential for food production, its natural resource base is becoming increasingly threatened by ranching and agricultural expansion and impaired by inappropriate land-use practices. This important book, based both on field observations carried out over the past quarter century and historical material, demonstrates that knowledge possessed by area dwellers offers vital insights for promoting the sound economic development of the floodplain. Nigel Smith argues for the importance of balance between land-use systems, and suggests that research and development should be realigned to incorporate both modern science and traditional systems. Beautifully illustrated with the author's own photographs, this authoritative volume explores a broad range of ecological, historical, cultural, and socioeconomic issues, and offers practical suggestions for developing the floodplain that enhance, rather than destroy, biodiversity.

  • The Cuban Revolution: Origins, Course, and Legacy

    This timely study provides a re-examination of the achievements and failures of the Cuban revolution. The Cuban Revolution places the revolution firmly within the context of twentieth century Cuban history, beginning with the inauguration of the republic in 1902 to Castro's triumphant entry into Santiago de Cuba in 1959, and hightlights the factors -- such as a one-crop (sugar) economy and U.S. intereference in Cuban affairs -- which made Cuba susceptible to revolution. While identifying nationalism and the struggle for social justice as the legitimate forces behind the revolution, Perez-Stable also provides a fresh insight into the problems facing Castro's Cuba. Arguing that the revolution actually ended in 1970, she blames its defeat on the regime's profitable yet doomed dependence on the Soviet Union and on the failure of Cuba's leaders to diversity the country's economy, sustain development, or create democratic institutions. The Cuban Revolution also focuses special attention on Cuba's confrontation with the United States. This second edition has been updated to include an entirely new chapter with coverage of the changes affecting Cuba's policies and economy since the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the failure of communism in general, as well as a new preface, an up-to-date bibliography, and a thoroughly revised concluding chapter summing up the prospects and possibilities of Cuba's future in the twenty-first century.

  • The World of Myth

    Approaches to mythology usually catalogue the least important aspect of the subject - the endless names, places, stories - as if they had no significant context beyond the particular cultures in which they emerged. The World of Myth provides a more universal context by examining the relevance of the myths of the ancients. The collection is largely Greek and Roman, but there are also a significant number from other cultures, for example Indian, Native American, Egyptian, Norse, and African.

  • Experiences Near Death: Beyond Medicine and Religion

    Challenging religious, medical, and psychological explanations of deathbed journeys, Experiences Near Death examines the social dimensions of the near-death experience. Kellehear explores near-death experience around the globe to demonstrate that many experiences thought to be rooted in biology in fact vary widely across many cultures.

  • After the New Testament: A Reader in Early Christianity

    This present collection of primary texts reveals the remarkable diversity of the early Christian movement from the time of the New Testament up to the writings of Eusebius (c.100-300). Including works later deemed both "orthodox" and "heterodox", and organized according to historical and social categories (e.g. persecution and marytrdom, the rise of anti-Judaism, the development of church offices, "heresy" and "orthodoxy", and the formation of early liturgy), the texts are given in clear and up-to-date English translations, each introduced by a concise and informative overview. Packed with clear and compelling information, the collection is suitable for anyone - student, teacher, pastor, layperson - interested in the history and literature of Christianity's first three centuries.

  • Lydia Mendoza's Life in Music/LA Historia De Lydia Mendoza: Norteno Tejano Legacies = LA Historia De Lydia Mendoza

    Lydia Mendoza began her long musical career as a child in the 1920s, singing for pennies and nickels on the streets on downtown San Antonio, Texas. She lived most of her adult life in Houston, Texas, where she was born. The life story of the legendary Lydia Mendoza encompasses a 60-year singing career including innumerable tours, recordings, best-selling hits, and national awards. Her performing career began with the advent of the recording industry in the 1920s and continued into the 1980s, ceasing afer she suffered a stroke which ended her performance career. Her legendary status as a Chicana working-class idol continues to this day. She is perhaps the most prominent and long-standing performer within the US-Mexican oral tradition of music. This is a bi-lingual edition: the first is the English translation, then the Spanish original. The editor concludes with an extended essay on the significance of Lydia Mendoza's career and her place in tejana music and chicana studies.

  • Ecological Dynamics

    Ecological Dynamics is unique in that it can serve both as an introductory text in numerous ecology courses and as a resource for more advanced work. It provides a flexible introduction to ecological dynamics that is accessible to students with limited previous mathematical and computational experience, yet also offers glimpses into the state of the art in the field. The book is divided into three parts: Part I: Methodologies and Techniques defines the authors modeling philosophy, focusing on models rather than ecology, and introduces essential concepts for describing and analysing dynamical systems. Part II: Individuals to Ecosystems, the core of the book, describes the formulation and analysis of models of individual organisms, populations, and ecosystems. Part III: Focus on Structure introduces more advanced readers to models of structured and spatially extended populations. Approximately 25% of the book is devoted to case studies drawn from the authors research. Readers are guided through the many judgment calls involved in model formulation, shown the key steps in model analysis, and offered the authors' interpretation of the results. All chapters end with exercises and projects. While the book is designed to be independent of any particular computing environment, a well-tested software package (SOLVER) including programs for solution of differential and difference equations is available via the World Wide Web at http://www.stams.strath.ac.uk/external/solver. Ideal for courses in modeling ecological and environmental change, Ecological Dynamics can also be used in other courses such as theoretical ecology, population ecology, mathematical biology and ecology, and quantitative ecology.

  • Aural Skills Acquisition: The Development of Listening, Reading, and Performing Skills in College-Level Musicians

    This book is about thinking in music. Music listeners who understand what they hear are thinking in music. Music readers who understand and visualize what they read are thinking in music. This book investigates the various ways musicians acquire those skills through an examination of the latest research in music perception and cognition, music theory, along with centuries of insight from music theorists, composers, and performers. Aural skills are the focus; the author also works with common works with common problems in both skills teaching and skills acquisition.

  • The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution

    In what will certainly be one of the key works in the emerging science of complexity, Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology. It extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization - the first time this concept has been incorporated into evolutionary theory. The book shows how complex systems, contrary to expectations, can spontaneously exhibit stunning degrees of order, and how this order in turn is essential for the emergence and development of life on Earth. Origins of Order will advance our understanding of evolution and provoke considerable discussion among evolutionary, molecular, and developmental biologists.

  • George Washington's Mount Vernon: At Home in Revolutionary America

    George Washington knew little of architecture when he planned and built Mount Vernon, but he did know what he wanted in a home. This unique and lucidly written book is the intimate story of the relationship between Mount Vernon, George Washington, and all the people involved in creating what has become one of America's greatest landmarks.

  • The Ph.D. Process: A Student's Guide to Graduate School in the Sciences

    This guide is a lively chronicle of the intellectual and emotional experience of obtaining a Ph.D. in a scientific field. Readers will learn what to expect from professors and advisers, and how to prepare for oral exams, simplify the dissertation writing, reap the long-term benefits of the Ph.D. process and acquire strategies for survival and success. Tips on applying, and information for foreign students, are included.

  • Social Epidemiology

    The authors of this excellent text define social epidemiology as the epidemiologic study of the social distribution and social determinants of states of health, implying that the aim is to identify socio-environmental exposures which may be related to a broad range of physical and mental health outcomes. In the first systematic account of this field, they focus on methodological approaches but draw widely from related disciplines such as sociology, psychology, physiology, and medicine in the effort to develop and evaluate testable hypotheses about the pathways between social conditions and health. The persistent patterns of social inequalities in health make this a timely publication.

  • A Concise Economic History of the World: From Paleolithic Times to the Present

    This is the fourth edition of this successful textbook, which was first written by Rondo Cameron (the third edition having published in 1997). As with previous editions, the book covers economic history from pre-history to the present. It offers an introduction to the study of both economic history and economic development.

  • Traditions in Architecture: Africa, America, Asia, and Oceania

    This book introduces students, professionals and the general public to the architectural achievements of diverse cultures outside the Euro-American tradition. Rather than concentrating on geographic or chronological categories, however, the authors have arranged their subject matter thematically in order to focus on the basic needs common to all human communities. The book is divided into five major sections, each of which deals with vernacular as well as momumental structures. These five topics are discussed in terms of particular architectural solutions, comparing and contrasting geographically separated buildings and construction traditions. For example, the issue of architectural meaning is studied through symbolic gardens in China, verbal ornament in the Islamic world, and the wall paintings of Ndebele women of southeast Africa. Theoretical issues related to particular building traditions are illuminated by these juxtapositions. Traditions in Architecture begins with an investigation into the ways in which the continuity of traditional forms is maintained. Next, the authors explore practical issues such as housing and food structures, climate and ecology, building materials, and architectural forms and methods. Architectural goals and purposes, which determine what is built, vary from culture to culture and are given special attention. Planning and design -- ways in which space is used in patterns of organization -- constitute a discussion ranging from urban plans to landscaped settings. The text concludes with an examination of cultural values, investigating the interaction between architecture and social relations, traditional theories, decision-making, and the economics of building.

  • Neural Networks and Intellect: Using Model Based Concepts

    This work describes a new mathematical concept of modeling field theory and its applications to a variety of problems while offering a view of the relationships among mathematics, computational concepts in neural networks, semiotics, and concepts of mind in psychology and philosophy. The book is directed towards a diverse audience of students, teachers, researchers, and engineers working in the areas of neural networkss, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, fuzzy systems, pattern recognition and machine/computer vision, data mining, robotics, target tracking, sensor fusion, spectrum analysis, time series analysis, and financial market forecasting. Mathematically inclined philosophers, semioticians, and psychologists will also find many areas of interest. Modeling field neural networks utilize internal "world" models. The concept of internal models of the mind originated in artifical intelligence and cognitive psychology, but its roots date back to Plato and Aristotle. Intelligent systems based on rules utlize models in their final conceptual forms of rules. Like the Eide (Ideas) of Plato, rules lack adaptivity. In modeling field theory, the adaptive models are similar to the Forms of Aristotle and serve as the basis for learning. By combining the a priori knowledge with learning, the most perplexing problems in field of neural networks and intelligent systems are addresses: fast learning and robust generalization. The new mathematics describes a basic instinct for learning and the related affective signals in the learning process. An ability to perceive beauty is shown to be an essential property of adaptive system related to the instinct for learning. The combination of intuition with mathematics provides the foundation of a physical theory of mind. The book reviews most of the mathematical concepts and engineering approaches to the development of intelligent systems discussed since the 1940s. The origin of the Aristotelian mathematics of mind is traced in Grossberg's ART neural network; and its essential component turns to be fuzzy logic. Among the topics disucssed are hierarchical and heterarchical organization of intelligent systems, statistical learning theory, genetic algorithms, complex adaptive systems, mathematical semiotics, the dynamical nature of symbols, Godel theorems and intelligence, emotions and thinking, mathematics of emotional intellect, and consciousness. The author's striking conclusion is that philosphers of the past have been closer to the computational concepts emerging today than pattern recognition and AI experts of just a few years ago.

  • A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought: A Philosophical Interpretation

    This book represents an ambitious attempt to remove the stumbling blocks that stand in the way of a dialogue between Chinese and world philosophy. Hansen's main goal is to present a unified theory of Classical Chinese thought. What makes his attempt very different from innumerable previous efforts is that he uses Daoism, not Confucianism, as the central and unifying principle.

  • The Great War and Modern Memory

    The year 2000 marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the publication of The Great War and Modern Memory, winner of the National Book Award, the National Book Critics Circle Award, and recently named by the Modern Library one of the twentieth century's 100 Best Non-Fiction Books. Fussell's landmark study of W.W.I remains as original and gripping today as ever before: a literate, literary, and illuminating account of the Great War, the one that changed a generation, ushered in the modern era, and revolutionized how we see the world. Exploring the work of Siegfried Sassoon, Robert Graves, Edmund Blunden, David Jones, Isaac Rosenberg, and Wilfred Owen, Fussell supplies contexts, both actual and literary, for those writers who most effectively memorialized W.W.I as an historical experience with conspicuous imaginative and artistic meaning. For this special edition, the author has prepared a new afterword and a suggested further reading list. As this classic work draws upon several disciplines-among them literary studies, military history, cultural criticism, and historical inquiry-it will continue to appeal to students, scholars, and general readers of various backgrounds.

  • Serpentinites: Recorders of Tectonic and Petrological History

    Serpentinites are curious rocks known for the most part as the source of the major form of asbestos, and as ornamental facing stones in architecture. Recent research has shown that these rocks can be important markers of the architecture of the ocean crust, providing vital clues to the processes occurring in the earth's tectonic plates. This book provides a comprehensive geologic history of these rocks, and all earth scientists will find it of enormous value as a reference resource.

  • Limits to Parallel Computation: P-Completeness Theory

    This volume provides an ideal introduction to key topics in parallel computing. With its cogent overview of the essentials of the subject as well as lists of P -complete- and open problems, extensive remarks corresponding to each problem, a thorough index, and extensive references, the book will prove invaluable to programmers stuck on problems that are particularly difficult to parallelize. In providing an up-to-date survey of parallel computing research from 1994, Topics in Parallel Computing will prove invaluable to researchers and professionals with an interest in the super computers of the future.

  • The Romans: From Village to Empire

    From Village to Empire introduces ancient Rome to readers eager for a concise and engaging understanding of its political, social, and cultural history. It traces Rome's remarkable evolution from monarchy, to republic, to one-man rule by an emperor whose power stretched from Scotland to Iraq and far up the Nile valley.

  • Greek Writing from Knossos to Homer: A Linguistic Interpretation of the Origin of the Greek Alphabet and the Continuity of Ancient Greek Literacy

    Woodard examines the origin of the Greek alphabet and treats the advent of the alphabet script as a point which lies along an unbroken continuum of Greek literacy. Woodard argues that those persons responsible for adapting the Phoenician consonantal script for Greek use were scribes accustomed to writing Greek with the syllabic script of Cyprus.

  • The Death and Life of the American Quality Movement

    The book provides a comprehensive examination of the quality movement and its importance to US firms. Unlike strategic fads, the quality movement is no less important now than it has ever been. US firms have been slow in the past to pursue quality programs and the book explains the reasons. It describes ways that organizational barriers to these programs can be broken down. The book examines the companies that have applied for the Malcolm Baldrige award what is to be learned from their strengths and weaknesses. Finally, it argues that different kinds of firms need different kinds of quality programs. "One size does not fit all."

  • Body and Soul: Essays on Medieval Women and Mysticism

    This is a companion volume to Petroff's anthology Medieval Women's Visionary Literature (OUP 1986), which collected texts written by and for medieval women mystics. This volume collects her own essays in which she applies a variety of literary approaches to this remarkably diverse body of texts.

  • Worship with One Accord: Where Liturgy and Ecumenism Embrace

    The historical course of Christianity in the twentieth century has been strongly marked by the Ecumenical Movement and the Liturgical Movement, and often these currents for the recovery of the Church's unity and the renewal of its worship have flowed together. In this book Geoffrey Wainwright draws on his three decades of active participation in both movements to offer a theologically informed account of what has been at stake in them, what their achievements have been, and what tasks remain for them to accomplish.

  • The Warren Court: A Retrospective

    A judge-made revolution? This seeming oxymoron is exactly what the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren achieved. This book is the first retrospective on the Warren Court--a detailed analysis of the Court's accomplishments by well-known judges, professors, lawyers, and popular writers such as Anthony Lewis, David Halberstam, and David J. Garrow. The book is divided into three parts: Part One looks at the Warren Court's decisions in different fields (equal protection, freedom of speech, press, criminal law, etc.); Part Two, The Justices, is an intimate look at the principal protagonists in the Court's operation; and Part Three, A Broader Perspective, looks at the Court from a historical perspective, its impact on the legal profession and jurisprudence, its international impact, and its legacy, as well as a rare personal reminiscence by Justice William J. Brennan. The papers are both readable and informative, and they provide an invaluable compendium for anyone interested in the Court that did so much to change America.

  • Breaking Bounds: Whitman and American Cultural Studies

    BLExplores Whitman's homosexuality in relation to his poetry, politics, and life BLIncludes work by Eve Sedgewick, Michael Moon, and Jonathan Arac These new essays reject the persistent tendency in Whitman studies to isolate his sexuality from his politics, and his poetry from both. The issue of his sexuality is instead brought into contact with a wide range of issues, from nationalism to race and gender, pointing to the interdisciplinary future of American literary and cultural study, and the growing influence of gay and lesbian studies.

  • Genesis of the Big Bang

    The authors of this volume have been intimately connected with the conception of the Big Bang model since 1947. Following the late George Gamov's ideas in 1942 and more particularly in 1946 that the early universe was an appropriate site for the synthesis of the elements, they became deeply involved in the question of cosmic nucleosynthesis and particularly the synthesis of the light elements. In the course of this work they developed a general relativistic model of the expanding universe with physics folded in, which led in a progressive, logical sequence to our prediction of the existence of a present cosmic background radiation some seventeen years before the observation of such radiation was reported by Penzias and Wilson. In addition, they carried out with James W. Follin, Jr., a detailed study of the physics of what was then considered to be the very early universe, starting a few seconds after the Big Bang, which still provides a methodology for studies of light element nucleosynthesis. Because of their involvement, they bring a personal perspective to the subject. They present a picture of what is now believed to be the state of knowledge about the evolution of the expanding universe and delineate the story of the development of the Big Bang model as they have seen and lived it from their own unique vantage point.

  • The Preacher King: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Word that Moved America

    It is a commonplace that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a spellbinding orator, and it is evident that he honed these skills in the pulpit, in his capacity as a Baptist minister. Until now, however, there has been no full-scale study of King as a preacher. This long-awaited study, drawing on tape-recordings and transcriptions of unpublished sermons, and interviews with King's parishioners and colleagues, promises to remedy that lack. Preaching to congregations was never something King had "on the side," or dabbled in when he wasn't busy being a "civil rights activist," Lischer shows. Not only was preaching integral to King's identity, but the material of his Sunday morning sermons found its way into his mass-meeting speeches and civil addresses. When King spoke in civil settings, he transposed the Judeo-Christian themes of love, suffering, deliverance, and reconciliation from the shelter of the pulpit into the arena of public policy and behaviour. King's religiously informed rhetoric, argues Lischer, helped create a fragile and temporary consensus among white and black Americans and contributed to legislation that has changed the fabric of daily life in this country. King's Sunday morning sermons were far from identical with his civil addresses, however, and, in Lischer's view, the more intimate, unpublished "private" sermons necessarily tell us far more about what King "really" believed about his God and the ills of the nation - from issues of personal morality to the massive problems of racism and war. The Preacher King thus opens a new window on the heart and mind of one of the great figures of 20th-century American history, and on the well-spring of his greatness.

  • Atmospheric Thermodynamics

    This comprehensive text is based on the author's course notes, refined and updated over 15 years of teaching. The core of the text is two chapters on water and its transformations. Four chapters lay the foundations, from energy conservation to the ideal gas law, specific heat capacities, adiabatic processes, and entropy. The first core chapter treats phase transitions of water. A lengthy discussion of the van der Waals equation sets the stage for phase diagrams. Free energy is applied to determining the effects of dissolved substances, total pressure, and size on vapour pressure. The chapter on moist air and clouds discusses wet-bulb and virtual temperatures, isentropic ascent of saturated air, thermodynamic diagrams, stability, and cloud formation. The final chapter is on energy, momentum, and mass transfer. The book contains over 200 exercises, mostly applications of basic principles to concrete problems. History is woven into the text and molecular interpretations are given wherever possible. Assumptions are clearly exposed, derivations are detailed, and equations are interpreted physically and applied. No previous knowledge of thermodynamics or kinetic theory is assumed, although readers are expected to be well-grounded in calculus, differential equations, vector analysis, and classical mechanics.

  • Endless Forms: Species and Speciation

    Speciation is one of the great themes of evolutionary biology. It is the process through which new species are born and diversity generated. In this volume, thirty authors at the forefront of research into speciation present the newest findings from their studies and bring readers up to date on species concepts, modes of speciation, the nature of reproductive barriers, the forces that drive divergence of populations, the genetic control of reproductive isolation, and the role played by hybrid zones and hybridization in speciation.

  • The World of the Autistic Child: Understanding and Treating Autistic Spectrum Disorders

    For thousands of loving and concerned parents of autistic children, the suspicion that something may be wrong comes long before the clinical diagnosis of autism, PDD (pervasive developmental disorder), or Asperger's syndrome. When rounds of testing and consultations confirm parents' worst fears, their emotional turmoil is matched by an overriding practical concern: What do we do next? The World of the Autistic Child is by far the most complete and comprehensive book ever written for the parents of autistic children, and for the teachers, child specialists, and other professionals that care for them. Written by Dr. Bryna Siegel, a developmental psychologist and director of a large university clinic for autistic children, it provides help and hope not only for the children, but for their families--the parents, grandparents, siblings, and other caregivers who must come to grips with their own grief and confusion following a diagnosis of autism or other related disorder. Dr. Siegel believes that parents' best defense is to acquire, as early as possible, the knowledge and the parenting skills they will need to work with professionals to help their child fulfill his or her potential. This book, therefore, is about understanding the diagnosis of autism, the available treatments, and how to decide what is best for a particular child with autism or PDD. Straightforward and sympathetic, Dr. Siegel guides readers through the thicket of symptoms and labels, explaining the crucial importance of intensive early education, and how to find the resources and help that are available. Behavior modification, the development of daily living skills, guidelines for selecting and designing schooling, mainstreaming, the role for traditional academics in educating higher functioning children and young people, building effective parent-teacher relationships, psychoactive medications, and dealing with the possibility of residential placement are all covered. Dr. Siegel teaches parents and professionals to use their own common sense and personal observations in evaluating the many highly publicized but unorthodox and often untested treatments for autism, including the much-touted facilitated communication (F/C), holding therapy, auditory training, "Options" therapy, allergy treatments, and special diets. Pulling together a wealth of long-needed information on the latest educational and medical advances, The World of the Autistic Child is a superb guide and resource that no one who cares about autistic or developmentally disabled young people will want to be without.

  • From Penitence to Charity: Pious Women and the Catholic Reformation in Paris

    Winner of the American Historical Society's J. Russell Major prize for the best book on French History, From Penitence to Charity analyzes female penitents and the revival of Catholic institutions and spirituality that produced a stunning burst of religious construction during the French wars of religion. Diefendorf argues that the spiritual imperatives of self-mortification and renunciation of will that lay at the heart of this penitential piety profoundly influenced not just those with religious careers but also the behaviour of devout lay women.

  • The Gospel According to John: A Literary and Theological Commentary

    While synthesizing well-established commentators as diverse as Bultmann and Brown, Brodie expands Johannine studies in two directions. First, by drawing on the techniques of contemporary literary studies, he shows that John's Gospel, far from being poorly edited, is a carefully-wrought unity. Second, he shows that the final basis of this unity lies not in history or theology but, as ancient tradition suggested, in spirituality. Brodie also includes his own innovative translation of John. The result is a new type of commentary that is thoroughly contemporary in style, perspective, and method.

  • The Duke Ellington Reader

    Duke Ellington is universally recognized as one of the towering figures of 20th-century music, both a brilliant composer and one of the preeminent musicians in jazz history. In The Duke Ellington Reader, Mark Tucker offers the first historical anthology of writings about this major African-American musician. The volume includes over a hundred selections - interviews, critical essays, reviews, memoirs, and over a dozen writings by Ellington himself - with generous introductions and annotations for each selection provided by the editor. The result is a unique sourcebook that illuminates Ellington's work and reveals the profound impact his music has made on listeners over the years.

  • Molecular Orbital Calculations for Biological Systems

    This is a hands-on guide for the growing number of researchers in organic chemistry, biochemistry, and molecular biology who would like to augment their experiments with theoretical calculations. Given the current availability of sophisticated software, non-quantum chemistry practitioners can obtain accurate computational results and save significant amounts of laboratory time. This book teaches the use of quantum chemical computer programs while side-stepping the complex mathematical details. The book focuses on what kinds of biological problems can be solved by quantum mechanical calculations and how to select the appropriate methods.

  • Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time

    `splendidly provocative ... enjoy it as a feast for the imagination.' John Gribbin, Sunday Times Why is the future so different from the past? Why does the past affect the future and not the other way round? The universe began with the Big Bang - will it end with a 'Big Crunch'? This exciting book presents an innovative and controversial view of time and contemporary physics. Price urges physicists, philosophers, and anyone who has ever pondered the paradoxes of time to look at the world from a fresh perspective and he throws fascinating new light on some of the great mysteries of the universe. `a significant contribution, remarkable for its scope ... written with great clarity and conviction.' Ilya Prigogine, THES `a useful addition to the literature on time, particularly as it reveals the influence of modern science on the way a philosopher thinks.' Peter Coveney, New Scientist `the author has done physicists a great service in laying out so clearly and critically the nature of the various time-asymmetry problems of physics.' John Barrow, Nature `a thoughtful (and thought-provoking) analysis of the time-asymmetry problem of physics which is in many ways deeper and more illuminating than accounts to be found elsewhere.' Roger Penrose `Huw Price is one of a handful of philosophers with a thorough grasp of the notorious arrow of time problem ... Price applies critical reasoning and penetrating insight to the current theories of physics and cosmology that have a bearing on this problem. Among the many ideas discussed here is the controversial claim that time's arrow would reverse in a recontracting universe.' Paul Davies

  • Jurismania: The Madness of American Law

    In this book, Paul Campos argues that the American worship of law and legality can at times become so pathological that it comes to resemble a type of legal madness, or Jurismania. Campos offers an intensely critical look at the role of law and legal reason in American society, and concludes that much of what is called the rule of law resembles a culturally sanctioned form of obsessive-compulsive behaviour.

  • Elements of Power Electronics

    Power electronics is an enabling technology for almost all electrical applications. The field is growing rapidly because electrical devices need electronic circuits to process their energy. Elements of Power Electronic, the first book to discuss this subject in a conceptual framework, provides comprehensive coverage of power electronics at a level suitable for novices in the field. It aims to establish a fundamental engineering basis for power electronics analysis, design, and implementation. More than 160 examples and 350 chapter problems support the presented concepts. An extensive World Wide Web site http://power.ece.uiuc.edu/krein text includes additional examples, laboratory materials, and author contact.

  • Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology

    Thinking about Mathematics covers the range of philosophical issues and positions concerning mathematics. The text describes the questions about mathematics that motivated philosophers throughout its history and covers historical figures, such as Plato, Aristotle, Kant, and Mill. It presents the major positions and arguments concerning mathematics throughout the twentieth century, bringing the reader up to the present positions and battle lines.

  • Visions of Jesus: Direct Encounters from the New Testament to Today

    Phillip H. Wiebe provides a critical study of contemporary visions of Jesus. Based on accounts by thirty people, Wiebe discusses each vision in vivid detail and discusses such issues as why these individuals believe their visions were of Jesus, what impact the experience has had on their lives, how the visions differ from dreams, and the possibility that the visions were actually hallucinations.

  • The Poems of Aemilia Lanyer: Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum

    Aemilia Lanyer (1569-1645) was the first woman poet in England who sought status as a professional writer. Her book of poems is dedicated entirely to women patrons. It offers a long poem on Christ's passion, told entirely from a woman's point of view, as well as the first country house poem published in England. Almost completely neglected until very recently, her work changes our perspective on Jacobean poetry and contradicts the common assumption that women wrote nothing of serious interest until much later. Mistress and friend of influential Elizabethan courtiers, Lanyer gives us a glimpse of the ideas and aspirations of a talented middle class Renaissance woman.

  • High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

    Written by the best researchers in the field, this timely book explores the use of high pressure in connection with spectroscopy as a research tool in biophysics and biochemistry. It covers subjects such as pressure tunning spectroscopy for investigating molecular interactions; high-pressure FT-IR studies of the secondary structure of proteins; structural, functional, and kinetic aspects of nucleic acid-protein complexes with pressure; sequence, salt, charge, and the stability of DNA at high pressure; steady-state enzyme kinetics at high pressure; membrane-free volume with bulky lipid concentration by regular distribution; and pressure and temperature induced inactivation of microorganisms.

  • Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1961

    From the 1930s to the early 1960s civil rights law was made primarily through constitutional litigation. Before Rosa Parks could ignite a Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Supreme Court had to strike down the Alabama law which made segregated bus service required by law; before Martin Luther King could march on Selma to register voters, the Supreme Court had to find unconstitutional the Southern Democratic Party's exclusion of African-Americans; and before the March on Washington and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Supreme Court had to strike down the laws allowing for the segregation of public graduate schools, colleges, high schools, and grade schools. Making Civil Rights Law provides a chronological narrative history of the legal struggle, led by Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, that preceded the political battles for civil rights. Drawing on interviews with Thurgood Marshall and other NAACP lawyers, as well as new information about the private deliberations of the Supreme Court, Tushnet tells the dramatic story of how the NAACP Legal Defense Fund led the Court to use the Constitution as an instrument of liberty and justice for all African-Americans. He also offers new insights into how the justices argued among themselves about the historic changes they were to make in American society. Making Civil Rights Law provides an overall picture of the forces involved in civil rights litigation, bringing clarity to the legal reasoning that animated this "Constitutional revolution", and showing how the slow development of doctrine and precedent reflected the overall legal strategy of Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP.

  • The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way: Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika

    BLA new translation from the Tibetan, with a verse-by-verse philosophical commentary in English Mulamadhyamakakarika is the foundational text for all Mahayana Buddhism and is one of the most influential works in the history of Indian philosophy.

  • The Problem of Hell

    The doctrine of hell presents the most intractable version of the problem of evil, for though it might be argued that ordinary pain and evil can somehow be compensated for by the course of future experience, the pain and suffering of hell leads nowhere. This work develops an understanding of hell that is common to a broad variety of religious perspectives, and argues that the usual understandings of hell are incapable of solving the problem of hell. Kvanvig first argues that the traditional understanding of hell found in Christianity suffers from moral and epistemological inadequacies. Historically, these shortcomings lead to alternatives to the traditional doctrine of hell, such as universalism, annihilationism, or the second chance doctrine. Kvanvig shows, however, that the typical alternatives to the traditional understanding are inadequate as well. He argues that both the traditional understanding and the typical alternatives fail to solve the problem of hell because they share the common flaw of being constructed on a retributive model of hell. Kvanvig then develops a philosophical account of hell which does not depend on a retributive model and argues that it is adequate on both philosophical and theological grounds.

  • Brain Architecture: Understanding the Basic Plan

    Depending on your point of view the brain is an organ, a machine, a biological computer, or simply the most important component of the nervous system. How does it work as a whole? What are its major parts and how are they interconnected to generate thinking, feelings, and behavior? This book surveys 2,500 years of scientific thinking about these profoundly important questions from the perspective of fundamental architectural principles, and then proposes a new model for the basic plan of neural systems organization based on an explosion of structural data emerging from the neuroanatomy revolution of the 1970'sLThe importance of a balance between theoretical and experimental morphology is stressed throughout the book. Great advances in understanding the brain's basic plan brain have come especially from two traditional lines of biological thought- evolution and embryology, because each begins with the simple and progresses to the more complex. Understanding the organization of brain circuits, which contain thousands of links or pathways, is much more difficult. It is argued here that a four-system network model can explain the structure-function organization of the brain. Possible relationships between neural networks and gene networks revealed by the human genome project are explored in the final chapter.LThe book is written in clear and sparkling prose, and it is profusely illustrated. It is designed to be read by anyone with an interest in the basic organization of the brain, from neuroscience to philosophy to computer science to molecular biology. It is suitable for use in neuroscience core courses because it presents basic principles of the structure of the nervous system in a systematic way.

  • Environmental Modeling With Gis

    This book, based on an international conference held in 1991, is aimed at those with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) experience who need to know more about environmental modelling, and at environmental modellers who want to know more about GIS, its advantages, and its problems. The first part of the book describes the state of the art in GIS, environmental modelling, spatial statistics, and spatial databases. The second part reviews the state of integration in each of the major "process" areas, ranging from atmospheric to subsurface. Each section includes an overview chapter and case studies. This book will be useful to planners, academic reearchers, environmental consultants, and as a text for advanced GIS courses.

  • Storytracking: Texts, Stories, and Histories in Central Australia

    This innovative work takes a narrative technique (known as "storytracking") practised by Australian aboriginal peoples and applies it to the academic study of their culture. Gill's purpose is to get as close as possible to the perceptions and beliefs of these indigenous peoples by stripping away the layers of European interpretation and construction. His technique involves comparing the versions of aboriginal texts presented in academic reports with the text versions as they appear in each report's cited sources. The comparison helps reveal the extent to which the text is transformed through its presentation. Gill follows the chain of citations along, uncovering the story, or as he calls it the "storytrack," that interconnects scholar with scholar-independent subject. The storytrack reveals the various academic operations--translations, editing, conflation, interpretation--that serve to build a bridge connecting subject and scholarly report. Gill begins by examining Mircea Eliade's influential analysis of an Australian myth, "Numbakulla and the Sacred Pole". He goes back to the field notes of the anthropologists who originally collected the story and by following the trail of publications, revisions, and retellings of this tale is able to show that Eliade's version bears almost no relation to the original and that the interpretations Eliade built around it is thus entirely a European construct, motivated largely by preconceptions about the nature of religion. By applying this method to other received texts of aboriginal religion, Gill is able to bring us closer than ever before to the worldview of this vanishing culture. At the same time, his work constitutes an important statement on and critique of the academic study of religion as it has traditionally been practised.

  • The Faustian Bargain: The Art World in Nazi Germany

    Nazi art looting has been the subject of enormous international attention in recent years, and the topic of two history bestsellers, Hector Feliciano's The Lost Museum and Lynn Nicholas's The Rape of Europa. But such books leave us wondering: What made thoughtful, educated, artistic men and women decide to put their talents in the service of a brutal and inhuman regime? This question is the starting point for The Faustian Bargain, Jonathan Petropoulos's study of the key figures in the art world of Nazi Germany. Petropoulos follows the careers of these prominent individuals who like Faust, that German archetype, chose to pursue artistic ends through collaboration with diabolical forces. Readers meet Ernst Buchner, the distinguished museum director and expert on Old Master paintings who "repatriated" the Van Eyck brother's Ghent altarpiece to Germany, and Karl Haberstock, an art dealer who filled German museums with works bought virtually at gunpoint from Jewish collectors. Robert Scholz, the leading art critic in the Third Reich, became an officer in the chief art looting unit in France and Kajetan Muhlmann--a leading art historian--was probably the single most prolific art plunderer in the war (and arguably in history). Finally, there is Arno Breker, a gifted artist who exchanged his modernist style for monumental realism and became Hitler's favorite sculptor. If it is striking that these educated men became part of the Nazi machine, it is more remarkable that most of them rehabilitated their careers and lived comfortably after the war. Petropoulos has discovered a network of these rehabilitated experts that flourished in the postwar period, and he argues that this is a key to the tens of thousands of looted artworks that are still "missing" today. Based on previously unreleased information and recently declassified documents, The Faustian Bargain is a gripping read about the art world during this period, and a fascinating examination of the intense relationship between culture and politics in the Third Reich.

  • Historic House Museums: A Practical Handbook for Their Care, Preservation, and Management

    Historic house museums can be found in nearly every city in the United States and Canada. These are the homes of the earliest settlers, statesmen, frontiersmen, great writers, artists, architects, and industrial magnates. These are the places, carefully saved and preserved, that represent a cultural heritage. Despite their popularity, it is not uncommon to find museums that are in poor repair, their collections neglected and their staffs grossly overworked. Many are run by well-meaning and hard-working volunteers who have little or no professional training. Often they survive on shoestring budgets and are able to present only limited programs. Serving both as a hands-on guide and reference, this book examines these problems, offering practical advice and solutions which can be easily implemented. Its useful "lessons" include governance, where to find help, care of collections, conservation, security, and interpretation--all designed to increase the professionalism of the historic house museum.

  • Pirone's Tree Maintenance

    The Seventh Edition, now named in honour of Dr. P. P. Pirone, who authored the first five editions and co-authored the sixth, has been revised to reflect the enormous amount of new information available since the last edition, including the latest techniques in selecting, planting, and protecting trees. The authors explain how to evaluate the site (the soil, drainage, and exposure), how to select the right tree for that location, and how to prune, fertilize, and spray for pests. There is an extensive section on the diagnosis and control of tree pests and diseases, and on problems such as construction damage, gas injury, sunscald, leaf scorch, and air pollution. While the general structure of the sixth edition has been retained, there are several topics--notably hazardous trees and coping with tree pests and diseases--that have received greater attention than in previous versions of the book. The second half of the book comprises a systematic listing of the major landscape trees found in North America, describing the specific pests and diseases that attack each species. Well organized, clearly written, and beautifully illustrated with many new photographs, Pirone's Tree Maintenance is an encyclopedic resource, the first place to turn for information on dogwoods and elms, magnolias and redwoods, or any other tree growing in North America. Anyone serious about gardening will want this book on their shelf.

  • Notebooks of the Mind: Explorations of Thinking

    How do creative people think? Do great works of the imagination originate in words or in images? Is there a rational explanation for the sudden appearance of geniuses like Mozart or Einstein? Such questions have fascinated people for centuries; only in recent years, however, has cognitive psychology been able to provide some clues to the mysterious process of creativity. In this revised edition of Notebooks of the Mind, Vera John-Steiner combines imaginative insight with scientific precision to produce a startling account of the human mind working at its highest potential. To approach her subject John-Steiner goes directly to the source, assembling the thoughts of "experienced thinkers"--artists, philosophers, writers, and scientists able to reflect on their own imaginative patterns. More than fifty interviews (with figures ranging from Jessica Mitford to Aaron Copland), along with excerpts from the diaries, letters, and autobiographies of such gifted giants as Leo Tolstoy, Marie Curie, and Diego Rivera, among others, provide illuminating insights into creative activity. We read, for example, of Darwin's preoccupation with the image of nature as a branched tree while working on his concept of evolution. Mozart testifies to the vital influence on his mature art of the wondrous "bag of memories" he retained from childhood. Anais Nin describes her sense of words as oppressive, explaining how imagistic free association freed her as a writer. Adding these personal accounts to laboratory studies of thought process, John-Steiner takes a refreshingly holistic approach to the question of creativity. What emerges is an intriguing demonstration of how specific socio-cultural circumstances interact with certain personality traits to encourage the creative mind. Among the topics examined here are the importance of childhood mentor figures; the lengthy apprenticeship of the talented person; and the development of self- expression through highly individualistic languages, whether in images, movement or inner speech. Now, with a new introduction, this award-winning book provides an uniquely broad-based study of the origins, development and fruits of human inspiration.

  • Dilemmas in Economic Theory: Persisting Foundational Problems in Microeconomics

    This book compares the economic theory of the early neoclassical economists with the theory of value of the post-World War II period, and in particular the Arrow-Debreu model of general equilibrium. It argues that many of the difficult problems faced in the early parts of the century -- that led in many cases to revolutions in the 1930s and 40s -- have not been successfully resolved by later theoretical work.

  • An Ethic for Enemies: Forgiveness in Politics

    How can former enemies learn to live together in peaceful political association? What enables them to put aside traditional hatreds and forgo revenge despite grievous harms suffered at each other's hands? Shriver aims to rescue the concept of forgiveness from the solely personal and religious realms to which it has long been delegated, and to demonstrate its relevance, indeed its indispensability, to political life.

  • Methods of X-ray and Neutron Scattering in Polymer Science

    This book presents the basic theories underlying x-ray and neutron scattering, as well as the various techniques that have been developed for their application to the study of polymers. The two scattering methods are discussed together from the beginning, so as to allow readers to gain a unified view of the scattering phenomena. The book is introductory and may be used as a textbook in polumer science class or for self-study by polymer scientists new in scattering techniques.

  • Investment Science

    Designed for those individuals interested in the current state of development in the field of investment science, this book emphasizes the fundamental principles and how they can be mastered and transformed into solutions of important and interesting investment problems. The book examines what the essential ideas are behind investment science, how they are represented, and how they can be used in actual investment practice. The book also examines where the field might be headed in the future, and goes much further in terms of mathematical content, featuring varying levels of mathematical sophistication throughout. End-of-chapter exercises are also included to help individuals get a better grasp on investment science.

  • The Examinations of Anne Askew

    This new addition to the Women Writers in English series records Anne Askew's narrative of her imprisonment for heresy and her interrogation by officials of church and state in the last days of Henry VIII. As a spiritual autobiography, a historical document, and a carefully crafted polemic, the work provides insight into Reformation politics and society in England.

  • Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

    Edited by the United Nations Development Programme, this collection of papers offers a new rationale and framework for international development cooperation. Its main argument is that in actual practice development cooperation has already moved beyond aid. In the name of aid (i.e. assistance to poor countries), we are today dealing with issues such as the ozone hole, global climate change, HIV, drug trafficking and financial volatility. All of these issues are not really poverty-related. Rather, they concern global housekeeping: ensuring an adequate provision of global public goods.

  • The Beatles as Musicians: Revolver through the Anthology

    Given the phenomenal fame and commercial success that the Beatles knew for the entire course of their familiar career, their music per se has received surprisingly little detailed attention. Not all of their cultural influence can be traced to long hair and flashy clothing; the Beatles had numerous fresh ideas about melody, harmony, counterpoint, rhythm, form, colours, and textures. Or consider how much new ground was broken by their lyrics alone--both the themes and imagery of the Beatles' poetry are key parts of what made (and still makes) this group so important, so popular, and so imitated. This book is a comprehensive chronological study of every aspect of the Fab Four's musical life--including full examinations of composition, performance practice, recording, and historical context--during their transcendent late period (1966-1970). Rich, authoritative interpretations are interwoven through a documentary study of many thousands of audio, print, and other sources.

  • Connectionism: Theory and Practice

    This is the third volume in the Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science Series. It is based on a conference that was held in 1990, which was sponsored by the Cognitive Science Program and Linguistics Department of Simon Fraser University. Over the last decade, there has emerged a paradigm of cognitive modeling that has been hailed by many researchers as a radically new and promising approach to cognitive science. This new paradigm has come to be known by a number of names, including "connectionism", "neural networks", and "parallel distributed processing", (or PDP). This method of computation attempts to model the neural processes that are thought to underlie cognitive functions in human beings. Unlike the digital computation methods used by AI researchers, connectionist models claim to approximate the kind of spontaneous, creative and somewhat unpredicatable behavior of human agents. However, over the last few years, a heated controversy has arisen over the extent to which connectionist models are able to provide successful explanations for higher cognitive processes. A central theme of this book reviews the adequacy of recent attempts to implement higher cognitive processes in connectionist networks.

  • Windows into the Earth: The Geologic Story of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks

    Millions of years ago, the North American continent was dragged over the world's largest continental hotspot (a hug column of molten rock rising from the earth's interior), tracing a 5 mile wide, 500 mile long path northeastward across Idaho and generating huge volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. The hotspot lifted the Yellowstone Plateau to more than 7000 feet and pushed the Northern Rockies to new heights. This book is the story of those events and how the landscape of the two great national parks was shaped by earthquakes, volcanoes, geysers and, in the uplifted Rocky Mountains, mountain glaciers. The story is also a 'window' into the earth's interior, revealing the dynamic processes within.

  • Nineteenth-Century Mormon Architecture and City Planning

    This book is the first comprehensive study of Mormon architecture. It centers on the doctrine of Zion which led to over 500 planned settlements in Missouri, Illinois, Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Canada, and Mexico. This doctrine also led to a hierarchy of building types from temples and tabernacles to meetinghouses and tithing offices. Their built environment stands as a monument to a unique utopian society that not only survived but continues to flourish where others have become historical or cultural curiosities. Hamilton's account, augmented by 135 original and historical photographs, provides a fascinating example of how religious teachings and practices are expressed in planned communities and architecture types.

  • Being There: Culture and Formation in Two Theological Schools

    This book offers a close-up look at theological education in the USA today. The authors' goal is to understand the way in which institutional culture affects the outcome of the educational process. To that end, they undertake ethnographic studies of two seminaries -- one evangelical and one mainline Protestant. These studies, written in a lively journalistic style, make up the first part of the book and offer fascinating portraits of two very different intellectual, religious, and social worlds. The authors go on to analyse these disparate environments, and suggest how in each case corporate culture acts as an agent of educational change. They find two major consequences stemming from the culture of each school. First, each culture gives expression to a normative goal that aims at shaping the way students understand themselves and from issues of ministry practice. Second, each provides a "cultural tool kit" of knowledge, practices, and skills that students use to construct strategies of action for the various problems and issues that will confront them as pastors or in other forms of ministry. In the concluding chapters, the authors explore the implications of their findings for theories of institutional culture and professional socialization and for interpreting the state of religion in America. They identify some of the practical dilemmas that theological and other professional schools currently face, and reflect on how their findings might contribute to their solution. This accessible, thought-provoking study will not only illuminate the structure and process by which culture educates and forms, but also provide invaluable insights into important dynamics of American religious life.

  • The Unfinished Bombing: Oklahoma City in American Memory

    Edward Linenthal has written or contributed to several books concerning the way Americans remember and memorialize the past. This book, about the Oklahoma city bombing, is more specifically about how that horrific event has been commemorated by local residents and the US nation at large. He describes it as the story of the formation of a bereaved community. Linenthal has closely followed the process of creating the official memorial of the bombing, and has had the benefit of complete access to the archives and storerooms of the memorial commission. In the course of his work, he has also made the acquaintance the survivors personally - a further source of material (both their recollections, and examples of the outpouring of mail they received from all over the world).

  • New Women of the New South: The Leaders of the Woman Suffrage Movement in the Southern States

    There is currently a great deal of interest in the Southern suffrage movement, but until now historians have had no comprehensive history of the woman suffrage movement in the South, the region where suffragists had the hardest fight and the least success. This important new book focuses on eleven of the movement's most prominent leaders at the regional and national levels, exploring the range of opinions within this group, with particular emphasis on race and states' rights. Wheeler insists that the suffragists were motivated primarily by the desire to secure public affirmation of female equality and to protect the interests of women, children, and the poor in the tradition of noblesse oblige in a New South they perceived as misgoverned by crass and materialistic men. A vigorous suffrage movement began in the South in the 1890s, however, because suffragists believed offering woman suffrage as a way of countering black voting strength gave them an "expediency" argument that would succeed--even make the South lead the nation in the adoption of woman suffrage. When this strategy failed, the movement flagged, until the Progressive Movement provided a new rationale for female enfranchisement. Wheeler also emphasizes the relationship between the Northern and Southern leaders, which was one of mutual influence. This pioneering study of the Southern suffrage movement will be essential to students of the history of woman suffrage, American women, the South, the Progressive Era, and American reform movements.

  • The Invisible God: The Earliest Christians on Art

    In this paperback reprint of a book originally published in 1994, Finney refutes the traditional assumption that early Christians were opposed in principle to visual images and thus produced no art. He finds that it was primarily the Christian belief in the invisibility of God, as well as the invisibility of Christians within Roman society, that inhibited their production of images. He shows that once Christians acquired legal status and were able to own property and their places of worship, they started to produce art to decorate them.

  • Primate Cognition

    In the century and a half since Charles Darwin first began formulating his theories on evolution much research has been conducted on primate cognition. In this book, Michael Tomasello and Josep Call set out to review all that is scientifically known about the cognitive skills of nonhuman primates and to assess the current state of our knowledge. The authors integrate empirical findings on the topic from the beginning of the century to the present, placing this work in theoretical perspective.

  • The Religious Thought of Chu Hsi

    Recognized as one of the greatest philosophers in classical China, Chu Hsi (1130-1200) is known in the West primarily through translations of one of his many works, the Chin-ssu Lu. In this book, Julia Ching offers the first book-length examination of Chu Hsi's religious thought, based on extensive reading of both primary and secondary sources. Ching begins by providing an introduction to Chu's twelfth-century intellectual context. She then examines Chu's natural philosophy, looking in particular at the ideas of the Great Ultimate and at spirits and deities and the rituals that honor them. Next, Ching considers Chu's interpretation of human nature and the emotions, highlighting the mystical thrust of the theoretical and practical teachings of spiritual cultivation and meditation. She discusses Chu's philosophical disputes with his contemporariesin particular Lu Chiu-yuanand examines his relationship to Buddhism and Taoism. In the final chapters, Ching looks at critiques of Chu during his lifetime and after and evaluates the relevance of his thinking in terms of contemporary needs and problems. This clearly written and highly accessible study also offers translations of some of Chu's most important philosophical poems, filling a major gap in the fields of both Chinese philosophy and religion.

  • Shades of Freedom: Racial Politics and Presumptions of the American Legal Process

    In Shades of Freedom, A. Leon Higginbotham provides a magisterial account of the interaction between the law and racial oppression in America from colonial times to the present. The issue of racial inferiority is central to this volume, as Higginbotham documents how early white perceptions of black inferiority slowly became codified into law. In Shades of Freedom, a noted scholar and a celebrated jurist offers a work of magnificent scope, insight, and passion. Ranging from the earliest colonial times to the present, it is a superb work of history and a mirror to the American soul.

  • Rudolf Serkin: A Life

    Like Heifitz and Horowitz, Rudolf Serkin was a virtuosic solo performer who made European classical music an important part of American middle class culture in the mid-20th century. This book, the first biography of this influential pianist, chronicles Serkin's life and career and assesses his impact on classical music in America. Beginning with Serkin's upbringing and early adulthood in Europe, the book reveals the story of a religious Czech Jew's assimilation into Austro-German society and particularly into the profoundly German household of Adolf Busch. When Serkin immigrated to the United States, he imported with him a particularly German perspective on classical music performance. Best known for his recordings of Beethoven sonatas, Serkin also performed Brahms, Mozart, Bach, and other composers' works. Later in his career, he became an active teacher, embarking on a long association with the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia. As artistic director of the Marlboro Music School and Festival in Vermont, Serkin played a key role in institutionalizing a redefinition of musical values in America. Extensive interviews with Serkin's friends and students are an important fixture of the book. The book concludes with a discography by Paul Farber that documents an essential part of Serkin's achievement.

  • The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

    A comprehensive, authoritative reference source which brings together centuries of scholarship and the latest research on every aspect of Egyptian life. Featuring 600 original articles written by leading scholars The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt goes far beyond the records of archaeology to make available what we know about the full social, political, religious, cultural and artistic legacy of this 5,000 year civilization. Of special interest is the Encyclopedia's coverage of themes and issues that are particularly controversial - such as new theories of the origins of complex society in the Nile Valley, new findings from the Nile Delta, new discoveries about Greco-Roman Egypt, and new developments in literature, religion, linguistics and other fields, including the debates about Egypt's African legacy. Because of its scope, depth, authority, and its design for the widest possible access, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt serves a remarkable variety of readers - students, teachers, and scholars in fields ranging from Near East archeology and classics to ancient art, architecture, history, language and religion, as well as general readers fascinated by a world that remains-even today-incompletely mapped. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt is available in print and as an e-reference text from Oxford's Digital Reference Shelf.

  • Slavery, Law, and Politics

    In The Dream That Failed, an internationally renowned historian provides a new understanding of the Soviet experience, from the rise of Communism to its sudden fall. The result of years of research and reflection, he sheds fresh light on a central episode in our turbulent century. He shows why the Bolsheviks won the struggle for power in 1917; how they captured the commitment of a young generation of Russians; why the idealism faded as Soviet power grew; how the system ultimately collapsed; and why Western experts have been so wrong about the Communist state.

  • Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

    The Celts were one of the great founding civilizations of Europe and the first North European people to emerge into recorded history, producing a vibrant labyrinth of mythological tales and sagas that have influenced the literary traditions of Europe and the world.
    The first A-Z reference of its kind, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology is fascinating and accessible guide to the gods and goddesses, the heroes and heroines, the magical weapons, fabulous beasts, and otherworld entities that populate the myths of this rich European culture. Like A Dictionary of Irish Mythology before it, this is a who's who and what's what of the epic Celtic sagas and tales. Predated only by Greek and Latin by virtue of the fact that the Celtic languages were not written until the early Christian era, Celtic mythology is a development from a far earlier oral tradition containing voices from the dawn of European civilization. The peoples of these Celtic cultures survive today on the western seaboard of Europe--the Irish, Manx, and Scots, who make up the Goidelic- (or Gaelic) speaking branch of Celts, and the Welsh, Cornish, and Brentons, who represent the Brythonic-speaking branch. And it is in these languages that their vibrant and fascinating mythology has been recorded and appreciated throughout the world. In his introduction, Ellis discusses the roles of these six cultures, the evolution (or demise) of the languages, and the relationship between the legends, especially the Irish and Welsh, the two major Celtic cultures. From Celtic legends have come not only the stories of Cuchulainn and Fionn MacCumhail, of Deidre of the Sorrows and the capricious Grainne, but the stories of the now world-famous Arthur, and the romantic tragedy of Tristan and Iseult.
    An easy-to-read handbook, The Dictionary of Celtic Mythology presents a fascinating window to centuries of rich oral and written tradtion from the mists of Europe's origins.

  • The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

    Most philosophers writing about personal identity in recent years claim that what it takes for us to persist through time is a matter of psychology. In this groundbreaking new book, Eric Olson argues that such approaches face daunting problems, and he defends in their place a radically non-psychological account of personal identity. He defines human beings as biological organisms, and claims that no psychological relation is either sufficient or necessary for an organism to persist. Rejecting several famous thought experiments dealing with personal identity, he instead argues that one could survive the destruction of all of one's psychological contents and capabilities as long as the human organism remains alive.

  • The Nature of Emotion: Fundamental Questions

    The editors of this unique volume have selected 24 of the most outstanding thinkers and writers on emotion and asked them to address 12 fundamental questions in the area of emotion, questions that both the editors and the contributors consider central to an understanding of emotion.

  • Overcoming the Odds: Raising Academically Successful African American Young Women

    When Beating the Odds: Raising Academically Successful African American Males appeared in 1998, it was hailed as "a crucial book" (Baltimore Sun) and "undoubtedly one of the most important tools the African American parent can possess" (Kweisi Mfume, President NAACP). Now, in response to enormous demand, the authors turn their attention to African American young women. Statistics indicate that African American females, as a group, fare poorly in the United States. Many live in single-parent households-either as the single-parent mother or as the daughter. Many face severe economic hurdles. Yet despite these obstacles, some are performing at exceptional levels academically. Based on interviews with many of these successful young women and their families, Overcoming the Odds provides a wealth of information about how and why they have succeeded-what motivates them, how their backgrounds and family relationships have shaped them, even how it feels to be a high academic achiever. They also discuss the challenges of moving into African American womanhood, from maintaining self-esteem to making the right choices about their professional and personal lives. Most important, the book offers specific and inspiring examples of the practices, attitudes, and parenting strategies that have enabled these women to persevere and triumph. For parents, educators, policy makers, and indeed all those concerned about the education of young African American women, Overcoming the Odds is an invaluable guidebook on creating the conditions that lead to academic-and lifelong-success.

  • Digital Signal Processing: Spectral Computation and Filter Design

    This is a textbook for senior/graduate level students for courses in electrical engineering departments commonly called digital signal processing. It may also be useful to engineers and scientists who use digital computers to process measured data. Two major topics of the text are: Computer computation of frequency contents of signal and design filters to process signals. These two topics follow logically a basic text or course on Signals and Systems. Although most topics in the text are standard, the presentation and emphasis are significantly different from other existing DSP texts. MATLAB is an integral part of the text, but is not the main emphasis, the text being mostly centered on the basic ideas and procedures in digital signal processing. Thus, the text lists only essential MATLAB functions in the most commonly used programs and skips functions that adjust shapes and sizes of plots, and draw horizontal and vertical coordinates. Some elementary knowledge of signals and systems is helpful, but not necessary. This text is as self contained as possible.

  • Modern Trinitarian Perspectives

    Thompson provides a survey of modern thought on the doctrine of the Trinity, which has recently enjoyed a revival of interest. He examines the work of important theologians and their views on the relationship of the trinitarian doctrine to Scripture, the Church, philosophy, politics, and society.

  • Chasing Dirt: The American Pursuit of Cleanliness

    Americans in the early 19th century were, as one foreign traveller bluntly put it, "filthy, bordering on the beastly"--perfectly at home in dirty, bug-infested, malodorous surroundings. Many a home swarmed with flies, barnyard animals, dust, and dirt; clothes were seldom washed; men hardly ever shaved or bathed. Yet gradually all this changed, and today, Americans are known worldwide for their obsession with cleanliness--for their sophisticated plumbing, daily bathing, shiny hair and teeth, and spotless clothes. In Chasing Dirt, Suellen Hoy provides a colorful history of this remarkable transformation from "dreadfully dirty" to "cleaner than clean," ranging from the pre-Civil War era to the 1950s, when American's obsession with cleanliness reached its peak. Hoy offers here a fascinating narrative, filled with vivid portraits of the men and especially the women who helped America come clean. She examines the work of early promoters of cleanliness, such as Catharine Beecher and Sylvester Graham; and describes how the Civil War marked a turning point in our attitudes toward cleanliness, discussing the work of the U.S. Sanitary Commission, headed by Frederick Law Olmsted, and revealing how the efforts of Florence Nightingale in the Crimean War inspired American women--such as Dorothea Dix, Clara Barton, and Louisa May Alcott--to volunteer as nurses during the war. We also read of the postwar efforts of George E. Waring, Jr., a sanitary engineer who constructed sewer systems around the nation and who, as head of New York City's street-cleaning department, transformed the city from the nation's dirtiest to the nation's cleanest in three years. Hoy details the efforts to convince African-Americans and immigrants of the importance of cleanliness, examining the efforts of Booker T. Washington (who preached the "gospel of the toothbrush"), Jane Addams at Hull House, and Lillian Wald at the Henry Street Settlement House. Indeed, we see how cleanliness gradually shifted from a way to prevent disease to a way to assimilate, to become American. And as the book enters the modern era, we learn how advertising for soaps, mouth washes, toothpastes, and deodorants in mass-circulation magazines showed working men and women how to cleanse themselves and become part of the increasingly sweatless, odorless, and successful middle class. Shower for success! By illuminating the historical roots of America's shift from "dreadfully dirty" to "squeaky clean," Chasing Dirt adds a new dimension to our understanding of our national culture. And along the way, it provides colorful and often amusing social history as well as insight into what makes Americans the way we are today.

  • War before Civilization

    The myth of the peace-loving "noble savage" is persistent and pernicious. Indeed, for the last fifty years, most popular and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a disease of civilized societies alone. Prehistoric warfare, according to this view, was little more than a ritualized game, where casualties were limited and the effects of aggression relatively mild. Lawrence Keeley's groundbreaking War Before Civilization offers a devastating rebuttal to such comfortable myths and debunks the notion that warfare was introduced to primitive societies through contact with civilization (an idea he denounces as "the pacification of the past"). Building on much fascinating archeological and historical research and offering an astute comparison of warfare in civilized and prehistoric societies, from modern European states to the Plains Indians of North America, War Before Civilization convincingly demonstrates that prehistoric warfare was in fact more deadly, more frequent, and more ruthless than modern war. To support this point, Keeley provides a wide-ranging look at warfare and brutality in the prehistoric world. He reveals, for instance, that prehistorical tactics favoring raids and ambushes, as opposed to formal battles, often yielded a high death-rate; that adult males falling into the hands of their enemies were almost universally killed; and that surprise raids seldom spared even women and children. Keeley cites evidence of ancient massacres in many areas of the world, including the discovery in South Dakota of a prehistoric mass grave containing the remains of over 500 scalped and mutilated men, women, and children (a slaughter that took place a century and a half before the arrival of Columbus). In addition, Keeley surveys the prevalence of looting, destruction, and trophy-taking in all kinds of warfare and again finds little moral distinction between ancient warriors and civilized armies. Finally, and perhaps most controversially, he examines the evidence of cannibalism among some preliterate peoples. Keeley is a seasoned writer and his book is packed with vivid, eye-opening details (for instance, that the homicide rate of prehistoric Illinois villagers may have exceeded that of the modern United States by some 70 times). But he also goes beyond grisly facts to address the larger moral and philosophical issues raised by his work. What are the causes of war? Are human beings inherently violent? How can we ensure peace in our own time? Challenging some of our most dearly held beliefs, Keeley's conclusions are bound to stir controversy.

  • Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

    Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not is the first book to show how and why so much of today's business advice is flawed, and how managers and executives can better evaluate advice given to their firms Practitioners and scholars agree that businesses in the coming millennium will be managed differently than firms of the 20th century. And getting there from here, according to today's best advice, will require creative change. In this pioneering work, Argyris, one of the world's leading organizational thinkers, reviews a wide array of business advice from the best and brightest thinkers and consultants and concludes that as appealing as their ideas may be, most of them are simply not workable. They are too full of abstract claims, logical gaps, and inconsistencies, to be useful. And ironically, even when their recommendations are implemented correctly, the result is often failure. Why do these gaps in logic exist, and how can they be more effectively discovered? Applying a disciplined critique to numerous representative examples of advice about leadership, learning, change, and employee commitment, Argyris shows readers how to be more critical of the advice they are given, how to learn new approaches for appraising employee performance, and how to generate an internal commitment to values and better strategy. In our ever expanding global market, innovative business advice is at a premium, and giving this advice has become a lucrative industry in and of itself. This book provides the critical lens necessary to evaluate which advice is best for your organization.

  • MOSFET Theory and Design

    MOSFET Theory and Design presents clearly and in depth the theory and design of the MOSFET device, catering to its dominant position in today's microelectronics technology. This slim volume carefully builds examples from a simple level to more complex, real-life cases. The text includes a detailed bibliography and numerous problems sets - analytic, computer, and design - as well as original analyses, in-text exercises, and chapter summaries and check lists. It is appropriate for a one-semester course for junior, senior, or graduate students in engineering. A solutions manual is available free to adopters of the text.

  • Writings on Music, 1965-2000

    A collection of the composer Steve Reich's writings on music, from his 1968 essay, "Music as a Gradual Process," which was the founding call for the development of Minimalism, to his work on non-Western music such as the Balinese and African influences that contributed to well-known compositions such as "Drumming." There are 64 articles by Reich in the collection, which culminates in an interview between Reich and Paul Hiller, well-known in his own right as a performer and leader of the experimental ensemble "Theatre of Voices".

  • Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses

    This book provides a framework for thinking clearly anbd coherently about the unborn. The book's thesis, the "interest view", states that all and only beings who have interests have moral standing, and only beings who possess conscious awareness have interests. The chapters apply the interest view, and explore the moral and legal aspects of a wide range of issues. These centre on the inconsistency of the status of fetuses. Are they part of the pregnant woman, or are they persons? Women have been criminally charged with abusing their fetuses by using drugs during pregnancy, and yet abortion is legal. Readers will be able to resolve these contradictions in our current thinking about the unborn, and approach new issues in a clear and rational manner.

  • The Supreme Court Reborn: The Constitutional Revolution in the Age of Roosevelt

    For almost sixty years, the results of the New Deal have been an accepted part of political life. Social Security, to take one example, is now seen as every American's birthright. But to validate this revolutionary legislation, Franklin Roosevelt had to fight a ferocious battle against the opposition of the Supreme Court--which was entrenched in laissez faire orthodoxy. After many lost battles, Roosevelt won his war with the Court, launching a Constitutional revolution that went far beyond anything he envisioned. In The Supreme Court Reborn, esteemed scholar William E. Leuchtenburg explores the critical episodes of the legal revolution that created the Court we know today. Leuchtenburg deftly portrays the events leading up to Roosevelt's showdown with the Supreme Court. Committed to laissez faire doctrine, the conservative "Four Horsemen"--Justices Butler, Van Devanter, Sutherland, and McReynolds, aided by the swing vote of Justice Owen Roberts--struck down one regulatory law after another, outraging Roosevelt and much of the Depression-stricken nation. Leuchtenburg demonstrates that Roosevelt thought he had the backing of the country as he prepared a scheme to undermine the Four Hoursemen. Famous (or infamous) as the "Court-packing plan," this proposal would have allowed the president to add one new justice for every sitting justice over the age of seventy. The plan picked up considerable momentum in Congress; it was only after a change in the voting of Justice Roberts (called "the switch in time that saved nine") and the death of Senate Majority Leader Joseph T. Robinson that it shuddered to a halt. Rosevelt's persistence led to one of his biggest legislative defeats. Despite the failure of the Court-packing plan, however, the president won his battle with the Supreme Court; one by one, the Four Horsemen left the bench, to be replaced by Roosevelt appointees. Leuchtenburg explores the far-reaching nature of FDR's victory. As a consequence of the Constitutional Revolution that began in 1937, not only was the New Deal upheld (as precedent after precedent was overturned), but also the Court began a dramatic expansion of Civil liberties that would culminate in the Warren Court. Among the surprises was Senator Hugo Black, who faced widespread opposition for his lack of qualifications when he was appointed as associate justice; shortly afterward, a reporter revealed that he had been a member of the Ku Klux Klan. Despite that background, Black became an articulate spokesman for individual liberty. William E. Leuchtenburg is one of America's premier historians, a scholar who combines depth of learning with a graceful style. This superbly crafted book sheds new light on the great Constitutional crisis of our century, illuminating the legal and political battles that created today's Supreme Court.

  • Angiogenesis and Cardiovascular Disease

    Angiogenesis and Cardiovascular Disease provides a comprehensive review of the basic scientific and clinical advances in the field of angiogenesis, and its role in the human cardiovascular system. The material presented draws from multiple disciplines, integrating information in a single source. Topics addressed focus first on aspects of development and normal biology of the vasculature, and then on angiogenesis and how it is involved in the pathophysiology and therapy of ischemic cardiovascular disease. Vascular development, endothelial cell biology, the vascular matrix, and growth factors are discussed. Up to date information on current clinical trials, and practical advice concerning application to cardiovascular therapeutic options, are also stressed.

  • Sweatshops on Wheels: Winners and Losers in Trucking Deregulation

    In 1977 the US government began to loosen regulations on the tightly controlled trucking industry, expecting that increased competition would drive down companies' shipping costs. In this provocative new book Michael H. Belzer takes a close look at trucking deregulation, discussing its effects on the industry in particular and the unintended consequences of deregulation in general. He makes the case that government still has a role to play in ameliorating the hardship caused by competition while retaining its benefits.

  • Analog Filter Design

    This classic was the first to fill the need for an undergraduate text in analog filters for electrical engineering. Intended for juniors and seniors with a background in introductory circuits, including Laplace transforms, the text focuses on inductorless filters in which the active element is the operational amplifier (op-amp). Passive LCR filters are excluded except as prototypes from which an active equivalent is then found. Students learn the importance of op-amps to analog systems, which Van Valkenburg equates with the significance of the microprocessor to digital systems. Because the book is inteded for undergraduates, sophisticated mathematics has been avoided wherever possible in favor of algebraic derivations. Design topics require at most a hand-held calculator.

  • Women of Principle: Female Networking in Contemporary Mormon Polygyny

    This book offers an in-depth study of the female experience in one Mormon polygynous community, the Apostolic United Brethren. Women in such rigid, patriarchal religious groups are commonly portrayed as the oppressed, powerless victims of male domination. Janet Bennion show, however, that the reality is far more complex. Many women converts are attracted to this group, and they are much more likely than male converts to remain there. Often these women are seeking improved socio-economic status for themselves and their children, as well as an escape from their marginalized status in the mainstream Mormon church. In the polygynous group women experience rapid assimilation, autonomy, and upward mobility. Bennion supports her study with narratives from the lives of women now living in the group--narratives that clearly reveal why many mainstream Mormon women are viewing polygyny as a viable alternative to the difficulties to single-motherhood, "spinsterhood," poverty, and emotional deprivation.

  • The Letters of Hildegard of Bingen: The Letters of Hildegard of Bingen: Volume I

    The first translation into English of the complete correspondence of the remarkable twelfth-century Benedictine abbess Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179), this study consists of nearly four hundred letters, in four projected volumes. Addressed to some of the most notable people of the day, as well as to some of humble status, the correspondence reveals the saint in ways her more famous works leave obscure: as determined reformer, as castigating seer, as theoretical musician, as patient adviser, as exorcist. Sometimes diffident and restrained, sometimes thunderously imperious, her letters are indispensable to understanding fully this luminary of medieval philosophy, poetry, and music. In addition, they provide a fascinating glimpse at life in tumultuous twelfth-century Germany, beset with schism and political unrest. This first volume includes ninety letters to the highest ranking prelates in Hildegard's world--popes, archbishops, and bishops. Three following volumes will be divided according to the rank of the addressees.

  • The American Indian in Western Legal Thought: The Discourses of Conquest

    In The American Indian in Western Legal Thought Robert Williams, a legal scholar and Native American of the Lumbee tribe, traces the evolution of contemporary legal thought on the rights and status of American Indians and other indiginous tribal peoples. Beginning with an analysis of the medieval Christian crusading era and its substantive contributions to the West's legal discourse of `heathens' and `infidels', this study explores the development of the ideas that justified the New World conquests of Spain, England and the United States. Williams shows that long-held notions of the legality of European subjugation and colonization of `savage' and `barbarian' societies supported the conquests in America. Today, he demonstrates, echoes of racist and Eurocentric prejudices still reverberate in the doctrines and principles of legal discourse regarding native peoples' rights in the United States and in other nations as well.

  • Writing about Business and Industry

    Designed as a text for use in composition courses devoted to business and technical writing, this reader includes biographical headnotes, discussion questions, and ideas for writing which will conform to the techniques taught in business writing courses. This anthology of popular, professional and historical writing is modelled after Schneller's OUP book Writing About Science (2nd ed, 1991).

  • Saint Foucault: Towards a Gay Hagiography

    `My work has had nothing to do with gay liberation,' Michel Foucault reportedly told an admirer in 1975. And indeed there is scarcely more than a passing mention of homosexuality in Foucault's scholarly writings. So why has Foucault, who died of AIDS in 1984, become a powerful source of both personal and political inspiration to an entire generation of gay activists? Offering a no-holds barred rebuke to recent criticism of Foucault by Camille Paglia, Richard Mohr, biographer James Miller, and others, Saint Foucault is an uncompromising and impassioned defence of the late French philosopher and historian. A sometimes scathing, sometimes moving exploration of truth and sexual politics, it shows Foucault as a galvanizing thinker who will continue to serve as a model for gay intellectuals and activists.

  • The Devil's Mousetrap: Redemption and Colonial American Literature

    The Devil's Mousetrap approaches the thought of three colonial New England divines--Increase Mather, Jonathan Edwards, and Edward Taylor--from the perspective of literary theory. Author Linda Munk focuses on the background of these men's ideas and on the sources from which they drew, both directly and indirectly, in framing their theology. She notes that the language used in the pulpit by Mather, Edwards, and Taylor is full of allusions to the Bible and Apocrypha, to Puritan treatises, and to post-biblical exegesis, Jewish and Christian. Munk proceeds to elucidate many allusions that have, for the most part, proved to be unclear to contemporary readers, in order to provide essential insights into the construction of Puritan theology.

  • A Comparative Methods Approach to the Study of Oocytes and Embryos

    This volume in the "Advances in Molecular Biology" series compiles late-1990s techniques used for the study of oocytes and embryos of the mouse, Xenopus (a type of frog), and Drosophila (the fruitfly). The methods cover a number of topics, including oocyte and embryo culture; microinjection; "in situ" hybridization; immunohistochemistry; time-lapse microscopy; intracellular ion measurements; and embryonic dissections. The book consolidates different methods and experimental subjects into a unified reference for the increasingly prominent discipline of developmental biology. The comparative perspective encourages readers to re-evaluate and expand their approaches to developmental biological issues in general. This book is intended for graduate students and professionals.

  • Avian Growth and Development

    Although birds have a rather uniform body plan and physiology, they exhibit marked variation in development type, parental care, and rate of growth. This makes them ideal for studying and understanding evolutionary adaptation. Presenting an integrative perspective of organism biology, ecology, and evolution, this book is a case study in evolutionary diversification of life histories.

  • We Can't Go Home Again: An Argument About Afrocentrism

    Afrocentrism has been a controversial but popular movement in schools and universities across America, as well as in black communities. But in We Can't Go Home Again, historian Clarence E. Walker puts Afrocentrism to the acid test, in a thoughtful, passionate, and often blisteringly funny analysis that melts away the pretensions of this "therapeutic mythology." As expounded by Molefi Kete Asante, Yosef Ben-Jochannan, and others, Afrocentrism encourages black Americans to discard their recent history, with its inescapable white presence, and to embrace instead an empowering vision of their African (specifically Egyptian) ancestors as the source of western civilization. Walker marshals a phalanx of serious scholarship to rout these ideas. He shows, for instance, that ancient Egyptian society was not black but a melange of ethnic groups, and questions whether, in any case, the pharaonic regime offers a model for blacks today, asking "if everybody was a King, who built the pyramids?" But for Walker, Afrocentrism is more than simply bad history--it substitutes a feel-good myth of the past for an attempt to grapple with the problems that still confront blacks in a racist society. The modern American black identity is the product of centuries of real history, as Africans and their descendants created new, hybrid cultures--mixing many African ethnic influences with native and European elements. Afrocentrism replaces this complex history with a dubious claim to distant glory. "Afrocentrism offers not an empowering understanding of black Americans' past," Walker concludes, "but a pastiche of 'alien traditions' held together by simplistic fantasies." More to the point, this specious history denies to black Americans the dignity, and power, that springs from an honest understanding of their real history.

  • Entropy and the Magic Flute

    Harold Morowitz has long been regarded highly both as an eminent scientist and as an accomplished science writer. The essays in The Wine of Life, his first collection, were hailed by C.P. Snow as "some of the wisest, wittiest and best informed that I have read," and Carl Sagan called them "a delight to read." In later volumes such as Mayonnaise and the Origin of Life and The Thermodynamics of Pizza, he has established a reputation for a wide-ranging intellect, an ability to see unexpected connections and draw striking parallels, and a talent for communicating scientific ideas with optimism and wit. Kirkus Reviews praised Mayonnaise as "wonderfully diverting and very wise." Nature wrote of Thermodynamics, "his chocolate-coated nuggets of science will continue to entertain and do surreptitious good." With Entropy and the Magic Flute, Morowitz once again offers an appealing mix of brief reflections on everything from litmus paper to the hippopotamus to the sociology of Palo Alto coffee shops. Many of these pieces are appreciations of scientists that Morowitz holds in high regard. In the title piece, for instance, Morowitz tells of his pilgrimage to the grave of Ludwig Boltzmann, buried in the same cemetery--Vienna's Central Cemetery--as Beethoven, Schubert, and Brahms. He also writes of J. Willard Gibbs ("thought by many to be the greatest scientist yet produced by the United States"), Jean Perrin (author of Les Atomes, a now-forgotten classic that convinced virtually everyone in science of the validity of the atomic hypothesis), Einstein, Newton (on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of his Principia, a date that passed virtually unnoticed except by Morowitz), Murray Gell-Mann, and Aristotle. Of Aristotle, Morowitz observes that "most people whose information comes from academic philosophy fail to appreciate that--among his many fields of expertise--first and foremost, Aristotle was a biologist." Indeed, fully a third of Aristotle's writings are on the life sciences, almost all of which has been left out of standard editions of his work. Many other pieces focus on health issues--such as America's obsession with cheese toppings, the addiction to smoking of otherwise intelligent people, questionable obstetric practices--and several touch upon ethics, whistle-blowing, and scientific research. There is also a fascinating piece on the American Type Culture Collection, a zoo or warehouse for microbes that houses some 11,800 strains of bacteria, and over 3,000 specimens of protozoa, algae, plasmids, and oncogenes. Here then are over forty light, graceful essays in which one of our wisest experimental biologists comments on issues of science, technology, society, philosophy, and the arts.

  • Responsible Conduct With Animals in Research

    The issues raised by research in animal behavior are often different from those raised by research in molecular biology and pharmacology. Studies of animal behavior often bring scientists into close and prolonged contact with their subjects. Due to this proximity, some researchers may feel confronted with the ethics of certain practices concerning human-animal interaction, especially when many investigators have been involved. The issue becomes even more controversial due to the fact that lay people in society often identify with the emotional reactions of animals. This book addresses the particular dilemmas and issues of relevance to the field of animal behavior. Part I concerns changing research practices and rules from both the institutional and personal perspective. The author considers the transformation of patterns of acceptable use in law and within the American Psychological Association, as well as the changing perspective with which scientists may evaluate some of their past work. Part II focuses on current issues regarding animal research and how scientists make practical decisions regarding their experimental subjects. Part III explores ways of assessing the animal's well, preferably by asking the animal. Finally, part IV discusses the influences animals can exert on research practitioners, although those affected may not be aware of it, and animal activism.

  • Primary Care: Balancing Health Needs, Services, and Technology

    This volume provides innovative methods to evaluate the attainment and contributions of primary systems and practitioners. It extends the previous edition by highlighting two additional areas: equity in health services and health, and overlap between clinical medicine and public health. It provides an important basis for future directions in health policy.

  • One of the Guys: Girls, Gangs, and Gender

    One of the Guys examines the causes, nature, and meaning of female gang involvement. Miller situates the study of female gang membership in the context of current directions in feminist scholarship and current research on both gangs and female criminal offenders. Unique in its approach, this book is a comparative study that examines both gang members and nongang members to provide an accurate picture of the nature of gang life. The author draws on interview from two contrasting cities, St. Louis, Missouri and Columbus, Ohio. While both cities have relatively new gang histories, their socio-economic conditions are notably different. The book opens with a foreword written by Malcom W. Klein, a leading authority on youth gangs. Miller examines how and why girls join gangs; the nature of girls' involvement in gangs; how gang involvement shapes girls' participation in delinquency and their risk of victimization; and the ways in which gender affects their gang experience. Miller concludes by drawing out implications for gender and crime and the study of female lawbreaking. Written in a lively and personal sytle, 'One of the Guys: Girls, Gangs, and Gender' includes rich, extensive interviews offering fascinating excerpts from the girls themseleves. Miller examines these dialogues in order to exploe gender identities within gangs. 'One of the Guys: Girls, Gangs, and Gender' is an ideal text for courses which focus on juvenile delinquency, women and crime, gang activity, and female lawbreaking.

  • Morality, Mortality: Volume 1: Death & Whom to Save from It

    Why is death bad for us, even on the assumption that it involves the absence of experience? Whom should we save from death if we cannot save everyone? Kamm considers these questions, critically examining some answers other philosophers have given. She also examines specifically what differences between persons are relevant to the distribution of any scarce resources, e.g. bodily organs for transplantaion.

  • Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes

    This book by one of the leaders in adaptive optics covers the fundamental theory and then describes in detail how this technology can be applied to large ground-based telescopes to compensate for the effects of atmospheric turbulence. It includes information on basic adaptive optics components and technology, and has chapters devoted to atmospheric turbulence, optical image structure, laser beacons, and overall system design. The chapter on system design is particularly detailed and includes performance estimation and optimization. Combining a clear discussion of physical principles with numerous real-world examples, this book will be a valuabe resource for all graduate students and researchers in astronomy and optics.

  • Buildings of Alaska

    Buildings of Alaska traces Alaska's architecture from the earliest dwellings made of sod, whalebone, and driftwood to the glass and metal skyscrapers of modern-day Anchorage. Focusing on the various cultural traditions that have helped shape the state's architecture, the volume also explores how Alaska's buildings reflect Alaskan's attempt to adapt to the unique conditions of their environment. Here, Alison K. Hoagland examimes the contribution to the state's architectural history of three major cultural groups: native Alaskans, Russian settlers, and Americans for the lower 48. Divided into six regions--South Central, Southeastern, Interior, Northern, Western, and Southwestern--entries cover such structures as aboriginal houses, Russian Orthodix chruches, log roadhouses, false-front commercial buildings constructed during the gold-rush, concrete Moderne public buildings of the 1930s, and high-rise office buildings erected during the oil boom of the 1970s and 1980s. With over 250 photgraphs, drawings, and maps, Buildings of Alaska is an unprecedented look at how Alaska's buildings reveal the personal attitudes and cultural precepts of its diverse group of inhabitants.

  • The Squid Giant Synapse: A Model for Chemical Transmission

    The squid giant synapse has historically been the best model for investigating synaptic transmission. This book, by one of the leading workers on synaptic transmission, gives a concise overview of all that has been learned about synaptic transmission in its most standard model system. The book also contains a computer model, entitled "Synapse", usable in PC and Macintosh, that allows the reader to simulate and manipulate any aspect of synaptic transmission. The disc contains two programs: the research modelling tool for working neuroscientists; and a drylab to teach students the principles of synaptic transmission by allowing them to alter the parameters, essentially without limits, and see the effects on the ation potential over time in milliseconds. The book is intended for lecturers to use in graduate and undergraduate courses on synaptic transmission and the physiology of neurons and excitable cells.

  • Earl Warren: Justice for All

    In Earl Warren, Christine Compston examines how a man with little judicial experience became one of the greatest Supreme Court chief justices in the history of the United States. A natural leader, Warren rose from a working-class childhood to become governor of California before he was appointed to the Supreme Court. Warren had the courage to make decisions that were politically unpopular yet constitutionally sound and morally right, such as his first major opinion Brown v. Board of Education, which desegregated schools. By examining the life of this extraordinary judge, Earl Warren illuminates, with black-and-white photos and illustrations throughout, the struggles behind some of the most profound events of the 20th century, including World War II and the Japanese internment, the civil rights movement, the criminal protection revolution (i.e. Miranda V. Arizona), and the investigation of President Kennedy's assassination.

  • Feminist Methods in Social Research

    Shulamit Reinharz here examines the wide range of experiments feminist researchers undertake. Her goal is to help explain the relationship between feminism and methodology and to challenge stereotypes that might exist about 'feminist research methods'. Reinharz concludes that there is no one feminist method, but rather a variety of perspectives or questions that feminists bring to traditional methods. She argues that this diversity of methods has been of great value to feminist scholarship. She also includes an extensive bibliography which catalogues feminist scholarship over the last two decades. There are a few edited volumes on the subject but currently no authored text.

  • Nicotine Safety and Toxicity

    Nicotine has been developed as a medication to assist smoking cessation, and is being considered as a possible drug for long-term maintenance of non-smoking. It is also undergoing evaluation as a possible treatment for several medical disorders, including ulcerative colitis, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Tourette's syndrome, attention deficit disorder, spasticity, and sleep apnea. Understanding its safety and toxitity is essential for drug developers, drug regulators, and clinicians making risk/benefit decisions about long-term nicotine therapy. Research on nicotine toxicity is also relevant to ongoing research on tobacco and health aimed at understanding the role of nicotine in contributing to tobacco-induced diseases. This book reviews the current scientific understanding of the safety and toxicity of nicotine. The discussion ranges from chemistry, studies in animals and human experimental research to the results of large clinical trials. Among the topics covered are cardiovascular disease, cancer, reproductive toxicity (including fetal toxicity and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), behavioral toxicity (including abuse liability and addiction to nicotine medication), and gastrointestinal disease. Finally, contributions explore the risks and benefits of nicotine as a medication. The authors are world-renowned experts on their respective topics. No other book addresses nicotine toxicity in the depth or breadth of this volume. A book on the cutting edge of contemporary public health discourse, Nicotine Safety is an up-to-date and lucid overview of current knowledge on the subject. It will be a necessary addition to the bookshelves of clinicians with an interest in tobacco and health, drug developers and researchers, pharmacologists and toxicologists, public health researchers and policy-makers.

  • Raising Musical Kids: A Guide for Parents

    Does music make kids smarter? At what age should a child begin music lessons? Where should you purchase an instrument? What should parents expect from a child's teachers and lessons? Raising Musical Kids answers these and many other questions as it covers everything from assembling a listening library for kids, to matching a child's personality with an instrument's personality, to finding musical resources in your community. Knowing that children can--and usually do--get most of their music education within the public school system, the author explores at length the features and benefits of elementary and secondary school programs, and shows how parents can make the schools work for them and their children. Throughout, Cutietta emphasizes the joy of participating in music for its own sake. Raising Musical Kids is a book that parents everywhere will treasure as a complete road map for developing their child's musical abilities.

  • The New Conscientious Objection: From Sacred to Secular Resistance

    Although conscientious objection is a long-standing phenomenon, it has only recently become a major factor affecting armed forces and society. The only comprehensive, comparative scholarly study of conscientious objection to military service, this book examines the history of the practice in the Western world and state policies that have grown up in response to it. It shows how the contemporary refusal to bear arms is likely to be secular and widespread rather than religious and marginal, now including service people (as seen in the 1991 War in the Persian Gulf) as well as conscription resisters. No account of civil-military relations or peace movements in advanced industrial countries is complete without reference to conscientious objection, and this book will be the standard text on the subject.

  • Managing Strategic Innovation and Change: A Collection of Readings

    This book shows the links between innovation, organizational architecture, executive teams, and the managing of change. The 41 articles that are included in this book have been carefully chosen from the current literature, with an introductory essay by the authors in which they show how the diagnostic model is applied to the problem of managing innovation. In the introductory essay, the authors highlight themes recurring throughout the book, such as the systems nature of technology, the importance of history and path dependence, the cross-functional nature of innovation management, the paradox between efficiency and adaptability, and the role of executive leadership in managing through turbulence. The introduction provides a helpful road map that offers a coherent rationale for studying innovation management. All modules in the book have editorial introductions that help to reinforce the links among technology, organizational architectures, and executive and managing teams. Introductions are also included for each chapter, explaining the fundamental point each reading raises and how it is integrated within the rest of the book. Managing Strategic Innovation and Change also features readings on topics including technological evolution, technology strategy, globalization, and organizational learning, offering a complete set of readings on the management of innovation.

  • West Coast Jazz: Modern Jazz in California 1945-1960

    Over the last half century, New York's preeminence in the world of jazz has been challenged only once--during the 1950s--when California emerged with a splash on the jazz scene. "West Coast jazz," as it soon became known, was a fresh new sound which stirred both controversy and excitement in equal measure. One thing, however, was certain: never before (or since) had so many jazz musicians from the Coast made such an impact on jazz. Dave Brubeck, Dexter Gordon, Art Pepper, Chet Baker, Eric Dolphy, Paul Desmond, Ornette Coleman, Cal Tjader, Shelly Manne, and numerous others--these figures shaped the jazz of their time and are still powerful influences today. In West Coast Jazz, Ted Gioia provides the definitive account of this rich, evocative music. Drawing on years of research and numerous first-hand interviews, Gioia tells the full story of West Coast jazz, from its early stirrings on Central Avenue--the heart of LA's post-World War II black culture--to its decline after 1960. The decade-long renaissance of West Coast jazz remains one of the great stories of jazz history, and nobody has told it as well as Ted Gioia does here. His love of this music shines on every page.

  • The Analects of Confucius (Lun Yu)

    In the long river of human history, if one person can represent the civilization of a whole nation, it is perhaps Master Kong, better known as Confucius in the West. If there is one single book that can be upheld as the common code of a whole people, it is perhaps Lun Yu, or The Analects. Surely few individuals in history have shaped their country's civilization more profoundly than Master Kong. The great Han historiographer, Si-ma Qian, writing 2,100 years ago said, "He may be called the wisest indeed!" And, as recently as 1988, at a final session of the first international conference of Nobel prize-winners in Paris, the seventy-five participants, fifty-two of whom were scientists, concluded: "If mankind is to survive, it must go back twenty- five centuries in time to tap the wisdom of Confucius". This is a man whose influence in world history is truly incomparable. His sayings (and those of his disciples) form the basis of a distinct social, ethical, and intellectual system.They have retained their freshness and vigour for two and a half millennia, and are still admired in today's China. Compiled by pupils of Confucius's disciples half a century after the Master's death, The Analects of Confucius laid the foundation of his philosophy of humanity--a philosophy aimed at "cultivating the individual's moral conduct, achieving family harmony, bringing good order to the state and peace to the empire". Containing 501 very succinct chapters (the longest do not exceed fifteen lines and the shortest are less than one) and organized into twenty books, the collection comprises mostly dialogues between the Master and his disciples and contemporaries. The ethical tenets Confucius put forth not only became the norm of conduct for the officialdom and intelligentsia, but also had a profound impact on the behaviour of the common people.The great sage's unique integration of humanity and righteousness (love and reason) struck a powerful chord in all who attempted to understand his moral philosophy. As the translator Chichung Huang contends, "What ethical principle laid down by man could be more sensible that none which blends the best our heart can offer with the best our mind can offer as the guiding light for our conduct throughout our lives?". Ever timely, Confucius's teachings on humanity (family harmony in particular) and righteousness may well serve as a ready-made cure for today's ills in an era which human beings are blinded by force and lust, not unlike Confucius's own day. Far more literal than any English version still in circulation, this brilliant new rendition of The Analects helps the reader not only to acquire and accurate and lucid understanding of the original text, but also to appreciate the imagery, imagery, parallelism, and concision of its classical style.The translator Chichung Huang, a Chinese scholar born in a family of Confucian teachers and schooled in one of the last village Confucian schools in South China, brings to this treasure of world literature a sure voice that captures the power and subtleties of the original. Vivid, simple, and eminently readable, this illuminating work makes the golden teachings of the sage of the East readily available to anyone in search of them.

  • J.S. Bach's Great Eighteen Organ Chorales

    In lucid and engaging style, Stinson explores Bach's 'Great Eighteen' Organ Chorales - among Bach's most celebrated works for organ - from a wide range of historical and analytical perspectives, including the models used by Bach in conceiving the individual pieces, his subsequent compilation of these works into a collection, and his compositional process as preserved by the autograph manuscript. Stinson also considers various issues of performance practice, and provides the first comprehensive examination of the music's reception, its dissemination in manuscript and printed form, and its influence on such composers as Mendelssohn, Schumann, and Brahms.

  • The New Oxford Guide to Writing

    Many books on writing tell you how to think more creatively, conjure up an idea, and how to express it clearly and elegantly. Many handbooks offer reliable advice on the use of commas, semicolons and so forth. But The New Oxford Guide to Writing does all three, so that no matter where you find yourself in the writing process - from the daunting look as a blank page, to the rough draft that needs shaping, to the small but important questions of punctuation - you will find what you need in one handy all-inclusive volume. Highlighted by numerous examples of successful prose - including marvellous brief excerpts from Mark Twain, Joan Didian, H. L. Mencken, E. B. White and Anne Dillard - this stimulating volume covers the entire subject step by step, clearly and authoritatively. It shows: How to use commonplace books and journals to store ideas, how to brainstorm, how to explore potential topics, sound methods of constructing an outline, the best way to open an essay clearly and interestingly, how to select words that convey both information and point of view ... and much more.

  • Small Firms in Global Competition

    As large firms move into international markets, smaller firms find it increasingly difficult to compete internationally. This book explores the nature of the international market for smaller firms and discusses ways that they can compete and use their unique competitive advantages in the global markets. The chapters examine niche markets that do not require economies of scale and ways of rethinking the relationship between local and global markets. Tamir Agmon and Richard L. Drobnick also explore the need to design new control systems across borders that recognize local norms and the new accounting systems that have developed based on differing country environments.

  • Organizational Change and Redesign: Ideas and Insights for Improving Performance

    This book is the culmination of four years of the coordinated research of twelve business professors in management and organizational science. Their studies were directed at increasing an understanding of the relationships among organizational change, redesign, and performance. The book deals with the way in which organizational performance is affected by changes in the organization's environment, strategy, structure, and leadership, and how managerial effectiveness is influenced by managerial demographics, team structure, and communication processes. This book represents some of the finest authors currently working in the area of organizational change and performance.

  • The Oxford Dictionary of Usage and Style

    This abridgement of the acclaimed Dictionary of Modern American Usage is a handy guide that discusses the most common problems of style and usage.

  • Law and Truth

    Taking up a single question--"What does it mean to say a proposition of law is true?"--this book advances a major new account of truth in law. Drawing upon the later philosophy of Wittgenstein, as well as more recent postmodern theory of the relationship between language, meaning, and the world, Patterson examines leading contemporary jurisprudential approaches to this question and finds them flawed in similar and previously unnoticed ways. He offers a powerful alternative account of legal justification, one in which linguistic practice--the use of forms of legal argument--holds the key to legal meaning.

  • The Emergence of Modern Turkey

    Written by renowned scholar Bernard Lewis, this book has long established itself as the preferred one-volume history of modern Turkey. Now in its third edition, this book has been updated to include the most recent information on Turkey and addresses such issues as Turkey's emergence as a Western-oriented power; its inclusion in the European Union; its continued involvement with the politics of the Middle East as well as the politics of the Iraq-UN conflict; and the politically divisive issue of Kurdich violence and ethnic nationalism.

  • Biological NMR Spectroscopy

    This book presents a critical assessment of progress on the use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine the structure of proteins, including brief reviews of the history of the field along with coverage of current clinical and in vivo applications. The book, in honour of Oleg Jardetsky, one of the pioneers of the field, is edited by two of the most highly respected investigators using NMR, and features contributions by most of the leading workers in the field. It will be valued as a landmark publication that presents the state-of-the-art perspectives regarding one of today's most important technologies.

  • West of Everything: The Inner Life of Westerns

    A leading figure in the debate over the literary canon, Jane Tompkins was one of the first to point to the ongoing relevance of popular women's fiction in the 19th century, long overlooked or scorned by literary critics. Now, in West of Everything, Tompkins shows how popular novels and films of the American west have shaped the emotional lives of people in our time. Into this world full of violence and manly courage, the world of John Wayne and Louis L'Amour, Tompkins takes her readers, letting them feel what the hero feels, endure what he endures. Writing with sympathy, insight, and respect, she probes the main elements of the Western--its preoccupation with death, its barren landscapes, galloping horses, hard-bitten men and marginalized women--revealing the view of reality and code of behavior these features contain. She considers the Western hero's attraction to pain, his fear of women and language, his desire to dominate the environment--and to merge with it. In fact, Tompkins argues, for better or worse Westerns have taught us all--men especially--how to behave. It was as a reaction against popular women's novels and women's invasion of the public sphere that Westerns originated, Tompkins maintains. With Westerns, men were reclaiming cultural territory, countering the inwardness, spirituality, and domesticity of the sentimental writers, with a rough and tumble, secular, man-centered world. Tompkins brings these insights to bear in considering film classics such as Red River and Lonely Are the Brave, and novels such as Louis L'Amour's Last of the Breed and Owen Wister's The Virginian. In one of the most moving chapters (chosen for Best American Essays of 1991), Tompkins shows how the life of Buffalo Bill Cody, killer of Native Americans and charismatic star of the Wild West show, evokes the contradictory feelings which the Western typically elicits--horror and fascination with violence, but also love and respect for the romantic ideal of the cowboy. Whether interpreting a photograph of John Wayne of meditating on the slaughter of cattle, Jane Tompkins writes with humor, compassion, and a provocative intellect. Her book will appeal to many Americans who read or watch Westerns, and to all those interested in a serious approach to popular culture.

  • Asian Money Markets

    The countries of East and Southeast Asia have the world's most dynamic money markets. Essential to the Asian economy, their performance plays a crucial role in the successful development of other financial markets, such as those for business and consumer loans. This original study of the effect of government policy on the performance of money markets in the economies of this region (Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and South Korea) is the only comprehensive book addressing this topic available today. Individual chapters were written by experts in the field, and were guided by a common research methodology. This book will be of great value to Pacific Basin specialists, bankers, academics, and public policy planners in finance.

  • The Global Village: Transformations in World Life and Media in the 21st Century

    Marshall McLuhan's posthumous The Global Village, co-authored by Bruce Powers, explores the new "laws" of media, "laws" fostering a dramatic collision of viewpoints. The first based on Visual Space - the linear, quantitative mode of perception characteristic of the Western world is preserved by the medium of print. While the second, based on Acoustic Space - the holistic, qualitative reasoning of the East - is being fostered by television, the technologies of the data base, communication satallites, and the globalmedia network. McLuhan and Powers offer the `Tetrad' as a four part structure of analysis for relieving the outcome of this collision. By focusing on four questions - What does this new medium enhance? What does it render obsolete? What does it retrieve that was long ago pushed aside? And what does it produce or become when extended beyond the limits of its potential? - one can postulate the cultural life of an arifact in advance by showing how a total saturated use would produce a reversal of the original intent. For example, money converted into credit cards: the telephone to the omnipresence of teleconferencing; or the high-rise apartment building: enhancing privacy, rendering community obsolete, retrieving the catacombs, and reversing into a slum. McLuhan's insights, his aphorisms, and his legacy as "the man behind the message", make The Global Village excellent reading for anyone interested in the shaping power of communication technology.

  • Etudes for Piano Teachers: Reflections on the Teacher's Art

    This is a collection of essays reflecting on the piano teacher's art and the many challenges involved in piano teaching and performance. The topics range from the role of the piano teacher in contemporary society to basic skills such as inner hearing, improvisation, and sight-reading. Filled with useful practical advice as well as more philosophical artistic guidance, these essays are designed to provoke thoughtful reaction and act as catalysts for creative thinking.

  • The Structure of Soviet History: Essays and Documents

    The Structure of Soviet History is a unique collection of primary documents and important scholarly articles that tell the fascinating and tragic story of Russia's twentieth century. Ronald Grigor Suny, an eminent historian and political scientist, has compiled pieces that illustrate the revolutionary changes as well as the broad continuities in Soviet History. Not only does he tell the story of Russian people but also of the other Soviet peoples, the nationalities that also made up the tsarist and Soviet empires and formed independent states in the early 1990s. Students can use this volume to delve beyond the usual stories of Russian and Soviet history to look at the building blocks of history--archival documents, memoirs, and interpretive essays by the leading experts in the field. Readers will learn about the fall of the tsarist empire, the hopes, and aspirations of the revolutionary years, the brutalities of the Stalin years, the attempts to reform the country in the last decades of Soviet power, and finally the collapse of the USSR and the emergence of fifteen fragile republics. Rather than imposing a single view on the reader, the book allows students to use a variety of materials to come up with their own, fresh interpretation of a controversial and often misunderstood experience. The selections cover political, social, and cultural history from a variety of viewpoints: official pronouncements, dissident manifestos, memoirs, letters and literature. Organized chronologically, these documents and essays examine all of the major events and principal interpretations of Soviet history. An introductory essay provides the broad outlines of Soviet history and the book's framework, while the chapter introductions summarize the main features of each period . Each document is prefaced by headnotes that identify the author and place the work in context. Explanatory notes are also included, wherever necessary, to define words and events that may not be familiar to readers.

  • Popular Justice: A History of American Criminal Justice

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    This popular one-volume analysis of the evolution of American criminal justice places contemporary issues of crime and justice in historical perspective. Walker identifies the major periods in the development of the American system of criminal justice, from the small institutions of the colonial period to the creation of the police, the prison, and the juvenile court in the nineteenth century and the search for professionalism in the twentieth century. He argues that the democratic tradition is responsible for the worst as well as the best in the history of criminal justice in the United States. Offering a challenging perspective on current controversies in the administration of criminal justice in light of historical origins, the author explores the evolving conflict between the advocates of crime control and the advocates of due process. Now in its second edition, Popular Justice has been completely revised to include the most recent scholarship on crime and justice. Walker has updated his analysis of the history of American criminal justice and explores the tension between popular passions and the rule of law. He examines changing patterns in criminal activity, the institutional development of the system of criminal justice, and the major issues concerning the administration of justice. Timely and comprehensive, this text will be useful for courses in criminal justice, legal history, and criminology.

  • Figurative Language and Thought

    Our understanding of the nature and processing of figurative language is central to several important issues in cognitive science, including the relationship of language and thought, how we process language, and how we comprehend abstract meaning. Over the past fifteen years, many traditional theories on these issues have been challenged on the basis of figurative language research. This research has prompted such fundamental questions as: is metaphor primarily a function of thought, or is it merely a matter of language? Why do we prefer to speak metaphorically in everyday conversation, rather than literally? Is metaphor the only vehicle through which we can understand abstract concepts? What role do cultural and social factors play in our comprehension of figurative language? Points on these and related questions will be raised and argued by the book's authors in an integrative look at the role of non-literal language in cognition form investigators who vary widely in their theoretical and philosophical views.

  • Mysticism: Holiness East and West

    Denise and John Carmody introduce the concept of mysticism and its practice in each of the world's major religions. For each religion they provide a brief description of its history, doctrine, and major mystical figures, and compare its mystical dimension to those of other traditions.

  • The Sources of Innovation

    This seminal book has become essential reading for students taking courses in technology management and innovation, and for managers who are responsible for strategic planning. The author shows how the initiative to innovate can come not only form a manufacturer, but also from suppliers, and customers. The author calls these "lead users", and the term has come into the business lexicon. A video course based on the book was produced by the MIT TV department and has been distributed to many business schools. The Sources of Innovation has become essential to an understanding of how and where technological innovation takes place. For the first time, the book shows how the assumption that technological innovation is generated by manufacturers is inaccurate. Innovation takes place where it creates the most value, and that can be in a variety of locations, from suppliers to end users. Understanding this fact can facilitate the innovation process, leading to faster and better processes and products.

  • Ancient Israelite Religion

    This is a readable introduction to the religious traditions of the ancient Israelites, the people of the Hebrew Bible. It sets forth the biblical and extra-biblical evidence concerning their beliefs, myths, and ritual practices.

  • Natural Selection and Social Theory: Selected Papers of Robert Trivers

    Robert Trivers is one of the leading figures pioneering the field of sociobiology. For Natural Selection and Social Theory, he has selected eleven of his most influential papers, including several classic papers from the early 1970s on the evolution of reciprocal altruism, parent-offspring conflicts and asymmetry in sexual selection, which helped to establish the centrality of sociobiology, as well as some of his later work on deceit in signalling, sex antagonistic genese, and imprinting. Trivers introduces each paper, setting them in their contemporary context, and critically evaluating them in the light of subsequent work and further developments. The result is a unique portrait of the intellectual development of sociobiology, with valuable insights of interest to evolutionary biology, anthropology, and psychology.

  • Christianizing Homer: The Odyssey, Plato, and The Acts of Andrew

    This study focuses on the apocryphal Acts of Andrew (c. 200 AD), which purports to tell the story of the travels, miracles, and martyrdom of the apostle Andrew. Traditional scholarship has looked for the background of such writings in Jewish and Christian scriptures. MacDonald, however, breaks with that model and looks to classic literature for the sources of this story. Specifically, he argues that the Acts represent an attempt to transform Graeco-Roman myth into Christian narrative categories by telling the story of Andrew in terms of Homeric epic, in particular the Odyssey. MacDonald presents a point-by-point comparison of the two works, finding the resemblances so strong, numerous, and tendentious that they virtually compel the reader to consider the Acts a transformative "rewriting" of the epic. This discovery not only sheds valuable light on the uses of Homer in the early church but also significantly contributes to our understanding of the reception of Homer in the empire as a whole.

  • Hospice Care for Children

    Children with life-threatening and terminal illnesses, and their families, require a unique kind of care to meet a wide variety of needs. This book, the first edition of which won the 1993 Pediatric Nursing Book of the Year Award, provides an authoritative source for the many people involved in caring for dying children. It draws together contributions from leading authorities in a comprehensive, fully up-to-date resource, with an emphasis on practical topics that can be put to immediate use. The book covers the entire range of issues related to the hospice environment and is intended for all those who participate in the hospice-care process: physicians, nurses, social workers, teachers, clergy, family therapists, parents, and community service volunteers.

  • The Making of the Jewish Middle Class: Women, Family and Identity in Imperial Germany

    A social history of Jewish women in Imperial Germany, this study synthesizes German, women's, and Jewish history. The book explores the private--familial and religious--lives of the German-Jewish bourgeoisie and the public roles of Jewish women in the university, paid employment and social service. It analyses the changing roles of Jewish women as members of an economically mobile, but socially spurned minority. The author emphasizes the crucial role women played in creating the Jewish middle class, as well as their dual role within the Jewish family and community as powerful agents of class formation and acculturation and determined upholders of tradition.

  • Multidimensional Programming

    This book describes Lucid, a multidimensional declarative language based on intensional logic. The mathematical underpinnings of Lucid enable programs to be amenable to verification and transformation. Lucid programs concisely and elegantly express multidimensional computations rich in parallelism that can be robustly exploited using a novel demand-driven model of computation. In addition to being an applications programming language, Lucid also serves as the basis of a system for programming conventional parallel computers and a visual programming system.

  • Medieval Architecture in Western Europe: From AD 300 to 1500

    Medieval Architecture in Western Europe covers the entire period of European Medieval architecture from c. 300 to c.1500. It offers a basic introduction with appropriate plans, sections, and photographs, all in one single volume. Concerned about the perceived gap in current art history books in regards to medieval architecture, the author is careful to examine selected major monuments, incorporating just the right amount of detail to provide the basic information needed to learn about each type of building, and to impart a sense of continuity and development of structure, form, and function across Europe and through the different periods of the Middle Ages. The author explores the contextual role of the buildings in their settings and the symbolic impact of both exterior and interior forms, paying particular attention to their experiential qualities. The book is heavily illustrated with photographs, plans, sections, and diagrams. Remarkably thorough in its coverage, Medieval Architecture in Western Europe will not only appeal to the general reader who has little or no prior knowledge of medieval architecture, but will also keep the interest of those who are more knowledgeable about the subject.

  • African Biogeography, Climate Change, and Human Evolution

    This interdisciplinary book interprets early human evolution in the context of the local ecology and specific habitats. It assesses carefully the possible role of climate change in driving early human evolution. Bringing an ecological and biogeographic perspective to recent fossil finds, the book provides a new synthesis of ideas on hominid evolution. It will be a valuable resource for researchers in physical, biological, or paleoanthropology, evolutionary biology or biogeography.

  • Fetish: Fashion, Sex, and Power

    The word fetishism evokes images of `kinky' sex, involving an abnormal attraction to certain articles of clothing, such as black leather boots, or body parts, like legs and buttocks. Yet the fetish is in fashion - on the catwalks and in the streets. Leather gear, body piercing, second-skin rubber, even the corset, are back; no longer restricted to sexual subcultures but worn by `club kids' and socialites alike. While fetishism has traditionally been regarded by pyschologists as a `perversion', modern fashion has increasingly embraced characteristic fetish-items such as the spiked high-heel shoe. Fetish: Fashion, Sex, and Power is a historically-grounded study of the relationship between fashion and fetishism. Treating fashion as a symbolic system linked to the expression of sexuality, Steele marshals a dazzling array of evidence from pornography, psychology, and historical literature to illuminate this relationship. Is it fashion or fetish when fashion magazines feature the straps and stilettos of the dominatrix? What of body piercing, either ear rings or those worn through genitals? Is the corset, whether worn by men or women a `style' or a `perversion'. Steele brilliantly charts the boundaries of the `normal' and the `perverse', and shows how even the most bizarre-seeming clothing fetishes enable their wearers (male and female, gay and straight) to use clothing to express their social and sexual identities.

  • Concurrent Programming: The Java Programming Language

    This book shows professional programmers and students in operating systems and concurrent programming classes how to utilize the Java programming language to write programs that use semaphores, monitors, message passing, remote procedure calls, and the rendezvous for thread synchronization and communication. A Java algorithm animation package is also described.

  • Sociological Justice

    That discrimination exists in courts of law is beyond dispute. In American murder cases, for instance, studies show that blacks who kill a white are much more likely to receive the death penalty than if they kill a black. Indeed, in Georgia, they are 30 times more likely to be condemned, and in Texas a staggering 90 times more likely. Conversely, in Texas, of 143 whites convicted of killing a black, only one was sentenced to die. But how extensive is discrimination in the courtroom? Is it strictly a matter of racial prejudice, or does it respond to a wide range of social factors? In Sociological Justice, eminent legal sociologist Donald Black challenges the conventional notion that law is primarily an affair of rules and that discrimination is an aberration. Law, he contends, is a social process in which bias is inherent. Indeed, Black goes well beyond the documented instances of racial discrimination to show how social status (regardless of race), the degree of intimacy (are they family members, friends, or complete strangers?), speech, organization, and numerous other factors all greatly influence whether a complaint will be filed in court, who will win, and what the punishment or other remedy will be. Moreover, he extends his analysis to include not only the litigants, but also the lawyers, the jurors, and the judge, describing how their social characteristics can also influence a case. Sociological Justice introduces a new field of legal scholarship that will have important consequences for the future of law: the sociology of the case. Black discusses how lawyers can use the sociology of the case to improve their practice and, for those interested in reform, he suggests ways to minimize bias in the courtroom. Beyond this, Black demonstrates that modern jurisprudence, with its assumption that like cases will be treated in like fashion, is out of touch with reality. He urges the adoption of a new sociological jurisprudence, with a new morality of law, that explicitly addresses the social relativity of justice. A major contribution to legal scholarship, this thought-provoking volume is essential reading for anyone interested in law and justice in modern society.

  • Speeches

    One of the most renowned public speakers of his day, Mark Twain was often asked to give speeches to mark public holidays or important anniversaries, for school graduations, at banquets for distinguished visitors, and at events sponsored by charitable organizations, reform groups, and the like. Published a few months after his death, this wide-ranging collection of speeches, spanning more than four decades, covers the gamut of Mark Twain's interests. Here are speeches on women's rights, on cigars and billiards, and on the extension of the copyright law. We find occasional pieces, banquet toasts and introductions that, in addition to being amusing in themselves, provide a vivid glimpse of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century social rituals. Also present are some of Twain's most controversial and daring speeches, such as the notorious "Whittier Birthday" Speech, in which he poked fun at three giants of New England literary culture to the horror of his audience; and "The Babies," which closes with a memorable image of the guest of honor: an infant Ulysses S. Grant attempting to put his toe in his mouth.

  • Coming Up Roses: The Broadway Musical in the 1950s

    The 1950s saw an explosion in the American musical theater. The Broadway show, catapulted into the limelight in the 20s and solidified during the 40s thanks to Rodgers and Hammerstein, now entered its most revolutionary phase, brashly redefining itself and forging a new kind of storytelling. In Coming Up Roses: The Broadway Musical in the 1950s, Ethan Mordden gives us a guided tour of this rich decade. With loving detail, Mordden highlights the shift in Broadway from shows that were mere star vehicles, showcasing a big-name talent, to the bolder stories, stuffed with character and atmosphere. During this period, subject matter became more intricate, even controversial, and plots more human and complex; Mordden demonstrates how, in response, musical conventions were polished, writing became more finely crafted, and dance became truly indispensable. Along the way we meet the key players: such greats as Ethel Merman, George Abbott, Jerome Robbins, Gwen Verdon, Bob Fosse, Stephen Sondheim, Frank Loesser, Cole Porter, Leonard Bernstein, and many others. We get the backstage scoop on why Guys and Dolls is so well-made, why West Side Story is so timeless, why The Kind and I and Gypsy pushed the envelope, and why no one ever talks about Ankles Aweigh. All this is peppered with a dash of industry gossip--the directorial struggles, last-minute script rewrites and cast replacements, the power of the poster listings--that made Broadway so nerve-wrackingly vibrant. This passionate and informed study illuminates a crucial period in American musical theater and shows us the origins of many of the musicals recently revived to huge success on Broadway.

  • Neuropsychological Assessment

    Well known as the 'bible' in its field, this text/reference has been thoroughly revised and updated by a team of internationally recognized and clinically experienced neuropsychologists. Drawing on their diverse interests, they provide authoritative, broad-based, and in-depth coverage of current research and clinical practice in neuropsychology. They have not, however, changed the book's overall organization. The first eight chapters present the knowledge base for understanding the principles and practice of patient-oriented, hypothesis testing neuropsychological assessment. The last 12 chapters review nearly all tests and assessment techniques discussed in previous editions plus many new ones and recent revisions of older tests. The extent of the updating is apparent from the fact that approximately half of the more than 7,000 references cited appeared since the last edition was published. Many new topics relevant to current assessment practices have been added to the 4th edition. The chapter on examination procedures, for example, now contains sections on cognitive functioning in pain and PTSD patients. The chapter on brain disorders includes new material on electrical/lightning injuries, migraine, Alzheimer's disease and other dementia disorders, and both medical and psychological treatments. The discussion of assessment procedures has been updated throughout to cover recently published test batteries used in general neuropsychological assessment (e.g., mental abilities, memory), newly developed batteries for specific issues (e.g., frontal lobe evaluation), and recent research on older neuropsychological assessment batteries. The fully revised chapter on assessing response bias describes and evaluates more than 60 tests, test combinations, and other measures for detecting questionable effort within the context of forensic neuropsychological assessment.

  • Process Dynamics, Modeling, and Control

    This text offers a modern view of process control in the context of today's technology. The book provides the standard material in a more coherent presentation and uses a notation that is more consistent with the research literature in process control. Topics that are unique include a unified approach to model representations, process control formulation and process identification, multivariable control, statistical quality control, and model based control.

  • Virgin or Vamp: How the Press Covers Sex Crimes

    Benedict examines press treatment of four notorious sex crimes from the past decade and shows how victims are labelled either as virgins or vamps, a practice she condemns as misleading and harmful.

  • Polymer Chemistry: An Introduction

    Polymer Chemistry provides graduate and advanced undergraduate students with an introduction to the chemistry of macromolecular substances, including their synthesis and the properties underlying their commercial importance. Significant new developments in polymer science over the past decade are covered, as are methods used for testing and characterizing polymers.

  • Visions of Jazz: The First Century

    Poised to become a jazz classic, Gary Giddins' Visions of Jazz: The First Century contains no fewer than 78 chapters illuminating the lives of virtually all major figures in jazz history. From Louis Armstrong's renegade style trumpet playing to Frank Sinatra's intimate crooning, jazz critic Gary Giddins continually astonishes us with his unparalleled insight. In just a few lines, he captures the essence of Louis Armstrong, "He could telegraph with a growl or a rolling of his eyes his independence, confidence, and security. As the embodiment of jazz, he made jazz the embodiment of the individual." Giddins maintains, contrary to the opinion of most jazz enthusiasts, that Armstrongs voice was as much an integral part of creating jazz singing as his trumpet was to creating jazz. Perhaps the most remarkable chapters in the book are those that do pay tribute to the great jazz singers. Billie Holiday profoundly impacted music history, and Giddins eloquently honors her "gutted voice, drawled phrasing, and wayworn features." Many artists, such as Irving Berlin and Rosemary Clooney, have been traditionally dismissed by fans and critics as merely popular derivatives of true jazz. Giddins finally opens the doors of jazz to include these musicians. In addition to this, he devotes an entire quarter of this volume to young, active jazz artists. No other book has so boldly expanded the horizon of jazz and its influences. Visions of Jazz is an evocative journey through the first one hundred years of jazz that will captivate--and challenge--musicians, music critics, and music lovers.

  • Law in American History, Vol. I: From the Colonial Years Through the Civil War

    In speaking about the law, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. once said, "To know what it is, we must know what it has been, and what it tends to become." G. Edward White, a leading legal historian, presents Law in American History, a two-volume, comprehensive narrative history of American law from the colonial period to the present. In this first volume, White explores the key turning points in roughly the first half of the American legal system, from the development of order in the colonies, to the signing of the Constitution, to the dissolution of the Union just before the Civil War. In addition to these events, White analyzes issues like race, gender, and slavery that undergird the development of American jurisprudence. Along the way, he provides a compelling case for why law can be seen as the key to understanding the development of American life as we know it, shaping virtually every aspect of the American experience from the way we handle international relations to the food we choose to eat and drink. Thought-provoking and artfully written, Law in American History, Vol. 1 is an essential text for both students of law and general readers alike.

  • The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy

    The subject of this book is the Western astronomical tradition from ancient Babylonia to the European Renaissance, with special emphasis on the Greek period. Throughout the book two questions constantly recur: what evidence permits us to reconstruct the astronomy of the ancient past? How was astronony actually practised? The book is meticulously documented and makes full use of primary sources as well as modern historical scholarship. It is richly illustrated and is unusual for its attention to the material culture of ancient astronomy. The most striking aspect of the book is its attention to astronomical practice.

  • Prisoner of History: Aspasia of Miletus and Her Biographical Tradition

    According to legend, Aspasia of Miletus was a courtesan, the teacher of Socrates, and the political adviser of her lover Pericles. Next to Sappho and Cleopatra, she is the best known woman of the ancient Mediterranean. Yet continued uncritical reception of her depiction in Attic comedy and naive acceptance of Plutarch's account of her in his Life of Pericles prevent us from understanding who she was and what her contributions to Greek thought may have been. Madeleine Henry combines traditional philological and historical methods of analysis with feminist critical perspectives, in order to trace the construction of Aspasia's biographical tradition from ancient times to the present. Through her analysis of both literary and political evidence, Henry determines the ways in which Aspasia has become an icon of the sexually attractive and politically influential female, how this construction has prevented her from taking her rightful place as a contributor to the philosophical enterprise, and how continued belief in this icon has helped sexualize all women's intellectual achievements. This is the first work to study Aspasia's biographical tradition from ancient Greece to the present day.

  • On Evil

    The De Malo represents some of Aquinas' most mature thinking on goodness, badness, and human agency. In it he examines the full range of questions associated with evil: its origin, its nature, its relation to good, and its compatability with the existence of an omnipotent, benevolent God. This edition offers Richard Regan's new, clear readable English translation, based on the Leonine Commission's authoritative edition of the Latin text. Brian Davies has provided an extensive introduction and notes. (Please note: this edition does not include the Latin text).

  • The Renaissance of American Steel: Lessons for Managers in Competitive Industries

    Provides an understanding of how the American steel industry - once thought to be dying - has transformed itself into a world competitor.

  • Country, Park, and City: The Architecture and Life of Calvert Vaux

    After beginning his architectural career in England, Calvert Vaux came to America in 1850 at the invitation of architect Andrew Jackson Downing. In 1852, he moved to New York City and asked Frederick Law Olmsted, the landscape architect, to join him in preparing a design for Central Park. During the next thirty-eight years in New York, Vaux defended and refined his vision of Central Park and pursued a distinguished architectural practice. After the Civil War, he and Olmsted led the nascent American park movement with their designs for parks in many American cities. And as a pioneering advocate for apartment houses in American cities, Vaux designed buildings that mirrored the advance of urbanization in America, including early model-housing for the poor. His works also include many Gothic and Palladian style dwellings, the original portions of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the American Museum of Natural History, and a stunning proposal for a vast iron and glass building to house the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia. Most notable, perhaps, are the many bridges and other structures that he designed for Central Park. This book is the first in-depth study of Vaux's life and work.

  • The Executive's Book of Quotations

    From William Wrigley's advertising maxim `Tell them quick and tell them often,' to all-purpose words of wisdom such as E.F. Schumacher's `Think globally, act locally,' and Yogi Berra's `When you come to a fork in the road, take it,' the Dictionary of Business Quotations is a browser's delight, brimming with thousands of quotations for use in business speeches, reports, articles, or simply to spice conversation over lunch. Stretching from Chinese proverbs to John Maynard Keynes, from Heraclitus to Peters and Waterman, compiled from newspapers, books, movies, and poetry, this lively collection arranges more than 500 topics alphabetically, spiriting us from `Advertising,' `America,' and `Avarice,' through `Wall Street,' `Winners,' and `Youth.'

  • Social Security in the 21st Century

    Social Security has proved to be one of the most successful programmes in the USA. Despite this success, the design of the programme reflects yesterday's needs and it cannot survive into the 21st century without significant reforms. This handbook offers an introduction to the basic economic, demographic, and political aspects of social security, and addresses issues such as intergenerational equity, gender discrimination, and the future of entitlement programmes in a time of reduced government spending.

  • Cognition and Emotion

    Recent years have witnessed a revival of research in the interplay between cognition and emotion. The reasons for this renaissance are many and varied. In the first place, emotion theorists have come to recognize the pivotal role of cognitive factors in virtually all aspects of the emotion process, and to rely on basic cognitive factors and insight in creating new models of affective space. Also, the successful application of cognitive therapies to affective disorders has prompted clinical psychologists to work towards a clearer understanding of the connections between cognitive processes and emotional problems. And whereas the cognitive revolutionaries of the 1960s regarded emotions with suspicion, viewing them as nagging sources of "hot" noise in an otherwise cool, rational, and computer-like system of information processing, cognitive researchers of the 1990s regard emotions with respect, owing to their potent and predictable effects on tasks as diverse as object perception, episodic recall, and risk assessment. These intersecting lines of interest have made cognition and emotion one of the most active and rapidly developing areas within psychological science. Written in debate format, this book covers developing fields such as social cognition, as well as classic areas such as memory, learning, perception and categorization. The links between emotion and memory, learning, perception, categorization, social judgements, and behavior are addressed. Contributors come from the U.S., Canada, Australia, and France.

  • The Church on the World's Turf: An Evangelical Christian Group at a Secular University

    Academics and non-academics alike have been intrigued by conservative Protestant groups that thrive in secular social and institutional contexts. This book offers an ethnographic study of one such group, the Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship (IVCF) at McMaster University. These conservative Protestants espouse fundamental interpretations of the Bible, women's roles, the age of the earth, alcohol consumption, sexual ethics, and the necessity of a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. How does this tiny minority function withing the overwhelmingly secular context of the university? The strategies of the ICVF seem both to strengthen and to mitigate evangelicals' sense of difference from their non-Christian teachers and peers. Bramadat suggests that this model can also be useful for understanding the construction of individual and group identity among other minority groups, both religious and non-religious models.

  • King David: A Biography

    The first biography of David from a purely historical perspective reveals not a hero but a holy terrorist and a ruthless despot.

  • Signal Processing Using Optics: Fundamentals, Devices, Architectures, and Applications

    This textbook covers the basic aspects of otical signal processing at an introductory level, yet it should help the student bridge the gap to current technical literature. It is intnded for senior-level undergraduate or first-year graduate students in the electrical engineering or applied physics as well as practicing engineers and scientists. Although the student or professional should have some exposure to one-dimensional signal processing, optics, and imaging to make the book self-contained and the necessary background information readily accessible. The text aim is to provide the student with insight on the underlying mathematical and physical principles, practical understanding of component technology and performance, a grasp of system design and analysis, and familiarity with architectures for selected but representative applications. Problem exercise, selected hints and solution, extensive reference, and MATLAB based modeling ansd simulation tools are included to support the student's exploration of applications and to direct their learning towards the current technical literature. Numerous architectural diagrams are provided to assist in the understanding and visualization of important concepts and their implementation.

  • Self, Social Identity and Physical Health: Interdisciplinary Explorations

    The goal of this volume is to examine how our understanding of self and social identity is linked to physical health and disease. The book is organized around four topics: 1. the self-regulation model used by health psychologists as well as the cultural system through which the individual experiences illness and its treatment, 2. stress, emotion, and coping, 3. behaviour patterns that enhance or damage an individual's health, and 4. the impact of physical illness on the person who assumes the "sick role".

  • Autonomy and Long-Term Care

    The realities and myths of long-term care and the challenges it poses for the ethics of autonomy are analysed in this perceptive work. The author argues that the standard view of autonomy as non-interference and independence has limited applicability for long term care. He offers an account of `actual autonomy' in which individuals are perceived to be interdependent with others and the world. Hence, actual autonomy stresses the developmental and social nature of the individual. Through a phenomenological analysis of long term care, the author develops an ethical framework for it by showing how autonomy is actually manifest in certain structural features of the social world of long term care. The work concludes wuth a discussion of the advantages associated with phenomenologically inspired treatment of actual autonomy for the ethics of long term care. Drawing on the rich sociological and anthropological literature on ageing and long term care, this timely work is essential reading for all biomedical ethicists and professionals providing long term care.

  • Assessing Competence to Consent to Treatment: A Guide for Physicians and Other Health Professionals

    One of the most challenging tasks facing clinicians today is the assessment of patients' capacities to consent to treatment. The protection of a patient's right to decide, as well as the protection of incompetent patients from the potential harm of the decisions they might make, rests largely on clinicians' abilities to judge patients' capacities to decide what treatment they will receive. Confusing laws and complex ethical questions surrounding competence to consent to treatment have made the process of competence assessment intimidating for many clinicians. Health professionals - physicians, medical students nad residents, nurses, and mental health practitioners - have long needed a consice guidebook that translates the issue for practice. This is what this book accomplishes. The aurthors describe the place of competence in the doctrine of informed consent and show how assessments of competence to consent to treatment can be structured by using a specific set of general medical and psychiatric treatment settings, explain how the assessment should be conducted, and offer a structured interview method to assist the task. They also explore the often difficult process of making the judgement about competence and desire what to do when patients' capacities are limited.

  • Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

    Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is the first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behaviour, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes", but also behavioural development and psychological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes - modular organization and plasticity - facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behaviour, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, pscyhologists and teachers of general biology.

  • Journeys to the Spiritual Lands: The Natural History of a West Indian Religion

    Although much has been written on the Afro-Catholic syncretic religions of Vodou, Candomble, and Santeria, the Spiritual Baptists--an Afro-Caribbean religion based on Protestant Christianity--have received little attention. This fieldwork-based study offers the first detailed examination of the Spiritual Baptists or "Converted". The most distinguishing characteristic of their religion is the emphasis on spiritual travel on a regular basis for all believers. On these travels, all are required to do spiritual work by ecstatic means on behalf of the community. This makes Converted religion a possibly unique form of shamanism. Their cosmology is a distinct expression of Vincentian culture, neither African nor European, Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress is a sacred text for them, serving as a guidebook to the spritual realm in which they travel. They also travel in the spirit to the Biblical lands, and to the British colonial lands of Africa, India, and China. In their dream states, the Converted learn practical skills such as cooking, sewing, and reading - a phenomenon occasionally seen elsewhere among individuals but unheard of as an enculturated trait. Yet despite all of this their beliefs are strictly based on a fundamentalist Christianity in which every action is justified by the Bible. Based on 18 months among the Converted on the island of St. Vincent (where the religion arose) and among Vincentian immigrants in Brooklyn, Zane's spellbinding account of his experiences and his lucid analysis of the Converted religion, its origins, and development make this book an outstanding contribution to the literature on African-American and African Diaspora religion, and the anthropology of religion more generally.

  • Rural Health in the United States

    Providing a comprehensive view of the health status and health care resources of the rural areas of the USA, this well-organized and well-illustrated book updates Health Care in Rural America, published by the Office of Technology Assessment in 1990.

  • The Religious World of Kirti Sri: Buddhism, Art, and Politics of Late Medieval Sri Lanka

    In this interdisciplinary inquiry, John Clifford Holt seeks to uncover how Buddhism was understood and expressed during the waning years of indigenous political power in Asia's oldest continuing Buddhist culture. Holt focuses on King Kirti Sri Rajasinha and how, despite powerful and persistent Dutch colonial threats and a deeply suspicious Kandyan Buddhist Sinhalese aristocracy, he successfully revived Sinhalese Theravada Buddhism. As Holt demonstrates, Kirti Sri succeeded in formulating his vision of an orthodox Buddhism in a number of ways: through the patronage of monastic sanha and re-establishing traditional lines of ordination, translating the Pali suttas into Sinhala, sponsoring public Buddhist religious rites, and refurbishing almost all Buddhist temples in the Kandyan culture region. The ultimate aim of Holt's study is to describe and interpret Kirti Sri's articulation of a normative Buddhist world, the essentials of which remain normative for many Buddhists in the Kandyan region of Sri Lanka today. Scholars and students will find The Religious World of Kirti Sri is an indispensable resource for the understanding of orthodox Buddhism at this important historical juncture, as well as the present day.

  • Mythology: The Voyage of the Hero

    This book offers an unusual yet effective approach to the subject of mythology by stressing the universal rather than national themes. Leeming collects a wide array of narrative texts from the Bible to English literature to interpretations by Joseph Campbell, C.G. Jung and others, which illustrate the stages of the universal hero. The arrangement of texts by themes such as "Childhood, Initiation and Divine Signs" and "The Descent to the Underworld" help readers strip mythic characters of their many national and cultural "masks" to reveal their archetypal aspects. Real figures such as Jesus and Mohammed are also included to underline the text theory that myths are real and can be applied to real life. Changes to the third edition include additional heroine myths (including Navajo, Indonesian, Indian, Chinese and African tales) and an updated bibliography.

  • Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1961

    From the 1930s to the early 1960s civil rights law was made primarily through constitutional litigation. Before Rosa Parks could ignite a Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Supreme Court had to strike down the Alabama law which made segregated bus service required by law; before Martin Luther King could march on Selma to register voters, the Supreme Court had to find unconstitutional the Southern Democratic Party's exclusion of African-Americans; and before the March on Washington and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Supreme Court had to strike down the laws allowing for the segregation of public graduate schools, colleges, high schools, and grade schools. Making Civil Rights Law provides a chronological narrative history of the legal struggle, led by Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, that preceded the political battles for civil rights. Drawing on interviews with Thurgood Marshall and other NAACP lawyers, as well as new information about the private deliberations of the Supreme Court, Tushnet tells the dramatic story of how the NAACP Legal Defense Fund led the Court to use the Constitution as an instrument of liberty and justice for all African-Americans. He also offers new insights into how the justices argued among themselves about the historic changes they were to make in American society. Making Civil Rights Law provides an overall picture of the forces involved in civil rights litigation, bringing clarity to the legal reasoning that animated this "Constitutional revolution", and showing how the slow development of doctrine and precedent reflected the overall legal strategy of Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP.

  • Language in Time: The Rhythm and Tempo of Spoken Interaction

    The authors here promote the reintroduction of temporality into the description and analysis of spoken interaction. They argue that spoken words are, in fact, temporal objects and that unless linguists consider how they are delivered within the context of time, they will not capture the full meaning of situated language use. Their approach is rigorously empirical, with analyses of English, German, and Italian rhythm, all grounded in sequences of actual talk-in-internation.

  • The Muse That Sings: Composers Speak about the Creative Process

    The Muse That Sings: Composers Speak About the Creative Process is a collection of interviews with 25 various American composers, born between 1930 and 1960, who explain how they think in sound, mould musical ideas, and ultimately transfer sonic creations to the printed page.

  • Unit, Symbols, and Terminology for Plant Physiology: A Reference for Presentation of Research Results in the Plant Sciences

    This book represents a beginning toward a concensus on units, symbols, and terminology in the plant sciences. Written by 27 specialists and reviewed by several others, each discussion is condensed for easy reference, but still thorough enough to answer virtually any question concerning plant terminology. Principles are outlined and covered in readable text. Some chapters include formulas and definitions of specialized terms, while others include recommendations for suitable units. The appendices offer guidelines on presenting scientific data, such as principles of grammar, oral and poster presentations, and reporting on data from experiments that utilized growth chambers. Anyone involved in the plant sciences, particularly plant physiology, will find this an invaluable reference.

  • The Oxford Book of Latin American Poetry: A Bilingual Anthology

    Here is the first anthology to present a full range of multilingual poetries from Latin America, covering over 500 years of a poetic tradition as varied, robust, and vividly imaginative as any in the world. Editors Cecilia Vicuna and Ernesto Livon-Grosman present a fresh and expansive selection of Latin American poetry, from the indigenous responses to the European conquest, through early feminist poetry of the 19th century, the early 20th century "Modernismo" and "Vanguardia" movements, later revolutionary and liberation poetry of the 1960s, right up to the experimental, visual and oral poetries being written and performed today. Here readers will find several types of poetry typically overlooked in major anthologies, such as works written or chanted in their native languages, the vibrant mestizo (mixed) creations derived from the rich matrix of spoken language in Latin America, and even the mysterious verses written in made-up languages. In addition to the giants of Latin American poetry, such as Cesar Vallejo, Vicente Huidobro, Pablo Neruda, Octavio Paz, Haroldo and Augusto de Campos, and Gabriela Mistral, the editors have included a selection of vital but lesser known poets such as Pablo de Rohka, Blanca Varela, and Cecilia Meireles, as well as previously untranslated works by Simo n Rodriguez, Bartolome Hidalgo, Oliverio Girondo, Rosa Araneda, and many others. In all, the anthology presents more than 120 poets, many in new translations--by Jerome Rothenberg, W.S. Merwin, and Forrest Gander, and others--specially commissioned for this anthology, and each accompanied by a biographical note. The book features both English and original language versions of the poems, a full bibliography, and an introduction by the editors. Sure to stand as the definitive anthology for decades to come, The Oxford Book of Latin American Poetry remaps the territory, offering new ways of looking at a poetry as diverse and complex as Latin America itself.

  • Imperialism: A History in Documents

    We talk about living in a global era, but the groundwork for it was laid more than a century ago. By the late 19th century, Europe, Japan, and the United States had taken control of most of the world. Travel and trade between home countries and colonies sent goods and technology to even the most remote corners of the globe. An English lady's letter home on smallpox inoculations in Turkey, an American missionary's account of the forcible collection of rubber in Belgian Congo, and a Chinese official's regulations for European merchants are among the primary sources that Bonnie Smith has assembled to demonstrate the advantages and drawbacks of the new economy. Society, education, and the environment also underwent massive changes, as witnessed by the selection of excerpts from an exam in a German missionary school in Togo and British reports on the devastation of entire forests in Burma.

    Imperial growth did not come without a price. A Japanese document outlining governance in Korea and U.S. President Benjamin Harrison's defense of the annexation of Hawaii illustrate the militant nationalism, religious intolerance, and pseudo-scientific racist theories used to justify the brute force of colonial rule. The colonized nations fought back-a popular Chinese poem in praise of the Boxers' opposition to foreign rule attests to this rebellious spirit, and a Moroccan's shock at "barbaric" European mores illustrates the conquered's view of the conquerors. A picture essay, "Mixture," showcases the amalgamation of global cultures through photographs of buildings, furniture, advertisements, sporting events, and sculpture. Bonnie Smith vividly captures the booming expansion of a flawed political system and expertly links the documentary evidence with informed commentary and prefatory essays to each chapter.

  • The Dialect of Modernism: Race, Language, and Twentieth-Century Literature

    The Dialect of Modernism describes the crucial role of racial masquerade and linguistic imitation in the emergence of literary modernism. Revolting against the standard language, modernists reimagined themselves as racial aliens and mimicked the strategies of dialect speakers. At the same time, African-American writers struggled to free themselves from dialect as it had been rendered by white dialect writers.

  • The American Disease: Origins of Narcotic Control

    The American Disease is a classic study of the development of drug laws in the USA. Supporting the theory that Americans' attitudes toward drugs have followed a cyclic pattern of tolerance and restraint, author David Musto examines the relations between public outcry and the creation of prohibitive drug laws from the end of the Civil War to the present day. The book traces the development of narcotic use, legislation, American foreign policy, attitudes towards groups associated with particular drugs, and the roles of physicians and the growing pharmaceutical industry. Originally published in 1973, with an expanded edition in 1987, this revised and expanded third edition contains a new chapter and preface that cover the renewed debate on policy and drug legislation from the end of the Reagan administration to the present Clinton administration. Musto investigates how our nation has dealt with issues including the controversies over prevention programs and mandatory minimum sentencing, the catastrophe of the crack epidemic, the fear of a heroin revival, and the continued debate over the legalization of marijuana.

  • Witches and Jesuits: Shakespeare's Macbeth

    In his Pulitzer prize-winning 1993 book Lincoln at Gettysburg, Garry Wills showed how the Gettysburg Address revolutionized the conception of modern America. In Witches and Jesuits, Wills again focuses on a single document to open up a window on an entire society. He begins with a simple question: If Macbeth is such a great tragedy, why do performances of it so often fail? After all, the stage history of Macbeth is so riddled with disasters that it has created a legendary curse on the drama. Superstitious actors try to evade the curse by referring to Macbeth only as "the Scottish play," but production after production continues to soar in its opening scenes, only to sputter towards anticlimax in the later acts. By critical consensus there seems to have been only one entirely successful modern performance of the play, Laurence Olivier's in 1955, and even Olivier twisted his ankle on opening night. But Olivier's ankle notwithstanding, Wills maintains that the fault lies not in Shakespeare's play, but in our selves. Drawing on his intimate knowledge of the vivid intrigue and drama of Jacobean England, Wills restores Macbeth's suspenseful tension by returning it to the context of its own time, recreating the burning theological and political crises of Shakespeare's era. He reveals how deeply Macbeth's original 1606 audiences would have been affected by the notorious Gunpowder Plot of 1605, when a small cell of Jesuits came within a hairbreadth of successfully blowing up not only the King, but the Prince his heir, and all members of the court and Parliament. Wills likens their shock to that endured by Americans following Pearl Harbor or the Kennedy assassination. Furthermore, Wills documents, the Jesuits were widely believed to be acting in the service of the Devil, and so pervasive was the fear of witches that just two years before Macbeth's first performance, King James I added to the witchcraft laws a decree of death for those who procured "the skin, bone, or any other part of any dead person - to be employed or used in any manner of witchcraft, sorcery, charm, or enchantment." We see that the treason and necromancy in Macbeth were more than the imaginings of a gifted playwright--they were dramatizations of very real and potent threats to the realm. In this new light, Macbeth is transformed. Wills presents a drama that is more than a well-scripted story of a murderer getting his just penalty, it is the struggle for the soul of a nation. The death of a King becomes a truly apocalyptic event, and Malcolm, the slain King's son, attains the status of a man defying cosmic evil. The guilt of Lady Macbeth takes on the Faustian aspect of one who has singed her hands in hell. The witches on the heath, shrugged off as mere symbols of Macbeth's inner guilt and ambition by twentieth century interpreters, emerge as independent agents of the occult with their own (or their Master's) terrifying agendas. Restoring the theological politics and supernatural elements that modern directors have shied away from, Wills points the way towards a Macbeth that will finally escape the theatrical curse on "the Scottish play." Rich in insight and a joy to read, Witches and Jesuits is a tour de force of scholarship and imagination by one of our foremost writers, essential reading for anyone who loves the language.

  • The Cultural Nature of Human Development

    The Cultural Nature of Human Development presents an account of human development that looks at both the differences and similarities among cultures. Beyond demonstrating that 'culture matters', Rogoff focuses on how culture matters in human development - what patterns help make sense of the cultural aspects of human development? Rogoff integrates research and theory from several disciplines, including cross-cultural psychology, sociocultural research, linguistic and psychological anthropology, and history. The volume examines multiple aspects of development, including childrearing, gender differences, interdependence and autonomy, developmental transitions, maternal attachment, parental discipline, and cognition and culture.

  • The Anatomy of Memory: An Anthology

    As we appproach the end of the millennium, it often seems that we are losing a spiritual awareness of who and what we are, either as individuals or societies. In such circumstances, argues James McConkey, memory becomes increasingly important as the source of whatever unitary aspirations we have. Memory is responsible for our identity, it is the faculty whereby we perceive connections between past and present, thus enabling us to make sense of our surroundings, and it underlies our creative achievements. This book explores all dimensions of the role of memory in human life and experience. Tracing this theme from St Augustine to the present, through essays and excerpts from the literature of relevant fields, the anthology includes sections on "The Nature of Memory", "The Memory of Nature", "Memory and Creativity", "Memory, Culture and Identity", "Perspectives of Memory" and "Beyond Memory". Pieces by Henry Thoreau, Carl Jung, William Wordsworth, Primo Levi, Anton Chekhov, Maya Angelou and Toni Morrison, enlighten the reader both to the nature of memory and the values it can provide us with.

  • The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri: Volume 1: Inferno

    This is the first volume of a new prose translation of Dante's epic - the first in twenty-five years. Robert Durling's translation brings a new power and accuracy to the rendering of Dante's extraordinary vision of Hell, with its terror, pathos, and sardonic humour, and its penetrating analyses of the psychology of sin and the ills that plague society. A newly edited version of the Italian text can be on facing pages, and this edition includes fully comprehensive notes as well as sixteen essays on special subjects.

  • Electric Circuits Fundamentals

    This exciting new text teaches the foundations of electric circuits and develops a thinking style and a problem-solving methodology that is based on physical insight. Designed for the first course or sequence in circuits in electrical engineering, the approach imparts not only an appreciation for the elegance of the mathematics of circuit theory, but a genuine "feel" for a circuit's physical operation. This will benefit students not only in the rest of the curriculum, but in being able to cope with the rapidly changing technology they will face on-the-job. The text covers all the traditional topics in a way that holds students' interest. The presentation is only as mathematically rigorous as is needed, and theory is always related to real-life situations. Franco introduces ideal transformers and amplifiers early on to stimulate student interest by giving a taste of actual engineering practice. This is followed by extensive coverage of the operational amplifier to provide a practical illustration of abstract but fundamental concepts such as impedance transformation and root location control--always with a vigilant eye on the underlying physical basis. SPICE is referred to throughout the text as a means for checking the results of hand calculations, and in separate end-of-chapter sections, which introduce the most important SPICE features at the specific points in the presentation at which students will find them most useful. Over 350 worked examples, 400-plus exercises, and 1000 end-of-chapter problems help students develop an engineering approach to problem solving based on conceptual understanding and physical intuition rather than on rote procedures.

  • Making Medical Spending Decisions: The Law, Ethics, and Economics of Rationing Mechanisms

    One of the most fundamental issues in health care delivery is who should decide which items of medical care are not worth their cost. This book is a fresh and comprehensive exploration of how health care rationing decisions are made. Unlike prior works, its focus is not on the specific criteria for rationing, like age or quality of life. Instead, the author provides comparative analysis of alternative social mechanisms for making medical spending decisions: (1) consumers paying for their medical treatment out of pocket; (2) payers, government officials, or other centralized authorities setting limits on what doctors can do and what insurance will pay for; and (3) physicians motivated to make these decisions at the bedside level. His analysis of each of these mechanisms reveals that none is uniformly superior, and each is better suited for certain decisions that others. Therefore, a mix of all three is inevitable. The author develops his analysis along three dimensions: political economics, ethics, and law. The political economic dimension discusses the practical and theoretical aspects of each method for making spending decisions, synthesizing empirical studies of the situations in which each mechanism has been tested. The ethical dimension is based on several strands of philosophical theory, principally classic liberalism, social contract theory, and communitarianism, as well as conceptual analysis of terms such as autonomy and coercion. The legal dimension addresses recent developments in legal doctrine such as informed consent, insurance coverage disputes, and the emerging direction of federal regulation. Hall concludes that physician rationing at the bedside is far more promising than medical ethicists and the medical profession have traditionally allowed. The best way to allocate authority for making medical spending decisions in both public and private systems, he believes, is the informed purchase of different types of health insurance in a managed competition framework.

  • Responses to Suffering in Classical Rabbinic Literature

    The existence of suffering poses an obvious problem for the monotheistic religions. Why does an all-powerful, benevolent God allow humans to suffer? And given that God does, what is the appropriate human response? In modern times Jewish theologians in particular, faced with the enormity of the Holocaust, have struggled to come to grips with these issues. In Responses to Suffering, David Kraemer offers the first comprehensive history of teachings related to suffering in classical rabbinic literature. Beginning with the Mishnah (c. 200 CE), Kraemer examines traditions on suffering, divine justice, national catastrophe, and the like, in all major rabbinic works of late antiquity. Bringing to bear recent methods in the history of religions, literary criticism, canonical criticism, and the sociology of religion, Kraemer offers a rich analysis of the development of attitudes that are central to and remain contemporary concerns of any religious society.

  • Inhomogeneous Superconductors: Granular and Quantum Effects

    This monograph provides an up-to-date introduction to the theory of quantum fluctuations in inhomogeneous superconducting materials. It is suitable as a graduate text as it has grown out of the author's extensive notes from a graduate-level course several years previously. Since then, the material has been constantly updated and revised with the result that this book is the most current one on the important and wide-ranging topic of inhomogeneous superconductors.

  • The Epidemiology of Childhood Disorders

    This book draws on the experience of an international group of paediatric epidemiologists, all of whom are world authorities in their field. In a consistent format they discuss biological considerations, patterns of occurrence, risk factors and the impact of interventions for each type of disorder. The disorders reviewed include not only the traditional morbidity of childhood such as infections, birth defects, asthma, and cerebral palsy, but also the new morbidity: emotional problems, intentional and non-intentional injuries, and suicide. This book will have wide appeal to health professionals at every level as it draws on personal experience combining paediatrics and epidemiology.

  • Principles of Medical Pharmacology

    This is the Sixth Edition of a teaching text that has undergone continuous evolution and improvement since 1975. It has been extensively revised, enlarged and updated to reflect the latest research. The authors have "pre-tested" it in their own courses to ensure accessibility and clarity of presentation. Though aimed primarily at medical students, the text has also found wide acceptance in pharmacology courses for students in biological sciences, pharmacy and dentistry, and among practicing pharmacists and physicians. The text covers all aspects of medical pharmacology, including a comprehensive discussion of the clinically important features of pharmacokinetics. It also provides a detailed treatment of topics that are often given less attention in similar texts, such as drug abuse and dependence, behavioral pharmacology, drug interactions, neonatal and geriatric pharmacology, and new drug development. This new edition features a number of improvements over its predecessors. Each chapter in the systems pharmacology section now begins with a brief case history that is meant to stimulate the reader's interest by demonstrating the clinical relevance of basic pharmacology. New overview chapters and sections have been added on second messenger systems, and on the functional organization of the nervous, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and immune systems. The chapter on antiparasitic agents has been expanded to include organisms and drugs with relevance to many parts of the world. Extensive sections on current chemotherapy of HIV infection and AIDS along with discussions of new agents for drug-resistant tuberculosis, malaria and cancer; inflammatory bowel disease; and genetics of drug metabolism appear for the first time in the Sixth Edition. Due attention has been paid to new drugs being tested in North America and Europe that will probably be on the market soon.

  • The Midwives Book: or The Whole Art of Midwifery Discovered

    When the midwife Jane Sharp wrote the Midwives Book in 1671, she became the first British woman to publish a midwifery manual. Drawing on works by her male contemporaries, and weaving together medical information and lively anecdotes, she produced a book that is instructive, accessible, witty, and constantly surprising.

  • Make Believe: The Broadway Musical in the 1920's

    The 1920s represented a turning point in the history of the Broadway musical, breaking with the vaudeville traditions of the early twentieth century to anticipate the more complex, sophisticated musicals of today. Composers Jerome Kern, George Gershwin, Cole Porter, Richard Rodgers, and their contemporaries revitalized the musical with the sound of jazz and other new influences. Productions became more elaborate, with dazzling sets, tumultuous choreography, and staging tricks, all woven into tightly constructed story lines. These dramatic changes of the 1920s ushered in the "golden age" of the American musical theater. Ethan Mordden captures the excitement and the atmosphere of Broadway during the 1920s in Make Believe. In captivating, lively prose, Mordden describes in superb detail the stars, the songs, the jokes--the sheer fun of this era. Here are shows great, interesting, or even bizarre-- Sally , The Student Prince, Rose-Marie, Lady, Be Good!, No, No, Nannette, Rainbow, Good News!, Ziegfeld Follies, The "Coconuts", The 5 Oclock Girl, Blossom Time, Whoopee. Early on, the charisma of entertainers such as the bragging Al Jolson ("You ain't heard nothin' yet!"), the bewitching Marilyn Miller, the madly prancing Eddie Cantor, the unpredictable Gertrude Lawrence, and the indescribable Marx Brothers were the essential element in a hit musical. But, as Mordden demonstrates, the stars lost power and the authors took control, as shows like Desert Song , Peggy-Ann, Strike Up the Band, and Sweet Adeline reinvented the old forms. The musical became more "adult," too, baiting the censor in the lyrics of Lorenz Hart, Cole Porter, and B. G. DeSylva. And Broadway became more racially integrated, with "blackface" acts dying out while all-black musicals such as Shuffle Along and the Blackbirds shows enjoyed mainstream success. Make Believe reaches its climax with Morddens' deep look at Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein's 1927 masterpiece, Show Boat. With its intricate story line spanning four decades, its gala interracial cast, its stunning physical production, its powerful score including "Ol' Man River," "Bill," "Mis'ry's Comin' Aroun'," "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man," "Life on the Wicked Stage," and "Why Do I Love You?," Show Boat was the first American musical universally hailed as a classic. Fusing the decade's developments into one epic show, Kern and Hammerstein created something at once timeless and contemporary, the ultimate twenties show but, as producer Florenz Ziegfeld called it on the posters, "the all American musical comedy."

  • Spoken Natural Language Dialog Systems: A Practical Approach

    This book addrsesses the dialog issues that must be resolved in building effective spoken natural language dialog systems. The authors present an architecture for dialog processing for which an implementation has been constructed that exhibits a number of behaviours required for efficient human-machine dialog including: problem-solving to help the user carry out a task, coherent sub-dialog movement during the problem-solving process, user model usage, expectation usage for contextual interpretation and error correction, variable initiative behaviour for interacting with users of differing expertise. Readers should gain an understanding of how to construct a spoken natural language dialog system capable of exhibiting the necessary behaviours for effective human-computer natural language interaction.

  • Ending Intimate Abuse: Practical Guidance And Survival Strategies

    This is the first book to examine domestic violence in terms of a continuum of five distinct categories or levels of woman battering. This book, based on 501 in-depth qualitative interviews, places emphasis on how to recognize the warning signs of a dangerous relationship and urges women who have been battered in a dating, cohabiting, or marital relationship to end it quickly. This very practical and comprehensive study, which took more than seven years to complete, includes a step by step safety protocol and survival guidelines. The primary advantage of this new classification system is that professional counsellors, social works, criminal justice professionals, and advocates will be better prepared with diagnostic indicators, risk factors, legal remedies, and ways to assess severity and potential lethality of abusive incidents. Detailed case histories are provided of formerly battered women of varying ages and backgrounds. "Ending Intimate Abuse" examines critical incidents in childhood and adolescence, the first and worst battering incidents, crises precipitants and traumatic events, and the turning points that led to women breaking off with their abusive boyfriends or husbands permanently. The authors are a husband (professor and researcher) and wife (women's health advocate) team who firmly believe that this book is designed to prepare professionals, parents, and concerned young women to understand the often complicated dynamics that differentiate the women who end the relationship soon after being battered from the women who stay. The book includes a national directory of domestic violence hotlines and intervention programs and a detailed glossary of key terms. It also includes several chapters with empirically based date rape prevention guidelines as well as the latest methods for improving police and court responses on the college campus and in the community.

  • The Appalachian Trail Reader

    The Appalachian Trail is the longest continuous footpath in the world. Its 2140 miles run though 14 states - from Georgia to Maine - and vastly different natural and social environments, from the solitary splendor of mountain crags to the genial slopes frequented by dayhikers and scout packs. Each year, more than 3,000,000 visitors enjoy the diverse scenery and cultures of the trail, united by a common apprectiation of the outdoors. This introduction collects stories, poems and essays that reflect this wilderness trail across both time and geography. It include work of both well-known writers and anonymous raconteurs including Henry David Thoreau, James Dickey, Aldo Leopold, Washington Irving, James MacGregor Burns, Richard Wilbur as well as excerpts from the diaries and letters of modern day visitors. Hikers' private journals stand next to scientists' close observations of the natural world. Historians remind readers of how Appalachian culture developed, and early explorers report the thrill of seeing uncharted territory and wildlife for the first time.

  • Reflections on Language

    Reflections on Language brings together a lively collection of articles that examine language from many points of view. The main emphasis is on language as a social form -- the language of advertising, for example, is examined at length. The exploration of language is also a vehicle for instruction in writing, and the introductory notes that precede each selection encourage students to approach the pieces critically and analytically. Each selection is followed by writing exercises and the text is enlivened by numerous cartoons and contributions from popular writers as well as from language theorists.

  • Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

    This book examines the interplay between recorded music and social, political, and economic forces in the United States in the era of the phonograph's rise and decline as the dominant medium of popular recorded sound, from the appearance of the first commercial recordings to the postwar years when the industry yielded its primacy to newer forms of mass media.

  • Americas: An Anthology

    This anthology draws on speeches, letters, government documents, newspaper and magazine articles, and essays in its analysis of American society and history.

  • Basic Techniques of Conducting

    This introduction to conducting method, appropriate for vocal and instrumental conducting students, is organized to establish essential conducting skills in a developmental sequence. The book contains thirty content lessons, guided practice outlines, ten videotaping sessions with evaluation forms for each taped session, assignments at the end of each lesson, illustrations with photos and conducting diagrams, as well as numerous choral and instrumental musical examples for directed conducting practice. Concentrating on the basics, this text emphasizes the development of the psychomotor skills needed for clear and expressive conducting.

  • The Power Elite

    First published in 1956, The Power Elite stands as a contemporary classic of social science and social criticism. C. Wright Mills examines and critiques the organization of power in the United States, calling attention to three firmly interlocked prongs of power: the military, corporate, and political elite. The Power Elite can be read as a good account of what was taking place in America at the time it was written, but its underlying question of whether America is as democratic in practice as it is in theory continues to matter very much today. What The Power Elite informed readers of in 1956 was how much the organization of power in America had changed during their lifetimes, and Alan Wolfe's astute afterword to this new edition brings us up to date, illustrating how much more has changed since then. Wolfe sorts out what is helpful in Mills book and which of his predictions have not come to bear, laying out the radical changes in American capitalism, from intense global competition and the collapse of communism to rapid technological transformations and ever changing consumer tastes. The Power Elite has stimulated generations of readers to think about the kind of society they have and the kind of society they might want, and deserves to be read by every new generation.

  • Judaism, Human Rights, and Human Values

    In this important addition to the field of Jewish ethics, Goodman argues forcefully that the Jewish tradition has a significant contribution to make to the general discourse on ethical issues. After refuting the notion that "human rights" is a purely modern notion, Goodman traces the idea of such rights to its key biblical sources. He goes on to consider the works of medieval thinkers like Saadiah Goan and Moses Maimonides and then applies these and other foundational texts to such contemporary social and political issues as capital punishment, suicide, welfare, pornography, abortion, and nationalism.

  • The Antimicrobial Drugs

    Deriving from Pratt's Fundamentals of Chemotherapy (OUP, 1973), Chemotherapy of Infection (OUP, 1977), and The Antimicrobial Drugs (OUP, 1986), this superb text surveys the drugs used to treat bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral infections. It describes in comprehensive detail the mechanisms for both the antimicrobial actions and the adverse clinical effects of the these drugs. No other book provides such a thorough yet readily accessible discussion of how the body handles antibiotics. For this edition Eric Scholar has joined Dr Pratt as co-author, and the entire text has been updated. Two completely new chapters on the quinolones and antiretroviral agents have been added. With over 3500 references and numerous charts and tables summarizing each drug's pharmacokinetic properties as well as microbial susceptibility, this is an invaluable resource for graduate students in pharmacology and microbiology, medical students, pharmacy students, infectious disease specialists, clinical pharmacists, and clinicl microbiologists.

  • The Geology of Earthquakes

    Written for students and readers with a general science background, this book focuses on geological causes and effects of earthquakes, based in particular on field studies of occurences worldwide. Introductory chapters provide background for understanding the earthquake geology of subduction zones. Also described are the surface effects of earthquake shaking and application of earthquake geology to hazard evaluation and planning.

  • Gods and Mortals: Modern Poems on Classical Myths

    More than perhaps any other folkloric tradition, whether oral or written, the myths of classical Greece and Rome have survived and pervaded the consciousness of lands far-flung from their source. The mythic world of the ancients, peopled by glamorous gods and unstoppable heroes, in which the mortal and immortal commingled, is even now a living presence in 21st century culture, rather than a literary relic. Whether we know them by their Roman or their Greek names - Artemis or Minerva, Poseidon or Neptune - the figures of these ancietn myths captured the imagination of culture after culture across the globe, inspiring writers, artists, musicians and those of us who comprise the audience for their works. Can it be a coincidence that the greatest poets of the western world have each at one point tried their hand at retellings? Kossman's anthology assembles some of the best of these poems inspired by ancient myths, organizing them by themse, and allowing the reader to compare one against the other - for example, one section assembels poems telling the stories of mythic lovers (Cupid and Psyche, Orpheus and Eurydice); another the many tales of miraculous transformations (Pygmalion and Galatea, Echo and Narcissus). With such a wide variety of the world's best poets to choose from - from all over the world and from any era since classical times - Kossman has had no difficulty creating a literary pantheon; included are D. H. Lawrence, Derek Walcott, Rita Dove, Denise Levertov, Rilke, Pound, and Yeats. The collection should be a treasure for the innumerable debotees of both myth and poetry.

  • Diagnostic Histopathology of the Bone Marrow

    This book is written as an introduction and guide to the interpretation of the bone marrow biopsy. It is intended primarily for pathologists and pathologists-in-training., but it is hoped that it may also be of interest to hematologists and oncologist who perform bone marrow biopsies on their patients. Although emphasis has been placed on the histologic interpretation of the bone marrow core biopsy, an attempt has been made to integrate the histopathologic findings with clinical and laboratory features and peripheral blood and bone marrow aspiration morphology. The role of morphology in hematologic diagnosis has been overshadowed in recent years by newer immunologic and molecular techniques. Morphology remains, however, the "gold standard" for many hematologic diagnoses, and is the appropriate point of departure for more complex diagnostic investigations. The cost-effectiveness of the relatively simple microscopic examination of a smear of blood or bone marrow, by a trained observer with knowledge of the clinical problem at hand, unsurpassed. Nevertheless, immunologic and molecualr techniques have revolutionized many areas of hematologic diagnosis and an effort has been made to incorporate discussion of these newer techniques wherever applicable.

  • Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

    This text unifies conceptual and empirical advances in evolutionary ecology and provides a volume that can be used as a primary textbook or supplemental reading in an advanced undergraduate or graduate course. The focus is on current concepts in evolutionary ecology and the empirical study of these concepts. Chapters are written by prominent biologists who have made significant contributions to this field and both synthesize the current state of knowledge and identify areas for future investigation. It is divided into five major sections: an overview of the major topics in evolutionary biology for ecologists, and sections on life histories, behaviour, co-evolution, and adaptation to anthropogenic change.

  • Rabbinic Authority

    This book examines the nature and sources of the unique authority accorded in Judaism to the Sages of the first five centuries AD. These teachers--often referred to reverentially as Chazal, a Hebrew acronym for "our Sages of blessed memory"--occupy a central and unrivalled position in traditional Judaism. Their statements, collected in the vast corpus of Rabbinic literature, serve as the basis for Halakhah (Jewish law) which developed since the Babylonian Talmud was redacted over thirteen centuries ago. Berger critically examines the notion of the Sages' authority, laying bare the assumptions that undergird it and the implications that follow from it. Berger's purpose is not to justify specific normative claims about talmudic law, but to show the deeply nuanced concept of authority in a textual and interpretive tradition.

  • The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire

    The unprecedented political power of the Ottoman imperial harem in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries is widely viewed as illegitimate and corrupting. This book examines the sources of royal women's power and assesses the reactions of contemporaries, which ranged from loyal devotion to armed opposition. By examining political action in the context of household networks, Leslie Peirce demonstrates that female power was a logical, indeed an intended, consequence of political structures. Royal women were custodians of sovereign power, training their sons in its use and exercising it directly as regents when necessary. Furthermore, they played central roles in the public culture of sovereignty--royal ceremonial, monumental building, and patronage of artistic production. The Imperial Harem argues that the exercise of political power was tied to definitions of sexuality. Within the dynasty, the hierarchy of female power, like the hierarchy of male power, reflected the broader society's concern for social control of the sexually active.

  • The Making of Sikh Scripture

    The Adi Granth ('original book'), the primary scripture of the Sikhs, comprises approximately 3,000 hymns. Although the authorship of the hymns is well recorded, the history of the compilaiton of the Adi Granth - the creation of the Sikh 'canon' - is the subject of considerable speculation and debate. In this book, Gurinder Mann attempts to construct a comprehensive picture of the making of Sikh scripture, drawing on the recently discovered early manuscriots as well as the extensive secondary literature on the topic. His findings on some key issues differ from the traditional Sikh position and from the hypotheses of the other 20th-century scholars, as well as raising some entirely fresh questions. Mann's revised and expanded picture of the history of the text and institution of Sikh scripture will be of interest not only to scholars of Sikhism and Sikh religionists, but to scholars of comparative canon formation.

  • Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics

    Ideal for courses in aerosol science or particle technology, Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics, 2/e, is the only modern text that focuses on aerosol dynamics--the study of the factors that determine changes in the distribution of aerosol properties with respect to particle size. It covers fundamental concepts, experimental methods, and a wide variety of applications. Using the aerosol dynamics approach, the author integrates a broad range of topics including stochastic processes, aerosol transport theory, coagulation, formation of agglomerates, classical nucleation theory, and the synthesis of ultrafine solid particles. The book makes extensive use of scaling concepts and dimensional analysis and emphasizes physical and physicochemical interpretations. Basic concepts are illustrated by applications to many fields including air pollution control, the atmospheric sciences, microcontamination in the semiconductor industry, and the industrial manufacture of powders, pigments, additives, and nanoparticles. Revised and expanded, this second edition features new chapters on the kinetics of agglomeration of noncoalescing particles and the fundamentals of aerosol reactor design. It covers the effects of turbulence on coagulation and gas-to-particle conversion and also discusses the formation of primary particles by the collision-coalescence mechanism. The chapter on the atmospheric aerosol has been completely rewritten within the aerosol dynamics framework. Its basic approach and topicality make Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics, 2/e, an essential guide for both students and researchers.

  • The Other Side of Joy: Religious Melancholy Among the Bruderhof

    This is a case study of one pietist religious group, the Bruderhof. A Christian brotherhood founded on Anabaptist and evangelical pietist doctrine, they practice community of goods, seeking to emulate the vision of the Apostolic church and fulfil the ethic of brotherhood taught in the Sermon on the Mount. Rubin offers compelling accounts of the lives of Bruderhof apostates who foundered over issues of faith, and relates these crises to the central tenets of Bruderhof theology, their spirituality, and community life.

  • Literary Cultures of Latin America: A Comparative History

    In three volumes of expert, innovative scholarship, Literary Cultures of Latin America offers a multidisciplinary reference on one of the most distinctive literary cultures in the world. In more than 1,000 topically arranged articles written by a team of international scholars, Literary Cultures of Latin America explores the shifting problems that have arisen across national borders, geographic regions, time periods, linguistic systems, and cultural traditions in literary history. Bucking the tradition of focusing almost exclusively on the great canons of literature, this unique reference work casts its net wider, exploring pop culture-comic strips, soap operas, sermons, scientific essays, and more. While collaborators are careful to note that these volumes offer only a snapshot of the diverse body of Latin American literature, Literary Cultures of Latin America highlights unique cultural perspectives that have never before received academic attention. With signed articles each with complete bibliographies, this unique reference also takes into account relevant political, anthropological, economic, geographic, historical, demographic, and sociological research in order to understand the full context of each community's literature. The largest comparative history project in the world with unprecedented, original scholarship, Literary Cultures of Latin America creates a new chapter in cultural history that sets the standard for years to come.

  • Ethics with Aristotle

    In this book, Sarah Broadie gives a close and comprehensive analysis of the main themes of Aristotle's ethics. She concentrates on his discussions of happiness, virtue, voluntary agency, practical reason, incontinence, pleasure, and the place of theoria in the best life. The book makes a major contribution towards the understanding of Aristotle's ethics.

  • A March of Liberty: Volume 2: From 1877 to the Present

    A March of Liberty is a clearly written, comprehensive overview of American constitutional development from the founding of the English colonies down through the decisions of the latest term of the Supreme Court. It presents the most comprehensive overview of American constitutional development now available, reflecting the latest in contemporary scholarship. The authors examine in detail the great cases handed down by the Supreme Court, showing how these cases played out in the society at large and how constitutional growth parallels change in American culture. The authors also look at lesser known decisions that played important roles in effecting change, and at the justices who made these decisions. The book offers students of American constitutional history a complete reference work which is intelligible to the layperson as well as to the specialist.

  • Reflections on Philosophy and Religion

    This book contains the collected papers of Alan Donagan on topics in the philosophy of religion. Donagan was respected as a leading figure in American moral philosophy. His untimely death in 1991 prevented him from collecting his philosophical reflections on religion, particularly Christianity, and its relation to ethics and other concerns. This collection, therefore, constitutes the fullest expression of Donagan's thought on Christianity and ethics, in which it is possible to discern the outlines of a coherent, overarching theory. Editor Anthony Perovich has supplied a useful introduction, which brings Donagan's work into focus and brings out the unifying themes in the essays.

  • Signs of Diaspora/Diaspora of Signs: Literacies, Creolization, and Vernacular Practice in African America

    Challenging monolithic approaches to culture and literacy, this book looks at the roots of African-American reading and writing from the perspective of vernacular activities and creolization. It shows that African-Americans, while readily mastering the conventions and canons of Euro-America, also drew on knowledge of their own to make an oppositional repertoire of signs and meanings. Distinct from conventional script literacy on the one hand, and oral culture on the other, these "creolized" vernacular practices include writing in charms, use of personal or nondecodable scripts, the strategic renunciation of reading and writing as communicative tools, and writing that is linked to divinaton, trance, and possession. Based on extensive ethnographic research in the Southeastern United States and the West Indies, Gundaker offers a complex portrait of the intersection of "outsider" conventions with "insider" knowledge and practice.

  • Philoctetes

    Based on the conviction that only translators who write poetry themselves can properly re-create the celebrated and timeless tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the Greek Tragedy in New Translations series offers new translations that go beyond the literal meaning of the Greek in order to evoke the poetry of the originals. Under the general editorship of Peter Burian and Alan Shapiro, each volume includes a critical introduction, commentary on the text, full stage directions, and a glossary of the mythical and geographical references in the play. En route to fight the Trojan War, the Greek army has abandoned Philoctetes, after the smell of his festering wound made it unbearable to keep him on ship. Ten years later, an oracle makes it clear that the war cannot be won without the assistance of Philoctetes and his famous bow, inherited from Hercules himself. Philoctetes focuses on the attempt of the heroes Odysseus and Neoptolemus to persuade the bowman to sail with them to Troy. First, though, they must assuage his bitterness over having been abandoned, then win his trust. But how should they do this--through trickery, or with the truth? To what extent do the ends justify the means? To what degree should private interest be compromised for the sake of public duty? These are among the questions that Sophocles puts forward in this, one of his most morally complex and penetrating plays.

  • New Ethics for the Public's Health

    Most books about ethics and health focus on issues arising from individual patients and their relationships with doctors and other health professionals. More and more, however, the ethical issues of the future are challenges that face whole communities, not just individual patients. This book is an edited collection of readings that addresses these public health challenges. Many of the issues considered -- such as policy for alcohol and other drugs, newly emergent epidemics, and violence prevention -- are public health concerns beyond the purview of traditional bioethics. Others, such as access to health care, managed care, reproductive technologies, and genetic testing, are covered in bioethics texts, but here they are approached from the distinct viewpoint of public health. The book makes explicit the community perspective of public health, as well as the fields emphasis on prevention. It examines the conceptual issues raised by the public health perspective (i.e., what is meant by community, the common good, and individual autonomy) as well as the policies that can be developed when health problems are approached in population-based, preventive terms.

  • Dream Cultures: Explorations in the Comparative History of Dreaming

    This volume offers a comparative, cross-cultural history of dreams. The authors examine a wide range of texts concerning dreams, from a variety of religious contexts (from China, India, the Americas, classical Greek and Roman antiquity, early Christianity, and medieval Judaism and Islam). Taken together, these essays consitute an important first step towards a new understanding of the differences and similarities between the ways in which different cultures experience the world of dreams.

  • Emotions in Psychopathology: Theory and Research

    A wide range of researchers, clinicians, and academics have come to realize that emotions lie at the heart of many psychopathological disorders. This book assesses the latest research on this important topic and examines the relationship between emotions and psychopathology by bringing together current theoretical and research perspectives of leading figures from a variety of professional disciplines, including clinical, developmental, social, and personality psychology, psychiatry, and philosophy.

  • Multivariate Methods in Epidemiology

    The basis for much of medical public health practice comes from epidemiological research. This text describes current statistical tools that are used to analyse the association between possible risk factors and the actual risk of disease. Beginning with a broad conceptual framework on the disease process, it describes commonly used techniques for analysing proportions and disease rates. These are then extended to model fitting, and the common threads of logic that bind the two analytic strategies together are revealed. Each chapter provides a descriptive rationale for the method, a worked example using data from a published study, and an exercise that allows the reader to practice the technique. Each chapter also includes an appendix that provides further details on the theoretical underpinnings of the method. Among the topics covered are Mantel-Haenszel methods, rates, survival analysis, logistic regression, and generalised linear models. Methods for incorporating aspects of study design, such as matching, into the analysis are discussed, and guidance is given for determining the power or the sample size requirements of a study. This text will give readers a foundation in applied statistics and the concepts of model fitting to develop skills in the analysis of epidemiological data.

  • The Planetary Scientist's Companion

    The Planetary Scientist's Companion is a comprehensive and practical book of facts and data about the Sun, planets, asteroids, comets, meteorites, and Kuiper belt and Centaur objects in our solar system. Also covered are properties of nearby stars, the interstellar medium, and extra-solar planetary systems.

  • Cold War Criticism and the Politics of Skepticism

    In Cold War Criticism, Tobin Siebers claims that modern criticism is a Cold War criticism. Postwar literary theory has absorbed the scepticism, suspicion and paranoia of the Cold War mentality, and it plays them out in debates about the divided self, linguistic indeterminacy, the metaphysics of presence, multiculturalism, canon formation, power, cultural literacy and the politics of literature. The major critical movements of the postwar age, Siebers argues, belong to three dominant phases of the Cold War era. The age of charismatic leadership (Churchill, FDR, Stalin, and Hitler) lies behind the preoccupation with "intention", "effect" and "impersonality" found in the New Criticism. The age of propaganda motivates the fascination with the guiles of language, undecidability and deconstruction. The age of superpowers provides the dominant metaphor in the new historicism's analysis of the technology of power. All three ages of criticism reflect Cold War Scepticism as it has impaired the ability of literary theorists to talk effectively about the politics of criticism. Supporting his claims with polemical readings from such figures as Arendt, Bloom, deMan, Lyotard, Siebers offers a new and often surprising vision of what theory must do if it is to enter the post Cold War era suiccessfully.

  • Hematopoiesis: A Developmental Approach

    Hematopoiesis, or the process of blood formation, has been extensively studied at both basic and clinical levels. Human diseases such as thalassemia, immunodeficiency, and leukemia represent defects in this process. Approaches to treat these disorders have required a basic understanding of the biology of blood cells. For instance, hemapoietic stem cell replacement or bone marrow transplantation has been used to ameliorate disease. This volume focuses on hematopoiesis at a cellular and molecular level, and establishes the basis for clinical manipulation of hematopoietic cells for therapeutic benefit. In Part I, the cellular characteristics of progenitors and stem cells are explored. Emphasis is placed on purification of stem cells and both in vitro and in vivo assays. The regulation of normal and leukemis stem cells is illustrated. An excellent discussion of potential use of these cells for gene therapy concludes this section. Hemapoiesis is easily studied during embryogenesis. Part II develops the concept of the waves of hemapoiesis during development. Comparative hematology is making a major comeback as a field in the 1990's. One hope is that general principles of hematopoiesis will be established by studying many models and systems. Part III delves into critical factors that regulate hematopoiesis, including both intracellular and extracellular signals. Part IV and V describe lineage programs for myeloid and lymphoid lineages. These chapters are meant to be illustrative of the different cell fates, but are not exhaustive. Part VI examines the genetics of hematopoisis, particularly in animal models. The hematopoietic system is in constant contact with stromal cells and endothelial cells during development and in the adult. Evidence suggests that endothelial cells and blood cells may arise from a common progenitor, the hemangioblast. Part VII and VIII discuss the stromal and endothelial cells with the emphasis on their interaction with hematopoietic cells.

  • Opera: A History in Documents

    Opera: A History in Documents collects over one hundred primary-source documents for students of the history of opera. The varied selections - which include letters, excerpts of journals, bits of libretti, and contemporary criticism - provide eye-witness commentary on the world of opera from its late-Renaissance infancy through modern times. Each selection is introduced by an extensive headnote that both explains the document's context and positions it in the book's overall narrative.

  • Re-Creating the Corporation: A Design of Organizations for the 21st Century

    Over the last three decades the average life expectancy of a corporation in North America has dipped well below 20 years. In fact, by 1983 a full third of the 1970 Fortune 500 companies had been acquired, merged, or broken apart. In this landmark book, one of the business world's foremost pioneers, Russell L. Ackoff, delivers this indispensable guide for those hoping to beat these odds--and to better navigate the corporate challenges of the next millennium. While most business and management schools continue to teach the functions of a corporation separately--production, marketing, finance, personnel--the reality is that for a corporation to endure each division must work with the others to create an effective system. Re-Creating the Corporation is Ackoff's masterful blueprint for understanding and creating these model corporate systems. In four comprehensive sections--Background, Process, Designs, and Change--Ackoff lays out in clear concise prose the five organizational goals of successful corporate systems: plan effectively, learn and adapt rapidly, democratize, introduce internal market economies, and employ a flexible structure that will minimize the need for future restructuring. And through a deft mix of practical and theoretical examples drawn from a wide range of applications in a wide range of firms, this book ultimately guides executives to the system best suited to meet their organizational goals. Re-Creating the Corporation, which is the culmination of a lifetime of innovative and insightful business thought from one of the business world's premier thinkers, is essential reading for those attempting to navigate the rapidly changing economic environment of the next millennium.

  • From Brouwer to Hilbert: The Debate on the Foundations of Mathematics in the 1920s

    Most contemporary work in the foundations of mathematics takes its start from the groundbreaking contributions of, among others, Hilbert, Brouwer, Bernays, and Weyl. This book offers an introduction to the debate on the foundations of mathematics during the 1920s and presents the English reader with a selection of twenty five articles central to the debate which have not been previously translated. It is an ideal text for undergraduate and graduate courses in the philosophy of mathematics.

  • The Jazz Revolution: Twenties America and the Meaning of Jazz

    The 1920s were not called the Jazz Age for nothing. Celebrated by writers from Langston Hughes to Gertrude Stein, jazz was the dominant influence on American popular music, despite resistance from whites who distrusted its vibrant expression of black culture and by those opposed to the overt sexuality and raw emotion of the `devil's music'. As Kathy Ogren shows, the breathless pace and syncopated rhythms were as much a part of twenties America as Prohibition and the economic boom, which enabled millions throughout the states to enjoy the latest sounds on radios and phonographs.

  • The Palms of the Amazon

    The palms are among the most abundant diverse, and important families of plants found in the Amazon. This book, based on extensive field work, provides a systematic treatment of all the palms that occur naturally in the Amazon region. Information is presented genus by genus, by species, and variety. There are keys to genera. Each species is described, its distribution, habitat, and ecology are reviewed, and its common names and uses given. The systematic account is preceded by chapters on the physical setting of the Amazon region (geology, climate, etc.), and notes on the palm family. There is a historical review of the botanists who collected and studied palms, together with a discussion of their species concepts. This book provides a definitive account of the ecology, uses, biogeography, and taxonomy of all 135 species of Amazon palms, for botanists, ecologists, agronomists, and conservation biologists.

  • The Ecology, Exploitation and Conservation of River Turtles

    The underlying theme of this book is that a widespread, taxonomically diverse group of animals, important both from ecological and human resource perspectives, remains poorly understood and in decline, while receiving scant attention from the ecological and conservation community. This volume proposes a comprehensive overview of the world's river turtles' ecology, conservation, and management. It begins with a categorization of taxa which inhabit flowing water habitats followed by information on their evolutionary and physical diversity and biogeography. Within the framework of ecology, the authors discuss the composition of river turtle communities in different types of lotic habitats and regions, population dynamics, movements, reproductive characteristics and behaviour, predators, and feeding relationships. In a conservation and management section, the authors identify and evaluate the nature and intensity of factors which threaten river turtle survival--almost all of which involve direct human exploitation or indirect effects of human induced habitat alteration and degradation. They then list and evaluate the various schemes which have been proposed or employed to halt declines and restore populations, and make recommendations for future management plans for specific species and regions. In closing, they state their viewpoint concerning future research directions and priorities, and an evaluation of future prospects for survival of the world's river turtle species.

  • Engineered in Japan: Japanese Technology - Management Practices

    The editors provide a range of empirical studies on how Japanese and US firms manage critical aspects of technology development and deployment. Almost all of the research has not been previously published.

  • From Detached Concern to Empathy: Humanizing Medical Practice

    Physicians recognize the importance of patients' emotions in healing yet believe their own emotional responses represent lapses in objectivity. Patients complain that physicians are too detached. Halpern argues that by empathizing with patients, rather than detaching, physicians can best help them. Yet there is no consistent view of what, precisely, clinical empathy involves. This book challenges the traditional assumption that empathy is either purely intellectual or an expression of sympathy. Sympathy, according to many physicians, involves over-identifying with patients, threatening objectivity and respect for patient autonomy. How can doctors use empathy in diagnosing and treating patients rithout jeopardizing objectivity or projecting their values onto patients? Jodi Halpern, a psychiatrist, medical ethicist and philosopher, develops a groundbreaking account of emotional reasoning as the core of clinical empathy. She argues that empathy cannot be based on detached reasoning because it involves emotional skills, including associating with another person's images and spontaneously following another's mood shifts. Yet she argues that these emotional links need not lead to over-identifying with patients or other lapses in rationality but rather can inform medical judgement in ways that detached reasoning cannot. For reflective physicians and discerning patients, this book provides a road map for cultivating empathy in medical practice. For a more general audience, it addresses a basic human question: how can one person's emotions lead to an understanding of how another person is feeling?

  • Framing Pieces: Designs of the Gloss in Joyce, Woolf, and Pound

    In Framing Pieces, Whittier-Ferguson recovers and explores drafts, notes, glosses, essays, and guides that high modernists, such as James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, T.S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound generated in order to interpret their own work. These archival materials reveal a complex picture of how texts like Finnegan's Wake, A Room of One's Own, Three Guineas, and ABC's of Reading were annotated and framed by their authors, and how the authors illuminated and obscured various aspects of the annotations. Whittier-Ferguson also examines the first editions and periodicals in which these works appeared to show how modernist writers gauged the extent of their audience and tried to control their readers' encounters with their writing.

  • The Burden of Modernity: The Rhetoric of Cultural Discourse in Spanish America

    This book offers a provocative interpretation of cultural discourse in Spanish America. Alonso argues that Spanish American cultural production constituted itself through commitment to what he calls the "narrative of futurity," that is, the uncompromising adoption of modernity. This commitment fueled a rhetorical crisis that followed the embracing of discourses regarded as "modern" in historical and economic circumstance that are themselves the negation of modernity. Through fresh readings of texts by Sarmiento, Mansilla, Quiroga, Vargos Llosa, Garcia Marquez, and others, Alonso tracks this textual dynamic in works from the nineteenth century to the present.

  • The Poetics of Fascism: Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, Paul de Man

    Morrison examines the modernist poetics of Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot, and traces their influence on the current crisis in post-structuralist literary theory. He concludes with a provocative analysis of deconstruction and the work of Paul de Man.

  • Monte Carlo Modeling for Electron Microscopy and Microanalysis

    This book describes how Monte Carlo modeling methods can be applied to Electron Microscopy and Microanalysis. Computer programs for two basic types of Monte carlo simulation are developed from physical models of the electron scattering process; a Single Scattering program capable of high accuracy but requiring long computation times, and a Plural Scattering program which is less accurate but much more rapid. The programs are optimised for use on personal computers and provide a real time graphical display of the interaction. These programs are then used as the starting point for the development of programs aimed at studying particular effects in the electron microscope including backscattering, secondary electron production, EBIC and cathodo- luminescence imaging, and X- ray microanalysis. The computer code is given in a fully annotated format so that it may be readily be modified for use in specific problems. Many examples of the applications of these methods are provided, together with a complete bibliography.

  • Chattel or Person?: The Status of Women in the Mishnah

    The Mishnah is a book of legal rules produced by Jewish sages in second-century Palestine and is to a great extent still binding upon Orthodox Jews. In this pioneering work, Judith Wegner scrutinizes the mishnaic laws governing women, in an attempt to determine the image a